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Sherlock Holmes, Case of the Prince Witch Voodoo Doctor"

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Sherlock holmes

  1. 1. “Sherlock Holmes” <br />Case of the: “Prince Witch Voodoo Doctor”<br />(Chapter 1)<br />On a most Dreadful of all afternoons of “high humidity” at an evening setting of afternoon tea during the summer of 1918, June 23rd<br /> “Holmes and myself had become accustom to engage in the “Trifle affairs” of entertainment among the lasts edition of the “English Press, when for the strangest of reasoning “Holmes” arrange for “Mrs. Hudson” to prepare a batch of sandwiches with cookies and a large pitcher of “Milk”, <br />I admit I was just working the delightful uncomforting tummy pains within the past 35 moments of “Delightful wild rice stuff Cornish Game Pheasant” with all of the other proper attire one would indulge in” and with “Harmony of Pleasures”.<br />When “Holmes announce “Watson” we have a Army of Arriving “Guest”, and they bring news of “Travel of Afar, which this well diligence and prompt Professionals are indeed requesting a handsome payment (9) pence silver for each”, for such good, enthuse, and I may say excitement in delivery of such News….<br />As I query this announcement into play, my natural reaction was to reply “Holmes” we have been together all of the afternoon and no such postman, post such delivery of these developments, <br />Neither any such important news as this came about any messenger, and just when this information became of knowledge to you…<br />“Holmes” had quickly interrupted and replied 3 and ½ minutes ago, and as this quick time frame was stated to me’; I notice “Holmes”, moving quickly about packing for a “Voyage” of some sorts, And without so much of a glance “Holmes” dictated the “Particulars” which bring this indeed, amazement chain of “Worldly” events to print, with the “Occult”, <br />“Unnatural hexing of superstition” and practices of Bizarre Voodoo Witchcraft”…. In a disguise to aid a long History of Criminal Misdeeds….<br />As “Holmes” finished his sentences of “Witchcraft” leaving me quite “very stung in my thoughts, tracks, and speech”, “Holmes” quickly insert that my “Professional Medical opinion is required with greatness of urgency, <br />Because the “Doctor” list here on his card one “Samuel Benjamin Magnus-Lawson M.D.” whom we shall be paying a “special consultation” visit to, lives in “America” “Watson” <br />And is of having an Official title of sorts as a “Prince of a Tribe in Lagos Nigeria, Africa”, and <br /> A Practices of “Professional Medicine” within the United States, his Doctor office is location in Houston Texas, bring about a long list of fictitious characters within himself, with “Head Hunter acting agents and confederates “Watson”….”leaving the naked eye to behold”.<br /> And then there is “Professor James Majority” sending us a personal special invite “Live” in the “American Wire”, while the “Devil himself” is maintaining some distance here in some “raunchy habitual hole” deep in the “Dark of London England” under the “Character name of (Dortrupt) ….which this is indeed a lame blind “Watson”, but let it be what it may’.<br />But I feel “Watson” our summons of a “Brisk Ocean Voyage Travel should give us a well deserve breath of fresh open air and some slight sightseeing adventure along the way, if nothing the less, a little bore regret, and unavoidable dilly.<br />You see for “Watson” at 4 and ½ minutes ago, the painting on the “Wall near the window, started a slight tremble, and as the dash of each 20 second past, the lamp join in, with just a slight more tremble state, then the painting”. <br />And as you can hear now from the racing sound at 5 blocks now away “Watson” of a “Team of Horses” at full throttle in this direction of our “Baker Street” lodgings…..Carrying these lads in a pallor of their own Army, whom all are in my faithful employment, <br />And from the sounds at this very moment as they attempt to bring thunder to stop, theses lads are very quite rich, and happy in the deliver on the News which require at the bequest of “Professor James Majority” “Watson” we are require to engage in the disappearance to America”…. And for these Sandwiches, Cookies, is a well deserve Bonus… <br />By: Louis Charles Hamilton II. (Cmdr. Bluefin): To be continuing…….<br />(Chapter 2)<br />Holmes and I finishing “packing what seem to be the “entire loot” of our joining establishment”, into several waiting sturdy “Hansoms, all but a “few chemical bottles”, and couple of old outdated news manuscripts,<br />Which we then departed for our long eventful journey to “Bourneufourt Harbor” throughout the Country sides of England to Board “Agamemnon Ocean Vessel”,<br />As the ride endure “Holmes to my surprise became my amuse tour guide expert on “English Ocean Shipping Vessels” with the light recital into also “Ajax and “Achilles” of all three of Alfred Holt’s first shipping vessels; <br /> The history of the Alfred Holt‘s Ocean Shipping Group begins as thus in 1865, when two brothers, Alfred and Philip Holt of Liverpool, set up the Ocean Steamship Company. <br />Its purpose was to provide a regular steamship cargo service from England to China, at first via the Cape of Good Hope. <br />At that time the steamship was not considered an economical long distance cargo carrier, but the Holt brothers planned to use a new type of steamer that they were convinced could compete effectively with sail on this route. <br />This was an ambitious project requiring a large investment. It involved building three ships, each of 2,280 tons, iron-hulled, and powered by a new type of compound steam engine designed by Alfred Holt, who was an engineer. <br />He and his brother were the sons of a wealthy Liverpool cotton broker, and they had already proven the potential of this type of ship in West Indian trade. <br />By selling the five ships they had owned in that trade they were able to put up almost half the capital needed for the new enterprise. The rest of the money came from other members of the family and their business friends in Liverpool. <br />The company was founded before the days of limited liability, so all the shareholders were taking a considerable risk. The two Holt brothers, then aged 37 and 36, took on the management of the ships. <br />Their gamble paid off. The ships performed well and the cargoes followed: in the early days the chief goods transported were cotton textiles, which went from England to China, and tea, which went from China back to England. <br />The Holts' ships became well known for their classical names (Agamemnon, Ajax, and Achilles were the first three) and their trademark blue funnels. Although the company was officially called the Ocean Steamship Co. it was much more often referred to as "Holts" or the "Blue Funnel Line."<br /> For you see “Watson” not only will our “Travel to “America” be secure in the sounds of a fine on going ocean vessel transportation, <br />But we will be having Dinner Guest” with the “Captain Ronald Niel Stuart, whom has also secure us well fine “Statements Quarters” lodgings,<br />Captain Ronald Niel Stuart VC DSO RD RNR was highly decorated for his service in the Royal Navy during the first World War I.<br /> In addition to his British decorations, he was honored with the French Croix de Guerre and the United States' Navy Cross while serving in the Royal Navy during the First Battle of the Atlantic. <br />Never such their be a more “Master at the Helm” with a fine “Steward Department for pleasant dining,<br /> I am sure all of our creature comforts would be nothing less then adequate met at best or no more equal to our lodging at “Baker Street”, “Watson”.<br /> But do take a bit of caution, there is a on going “War” and our passage through La Manche (English Channel) will prove to be our first stakes at High Sea Adventure to the United States “Watson”. <br />(Chapter 3)<br />As we near the English coat lines for “Bourneufourt Harbor” to board our passage trip “Sherlock Holmes” continue at his wit’s of a “timeline” of the on going “War” from start to the present day of June 23rd 1918 <br />On 28 June 1914, Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian-Serb student and member of Young Bosnia, assassinated the heir to the Austro-Hungarian throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in Sarajevo, Bosnia.<br /> This began a period of diplomatic maneuvering between Austria-Hungary, Germany, Russia, France and Britain called the July Crisis. <br />Wanting to end Serbian interference in Bosnia conclusively, Austria-Hungary delivered the July Ultimatum to Serbia, a series of ten demands which were intentionally unacceptable, made with the intention of deliberately initiating a war with Serbia.<br />When Serbia acceded to only eight of the ten demands levied against it in the ultimatum, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia on 28 July 1914. Strachan argues "Whether an equivocal and early response by Serbia would have made any difference to Austria-Hungary's behavior must be doubtful. <br />Franz Ferdinand was not the sort of personality who commanded popularity, and his demise did not cast the empire into deepest mourning".<br />The Russian Empire, unwilling to allow Austria–Hungary to eliminate its influence in the Balkans, and in support of its long time Serb protégés, ordered a partial mobilization one day later.<br /> When the German Empire began to mobilize on 30 July 1914, France, sporting significant animosity over the German conquest of Alsace-Lorraine during the Franco-Prussian War, ordered French mobilization on 1 August. Germany declared war on Russia on the same day.<br />The United Kingdom declared war on Germany, on 4 August 1914, following an 'unsatisfactory reply' to the British ultimatum that Belgium must be kept neutral.<br />World War I (1914–1918)<br />Imperial, territorial, and economic rivalries led to the “Great War” between the Central Powers (Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey) and the Allies (U.S., Britain, France, Russia, Belgium, Serbia, Greece, Romania, Montenegro, Portugal, Italy, and Japan). About 10 million combatants killed, 20 million wounded.<br />1914<br />Austrian Archduke Francis Ferdinand and wife assassinated in Sarajevo by Serbian nationalist, Gavrilo Princip (June 28). Austria declares war on Serbia (July 28). Germany declares war on Russia (Aug. 1), on France (Aug. 3), invades Belgium (Aug. 4). Britain declares war on Germany (Aug. 4). Germans defeat Russians in Battle of Tannenberg on Eastern Front (Aug.). First Battle of the Marne (Sept.). German drive stopped 25 miles from Paris. By end of year, war on the Western Front is “positional” in the trenches.<br />1915<br />German submarine blockade of Great Britain begins (Feb.). Dardanelles Campaign—British land in Turkey (April), withdraw from Gallipoli (Dec.–Jan. 1916). Germans use gas at second Battle of Ypres (April–May). Lusitania sunk by German submarine—1,198 lost, including 128 Americans (May 7). On Eastern Front, German and Austrian “great offensive” conquers all of Poland and Lithuania; Russians lose 1 million men (by Sept. 6). “Great Fall Offensive” by Allies results in little change from 1914 (Sept.–Oct.). Britain and France declare war on Bulgaria (Oct. 14).<br />1916<br />Battle of Verdun—Germans and French each lose about 350,000 men (Feb.). Extended submarine warfare begins (March). British-German sea battle of Jutland (May); British lose more ships, but German fleet never ventures forth again. On Eastern Front, the Brusilov offensive demoralizes Russians, costs them 1 million men (June–Sept.). Battle of the Somme—British lose over 400,000; French, 200,000; Germans, about 450,000; all with no strategic results (July–Nov.). Romania declares war on Austria-Hungary (Aug. 27). Bucharest captured (Dec.).<br />1917<br />U.S. declares war on Germany (April 6). Submarine warfare at peak (April). On Italian Front, Battle of Caporetto—Italians retreat, losing 600,000 prisoners and deserters (Oct.