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Exploring Anxiety & Depression in Gen Z


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We will look at the difference between Gen Z and Millennials as well as explore the problems of Anxiety and Depression in this group.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Exploring Anxiety & Depression in Gen Z

  1. 1. Gen Z-1995-2012 The Kids Are Not ALL Right Stanger 2019
  2. 2. Dr. Louise Stanger 2019
  3. 3. About Dr. Louise Clinician Educator Author Woman Wife Mother Grandmother www. 619-507-1699
  4. 4. Objectives To describe and explain Gen Z To highlight the differences between Gen Z and Millennials To explore the problems of Anxiety and Depression in this group
  5. 5. Objectives Describe and Discuss major Gen Z issues : Bullying, Cutting, Vaping, Texting ,Self Harm Teen Suicide Alcohol, Marijuana and Other Drug Use Offer Tips to Parents and Counselors
  6. 6. The World Is Dangerous- I am Not Safe Born at the time of the Columbine Massacre Witnesses World Towers fall in slow motion Experienced Economic Recession of 2008 Traumatized by Sandy Hook shootings 2012 & more recently Parkland, Florida Intergenerational stress-Parents try to Control Children More There has been about one school shooting a month or other type since Columbine
  7. 7. Gen Z High Levels of Loneliness Substitution of social media for true friendship network Constant bombardment of negative self-comparisons A narrowing definition of life success leading to destructive perfectionism all or nothing thinking
  8. 8. Gen Z- The Instant Generation Communicates with images Uses multiple channels at one time Takes in information immediately and loses interest instantly “I can simultaneously create a document, edit it, post a photo on instagram , all from the user friendly I phone “ Hannah NY Times The 8 second wonder
  9. 9. Gen Z & Social Media Use for Research HDVideo is the Norm 4DLifestyle Emotes/Emojis FOMO Global Friends Less is More Facebook, Instagram, Twitter Snapchat, U-Tube, Vine Camera, Peach, Reddit, Pintrest, ASk.fmTumbler, Flickr, Google Video, Sproutsocial, Hootsuite-SMM WhatsApp, Messenger, Instagram (Facebook) Treat Others the Way They Want to Be Treated
  10. 10. Meet The Parents of Gen Z Prize Practicality and Self Reliance Digitally Literate Heightened concern for safety Concerned with practical benefits of what a higher education can do Demand Professionalism and Communication Skeptical and Price Conscious They pick and choose when to attack Stealth Bombers
  11. 11. Alcohol- Marijuana and Other Drugs
  12. 12. GEN Z-Marijuana, Alcohol Etc 40 yo study says Gen Z avoids sex, alcohol and driving at record rates -slow life strategy- Twenge Suicide rate has passed that of millennials Daily marijuana use surpassed that of alcohol industry Politically Millennials and Gen Z favor legalization of marijuana Gen Z follow millennials in usage-spend $62.35 as compared to millennials spent $72.94per month and baby boomers $89.24
  13. 13. Shame, Addiction &Family Mapping Louise Stanger Ed.D, LCSW, CDWF, CIP
  14. 14. Meet MEET CLARK
  15. 15. Meet Clark Adopted FAS- Learning Disabilities Loved Sports but short Bullied Parents Marital Discord Sells & Abuses Drugs Graduating Senior Feisty-Argumentative Depression
  16. 16. Meet Milly 14 yo Fraternal Twin Mother Actively Abusing Substances-Parents Divorcing Stops playing tennis, isolates Gains 45 pounds in 3 months weight Starts Cutting Has to go to a New school
  17. 17. Clark and Milly are Not Alone Over 3 million teenagers experienced a major depressive disorder in the past year 20% of all American teenagers struggle with depression 6.3 million teenagers have been diagnosed with an anxiety disorder 2013 Ottawa public Health- Teens who use social media sites for more then 2 hours a day are more likely to experience anxiety and depression
  18. 18. Best Approaches to Buffer Stress/Anxiety/ depression Teach better coping skills through mindfulness, breathing, meditation, yoga, self acceptance Develop and cultivate close friendships in “real’ time and space Engage in meaningful actions to address societal sources of stress Family communication helps. When Parents Listen Children will talk Listen to ask for help. You are Not alone
