The Mayflower

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The Mayflower

  1. 1. The Mayflower and Plymouth
  2. 2. Religious Freedom <ul><li>Church of England leaders dressed like royalty </li></ul><ul><li>Separatists didn’t want a fancy church with alters, candles and pipe organs </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted good men, not rich men, to lead their church </li></ul><ul><li>Believed the church could not be changed </li></ul><ul><li>Covenant – an agreement to form their own church </li></ul>
  3. 3. Charter <ul><li>Grant from the king to help settle and manage the English colony in America </li></ul>
  4. 4. Those Aboard the Mayflower <ul><li>Ship carried Separatists and Strangers </li></ul><ul><li>All of the passengers on the Speedwell had to load onto the Mayflower after the speedwell developed several leaks. </li></ul><ul><li>Hired Miles Standish – a professional soldier and John Alden – a cooper (barrel maker) </li></ul><ul><li>102 passengers including 34 children </li></ul><ul><li>2 dogs </li></ul><ul><li>30 crew members </li></ul><ul><li>Size of a basketball court </li></ul>
  5. 5. Voyage <ul><li>67 days </li></ul><ul><li>Wet and miserable </li></ul><ul><li>During a storm a beam cracked and caused leaking </li></ul><ul><li>Two people died on the voyage </li></ul><ul><li>One child was born </li></ul>
  6. 6. Oceanus Hopkins <ul><li>Only child born aboard the Mayflower </li></ul><ul><li>Mother was one of only four women to survive the first winter </li></ul><ul><li>Oceanus only lived to be about 3 years old </li></ul>
  7. 7. Seasickness <ul><li>Passengers were seasick </li></ul><ul><li>Sailors called them “glib glabbity puke stockings” </li></ul><ul><li>One particularly nasty soldier told them he couldn’t wait for them to die so he could watch their bodies be thrown overboard. He died and his body was thrown overboard. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Mayflower Compact <ul><li>Helped establish democracy in North America </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Mayflower Haven <ul><li>The Mayflower was supposed to return home after dropping off Pilgrims. </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Christopher Jones decided to stay for the 1 st winter. </li></ul><ul><li>Pilgrims may not have had shelter were it not for him. </li></ul><ul><li>Returned to England was never again used to carry passengers </li></ul>
  10. 10. Plymouth <ul><li>2 nd permanent settlement </li></ul><ul><li>102 settlers had intended to settle further south </li></ul><ul><li>John Carver was the 1 st Governor </li></ul>
  11. 11. Miles Standish <ul><li>Led 16 pilgrims ashore to look around </li></ul>
  12. 12. First Winter <ul><li>Had no fruit or vegetables </li></ul><ul><li>Disease spread </li></ul><ul><li>Only 7 pilgrims were healthy enough to care for the sick </li></ul><ul><li>1 building burned and many supplies were lost </li></ul>
  13. 13. Death <ul><li>Half of the group died of illness, starvation, and cold </li></ul><ul><li>Many survivors were under 16 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Helping Hands <ul><li>Squanto, Massasoit, and others taught the Europeans how to fish and fertilize </li></ul><ul><li>Thanksgiving was a 3 day celebration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Venison </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duck </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clams </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Pilgrim Timeline 1606 1609 1620 1621 1627 1691 Pilgrims cross the Atlantic and establish Plymouth First Thanks- giving Fortune brings more settlers Plymouth becomes part of Royal Colony of Mass. Pilgrims begin meeting in Scrooby Pilgrims move to Leiden in Holland Population grows to 150

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