–Dec.). On Western Front, Battles of Arras, Champagne, Ypres (third battle), etc. First large British tank attack (Nov.). U.S. declares war on Austria-Hungary (Dec. 7). Armistice between new Russian Bolshevik government and Germans (Dec. 15).<br />1918<br />Great offensive by Germans (March–June). <br />Americans' first important battle role at Château-Thierry—as they and French stop German advance (June).<br />And as you see “Watson” within a few more months of this “Trifle War Business”, all soon shall decease, but we must not be distracted at this present state,<br /> English Parliament has also attached a brief task to our mission in making sure these “State Documents” reach the “America Naval Commanders” in their assistances to defeat the German-U Boat brigades, <br />With Professor James Majority spies waiting at the shipping docks to be assure we in fact departed, <br />In order that Professor James Majority is able to further mastermind a “Maritime hostile Sea style ambush” in the sinking of the “Agamemnon Ocean Vessel”, at some point and time in our journey “Watson”,<br />Which is why Captain Ronald Niel Stuart VC DSO RD RNR of the “Royal Navy” has been dispatch in a decoy position as acting “Merchant Captain” for the “Agamemnon” during this special voyage when in all actuality “Watson” this is a joint “Military procedure” with the “Americans” with us being the “lambs” to attracted the German U-Boat brigades into a chess position for a “counter attack”,<br /> The “Agamemnon” ships manifest has already announced our departure time,<br /> So the rest is just simple “Elementary timing “Watson”. <br />We will sneak aboard an “English Submarine” attached to “tugboat” uncheck as we are ready in position to leave in the English shipping channel <br /> This is deadly serious - we're being hunted by a fleet of the German U-Boats and two warships armed to the teeth “Watson”.<br />After were secure our pretense of arriving on the shipping docks, secure our belongings and wait for the correct timing in the positioning of “The Agamemnon” in the shipping harbor with the tugboats in tow.<br />Moments as we were on board the English submarine and at approximately at 8,500 yards, one contact German U-boat came into visual.<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: Ship control, “Dive the submarine!<br />Ensign: Aye, sir. Diving now, diving now.<br />“Sherlock Holmes: In a matter of minutes, we'd all but vanished - our last link to the world above “Watson” is our periscopes.<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: Stand clear I have the “Con”, sound “General Quarters! <br />We have two U-Boat coming in fast, one of them has rig for “depth charges” and were now in a scenario where we having to attack them both before they attacks us, both of them got the fast speed and the maneuverability to make our life very difficult,<br /> So the game can change very quickly.<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: Lt. Moore, come to a heading of 368 degrees to port.<br />Lt. Moore: Yes Sir’ we are at a heading of 368 degrees to port “Cmdr. Bluefin” and both German U-Boats is now in our crosshairs.<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: OK, Holmes, that's both of our targets. Have a look! “Helm Master” Make ready and flood torpedo tube “2 and 4” for a quick fire shot for the two German U-Boats, sound alarm for collusion.<br />Lt. Moore: Cmdr. Bluefin, final 2 Battle ship targets are set up and ready to shoot Sir, sounding alarm for collusion “Sir.<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: Fire two tubes! Fire four tubes! “Helm Master” current (2) torpedo update and (4) tube torpedo update;<br />Helm Master: Cmdr. Bluefin torpedo (2) and (4) running shallow and on “direct target” for both German U-Boat sir…and both U-Boats just now went into defensive evasive maneuvers “Sir; <br />In an attempt to trying to outrun the torpedo(s) “Sir”, and the German U-Boats are not only trying to outrun the torpedo “Sir” but also trying to confuse them by their maneuvers.<br />Sonar: Cmdr. Bluefin Torpedo! Torpedo! Torpedo! In the water Bearing at 240 relative.<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: Fire one tube! And fire 4 tubes! At heading 348 for the 2- German Battle Ships! <br />Dive Master comes to a depth of 1,300 meters (4,265 feet) we will be safe below, <br />Mr. Holmes and Doctor Watson this sub is ready to go to war at a moments notice - stocked with fuel, ammunition and food for potentially months on end and at 1,300 meters (4,265 feet) we can remain submerged for 6 months,<br /> We will just “bird dog” The “Agamemnon” to a safety zone within the United States inter-coast water way and their Mr. Holmes and Doctor “Watson” you will be re-boarded with the “Agamemnon” for the “last leg of your voyage” to the Port of Houston Texas.<br />By: Louis Charles Hamilton II. (Cmdr. Bluefin).<br /> (Chapter 4)<br />The Deaf Pounding of a large, strong, and full bombardment from the ever “Sneaky” RAF (Royal Air Force) “surprise counter attack”, upon the approaching “German Battleships” with the (2) impound Torpedo’s in a “direct heading” for the Port side hull of the escaping U-Boats, cause a complete needed diverted attention from any further “Hostile threats” directed at “The Agamemnon”, and the HMS Abdülmecid, submerging by XO “Cmdr. Bluefin” orders to dive for a safety depth of 1,300 meters (4,265 feet),<br /> Within the timing of the RAF attack, “Holmes and “my self” was at Gratitude of lost amazement(s) in the “premeditate design” in the well executed plans made at the hands of this “experiences submarine commander”<br /> And the entire “HMS” “Naval” and “Air-force Services” eager compliances to sending off “Sherlock Holmes” and “my self” unto the ‘open sea’ with a surprise current telegraph listed on the “wire console” address to Mr. Holmes which ran as thus:<br /> “S. H.” “Thanks” for the expedited State return of the three missing pages of the Bruce-Partington Plans" by themselves could enable one of Britain’s enemies to build a “Bruce-Partington submarine”. <br /> “We all of England” forever in your brother Mycroft, Mr. Watson, and your pure unselfish pursuits “Mr. Sherlock Holmes debts, <br />Hope the send off was not a bit to on the stiff or sentimental side with a little tad on the much”<br /> Please come to a ‘South Sea’ heading for ‘Azores Biscay’, for ‘Arquipelago Dos Acores’, to a due East heading to the ‘Bermuda Island’,<br /> Then to a direct due Eastern steer for a 1 mile ride off “Cape Canaveral” Florida, “warm waters” South to pick up the ‘Gulf stream current’, into the “Straits of Florida”, from their into the Gulf of Mexico with a Southeast heading for “Galveston Island”;<br />Complete lodging is made at the “Hotel Galvez” on the Island” at daily rate of $2.00 American Dollars<br />Contact with “Lady Ann” Is located at 29°31'18" North, 98°30'60" West (29.521762, -98.516601) on July 14th 1918 3: pm.<br /> (Good Luck) Mr. Holmes and have a safe “journey and return” to “Baker Street”, by the order of “Prime Minister “David Lloyd George” and “King George V. <br /> “Holmes asked for a directed route as require by the orders of “Prime Minister “David Lloyd George” and “King George V. <br />And to the full amazement to the entire crew on the bridge “Holmes went into a moment quick story for a life survival of the giant storm surge scoured Galveston Island on Sept. 8, 1900,<br /> Sweeping an untold number of people out to sea. Most of them drowned, but some of them were already dead. <br />Had it not been struck by the killer hurricane, Galveston might have become the South’s New York City, an island metropolis of towering skyscrapers with its residential neighborhoods sprawling across the bay. Instead, the storm stunted Galveston’s growth.One the up side of things, the destructive hurricane led to a new form of municipal government within the “Gulf Coast”, and brought about the construction of a massive seawall through out the area <br />And an equally-huge engineering project has started to raise the elevation of the entire city.<br /> For you see “Watson” for the “future of subsequent hurricanes”, this “American instituted Engineering work” shall saved countless lives.<br />However we will become upon the American coastal in a impose blackout and Galveston’s “Mardi Gras” due to the outbreak of the War, the Coronation will be canceled. <br />(Chapter 5) <br />20 Man hours having past into our being safely well underway’, Holmes, Cmdr. Bluefin, and my self had begun to engage in the discussion of the real purpose of the needed urgencies to be attached to “America”.<br />Cmdr. Bluefin led the charts out and opens the mission ops with a brief History on Kaiser Wilhelm<br />Biography<br />Wilhelm was born on 27 January 1859 in Berlin to Prince Frederick William of Prussia (the future Frederick III) and his wife, Victoria, Princess Royal of England. He was the first grandchild of Victoria of the United Kingdom, placing him sixth in the British line of succession. More importantly, as the son of the Crown Prince of Prussia, Wilhelm was (from 1861) the second in the line of succession to Prussia, and also, after 1871, to the German Empire, which, <br />According to the constitution of the German Empire, was ruled by the Prussian King. As with most Victorian era royalty, he was related to many of Europe's royal families. He was the first cousin of George V and Maud of Wales.<br />Wilhelm with his father in 1862<br />A traumatic breech birth left him with a withered left arm due to Erb's palsy, which he tried with some success to conceal. In many photos he carries a pair of white gloves in his left hand to make the arm seem longer, or has his crippled arm on the hilt of a sword or holding a cane to give the effect of a useful limb being posed at a dignified angle. <br />Biographers including Miranda Carter have suggested that this disability affected his emotional development. Early years<br />Wilhelm, beginning at age 6 was tutored by the 39-year old teacher Georg Hinzpeter. He stated later that his instructor never uttered a word of praise for his efforts.[1] As a teenager he was educated at Kassel at the Friedrichsgymnasium and the University of Bonn, where he became a member of Corps Borussia Bonn. Wilhelm was possessed of a quick intelligence, but unfortunately this was often overshadowed by a cantankerous temper.<br /> Wilhelm took an interest in the science and technology of the age, but although he liked to pose in conversation as a man of the world, he remained convinced that he belonged to a distinct order of mankind, designated for monarchy by the grace of God. Wilhelm was accused of megalomania as early as 1892, by the Portuguese man of letters Eça de Queiroz, then in 1894 by the German pacifist Ludwig Quidde.<br />German EmpireHouse of Hohenzollern<br />As a scion of the Royal house of Hohenzollern, Wilhelm was also exposed from an early age to the military society of the Prussian aristocracy. This had a major impact on him and, in maturity; Wilhelm was seldom to be seen out of uniform. The hyper-masculine military culture of Prussia in this period did much to frame Wilhelm's political ideals as well as his personal relationships.<br />Crown Prince Frederick was viewed by his son with a deeply felt love and respect. His father's status as a hero of the wars of unification was largely responsible for the young Wilhelm's attitude, as in the circumstances in which he was raised; close emotional contact between father and son was not encouraged. Later, as he came into contact with the Crown Prince's political opponents, Wilhelm came to adopt more ambivalent feelings toward his father, given the perceived influence of Wilhelm's mother over a figure who should have been possessed of masculine independence and strength. <br />Wilhelm also idolized his grandfather, Wilhelm I, and he was instrumental in later attempts to foster a cult of the first German Emperor as "Wilhelm the Great".