  19. 19. TEEN VAPING The new nicotine
  20. 20. Vaping A new epidemic-3.6 million teens -1 in 5 high school students Vaping is leading teens to try e- cigarettes- increase in nicotine addiction Vaping marijuana according to Stanford psychologist Bonnie- Halpern Fisher “damage brain function’ “ONCE MARAJUNA IS INT
  21. 21. Tips for Parents Be calm, listen , avoid criticism Ask questions, with interest Set Tobacco free examples Choose what you will and will not pay for Develop parental alliances in the community Set healthy boundaries Remember you are the Parent and you do not have to pay for bad habits Keep the dialogue open
  22. 22. Self Harm
  23. 23. Cutting 20-25% of adolescent girls and 10-14% of adolescent boys report self injury Bully and sexual trauma are seen as drivers for self injury LGBTQ+ teens are twice as likely to self injure
  24. 24. Self Injury Is a way in which teens struggling with their own emotions can find relief in suffering and emotional pain Soothes emotions that often originate from feeling poorly understood in family, friendships, relationships, interpersonal strife Have the capacity to become habitual Can increase in severity or frequency when self injury susessfully helps to manage suffering Often a behavior that accompanies psychological diagnosis Jim Holsomback M.A., McLean Hospital
  25. 25. Self -Injury in General is not A Direct Path to Suicide Successfully Treated by Medicine ( therapy and support more successful in treating A cry for help-often initial incidents of self injury are done without others knowing A painful way to punish or engage others KNOWTHAT If a child had a better way to self regulate they would Don’t let shame prevent anyone from getting treatment Parents benefit from support groups as well
  26. 26. Parent Talk: How to Respond BE CALM- Easier said then done - Your teen is communicating which is great- Do Not Overreact Shut UP and LISTEN! FOCUS ON GOALS - provide professional help PUNISHMENT IS A POOR AGENT OF CHANGE
  27. 27. Bullying Direct - bullying that occurs in the presence of another youth Indirect-spreading rumors etc Four types- physical, verbal, relational (hurting reputations) and damage to property Cyberbullying - 9% of students grades 61-12 15% of HS students say they have been electronically cyperbullied 55.2% of LGBTQ report cyberbullying
  28. 28. What we know Between 1-4 US students say they have been bullied 28% if US students grade 6-12 20% of US students 9-12 70.6% of young people report they have sen bullying in schools 70.4 % of staff, 62% witnessed bullying 2 or more times When bystanders intervene , bullying stops within 10 sec 57% of the time Most bullying happens in middle school Children who are perceived as different are more likely to be bullied Bullies - children who are aggressive easily frustrated. have less parental involvement, think badly of others, have difficulty following rules, view violence in a positive way, have friends who bully others
  29. 29. The More We Know There is not a single profile of a young person involved in bullying Disconnect between adults and youth-Adults don’t know exactly what to do about bullying Most bullying takes place in schools or online and cell phones
  30. 30. Respond to Bullying Do Intervene-Its ok to ask an adult for help Separate kids involved Make sure all are sake Tend to any immediate medical mental health needs Stay Calm
  31. 31. Bullying and Suicide The relationship between bullying and suicide is complex It is not accurate and potentially dangerous to present bullying as cause or reason for suicide Media should NOT use word “BULLYCIDE” Persistent bullying can lead to isolation, rejection, exclusion and despair Vast majority of teens who are bullied do not become suicidal Most young people who die by suicide have multiple risk factors- Some youth (LGBTQ) are at increased risk for suicide without bullying
  32. 32. Avoid These Common Mistakes Do not ignore-thinking kids can work out on their own Don’t immediately try to sort out the facts Don’t force kids to say publicly what they saw Don’t question kids in front of other kids Don’t talk to kids involved together, talk separately Don’t make kids involved or patch up relationships on the spot. If a weapon is involved, threats of physical harm, serious bodily harm, sexual abuse, anyone accused of an illegal act such as robbery or extortion using force to get money, property or services immediately get medical and police help
