REPORTED SPEECH David Osorio, Carlos Ospina and Andrés Monsalve are in anexhaustive persuitof english grammar knowledges and invite you to the wonderful world of the good speaking and writing.
When you use report speech , you are refering to something thatsomeone said to you or to someone else. For example: • I was the atlethics captain at school(direct speech) • He said that he had been the athletics captain at school(indirect speech)
¿WHAT IS REPORTED SPEECH ? If we report what another person has said, we usually do not usethe speaker’s exact words (direct speech), but reported (indirect)speech. Therefore, you need to learn how to transform direct speechinto reported speech. The structure is a little different depending onwhether you want to transform a statement, question or request.
ANOTHER EXAMPLE… Type Example direct speech: “Carol, speak English.“ reported speech: He told Carol to speak English.
BE CAREFUL OF: When transforming statements, check whether you haveto change:• pronouns• present tense verbs (3rd person singular)• place and time expressions• tenses (backshift)
THERE IS SOMEADITIONAL INFORMATION. Apart from the above mentioned basic rules, there are further aspectsthat you should keep in mind, for example: main clauses connected with and / but tense of the introductory clause reported speech for difficult tenses exeptions for backshift requests with must, should, ought to and let’s.