<br />In many ways, Wilhelm was a victim of his inheritance and of Otto von Bismarck's machinations. Both sides of his family had suffered from mental illness, and this may explain his emotional instability. The Emperor's parents, Frederick and Victoria, were great admirers of the Prince Consort of the United Kingdom, Victoria's father. They planned to rule as consorts, like Albert and Queen Victoria, and they planned to reform the fatal flaws in the executive branch that Bismarck had created for himself.<br /> The office of Chancellor responsible to the Emperor would be replaced with a British-style cabinet, with ministers responsible to the Reichstag. Government policy would be based on the consensus of the cabinet. Frederick "described the Imperial Constitution as 'ingeniously contrived chaos.'<br />The Crown Prince and Princess shared the outlook of the Progressive Party, and Bismarck was haunted by the fear that should the old Emperor die--and he was now in his seventies--they would call on one of the Progressive leaders to become Chancellor. He sought to guard against such a turn by keeping the Crown Prince from a position of any influence and by using foul means as well as fair to make him unpopular.<br />When Wilhelm was in his early twenties, Bismarck tried to separate him from his liberal parents with some success. Bismarck planned to use the young prince as a weapon against his parents in order to retain his own political dominance. Wilhelm thus developed a dysfunctional relationship with his parents, but especially with his English mother.<br /> In an outburst in April 1889, which the Empress Victoria conveyed in a letter to her mother, Queen Victoria, Wilhelm angrily implied that “an English doctor killed my father, and an English doctor crippled my arm – which is the fault of my mother” who allowed no German physicians to attend to herself or her immediate family.<br /> Next to the throne<br />The German Emperor Wilhelm I died in Berlin on 9 March 1888, and Prince Wilhelm's father was proclaimed Emperor as Frederick III. He was already suffering from an incurable throat cancer and spent all 99 days of his reign fighting the disease before dying. On 15 June of that same year, his 29-year-old son succeeded him as German Emperor and King of Prussia.<br />Although in his youth he had been a great admirer of Otto von Bismarck, Wilhelm's characteristic impatience soon brought him into conflict with the "Iron Chancellor", the dominant figure in the foundation of his empire. <br />The new Emperor opposed Bismarck's careful foreign policy, preferring vigorous and rapid expansion to protect Germany's "place in the sun." Furthermore, the young Emperor had come to the throne with the determination that he was going to rule as well as reign, unlike his grandfather, who had largely been content to leave day-to-day administration to Bismarck.<br />Early conflicts between Wilhelm II and his chancellor soon poisoned the relationship between the two men. Bismarck believed that Wilhelm was a lightweight who could be dominated, and he showed scant respect for Wilhelm's policies in the late 1880s. The final split between monarch and statesman occurred soon after an attempt by Bismarck to implement a far-reaching anti-Socialist law in early 1890.<br /> Break with Bismarck<br />Wilhelm II, circa 1890<br />"Dropping the Pilot"<br />It was during this time that Bismarck, after gaining an absolute majority in favor of his policies in the Reichstag, decided to make the anti-Socialist laws permanent. His Kartell, the majority of the amalgamated Conservative Party and the National Liberal Party, favored making the laws permanent, with one exception: the police power to expel Socialist agitators from their homes. <br />This power had been used excessively at times against political opponents, and the National Liberal Party was unwilling to make the expulsion clause permanent. Bismarck would not give his assent to a modified bill, so the Kartell split over this issue. The Conservatives would support the bill only in its entirety, and threatened to, and eventually did, veto the entire bill.<br />As the debate continued, Wilhelm became increasingly interested in social problems, especially the treatment of mine workers who went on strike in 1889. Following his policy of active participation in government, he routinely interrupted Bismarck in Council to make clear where he stood on social policy. <br />Bismarck sharply disagreed with Wilhelm's policy and worked to circumvent it. Even though Wilhelm supported the altered anti-Socialist bill, Bismarck pushed for his support to veto the bill in its entirety, but when Bismarck's arguments couldn't convince Wilhelm, he became excited and agitated until uncharacteristically he blurted out his motive for having the bill fail: <br />He wanted the Socialists to agitate until a violent clash occurred that could be used as a pretext to crush them. Wilhelm replied that he wasn't willing to open his reign with a bloody campaign against his subjects.<br />The next day, after realizing his blunder, Bismarck attempted to reach a compromise with Wilhelm by agreeing to his social policy towards industrial workers, and even suggested a European council to discuss working conditions, presided over by the German Emperor.<br />Wilhelm II, German Emperor<br />Despite this, a turn of events eventually led to his distance from Wilhelm. Bismarck, feeling pressured and unappreciated by the Emperor and undermined by ambitious advisors, refused to sign a proclamation regarding the protection of workers along with Wilhelm, as was required by the German Constitution, to protest Wilhelm's ever-increasing interference with Bismarck's previously unquestioned authority.<br /> Bismarck also worked behind the scenes to break the Continental labor council Wilhelm held so dear. The final break came as Bismarck searched for a new parliamentary majority, with his Kartell voted from power due to the anti-Socialist bill fiasco. <br />The remaining powers in the Reichstag were the Catholic Centre Party and the Conservative Party. Bismarck wished to form a new bloc with the Centre Party, and invited Ludwig Windthorst, the party's parliamentary leader, to discuss an alliance. This would be Bismarck's last political maneuver. Wilhelm was furious to hear about Windthorst's visit. <br />In a parliamentary state, the head of government depends on the confidence of the parliamentary majority, and certainly has the right to form coalitions to ensure his policies a majority, but in Germany, the Chancellor depended on the confidence of the Emperor alone, and Wilhelm believed that the Emperor had the right to be informed before his minister's meeting.<br /> After a heated argument in Bismarck's estate over Imperial authority, Wilhelm stormed out, both parting ways permanently. <br />Bismarck, forced for the first time into a situation he could not use to his advantage, wrote a blistering letter of resignation, decrying Wilhelm's interference in foreign and domestic policy, which was only published after Bismarck's death. When Bismarck realized that his dismissal was imminent:<br />All Bismarck’s resources were deployed; he even asked Emperor Frederick to use his influence at his son on his behalf. But the wizard had lost his magic; his spells were powerless because they were exerted on people who did not respect them, and he who had so signally disregarded Kant’s command to use people as ends in themselves had too small a stock of loyalty to draw on. As Lord Salisbury told Queen Victoria:<br /> 'The very qualities which Bismarck fostered in the Emperor in order to strengthen himself when the Emperor Frederick should come to the throne have been the qualities by which he has been overthrown.' The Empress, with what must have been a mixture of pity and triumph, told him that her influence with her son could not save him for he himself had destroyed it.<br />Although Bismarck had sponsored landmark social security legislation, by 1889–90 he had become disillusioned with the attitude of workers. In particular, he was opposed to wage increases, improving working conditions, and regulating labor relations. <br />Moreover the Kartell, the shifting political coalition that Bismarck had been able to forge since 1867, had lost a working majority in the Reichstag. Bismarck also attempted to sabotage the Labor Conference that the Kaiser was organizing. <br />In March 1890, the dismissal of Bismarck coincided with the Kaiser's opening of the Labor Conference in Berlin. Subsequently at the opening of the Reichstag on 6 May 1890, the Kaiser stated that the most pressing issue was the further enlargement of the bill concerning the protection of the laborer. In 1891, the Reichstag passed the Workers Protection Acts, which improved working conditions, protected women and children and regulated labor relations.<br />It has been alleged that Bismarck was organizing a military coup that would disband the striking miners, dissolve the Reichstag, repeal the universal suffrage law, introduce limited suffrage, reduce the Kaiser to a puppet, and establish a military dictatorship. The book that accompanied the BBC series Fall of Eagles — which covered the period 1848–1918 and traced the downfall of the Romanov, Habsburg and Hohenzollern dynasties — contains an interview in which Louis Ferdinand, a grandson of the Kaiser, says:<br />Had Bismarck stayed he would not have helped. He already wanted to abolish all the reforms that had been introduced. He was aspiring to establish a kind of shogunate and hoped to treat our family in the same way the Japanese shoguns treated the Japanese emperors isolated in Kyoto. My grandfather had no other choice but to dismiss him.<br />Bismarck resigned at Wilhelm II's insistence in 1890, at age 75, to be succeeded as Chancellor of Germany and Minister-President of Prussia by Leo von Caprivi, who in turn was replaced by Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst in 1894.<br />Monarchical styles ofGerman Emperor Wilhelm II, King of PrussiaReference styleHis Imperial and Royal MajestySpoken styleYour Imperial and Royal MajestyAlternative styleSire<br />In appointing Caprivi and then Hohenlohe, Wilhelm was embarking upon what is known to history as "the New Course", in which he hoped to exert decisive influence in the government of the empire. <br />There is debate amongst historians as to the precise degree to which Wilhelm succeeded in implementing "personal rule" in this era, but what is clear is the very different dynamic which existed between the Crown and its chief political servant (the Chancellor) in the "Wilhelmine Era".<br /> These chancellors were senior civil servants and not seasoned politician-statesmen like Bismarck. Wilhelm wanted to preclude the emergence of another Iron Chancellor, whom he ultimately detested as being "a boorish old killjoy" who had not permitted any minister to see the Emperor except in his presence, keeping a stranglehold on effective political power. <br />Upon his enforced retirement and until his dying day, Bismarck was to become a bitter critic of Wilhelm's policies, but without the support of the supreme arbiter of all political appointments (the Emperor) there was little chance of Bismarck exerting a decisive influence on policy.<br />Silver 5 mark coin of Wilhelm II.<br />Something which Bismarck was able to effect was the creation of the "Bismarck myth". This was a view—which some would argue was confirmed by subsequent events—that, with the dismissal of the Iron Chancellor, Wilhelm II effectively destroyed any chance Germany had of stable and effective government. <br />In this view, Wilhelm's "New Course" was characterized far more as the German ship of state going out of control, eventually leading through a series of crises to the carnage of the First and Second World Wars.<br /> The strong chancellors<br />Following the dismissal of Hohenlohe in 1900, Wilhelm appointed the man whom he regarded as "his own Bismarck", Bernhard von Bülow.<br />Wilhelm's involvement in the domestic sphere was more limited in the early twentieth century than it had been in the first years of his reign. In part, this was due to the appointment of Bülow and Bethmann—arguably both men of greater force of character than Wilhelm's earlier chancellors—but also because of his increasing interest in foreign affairs.