  33. 33. Prevention Help kids Understand Bullying Keep communication Open- speak to a trusted adult Encourage Kids to Do what they Love Model How to Treat Others prevention/index.html
  34. 34. TEEN SUICIDE
  35. 35. Statistics Suicide rates increased 33% between 1999 and 2014 Males are mo4 times more likely to complete Suicide rates for females doubled from 20017-2017 )ages 10-14) compared with other age groups (hanging and suffocation) There are 25 attempts to 1 completed suicide Females have higher rates of suicide ideation and are more likely to attempt Firearms are used in over half
  36. 36. Warning Signs Sense of hopelessness Social Withdrawal and Isolation Helplessness Feelings of Failure Being a Burden to Others Preoccupation with Death and Dying Lack of Future Goals Drop in School Grades Giving Away Prized Possessions
  37. 37. Significant Life Events Loss of a love object History of suicide in family Recent suicide of a friend Negative parental attitude toward teen Disharmony in family
  38. 38. Other Causes Poor Academic Performance Alcohol or Other Drug Abuse Unhealthy relationships, physical, sexual abuse Feelings of Guilt and Shame-targets of Bullying Feelings of Anger Physical or Mental Health issues Sibling Rivalry
  39. 39. Types of Teen Suicide Firearms Hanging Alcohol or other drug overdose Drowning Suffocation Electric Shock
  40. 40. Talking with Teens The suicidal teen may not talk directly about suicidal plans or wishes It is OK to ask : “Are you thinking about killing yourself ?” It is a myth that talking about suicide to a distressed individual can lead to suicide
  41. 41. Suicidal Teens are Often in a Confused State Talking helps clarify internal states Teen may express verbally , by gesture or expression You have to try and understand Implied feelings and restate and reflect back
  42. 42. Dos and Don’ts of Suicide Prevention Do Assess for Risk. If risk appears grave then the teen needs to be taken to hospital 5150 hold for 72 hours Do Inform parents or guardians of teen suicidal crisis Do Ensure Follow up by appropriate person
  43. 43. DON’TS Do not put on your super woman or man cape and think you alone can save Do not sound shock or say suicide would be an embarrassment Do not engage in philosophical debate . You may not only lose the debate but the suicidal teenager
  44. 44. Crisis Interview Model Present as concerned, effective helper Focus on teens emotion and encourage expression Empathize with teens expressed affect Identify problems with teens Review mutually determined strategy with teen and seek agreement
  45. 45. Confront them in calm , warm manner, “when someone is feeling extremely upset, they may have thoughts of suicide. Is this something you have been thinking about? Always ask are you thinking about killing yourselves? the answer will tell you if teen has a plan etc. If teen has a plan use SAL How Specific is the plan Is there a method Available to carry out the threat How Lethal is the proposed method
  46. 46. Teen Texting
  47. 47. Common Texts LOL-Laugh out loud GR8=Great IRL=In real Life TYVM=Thank you very much J/K=Just Kidding L8R=Later NP= No Problem WYD=what’s you doing
  48. 48. TEXTS 53x= Sneaky way to type sex KMS= Kill myself LH6=Lets have sex KYS=Kill Yourself MOS=Moms Over the shoulder POS=Parents over the shoulder CD9=Parents Around GNOC=Get Naked on Camera 99=Parents are gone IWSN-I want to have sex now when-worry/101844248/
  49. 49. Texting and Driving South Dakota ranks #2 for Distracted Driving Hand held Ban-No All Cell Phone Ban-No Novice drivers-Drivers with learner or intermediate license. Secondary Law Text Messing Ban-Secondary Ban laws/issues/distracted%20driving Peer to Peer Guide Governors Traffic Safety default/files/2019-04/peer-to- peer-2019.pdf 64% of South Dakota teens admit to texting behind wheel
  50. 50. The Oymoron 89% of all teens have smart phones (2016, Pew Report) Jean Twenge reports the relationships diminish based on increase of screen time.Computers etc are used in school, for homework etc.
