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Women artists of the 18th and19th Centuries


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Women artists of the 18th and19th Centuries

  1. 1. Women Artists of the 18thand 19th Centuries <br />
  2. 2. Adélaïde Labille-Guiard: 1749-1803<br />Neoclassical<br />Guiardwas first apprenticed to a miniaturist <br />1769 studied the art of pastel with de La Tour. <br />In 1783, she was admitted to the French Academy.<br />Only four women artists were eligible.<br />Labille-Guiardachieved a certain success at court of Louis XVI, known as Peintre des Mesdames. <br />Sympathized with the Revolution. <br />Remained in France throughout her life. Established her own studio in the early 1780s<br />Commissions were royal and aristocratic patrons <br />1783 taught nine women students.<br />Exhibited portraits at the Salon until 1800. <br />Source: Adélaïde Labille-Guiard. Self-Portrait with Two Pupils, Mademoiselle Marie Gabrielle Capet (1761–1818) and Mademoiselle Carreaux de Rosemond (died 1788) (53.225.5) | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art<br />
  3. 3. Adélaïde Labille-Guiard, Self Portrait with Two Pupils, 1785 . Oil on canvas, 6’11”X 4’11’<br />
  4. 4. Adélaïde Labille-Guiard , French, 1779 Pastel on paper, 21 1/2 x 17 1/2 in. <br />
  5. 5. Adélaïde Labille-GuiardA Fashionable Noblewoman Wearing a Plumed Hat, <br />c. 1789<br />
  6. 6. Marie-Louise-ÉlisabethVigée-Lebrun, <br />1755-1842<br />Neoclassical.<br />Accepted to the Royal Academy with Labelle-Guiard.<br />Queen Marie Antoinette's favorite portrait painter.<br />Fled to Rome on the eve of the 1789Revolution.<br />Successfully worked in Italy, Austria, Russia and England<br />Resettled in Paris in 1805<br />Became popular with Parisian artists<br />Painted over 800 portraits without changing her style <br />Father was a portrait painter, <br />Taught herself to paint by copying masters <br />Adopted Peter Paul Rubens’ technique of painting layers of brilliant color on wood panels to achieve animated, polished, and supremely attractive portraits of European royalty and aristocracy. <br />Recognized as one of Europe's foremost portrait painters. <br />Retired in comfort in France<br />
  7. 7. Marie-Louise-ÉlisabethVigée-Lebrun , French (1755–1842)Self-Portrait<br />
  8. 8. Marie-Louise-ÉlisabethVigée-Lebrun, Portrait of Marie Antoinette with Her Children, 1787,<br />Oil on canvas, 9’1/2” X 7’ 5/8” <br />
  9. 9. Marie Bracquemond, 1840 - 1916<br />Born in Brittany, <br />Began painting, when her family moved to Paris. <br />Earlier work shows influence of Ingres, her teacher. <br />1870s, she was an active proponent of Impressionism.<br />Impressionist exhibitions of 1879, 1880, and 1886.   <br />Her overbearing artist-husband Felix Bracquemond stopped her from painting around 1890. <br />
  10. 10. Marie Bracquemond,<br />Self Portrait,<br />1870<br />
  11. 11. Marie Bracquemond, Portrait of Mademoiselle Charlotte du val d’ Ognes, 1801<br />"The severity of Monsieur Ingres frightened me . . because he doubted the courage and perseverance of a woman in the field of painting. He would assign to them only the painting of flowers, of fruits, of still lifes, portraits and genre scenes." <br />
  12. 12. Marie Bracquemond, <br />On the Terrace at <br />Sevres,1880<br />
  13. 13. Marie KonstantinovnaBashkirtsevaBorn on November 11, 1858 in the Ukraine.<br />Daughter of Russian nobility. <br />Childhood spent with her mother in Germany until they settled in Paris. <br />Began a singing career, studied art, and is best known for her Journal of Marie Bashkirtseff (1887). <br />Died in 1884 of tuberculosis just before her 24th birthday. <br />
  14. 14. Marie BashkirtseffSelf-Portrait, 1880<br />
  15. 15. Marie Bashkirtseff, Le Meeting, 1884 - Oil on canvas <br />
  16. 16. Marie Bashkirtseff, Woman with Lilacs, 1881<br />
  17. 17. L’atelier Julian (The Studio), 1881<br />
  18. 18. Berthe Morisot (January 14, 1841 – March 2, 1895) <br />French Impressionist painter. <br />Born in Bourges<br />Her bourgeois family encouraged her art<br />Demonstrated avant-garde art movements<br />Pursued art with family support. <br />By age 20, befriended Camille Corot of the Barbizon school.<br />He introduced her to other artists and teachers. <br />She took up plein air techniques. <br />1864 accepted in the Salon de Paris with two landscape paintings<br />Shecontinued to show regularly. <br />1874 she married Eugene Manet, EdouardManet’s younger brother. <br />
  19. 19. In a letter to the mother of Edma and Berthe Morisot, their private art instructor expressed the implications of the two girls' burgeoning talents: “Considering the characters of your daughters, my teaching will not endow them with minor drawing room accomplishments, they will become painters. Do you realize what this means? In the upper-class milieu to which you belong, this will be revolutionary, I might say almost catastrophic.”<br />Madame Morisot responded to her daughters' potential by sending them to further their studies under the tutelage of Joseph-BenoîtGuichard, a pupil of Ingres and Delacroix.<br />
  20. 20. EdouardManetBerthe Morisot with a Bouquet of Violets, 1872.<br />
  21. 21. BertheMorisot, The Cradle, 1872, Oil on canvas<br />
  22. 22. Berthe MorisotThe Mother and Sister of the Artist, 1869/1870<br />
  23. 23. BertheMorisot,Young Girl in a Ball Gown,1879,Oil on canvas<br />
  24. 24. ROSA BONHEUR (1822 - 1899) <br />Established herself as the foremost animal painter.<br />Realist landscape painter.<br />Work was well known throughout Europe and America. <br />She was one of four children, each trained as an artist., Oscar-Raymond Bonheur, a trained artist and socialist. <br />Rosa’s liberalism defiant personality lead to her dressing as a male, cutting her hair short, and smoking cigarettes and cigars. <br />“To [my father’s] doctrines I owe my great and glorious ambition for the sex to which I proudly belong and whose independence I shall defend until my dying day.”<br />Trained with her father at thirteen. <br />Never attended formal art classes.<br />
  25. 25. Anna Klumke, Portrait of Rosa Bonheur, 1899<br />
  26. 26. Rosa Bonheur, Le Marché aux Chevaux (The Horse Fair), 1851 -1853<br />
  27. 27. Rosa Bonheur, Couching Lion, 1872<br />
  28. 28. Rosa Bonheur, Lion at Rest, 1880<br />
  29. 29. Eva Gonzalès 1849-1883<br />Impressionist<br />Began in Chaplin's studio.<br />Became Manet's student, model, and friend 1869. <br />Strong contrasts between light and dark tones.<br />Thick patches of broadly applied pigments<br />Contemporary subject matter. <br />Paintingsdepict young women relaxing in gardens andfashionable theatergoers.<br />Produced many feminized paintings, giving historians a different perspective of everyday life in Paris in the mid-to-late eighteen hundreds.<br />
  30. 30. Eva Gonzalès, A Loge at the Théâtre des Italians,1874 <br />
  31. 31. Eva Gonzalès, Le Chignon, 1865<br />
  32. 32. Identify two works of art one from a woman and one from a man Both from the 19th Century and discuss how the two genders view the world and how they view art? <br />