<br /> Foreign affairs<br />China imperialism cartoon-while a Mandarin official helplessly looks on, China as a pie is about to be carved up by Victoria (British Empire), Wilhelm II (German Empire), Nicolas II (Russian Empire), Marianne (France), and a samurai (Japanese Empire)<br />Wilhelm II with Nicholas II of Russia in 1905, wearing the military uniforms of each other's nations<br />German foreign policy under Wilhelm II was faced with a number of significant problems. Perhaps the most apparent was that Wilhelm was an impatient man, subjective in his reactions and affected strongly by sentiment and impulse. <br />He was personally ill-equipped to steer German foreign policy along a rational course. It is now widely recognized that the various spectacular acts which Wilhelm undertook in the international sphere were often partially encouraged by the German foreign policy elite.<br /> There were a number of key exceptions, such as the famous Kruger telegram of 1896 in which Wilhelm congratulated President Paul Kruger of the Transvaal Republic on the suppression of the Jameson Raid, thus alienating British public opinion. <br />After the murder of the German ambassador during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, a regiment of German troops was sent to China. In a speech of 27 July 1900, the Emperor exhorted these troops:<br />"Should you encounter the enemy, he will be defeated! No quarter will be given! Prisoners will not be taken! Whoever falls into your hands is forfeited. Just as a thousand years ago the Huns under their King Attila made a name for themselves, one that even today makes them seem mighty in history and legend, may the name German be affirmed by you in such a way in China that no Chinese will ever again dare to look cross-eyed at a German.<br />Though its full impact was not felt until many years later, when Entente and American propagandists took advantage from this careless public speech, this is another example of his unfortunate propensity for impolitic public utterances.<br /> This weakness made him vulnerable to manipulation by interests within the German foreign policy elite, as subsequent events were to prove. Wilhelm had much disdain for his uncle, King Edward VII of the United Kingdom, who was much more popular as a sovereign in Europe.<br />One of the few times Wilhelm succeeded in personal "diplomacy" was when with he supported Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria in marrying Sophie Chotek in 1900 against the wishes of Emperor Franz Joseph. Deeply in love, Franz Ferdinand refused to consider marrying anyone else. <br />Pope Leo XIII, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, and Wilhelm all made representations on Franz Ferdinand's behalf to the Emperor Franz Joseph, arguing that the disagreement between Franz Joseph and Franz Ferdinand was undermining the stability of the monarchy.<br />One "domestic" triumph for Wilhelm was when his daughter Victoria Louise married the Duke of Brunswick in 1913; this helped heal the rift between the House of Hanover and the House of Hohenzollern after the 1866 annexation of Hanover by Prussia. In 1914, Wilhelm's son Prince Adalbert of Prussia married a Princess of the Ducal House of Saxe-Meiningen. However the rifts between the House of Hohenzollern and the two leading Royal dynasties of Europe—the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and House of Romanov—would only get worse.<br /> The Moroccan Crisis<br />In some cases, Wilhelm II's diplomatic "blunders" were often part of a wider reaching policy emanating from the German governing élite. One such action sparked the Moroccan Crisis of 1905, when Wilhelm was persuaded (largely against his wishes) to make a spectacular visit to Tangier, in Morocco.<br /> Wilhelm's presence was seen as an assertion of German interests in Morocco and in a speech he even made certain remarks in favor of Moroccan independence. This led to friction with France, which had expanding colonial interests in Morocco, and led to the Algeciras Conference, which served largely to further isolate Germany in Europe.<br />Britain and France's alliance fortified as a corollary, mainly due to the fact that Britain advocated France's endeavors to colonize Morocco, whereas Wilhelm supported Moroccan self-determination: and so, the German Emperor became even more resentful.<br /> Daily Telegraph affair<br />Perhaps Wilhelm's most damaging personal blunder in the arena of foreign policy had a far greater impact in Germany than internationally. The Daily Telegraph Affair of 1908 stemmed from the publication of some of Wilhelm's opinions in edited form in the British daily newspaper of that name. <br />Wilhelm saw it as an opportunity to promote his views and ideas on Anglo-German friendship, but instead, due to his emotional outbursts during the course of the interview, Wilhelm ended up further alienating not only the British people, but also the French, Russians, <br />And Japanese all in one fell swoop by implying, inter alia, that the Germans cared nothing for the British; that the French and Russians had attempted to incite Germany to intervene in the Second Boer War; and that the German naval buildup was targeted against the Japanese, not Britain. (One memorable quote from the interview is "You English are mad, mad, mad as March hares.")<br /> The effect in Germany was quite significant, with serious calls for his abdication being mentioned in the press. Quite understandably, Wilhelm kept a very low profile for many months after the Daily Telegraph fiasco, and later exacted his revenge by enforcing the resignation of Prince Bülow, who had abandoned the Emperor to public criticism by publicly accepting some responsibility for not having edited the transcript of the interview before its publication.<br />The Daily Telegraph crisis deeply wounded Wilhelm's previously unimpaired self-confidence, so much so that he soon suffered a severe bout of depression from which he never really recovered (photographs of Wilhelm in the post-1908 period show a man with far more haggard features and greying hair), and he lost much of the influence he had previously exercised in domestic and foreign policy.<br /> Promoter of arts and science<br />Wilhelm II was an enthusiastic promoter of the arts and sciences, as well as public education and social welfare. He sponsored the Kaiser Wilhelm Society, for the promotion of scientific research; it was funded by wealthy private donors and the state and comprised a number of research institutes in both pure and applied sciences. <br />The However, the Prussian Academy of Sciences was unable to avoid the Kaiser's pressure and lost some of its autonomy when it was forced to incorporate new programs in engineering, and award new fellowships in engineering sciences as a gift from the Kaiser in 1900.<br />Wilhelm II supported the modernizers as they tried to reform the Prussian system of secondary education, which was rigidly traditional, elitist, politically authoritarian, and unchanged by the progress in the natural sciences.<br /> Naval expansion<br />Nothing Wilhelm II did in the international arena was of more influence than his decision to pursue a policy of massive naval construction. A powerful navy was Wilhelm's pet project. He had inherited, from his mother, a love of the British Royal Navy, which was at that time the world's largest. He once confided to his uncle, Edward VII, that his dream was to have a "fleet of my own some day". <br />Wilhelm's frustration over his fleet's poor showing at the Fleet Review at his grandmother Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee celebrations, combined with his inability to exert German influence in South Africa following the dispatch of the Kruger telegram, led to Wilhelm taking definitive steps toward the construction of a fleet to rival that of his British cousins.<br /> Wilhelm was fortunate to be able to call on the services of the dynamic naval officer Alfred von Tirpitz, whom he appointed to the head of the Imperial Naval Office in 1897.<br />The new admiral had conceived of what came to be known as the "Risk Theory" or the Tirpitz Plan, by which Germany could force Britain to accede to German demands in the international arena through the threat posed by a powerful battlefleet concentrated in the North Sea. Tirpitz enjoyed Wilhelm's full support in his advocacy of successive naval bills of 1897 and 1900, by which the German navy was built up to contend with that of the United Kingdom. <br />Naval expansion under the Fleet Acts eventually led to severe financial strains in Germany by 1914, as by 1906 Wilhelm had committed his navy to construction of the much larger, more expensive dreadnought type of battleship.<br />In 1889 Wilhelm II reorganized top level control of the navy by creating a Navy Cabinet (Marine-Kabinett) equivalent to the German Imperial Military Cabinet which had previously functioned in the same capacity for both the army and navy. <br />The Head of the navy cabinet was responsible for promotions, appointments, administration and issuing orders to naval forces. Captain Gustav von Senden-Bibran was appointed as its first head and remained so until 1906. The existing Imperial admiralty was abolished and its responsibilities divided between two organizations.<br /> A new position (equivalent to the supreme commander of the army) was created, chief of the high command of the admiralty (HYPERLINK "" hOberkommando der Marine), being responsible for ship deployments, strategy and tactics. Vice Admiral Max von der Goltz was appointed in 1889 and remained in post until 1895. Construction and maintenance of ships and obtaining supplies was the responsibility of the State Secretary of the Imperial Navy Office (HYPERLINK "" hReichsmarineamt), responsible to the Chancellor and advising the Reichstag on naval matters. <br />The first appointee was Rear Admiral Eduard Heusner, followed shortly by Rear Admiral Friedrich von Hollmann from 1890 to 1897. Each of these three heads of department reported separately to Wilhelm II.<br />In addition to the expansion of the fleet the Kiel Canal was opened in 1895 enabling faster movements between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea.<br /> World War I<br />A composite image of Wilhelm II with German generals<br /> The Sarajevo crisis<br />Wilhelm was a friend of Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria-Este, and he was deeply shocked by his assassination on 28 June 1914. Wilhelm offered to support Austria-Hungary in crushing the Black Hand, the secret organization that had plotted the killing, and even sanctioned the use of force by Austria against the perceived source of the movement—Serbia (this is often called "the blank cheque").<br /> He wanted to remain in Berlin until the crisis was resolved, but his courtiers persuaded him instead to go on his annual cruise of the North Sea on 6 July 1914. It was perhaps realized that Wilhelm's presence would be more of a hindrance to those elements in the government who wished to use the crisis to increase German prestige, even at the risk of general war—something of which Wilhelm, for all his bluster, was extremely apprehensive.<br />Wilhelm made erratic attempts to stay on top of the crisis via telegram, and when the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum was delivered to Serbia, he hurried back to Berlin. He reached Berlin on 28 July, read a copy of the Serbian reply, and wrote on it:<br />A brilliant solution—and in barely 48 hours! This is more than could have been expected. A great moral victory for Vienna; but with it every pretext for war falls to the ground, and [the Ambassador] Giesl had better have stayed quietly at Belgrade. On this document, I should never have given orders for mobilization.<br />Unknown to the Emperor, Austro-Hungarian ministers and generals had already convinced the 84-year-old Francis Joseph I of Austria to sign a declaration of war against Serbia. As a direct consequence, Russia began a general mobilization to attack Austria in defense of Serbia.