  51. 51. Screen Time and Teens Kasier, Pew , Berkley Science for the Greater Good
  52. 52. Screen Time Can Effect Sleep Patterns Eating Patterns- Obesity Loneliness-Interferes with social Activities School-Educational-Children with TV’s in Bedroom do worse academically Anxiety-Depression Marijuana Use
  53. 53. From Screen Time To Playing Board Games
  54. 54. Strategies to Limit Teens Screen Time Make Screen Time A Privilege Role Model Healthy Habits-Limit Your own Screen Time Discourage Multi-tasking Establish Clear Rules About Electronics Encourage Physical Activity No Screen Time in Car
  55. 55. Strategies No digital devices during family meals No Screen Time in Car No Screens on Bedrooms Develop Alliances with other Parents, Schools and Community Groups
  56. 56. Strategies Educate About Media- Discuss Advertisements and what they do, Discuss the dangers of too much exposure to violence in the news and in games Don’t allow Electronics During Mealtimes Create Screen Free Days Schedule Family Activities that Do Not involve Electronics Hold Family Meetings to Discuss Screen time
  57. 57. Resources Stanger L.& Weber, L (Ed). (2018) The Definitive Guide To Addiction Intervention-A Collective Strategy. New York, Ruthledge Stanger, L.& Porter, R (ed)(2016) Meet the Parents - Helicopters, Submarines and You. A Sober World.
  58. 58. Resources Stanger, L.& Porter, R. The Latest Trend in Gen Z-Anxiety and Depression. 2019 The Sober World. Stanger, L.(2019) 6 Fears That Drive Snow Plow Parents. Thrive Global Stanger, L. (2018) Hopping on the Vape Train-What are Teens and Parents to do .Thrive Global Stanger, L. Teen Vaping. From Flavored to Marijuana , An Alarming Epidemic Grows (Feb. 2019) Thrive Global . time-teen-vaping-marijuana-parenting-with-dr-louise-stanger april 2019
  59. 59. Resources communicating-with-generation-z-everything-you-need- to-know Howe, N (2016).Meet Mr. and Mrs Gen X: A New Parent Generation Generation-Marketing-to-Gen-Z-and-Their-Parents.pdf
  60. 60. Resources they-re-stressed-out-here-s-why/? utm_source=Newsletter_AH&utm_medium=Thrive Hibbs, Janet PHD &Rostain, Anthony MD, Helping Your Kids Survive Their College Years, ResourcesPress,2019. media-habits-and-experiences/pi_2018-11-28_teens-social- media_0-01/
  61. 61. Resources Most Us Teens See Anxiety & Depression as a Major Problem Among Their Peers-Pew Research 2019 index.html index.html
  62. 62. Resources distracted-driving/cell-phones DistractedDrivingLawChart_May19.pdf percent-of-South-Dakota-teens-admit-to-texting-and- driving-491758091.html
  63. 63. Resources 2018/01/22/teens-who-spend-less-time-in-front-of- screens-are-happier-up-to-a-point-new-research-shows/? noredirect=on&utm_term=.4c055e12ff8a teens-screen-time-2608915https:// fullarticle/2733430
  64. 64. Resources GenZ is too Busy to Drink or Do Drugs. Vice UK study-2017-9. Business Insider could-dramatically-affect-alcohol-market/ gen-z-are-all-unanimous-in-their-position-to-legalize-marijuana-2019-03-12 consumers-by-the-numbers.html
  65. 65. To Contact Dr. Stanger 619-507-1699 DrStanger@allaboutintervetio www.http://