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A Brief Look at the  Diverse Challenges   Faced by Primary Educators of ChildrenIdentified as Refugees          Presented ...
Where?http://www.hreoc.gov.au/human_rights/immigration/idc2009_xmas_island.html
Outline of presentation• Definition of refugee• History of Refugees in Australia• The Refugee Experience on Young Children...
Definition of a Refugee “Refugees are people who have been forced toflee their homes by conflict or persecution. Theyare u...
History of Refugees in              Australia• 1839 – Lutherans – Hungry, Italy and Poland• 1901 – Russian, Greek, Bulgari...
What do you think a  Refugee Child  Experiences?
The Effects of the Refugee      Experience on Young•             Children    Anxiety, Fear and Depression•   Re-experienci...
Impacts on Education• Have no or minimal formal           • May be suffering the after  schooling in their first language ...
Effects of the                 ExperienceOnce in Australia, young refugees may experiencerecurring and intermittent sympto...
The Traumatic Events• Imprisonment & torture (due to false accusations etc.)• Witnessing of death squads & mass genocide• ...
The Traumatic Events• Persistent and long term political repression, deprivation of human rights  and harassment• Removal ...
Useful ResourcesQLD www.qpastt.org.auNSW www.startts.org.auACT   www.companionhouse.org.auVIC   www.foundationhouse.org.au...
Queensland Program of Assistanceto Survivors of Torture and Trauma        www.qpastt.org.au
Training Page
Resource Page
Victorian Education    Department
Victorian Education    Department
Victorian Education    Department
Victorian Education    Department
South Australia
Thank You
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A Brief Look at the Diverse Challenges Faced by Primary Educators of Children Identified as Refugees

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A Brief Look at the Diverse Challenges Faced by Primary Educators of Children Identified as Refugees

  1. 1. A Brief Look at the Diverse Challenges Faced by Primary Educators of ChildrenIdentified as Refugees Presented by Melissa Malcomson Q1222086 EDU8719
  2. 2. Where?http://www.hreoc.gov.au/human_rights/immigration/idc2009_xmas_island.html
  3. 3. Outline of presentation• Definition of refugee• History of Refugees in Australia• The Refugee Experience on Young Children and its Impacts on Education• The Traumatic Events Characteristic of the Refugee Experience• Useful Links to Resources and Professional Development for Educators to Create an Inclusive Classroom
  4. 4. Definition of a Refugee “Refugees are people who have been forced toflee their homes by conflict or persecution. Theyare unwilling or unable to avail themselves of the protection of their own government, and must seek protection in another country” http://www.unhcr.org/
  5. 5. History of Refugees in Australia• 1839 – Lutherans – Hungry, Italy and Poland• 1901 – Russian, Greek, Bulgarian, Armenian, Assyrian and Jewish• World War II – Poland, Yugoslavia, Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia, Ukraine, Czechoslovakia and Hungary• 1970s - Asia, Uganda, Chile, Cyprus, East Timor, Vietnamese• 1981 - Ethiopia, Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, East Timor, and Latin America• 1991 – Yugoslavia, Soviet Union, East Timor, Lebanon, Sudan, Burma, Vietnam, Sri Lanka and Cambodia• Recent Years – Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Burma, Sri Lanka and Africa
  6. 6. What do you think a Refugee Child Experiences?
  7. 7. The Effects of the Refugee Experience on Young• Children Anxiety, Fear and Depression• Re-experiencing traumatic events (PTSD)• Severed connections with people and loss of extended family support network (i.e. grief)• Sudden changes in attachment figures and relationships• Loss of sense of safety and consistency• Impact of isolation and separation• Self concept, confidence and trust in others issues• Skewed perceptions of the world• Shame and guilt
  8. 8. Impacts on Education• Have no or minimal formal • May be suffering the after schooling in their first language effects of trauma, and in some cases, torture• Possess low levels of literacy in English • May be affected by the loss of family and be without parental• May have lived in insecure support societies where civil order and services have broken down • May have had disrupted schooling due to movement• Have experienced extreme within and between countries so violence that literacy skills are not consolidated in any one language• May have spent long periods in refugee camps or first country of • May have come from a language asylum with minimal or no background where writing is a education relatively new phenomenon
  9. 9. Effects of the ExperienceOnce in Australia, young refugees may experiencerecurring and intermittent symptoms oftraumatization, which affect concentration and learningabilities and contribute to depression and languageproblems. Where these remain unrecognized anduntreated, they are likely to impede school performanceand negatively impact on identity, self-concept, and self-esteem. In the long term, this may contribute to youngpeople leaving school at an early age, remaining in low-skill jobs and engaging with alternative, but often self-destructive means of feeling empowered, such as drugtaking and offending behavior.(Luntz, 1998)
  10. 10. The Traumatic Events• Imprisonment & torture (due to false accusations etc.)• Witnessing of death squads & mass genocide• Forced participation of murder and rape (families, recruitment of child soldiers etc.)• Disappearances of family and friends• Forced marches over long distances• Fear tactics, including rape and amputation, as methods of social conditioning• Extreme deprivation including poverty, unsanitary conditions and lack of access to health care
  11. 11. The Traumatic Events• Persistent and long term political repression, deprivation of human rights and harassment• Removal of shelter, forced displacement from home• Perilous flight or escape• Separation from family members (particularly fathers)• Refugee camp experiences including prolonged squalor, malnutrition, lack of protection• Sexual assault within camps (camps do not equal safety)• Deprivation of education, and for children, deprivation of the opportunity to play
  12. 12. Useful ResourcesQLD www.qpastt.org.auNSW www.startts.org.auACT www.companionhouse.org.auVIC www.foundationhouse.org.auSA www.sttars.org.auWA www.asetts.org.auNT www.melaleuca.org.au
  13. 13. Queensland Program of Assistanceto Survivors of Torture and Trauma www.qpastt.org.au
  14. 14. Training Page
  15. 15. Resource Page
  16. 16. Victorian Education Department
  17. 17. Victorian Education Department
  18. 18. Victorian Education Department
  19. 19. Victorian Education Department
  20. 20. South Australia
  21. 21. Thank You

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