<br /> July 1914 <br />Emperor Wilhelm in conversation with the victor of Liège, General Otto von Emmich; in the background the generals Hans von Plessen (middle) and Moriz von Lyncker (right).<br />On the night of 30 July, when handed a document stating that Russia would not cancel its mobilization, Wilhelm wrote a lengthy commentary containing the startling observations:<br />"For I no longer have any doubt that England, Russia and France have agreed among themselves—knowing that our treaty obligations compel us to support Austria—to use the Austro-Serb conflict as a pretext for waging a war of annihilation against us ...<br /> Our dilemma over keeping faith with the old and honorable Emperor has been exploited to create a situation which gives England the excuse she has been seeking to annihilate us with a spurious appearance of justice on the pretext that she is helping France and maintaining the well-known Balance of Power in Europe, i.e. playing off all European States for her own benefit against us."<br />When it became clear that the United Kingdom would enter the war if Germany attacked France through neutral Belgium, the panic-stricken Wilhelm attempted to redirect the main attack against Russia. When Helmuth von Moltke (the younger) told him that this was impossible,<br /> Wilhelm said: "Your uncle would have given me a different answer!" Wilhelm is also reported to have said: "To think that George and Nicky should have played me false! If my grandmother had been alive, she would never have allowed it."<br />Though he had ambitions for the German Empire to be a world power, it was never Wilhelm's intention to conjure a large-scale conflict to achieve such ends. As soon as his better judgment dictated that a world war was imminent, he made strenuous efforts to preserve the peace—such as The Willy-Nicky Correspondence mentioned earlier, and his optimistic interpretation of the Austro-Hungarian ultimatum that Austro-Hungarian troops should go no further than Belgrade, thus limiting the conflict. But by then it was far too late, for the eager military officials of Germany and the German Foreign Office were successful in persuading him to sign the mobilization order and initiate the Schlieffen Plan that envisioned the occupation of Paris within 40 days. <br />The contemporary British reference to the First World War as "the Kaiser's War" in the same way that the Second was "Hitler's War" is not wholly accurate in its suggestion that Wilhelm was deliberately responsible for unleashing the conflict. "He may not have been 'the father of war' but he was certainly its godfather' (A. Woodcock-Clarke)<br />His own love of the culture and trappings of militarism and push to endorse the German military establishment and industry (most notably the Krupp corporation), which were the key support which enabled his dynasty to rule helped push his empire into an armaments race with competing European powers. <br />Similarly, though on signing the mobilization order, Wilhelm is reported as having said, "You will regret this, gentlemen." He had encouraged Austria to pursue a hard line with Serbia, was an enthusiastic supporter of the subsequent German actions during the war, and reveled in the title of "Supreme War Lord" and "Allerhöchste" (All-highest).<br />Germany's war aims were published with his consent on 9 September 1914, and stiffened his enemies' resolve to avoid a compromise peace, whatever the costs.<br /> Shadow-Kaiser<br />Hindenburg, Wilhelm II, and Ludendorff in January 1917<br />The role of ultimate arbiter of wartime national affairs proved too heavy a burden for Wilhelm. Even the advice of his closest aides such as Moriz von Lyncker was not adequate. As the war progressed, his influence receded and inevitably his lack of ability in military matters led to an ever-increasing reliance upon his generals, <br />So much that after 1916 the Empire had effectively become a military dictatorship under the control of Paul von Hindenburg and Erich Ludendorff.<br />Increasingly cut off from reality and the political decision-making process, Wilhelm vacillated between defeatism and dreams of victory, depending upon the fortunes of his armies. He remained a useful figurehead, and he toured the lines and munitions plants, awarded medals and gave encouraging speeches.<br />In December 1916, the Germans attempted to negotiate peace with the Allies, declaring themselves the victors. The negotiations were mediated by the United States, but the Allies rejected the offer. <br />A German poster from January 1917 quotes a speech by Kaiser Wilhelm II lambasting the Allies for their decision.<br />Nevertheless, Wilhelm still retained the ultimate authority in matters of political appointment, and it was only after his consent had been gained that major changes to the high command could be effected. Wilhelm was in favor of the dismissal of Helmuth von Moltke the Younger in September 1914 and his replacement by Erich von Falkenhayn. Similarly, Wilhelm was instrumental in the policy of inactivity adopted by the High Seas Fleet after the Battle of Jutland in 1916. <br />Likewise, it was largely owing to his sense of having been pushed into the shadows that Wilhelm attempted to take a leading role in the crisis of 1918. In the end, he realized the necessity of capitulation and insisted that the German nation should not bleed to death for a dying cause.<br />Upon hearing that his cousin George V had changed the name of the British royal house to Windsor, Wilhelm remarked that he planned to see Shakespeare's play The Merry Wives of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.<br /> Bolshevik Revolution<br />: October Revolution<br />Following the 1917 February Revolution in Russia which saw the overthrow of Great War adversary Emperor Nicholas II, Wilhelm arranged for the exiled Russian Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin to return home from Switzerland via Germany, Sweden and Finland. Wilhelm hoped that Lenin would create political unrest back in Russia, which would help to end the war on the Eastern front, <br />Allowing Germany to concentrate on defeating the Western allies. <br />The Swiss communist Fritz Platten managed to negotiate with the German government for Lenin and his company to travel through Germany by rail, on the so-called "sealed train". <br />Lenin arrived in Petrograd on 16 April 1917, and seized power seven months later in the October Revolution. Wilhelm's strategy paid off when Russia signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk on 3 March 1918, withdrawing from the war and ceding Finland.<br />Prince Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus-Lawson M.D. and his medical practices are current and reside in the United States,<br /> His main Confederate base of operation is through St. Joseph Medical Center in Houston Texas “which the Doctor through this base together are able to commit to smuggle “Union Army medicines” and “supplies” to “War Lords” operations back in “Lagos Nigeria Africa” through a hidden warlord compound of operations for higher wages, <br />The St. Joseph Medical hospital operations for many years in collusion with this Doctor Lawson M.D.; Include phony fictitious medical services records for billing the North Union Army federal funds for bogus medical treatment on free southern slaves which never occurred,<br /> And all of the revenue from this medical scheme is then smuggle to off shore banking account out of the United States under the disguise of a “War” <br />To include “Samuel Benjamin Magnus-Lawson M.D.” is the “chief suspected in owning an underground laboratory in “Lagos Nigeria, Africa” where he further his “illegal operations” which at current engaging in (DNA) research injections into “cryogenic cloning” of “Kaiser Wilhelm II” (DNA) into the body of female slaves “embryos” and then through the “smuggle slaves trade drug the female slaves with “Mental meds” among other strong drugs then they are <br />Transported to “America’ with “blood Diamonds, and “Voodoo Witch Poisons and mixtures for the Prince Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus Lawson M.D. Voodoo Practices <br />With his loot of money in a laundry scheme of things in “properties abroad”<br />To include “British” special BM-6 ops reports that (Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus-Lawson M.D.) has been passing “strategic U.S. targeting information” on secrete locations on “American” weapons manufactories, fuel depots, Naval Ship yards, to a contact in London England, code name (Dortrupt) via the German Military Command,<br /> With the actual “Prince Samuel Benjamin Magnus Lawson M.D. of Lagos Nigeria” having a “Pirate Ship” racketeering enterprise operating in back and forth in a cove near “Dakar” Africa throughout the travel sea lanes of “Cape Verde Basin”, <br />With his A/k/a “Pirate” name being that of “Rex Okusaga”, while the Doctor is of ownership of a suppose reform “Slave Plantation” in a “swap groves” in Sugar Land, (Sweet Water Estate) Richmond Texas where his American Head Quarters is Located. <br />With a “Clan of Pirates” and “cut throats” “buccaneers”, and “head hunters operatives” from Lagos Nigeria Africa in disguise and operating a “Jim Crow” scheme of thing against the South development in concert, collusion with the (KKK) klu Klux Klan and former “Slave Plantation owners” and die hard “Southern Confederate Army”.<br />(Chapter 6) <br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: Briefing continuing with the order of coffee, and food being sent to the bridge, “Holmes” remarks of to much excitement, and fast pace speed over the past 32 hrs. For the “Commander to press on and continue with the full details;<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: “Lady Ann” is the former wife of “Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus-Lawson M.D. her location will only be known at 29°31'18" North, 98°30'60" West (29.521762, -98.516601) on July 14th 1918 3: at pm. <br />For she is in hiding for safety reason and with the aid of Pinkerton Private Enforcement forces she fled the Plantation in (Sweetwater Estate) Richmond Texas,<br /> With a large amount of “legal documents” showing the “Price Doctor” in collusion with “St. Joseph Medical Center” in Houston Texas operating under numerous fake names and Identities, <br />“Lady Ann” has actual copies of all of these “bogus medical records” hidden and detain at “St Joseph Medical Center”, <br />To include copies of several fake prescriptions records for the “Prince Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus Lawson M.D.” to received (STD) medicines for his treatment of “sexually transmitted diseases” “GONORRHEA AND CHLAMYDIA” (STD) in his “Pirate name of Rex Okusaga” with the “Doctor using Lady Ann” actual date of birth in covering an additional disguise in other actual bogus medical records at medical pharmacy, with a long history of home problem involving the maid having t be rush to the “Hospital” for drug over dosage”, and the Son of this Doctor arrested in his scheme of in home “drug peddler” of sorts,<br />With the St. Joseph Medical hospital in Houston Texas medical records showing the covering scheme to include the cover up of the “Prince Doctor” for possible being in the possession of (HIV), with other bogus records being hidden between a shame for profit against the Union Army, with also<br /> Fake “Mental Prescription Records” the “Prince Doctor” was forcing “Lady Ann” to undergo, with copies of a legal depositions, letters, showing “American and British” Merchant maps and plotting charts showing detail British and American ships sunk by the German submarines with a toll of over 500 hundred Merchant vessels and over 2,400,000 tons of shipping had been sunk, with inland target “American and British” targets being sighted<br />And lots of other secret contents from the Plantation home safe, to include making copies of a ledger for eight Pirate ships, four of which is located on the “African Ocean Slave Trans route, to America;<br />And the last four locations in the “Caribbean Sea” two moored in the area of the “Puerto Rico Trench” Inlands and the last two the personal feet of the “Doctor Prince its location are at the tip of “Cuba” right upon the entry point into the Yucatan Channel<br />Which “Lady Ann” documents can proves to be more then enough evidence for a probable cause warrant in the least being issued and the “Prince Doctor” being detain and question into all of theses other discrepancies before he flees back to his main base of operation and Palace in Lagos Nigeria Africa;<br />“Lady Ann” recently filed divorce proceeding in Fort Bend County Courthouse, Texas when the “Prince Doctor” accused her of “extramarital affairs” <br />When the direct matter of the case is the “Prince Doctor was engaging in his “Voodoo Witch Practices and Services” preformed at a secret Plantation located on the bayous of “New Orleans L.A. where he sells his African illegal Imports, Witch Concoctions, mixtures, and snake oils,<br /> At some point the “Prince Doctor” contracted (STD) at a bayou “Cathouse” calling of sorts, and during the proceeding of “Lady Ann” divorce her “legal solicitor”,<br /> One “Mr. Carl Parker Esq. (A Former Senator for the State of Texas) Professional handling of “Lady Ann” Legal Affairs involving the circumstances that the “Prince Doctor” was then force “under Oath” to make several damaging revelations in regards to, among other things,<br /> The Prince Doctor bogus patients medical records and with involvement of “Sexually Transmitted disease (STD), <br />To include the “Direct Examination into<br />“Lady Ann” being of an “American Citizenship” and force to adhere to the “Price Doctor” practices of an actual in the “flesh Voodoo Witch Doctor Specialist” of some sorts of “Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus Lawson M.D. whom his official Voodoo Witch office of this occult sorts location is in Lagos Nigeria Africa with,<br />Every single evidence in support, it was all done against the will of “Lady Ann” with the whole sick sorted messy details that “Mr. Holmes” will soon witness personal, in the delivery of the “Legal Chest” by “Lady Ann” herself, <br />For she requested you to meet her in person “Mr. Holmes” for several reasoning, which also the “American and British Government”,<br /> Wishes your expedited services as well for many reasoning of one (Dortrupt) this contact being in London England, with a host of other Pirates, confederates, accomplice, partner in crimes, associate and double agents operating through out the World and base primary in Lagos Nigeria, Africa and the United States, Texas Area. <br /> For you see Doctor Watson, and Mr. Holmes “Lady Ann” has three brothers, One a retired “Master Naval Chief, Mr. Earnest L. Hamilton Jr. living in San Antoine Texas”, <br />And a younger brother Mr. J.P. Hamilton current in the U.S. American Army medical tech, his location is at a Antarctica substation at this time”, <br />And then their is “what the “Naval Admiral” is heard in “direct quote” of saying “Sir Holmes”<br /> That the other brother is very much of familiarity, like that “British Freak Sherlock Holmes”.<br />“Lady Ann” was quite able to approximately “eight and half weeks ago” get an “encrypt message” to Submarine Commander “L.C. Hamilton II.”<br /> Who would be the “third brother” Mr. Holmes, who having also went AWOL “eight and half weeks ago” with among other things, one “United States Naval War submarine”, “fully loaded with torpedoes”, and other “special missiles weapons”, and a entire full crew, after that encrypt message was received, <br />And at that point his location was in the Bay of Bengal, Ganges Cone, Kolkata (Calcutta), <br />The “Commander” immediately went off the grid’ and proceeded with a direct heading through the “Mediterranean Sea” where “ Commander Hamilton II” left a nice easy trail of “three” sunken “German submarines” and “six” sunken “German U-Boats” in a direct heading”<br />For (HYPERLINK "" hKrio: Sa Lone), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, at that time the “Commander” anchor off the cost, then he and members of his crew went ashore commando style, “loot and kill” most of “Rex Okusaga” Pirate crew, then sunk the Pirate ship name the “Lazy I” at its mooring at the Port Dock, the “Commander” then <br />Sent a last final transmission message on the wire direct to “Prince Witch Voodoo Doctor ……“Hell Hath No Fury” for the “Man who Fuck With my baby Sister”,…….<br /> Where “Commander Hamilton II” proceeded next to the costal area of Dakar, Africa<br />Where our “Intelligence” reports that recent action of “four” “German U-Boats” and “two” “German submarines” being sunken by an unidentified target, <br />With “two” other “German submarines” being completely disable and all of their “torpedoes being off load” unto the “Commanders Sub” and one crew member a “Master Dive Officer” name of “Nadia Glitch” (Female) from the submarine manifest being now in accompany of this unidentified Sub “Mr. Holmes” <br />And the “two” disable submarine(s) was located by “two” “British Battle Ship” with a floating message attachment to the United States directed to “Commander and Chief “just what you always want……. Merry Christmas”….”Love Santa Claus”….. <br />Which we believe this was done by the “Commander Hamilton II” Submarine” “Sir Holmes”,<br />“But we are certain” and sure that upon arrival on the “Slave Coast” that the “Commander” has now rigged his “extra torpedoes” with some “special explosive chemical compound of sorts” <br />And at that point fire only “one” torpedoes shot” and sunk the “Prince Doctor” “Lazy II” Pirate ship at its anchor mooring,<br /> Killing every one onboard near the Port of Dakar Africa, with such destructive force it was felt far away of quarter a mile away, shattering inland store shop windows.<br />Our last “Intelligence reports” comes from a “American submarine” in the area, the sonar officer stated he heard distinct sounds of a party of sorts, music, giggles, lot’s of different (Female) giggles as “Commander Hamilton II” finish complete firing an off unload of more then “eight torpedo strike” in the “Harbor of Lagos Nigeria” Africa sinking everything floating in the Harbor “Mr. Watson and Mr. Holmes”. <br />The “Commander” is able to obtain fuel, food, munitions, and seems also “female entertainment” of sorts.<br />“The Lloyds of London” made matters worst by posting on the “Military Wire” a $10,000.00 booty claim on all sunken “German War Vessels” and German Submarines and U-Boats, at which “Commander Hamilton II” has a collection now appear in excess of $190,000 in American Dollars.<br />The “American Pentagon Officials” at this time “Mr. Holmes” request of your assistances in the return of their “Naval Submarine” being brought back intact, <br />With “Commander Hamilton II” being place in chains and quickly delivery un-harm to “Pearl Harbor Fleet Command” with a full lists of questions being prodded into the “New Torpedoes” the “Commander” having crisply develop along his tirade and quite piss off AWOL under way, <br />And that the “Prince Doctor” being giving your full Private consultation attention into all of these other matters as I have just described<br /> With Doctor Samuel Benjamin Magnus-Lawson M.D. left of being the recipient of just well deserved desserts of your own making “Mr. Holmes”, and the England double spy contact (Dortrupt) being found.<br />With that this briefing is concluded, any question or suggestion Mr. Watson and Mr. Holmes.<br />Holmes: “Just to state the verifications” of my summons in that you’re seeking my “unofficial Direction” and assistances in the “seizure and capture” of a “Mad Man” is this to be correct XO Cmdr. Bluefin<br />XO Cmdr. Bluefin: ‘Yes Sir’ “Mr. Holmes” this is correct in every manner I have presented the “Prince Doctor and his entire confederate army must be stop at all cost if we maintain any dignity left in this “Bloody War”.<br />Holmes: “You silly twit of a buffoon”, I was making direct reference to “Cmdr. Hamilton II” in these matters, “It seems my “Dark Shadow” of an “American Counter Partner” is ahead of my so call expert wit by as my calculations $190,000.00 Dollars American, Plus <br />With a unknown large amount of computation in revenue just simply lying about the bottom of the “Harbor” in Lagos Nigeria Africa,<br /> And the “Commander” is on a direct heading for more “Loot” if we do not get this “cross leg broke horse” of a “floating contraption of a submarine” into the “game fast”, <br />Before “Commander Hamilton II” has completely clear out the “Lloyds of London Vault” before I my expert self, having made any proper sort of an attempt to deposited at least one claims checks.<br />Holmes pick up the “Squawk Box”: Attention all hands the “XO Cmdr Bluefin” is relives of his duties,<br /> I have the “Con”…..Lt. Moore come to a heading of “42 degrees by 53 degrees north” to “10 degrees by 25 degrees west”, <br />All torpedoes tubes fully loaded and on stand by, and the rest of you “lazy Blokes” are on full alert, set Generals Quarters. That is all.”<br />By: Louis Charles Hamilton II (Cmdr. Bluefin)<br /> (Chapter 7)<br />June 24th 1918, 0938: hrs. <br />“Sherlock Holmes” having giving directions, and left the bridge in control of “Lt. Moore” and remove himself, with XO Commander Bluefin and myself (Watson) in toll to the aft torpedo room with the explicated instructions that<br />“The Smoking Lamp in completely out on this Submarine”...<br />”No Smoking” under any reasoning what so ever”, “no cooking”, “no ironing” or anything which require “heat or electrical current”, the crew is entitled to standing watch at a duty station, asleep or playing cribbage games only’ until further orders…<br />Once we all were within the “Aft torpedo room and lock tight inside “Holmes” requested assistance in disassembling a torpedo with the require form of respect, care, and patience with the new experiment in developing a more workable explosive model with extra speed.<br />As “Holmes” move about the “long tube” like a Doctor in surgery, once again I found myself missing apart of my roommate many abilities”, I never knew such seamanship existence with other knowledgably traits in Naval Warfare”, <br />Moreover I never knew if “Holmes could actually swim, less move about this vessel underneath the ocean with ease, which I should surmise from the excitement in opening the weapon Holmes facial expression showing “Captain Holmes” May having something extra explosive and special in mind.<br />“Holmes: “Cmdr. Bluefin” And “Watson” it has been among many of my other studies that I find Torpedoes to be quite a fancy fish of a gadget, if you permit me to say . In order to give a continuous account of the torpedo's development we will go back to Roman days and note the use of fireships to destroy enemy fleets. The use of drifting weapons of destruction, powered by the ocean currents, is not so very far removed from destructive weapons powered by other means as in the present understanding of the name “torpedo”. <br />The next stage in the sophistication of sea weapons appears in 1585 when the Italian Zambelli destroyed a bridge by means of a drifting boat loaded with explosives which were detonated by a clockwork delay fuse. <br />We next find David Bushnell on the scene again with his submarine, <br /> This remarkable one manpower vessel actually once sank a ship. The operation of the boat is quite obvious from the diagram. The operator used both hands and feet to control the forward and vertical motion by means of screws as well as operating a foot pump and rudder. <br />The "torpedo" was a charge of explosive fixed to a ship's hull by means of the woodscrew illustrated and ignited by delayed action fuse. <br />The operator then cranked himself furiously away from tile area before the "torpedo" exploded. The best documented attack by a Bushnell boat was made against the flagship of the British fleet sent to quell the unruly colonists towards the latter end of the eighteenth century. The submarine was successfully positioned under the ship but the woodscrew failed to penetrate the copper sheathing recently introduced onto the hulls of British warships. <br />Robert Fulton, another American, developed Bushnell's submarine into a more workable version named Nautilus. With this boat he sank several ships during demonstrations but was not very successful in selling his submarine to the American Navy.<br /> Working successively with the French against the British, with the British against the French and finally with the Americans against all comers, he appears to have been a brilliant inventor and an opportunist. <br />A much glamorized account of Fulton's machinations at the end of the eighteenth century appeared on B.B.C. television in the 1960's as a children's adventure series. Fulton must however be credited with the development of the submarine and its weapon, the mine, to a point where it could be used in wartime. <br />Soon after Fulton's work the name "Torpedo" became applied to a new class of weapons and the development of the mine continued on its own separate path. This new weapon was the Spar Torpedo Boat. <br />Many forms of Spar Torpedo were used, particularly during the American Civil War. Nearly all types were basically the same and consisted of a steam launch having an explosive charge mounted at the end of a long pole projecting ahead of the boat. <br />The launch carried a small crew one of whom viewed the external world through a steel conning tower. The launch approached an enemy ship under cover of darkness and placed the explosive charge against the ship's side and detonated it electrically. <br />The spar torpedo was quite successful and one of the most successful types was the "David "boat operated by the Southern States in the American Civil War. These carried a 60 lb charge on the end of a 25 ft long pole and the explosion was set off 6 ft below the waterline. A crew of eight was used and the boat ran awash. Indeed, it was fitted with hydroplanes for brief dives but these were often fatal. <br />Although spar torpedoes were extensively used by the Americans, French, Russians and Chinese, the British considered them "unsporting" and were late introducing them. <br />British Torpedoes Enter Service <br />In the autumn of 1869 Royal Navy representatives visited Fiume and reported favorably on the weapons being tested. As a result Whitehead was invited to England to demonstrate the ability of his weapons. <br />He brought two types of torpedo with him, a 16 in. by 14 ft. carrying 67 lbs. of wet gun-cotton and a second weapon of 14 in. diameter and a little less than 14 ft. in length. This latter weapon carried a warhead of dynamite weighing 18 lbs. <br />The weapons were fired either from the surface or from a submerged tube built by Whitehead into Oberon. Over 100 firings were made during September and October of 1870, the average weapon performance being seven knots to a range of 600 yards. <br />As a grand finale a wooden coal hulk was moored off Cockleshell Hard and surrounded with protective nets. A 16 in. weapon with its warhead charged by Professor F. A. Abel was fired from a range of 134 yards. The weapon, determined to demonstrate its potency, went around the net and blew a hole measuring 20 ft. by 10 ft. in the old corvette and it sank at once. Faced with such conclusive evidence of the weapon's capability the Royal Navy ordered a batch of Whitehead torpedoes which were received in 1870. <br />It was most appropriate therefore that one century later a new torpedo trials ship should have been launched with the name E.T.V. Whitehead. <br />Two types of weapon were received from Whitehead's works at Fiume; these being 14 in. and 16 in. diameter. In 1871 the Admiralty bought the manufacturing rights for £15,000 and production was started at the Royal Laboratories, Woolwich the following year. This sum of money seems very small for such an important weapon especially when only a decade later a certain Mr. Brennan was paid nearly 10 times as much for the rights of an inferior type of torpedo. <br />The example of the Royal Navy was quickly followed by the French, Germans and Chinese and soon Whitehead was exporting his torpedoes around the world. Several countries started building their own pirated copies of the Whitehead but these were notably unsuccessful. The stringent specifications laid down by foreign navies caused Whitehead to give consideration to the improvement of performance. <br />He appears to have regarded the weapon as primarily for use in harbors against moored ships. Under these circumstances a speed of only seven knots is acceptable and the main areas for improvements lie with the accuracy of steering and the reliable operation of the impact fuse. However, the Germans specified a weapon performance of 16 knots to 550 yards. <br />Whitehead carried out various improvements including the replacement of the twin cylinder Vee engine by a three-cylinder engine built by Peter Brother-hood, Ltd., of Peterborough. Thus by 1875 a 14 in. weapon was produced having a performance of 18 knots to a range of 550 yards. <br />In 1872 Whitehead bought the firm and re-named it Silurifico Whitehead. A remarkable feature of this story is the instant success of the novel weapon. The very first experimental torpedo worked well and was being mass produced for export within four years. An envious record for any new product! <br />With the introduction of the new engine and contrarotating propellers (this latter by a foreman mechanic at Woolwich) no significant improvements were then made until the introduction of the gyroscope for azimuthal steering in 1895. <br />The extended fins thereafter were not needed because of the lack of roll forces. <br />This latter feature distinguished Fiume weapons from the Woolwich types which carried the surfaces ahead of the screws. The latter practice persists (unfortunately) to the present time. <br />Weapons of various types were produced during the first few decades of the life of the automobile torpedo. In particular, many obscure types of unorthodox propulsion were produced in the United States, as we shall see. <br />The Whitehead type did not however undergo significant charge although many new Mark numbers were introduced. It can be seen that the improvements in performance were steady and unspectacular. <br />The Germans, in addition to ordering Whitehead torpedoes in 1873, began building their own on the Whitehead principle. The firm of L. Schwartzkopf-later the Berliner Maschinenbau A.G.-began making excellent torpedoes in phosphor-bronze. The firm was soon exporting weapons to Russia, Japan and Spain. <br />In 1885 Britain ordered 50 of these weapons because the output at home and at Fiume could not satisfy the demand. These weapons cost £450 each which was £120 more than the corresponding Fiume type (the 14 in. Mk. II). <br />The output at Whitehead's works was continually increasing and Table 1 shows a sample of his products. <br />TABLE 1 Extract from the Whitehead Catalogue 1892 <br />Dia (in)Length ft. in.MaterialWt (lbs)Cost1518 9.5Steel904.5£3501518 9.5Bronze904.5£3801414 6Steel647£3001414 6Bronze647£3251412 3Steel498.5£2901412 3Bronze498.5£3151411 0Steel435£2801411 0Bronze435£300<br />In addition to the standard weapons many special types were produced to the specifications of foreign navies. In fact no less than 17 different types of weapon were produced at Fiume in 1884 and Table 2 shows the countries to which weapons had been exported up to 1881. <br />TABLE 2 Sales of Whitehead torpedoes up to 1881 <br />CountryType 16 in15 in14 inArgentine40Belgium40Denmark5825Germany103100England254France105113Italy70Greece3040Austria100Portugal50Russia2521510Others5127<br />The 14 in. by 11 ft. weapon was built originally to the specification of the Russians who wanted a minimum speed output of 20 knots. This was achieved and all Whitehead weapons exceeded this speed from this time. <br />The speed improvements were made by increasing the inlet pressure to the engine (with consequent improvements to engine details) and a corresponding increase in air vessel pressure. By 1882 the vessels were being built to withstand at least 1,500 p.s.i. and Britain led the world in the construction of bronze pressure vessels. <br />Figures for weapon range were not reliable up to this time because range was not an important parameter. Ranging at Fiume was carried out from an underwater tube aimed at a net 400 yards distant. The maximum running distance was only measured when requested by a customer. <br />After all, the chance of hitting a ship decreases rapidly with range because of the errors inherent in the weapon and the aiming process so that there was little point in firing a torpedo at a range greater than about 400 yards even if the weapon was capable of greater range. Thus the ranges tabulated at the end of Part 1 are nominal only but in many cases the maximum range is not very much greater than the quoted value. <br />At about this time the Italians built their own version of a Fiume torpedo but it ran at only 7 knots. Whitehead rebuilt it and it achieved 20 knots. As a result the Italians gave up building their own weapons and bought from Whitehead. <br />In external appearance the various weapons were very similar. The torpedoes were often built up with standard tail and nose sections but with different middle sections. These composite torpedoes each carried different mark numbers but were in fact very similar in performance. In 1883 a committee, set up to examine various aspects of torpedo design, carried out trials to test whether the nose shape had any effect on weapon speed.<br /> The pointed nose was assumed to cleave the water best but the great hydrodynamicist Dr. Froude advised that blunt head should show no disadvantage in speed performance and would allow much larger warheads to be carried. <br />Comparative trials were carried out using the Mk W Fiume and R.L. Mk XI torpedoes each fitted with blunt and pointed noses. The tests showed that the blunt-nosed torpedoes had a full knot advantage over the pointed nosed version. <br />This meant that heavier warheads could be carried without loss of propulsive performance and the ultimate in blunt nose designs during this period appeared in 1909 with the American hemispherical heads <br />During the period covered above the United States had not taken advantage of the offers in 1869 and 1874 to manufacture Whitehead torpedoes under license and followed an independent and generally unsuccessful development programmer of her own. This, together with the extensive efforts in many countries to develop rivals to the supremacy of the Whitehead torpedo will be described later. <br />Last Cold Compressed Air Whitehead Weapons <br />Whitehead torpedoes were being manufactured at a considerable rate during the last 15 years of the 19th century. From Fiume the Silurifico Whitehead was sending hundreds of weapons around the world and many more were being manufactured under license in foreign countries or being simply pirated. A typical year's intake to the Royal Navy is listed on page 41 as an example of the activity around this period. <br />The German Schwartzkopf firms were manufacturing about 400 weapons annually which were sent to Spain, Italy, China and Britain <br />It was soon after the mid-1880s that torpedo performance began to improve. This was largely as a result of competition from improved gunnery. Indeed, in 1904 the battle of Tsushima was settled by gunfire at a range of 6,000 yards and no torpedo could at that time compete with such performance. The torpedo's saving grace was its ability to deliver with stealth an explosive charge to the most vulnerable part of a ship. Torpedo range was increased by the introduction of the l8in. Whitehead weapon in 1888 but not by a very great amount; the advantage being taken rather to increase the size of warhead. <br />Meanwhile at Woolwich torpedo performance improvements made the specially constructed canal too short and a new range was set up at Horsea Island in 1888 and 10 years later the Bincleaves range was set up near Weymouth. In 1890 Whitehead opened his factory at Weymouth which survived until recently under the ownership of Vickers, Armstrong Ltd. <br />In .1893 the Royal Navy decided to transfer the torpedo works at the Royal Laboratories to the Royal Gun Factory (thus weapons became known as R.G.F. types) and as a result the Weymouth works did not get the British orders that were expected. <br />Henceforth the Whitehead torpedoes produced at Weymouth were mostly sent for export to countries not able to manufacture their own. Similarly, Whitehead had opened a factory at St. Tropez at the same time as the Weymouth venture and this also exported to countries such as Brazil, Holland, Turkey and Greece. Some torpedoes from the Weymouth works did enter service with the Royal Navy especially during the 1914-18 war periods. <br />The last association of the works with the Royal Navy appears to have been in the early stages of the Mark 23 torpedo in the mid-1950s. <br />Whitehead always regarded his torpedoes as primarily for launching from underwater tubes. The Royal Navy however 'seems to have favored above-water firing devices. Under water tubes can be placed either in the bow where the ramming effectiveness of the ship is weakened (ramming was a most popular means of naval warfare in the 1 870s) or they can be placed across the ship for broadside shots. <br />In the latter position the torpedo experiences a strong twisting force as it emerges due to the water flow along the ship. A device for overcoming this effect was invented by Capt. A. K. Wilson, V.C. and consisted of a guide bar projecting from the ship along which the emerging weapon slid until free of the disturbing effect of the ship's motion. Another device ejected a tube with the torpedo for a distance of several feet such that the water flow forces were taken by the tube and not the weapon. <br />These devices were adopted by the British but were not generally popular. The first above water launching was made by sliding a l4in. Weapon off a mess table out through a porthole and, having thus proved the feasibility of the scheme, several methods were evolved for launching weapons from a ship's deck. <br />Most of the early methods consisted of a simple frame for holding the torpedo over the water and releasing it in approximately the right direction. Light torpedo boats used a frame which was lowered about 2ft. into the water for launching. <br />The tube working on the pea shooter principle was invented in about 1880. The weapons were ejected by compressed air but within a few years the propelling gas was generated by slow burning gunpowder in granular form. This remained the method of tube launch for many decades; indeed the present deck-mounted tubes work on exactly the same scheme but with different propelling cartridges. <br />The British method of discharging torpedoes from above the waterline was viewed with some concern by Whitehead. His son-in-law and partner, Count George Hoyo's, reported after a visit to Britain that "such delicate weapons are not meant to be fired like shot from a gun" but the weapons 'seemed to tolerate their rough treatment for in 1879 there were already 33 British warships fitted with launching equipment. <br />Introduction of the Gyroscope <br />In 1895 came the first significant improvement to the torpedo since its invention. Whitehead introduced the gyroscope for azimuth control using the type invented by an Austrian, Ludwig Obry. In this device a 1.75 lb. wheel some 3in. in diameter was held in gimbals with its axis along that of the torpedo. <br />The wheel was spun up to maximum speed 2,400 r.p.m. by means of a pretension spring. The wheel reached this speed before the weapon left the tube so that the torpedo followed the aimed-for track in the water irrespective of the impulsive forces acting on hitting the water. This greatly improved the overall accuracy of firing and with the new device fitted it was possible to fire to an accuracy of ~ thus enabling a beam-on target to be hit at a range of about 7,000 yards-except that torpedoes at that time had ranges not exceeding 1,000 yards. <br />This clearly provided a considerable impetus for torpedo designers to increase performance. The original Obry gyroscope wheel only contained a maximum of 20ft. - lbs. of energy. This had the effect of allowing the gyro to topple after an inconveniently short time of running. The toppling was induced by the fact that the gyroscope gimbals were required to directly operate a rudder servo control. <br />Whitehead soon introduced an intermediate servo however which greatly reduced the forces acting on the gimbals and the way was then opened up for long range weapons. <br />The version of the Obry gyroscope supplied to the United States was provided with an angling gear which enabled the weapon to change course after firing, thus giving greater flexibility in the firing procedure. This refinement was introduced into the Royal Navy in 1900. <br />The turn of the century saw a radical change in torpedo design with the introduction of the heated, or steam torpedo. This is therefore an opportune time to study the torpedo development of nations, such as the United States, who did not adopt the Whitehead compressed air method of propulsion. <br />Departures from Whitehead Principles <br />The Torpedo Test Station was set up in 1870 at Rhode Island, U.S.A. to work on spar torpedoes but in 1871 an automobile torpedo was built, Fig. g this was built on the supposed lines of the Whitehead weapons and indeed the propulsive performance was similar, i.e. 7 knots to a range of 300 yards. <br />The warhead was 70 to 90 lbs. of dynamite or guncotton. Here the similarity to the White-head torpedo ends for the American version refused to run a straight course. This is not surprising in view of the minimal control surface area provided. Another weapon was built in 1874 but this was no more successful. <br />The air vessel was made of bronze in the latter case because no American firm would undertake to make a steel vessel of sufficient strength. The British were masters of the forging and rolling art for pressure vessels at this time. The Japanese had many failures in this respect and eventually bought their pressure vessels from England. <br />Having failed to produce a working automobile torpedo and having turned down two offers of the Whitehead plans (one offer being quite unofficial from an ex-foreman from Woolwich-industrial sabotage at an early age!) the Torpedo Test Station set about building under the inventive eye of J. L. Lay, an officer in the U.S. Navy, a series of strange and generally unsuccessful weapons. <br />Most of the weapons floated and thus did not have the ability to vary the striking depth at the enemy ship. The Lay torpedoes floated with only a few inches of hull showing and were controlled by an operator by means of electrical impulses sent down a wire.<br /> The power unit was a gas engine driven by compressed carbon dioxide and the steering impulses transmitted down the wire operated electromagnetic relays on the rudder. The position of the weapon was indicated by two flags or discs. <br />A later form used liquefied C02 as the power source with the liquid warmed in pipes external to the weapon. Still later we find the Lay-Haight weapon driven by gas generated by the action of sulphuric acid on lime. The later weapons had their propeller near the forward end of the hull partially recessed to avoid damage. It also avoided efficient propulsion! <br />These weapons were never really successful on account of their unreliability and vulnerability to gunfire. In a trial carried out off the British coast for the Royal Navy the Lay weapon heeled over badly so that the propeller was only half under the surface. <br />Two Lay torpedoes were sold to the Peruvian Government for use in the war against Chile. In 1879 a Lay weapon was fired from the Peruvian ironclad Huascar at a Chilean ship. Half-way to the target the weapon turned around and "hurtled" at 15 knots back at the mother ship despite the frantic knob twiddling of the operator. <br />The ship was saved by the heroic action of a ship's officer who swam out to intercept the weapon and deflect it. The relieved captain promptly took the two weapons to a local graveyard where they were buried only to be later exhumed by the Chilean rebels! <br />The vulnerability of these weapons was overcome in the 'Patrick ' and 'Wood-Haight' 'torpedoes by suspending them beneath unsinkable floats. These floats were either wood or thin copper sheet cylinders containing water-proofed cotton waste. <br />The floats could be shot again and again without sufficient buoyancy being lost to sink the weapon. The propulsion was by compressed carbon dioxide gas expanded through a gas engine-usually a three-cylinder Brotherhood type, similar to the version used extensively by Whitehead. <br />The electric torpedo made its appearance in about 1873 with the Ericsson which was propelled by sending power down a cable unreeled from the weapon (Ericsson was the builder of 'Novelty', one of the locomotives tested at the Rainhill competition in 1829 at which Stephenson's 'Rocket' was the winner.) <br />A direct development of the Ericsson torpedo was the Sims-Edison which was similarly powered down a trailing wire. A speed of 10 knots was attained using a Siemens motor drawing 30 amps at 600 volts. <br />Several versions of this weapon appeared, all carried under a large float and very similar in external appearance to the weapon and the last version built in 1889 carried a 4001b. Warhead to a range of over two miles. <br />Cmdr. Hamilton II somehow having stumble into adding more speed to the torpedo he was engaging in with a different type chemical mixture to increase the range over two miles and with a more deadly “Warhead” <br />Obvious this added weight upon impact cause a more volatile explosion. So I will just attempt to rework the primary function design and assemble as close as we can a more proper weapon in order to hope for the best until we can discovery the exacts configurations of the AWOL Commander designs…<br />To be continuing……… <br />By: Louis Charles Hamilton II. (Cmdr Bluefin)<br />(Chapter 8)<br />June 24th 1918, 12:44 hrs.<br />The new apparatus of several minor contraptions of devices were installed to increase speed and accuracy at a range of about 15,000 yards with a wheel speed of 18,000 r.p.m... <br /> This gave a new weapon performance of 38 knots to 1200 yards with a decreasing speed for a further 400 yards.<br />“Holmes quickly made several adjustments to another torpedo in order to decrease destruction instead of the warhead having such a destructive force upon impact, which the game now was to find a “German Sub” force a surrender, off load its torpedo, have a inspection, then attempt a new missile reconfiguration while gaining extra arsenal for the ready engagement with any further hostile enemy targets. <br />After the second torpedo was finish, “Holmes” and my self retired for a brief rest while “XO Commander Bluefin” and two members of his crew made the new adjustments to the rest of the onboard torpedo, return the Submarine operation to normal condition as the Cook made preparations for supper for the “entire crew”.<br />The Captain Quarters” was vacant for the purpose of this mission for “Holmes and myself” lodging which very comfortable at the moment I felt asleep with the thought of all of the most events”,<br /> Asking myself for once am I certain of being at a state officially over my head in this pursuit with “Holmes on issues of two Countries Diplomatic circumstances and well being.<br />June 27th 1918 0380 hrs <br />The location at this time seems a bit secret which “Holmes put us within 200 miles of “Cape Verde” a Pirate passing of sort’s, we return to the bridge to find the usable shipmates busy about doing the normal routine, with XO Commander Bluefin waiting for further instruction for his new appointed Captain Holmes” guide. <br />Holmes:"Only one important thing has happened in the last three days, and that is that nothing has happened