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Ferdinand Magellan


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Ferdinand Magellan

  1. 1. Ferdinand Magellan
  2. 3. Who was Ferdinand Magellan? <ul><li>Portuguese sailor and soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Believed he could sail west, go around South America, cross the Pacific and end up back in Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Named the Pacific Ocean (peaceful) looked so calm </li></ul>
  3. 5. Voyage <ul><li>Left August 10 for Seville with five ships </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Santiago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trinidad </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>San Antonio </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concepcion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Victoria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Held up by Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish authorities switched his Portuguese crew out with Spanish men </li></ul>
  4. 7. Mutiny <ul><li>As they reached South America, mutiny on 2 ships broke out </li></ul><ul><li>Because the ships’ crews were loyal to Magellan, the captains were defeated </li></ul><ul><li>Gaspar Quesada, the captain of the Concepcion and Luis de Mendoza, the captain of the Victoria were both executed </li></ul><ul><li>Sebastian del Cano were forgiven </li></ul><ul><li>Juan de Cartagena and Padre Sanchez were marooned </li></ul>
  5. 8. Loosing Ships <ul><li>The Santiago was sent down coast on a scouting expedition </li></ul><ul><li>Wrecked in a storm – all survived </li></ul><ul><li>The San Antonio deserted and returned to Spain </li></ul>
  6. 9. Death of Magellan <ul><li>In Lapu-Lapu City </li></ul><ul><li>Monument </li></ul>
  7. 10. <ul><li>When morning came, forty-nine of us leaped in to the water up to our thighs, and walked through water for more than two cross-bow flights before we could reach the shore. The boats could not approach nearer because of certain rocks in the water. The other eleven men remained behind to guard the boats. When we reached land, the natives had formed in three divisions to the number of more than one thousand five hundred people. When they saw us, they charged down upon us with exceeding loud cries… The musketeers and crossbowmen shot from a distance for about a half-hour, but uselessly… </li></ul>
  8. 11. <ul><li>Recognizing the captain, so many turned upon him that they knocked his helmet off twice…A native hurled a bamboo spear into the captain’s face, but the latter immediately kill him with his lance, which he left in the native’s body. Then trying to lay hand on sword, he could draw it out but halfway, because he had been wounded in the arm with a bamboo spear. When the natives saw that, they all hurled themselves upon him. One of them wounded him on the left leg with a large cutlass, which resembles a scimitar, only being larger. </li></ul>
  9. 12. <ul><li>This caused the captain to fall face downward, when immediately they rushed upon him with iron and bamboo spears and with their cutlasses, until they killed our mirror, our light, our comfort, and our true guide. When they wounded him, he turned back many times to see whether we were all in the boats. Thereupon, beholding him dead, we, wounded, retreated, as best we could, to the boats, where were already pulling off. </li></ul>
  10. 13. Difficult Times <ul><li>After Magellan’s death </li></ul><ul><li>Too few men to sail three remaining ships </li></ul><ul><li>Abandoned the Concepcion – burned her so that she could not be used against them </li></ul><ul><li>Went to Borneo – guided there by Moro pilots who could navigate the shallow seas </li></ul>
  11. 14. Trinidad and Victoria <ul><li>While leaving, Trinidad began to take on water </li></ul><ul><li>Small Victoria could not take whole crew on </li></ul><ul><li>Set sail for Spain leaving Trinidad behind </li></ul><ul><li>Trinidad was later captured and wrecked </li></ul>
  12. 15. <ul><li>Victoria arrived in Spain 3 years after leaving </li></ul><ul><li>Of 55 men who left on the Trinidad only 4 survived </li></ul>
  13. 16. Why was this voyage so important? <ul><li>Ferdinand Magellan was the first European to reach Tierra del Fuego on South America's southern tip. </li></ul><ul><li>Land of Fire </li></ul>
  14. 18. Why was this voyage so important? <ul><li>He was also the first European to land in the Philippines and meet its native people. </li></ul><ul><li>He had professional scientists on the trip to help determine the species of some of the animals he found on his voyage. </li></ul><ul><li>About 232 Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, English and German sailors died on the expedition around the world with Magellan. </li></ul>
  15. 19. Magellanic Clouds <ul><li>The two Magellanic Clouds are irregular dwarf galaxies that may be orbiting our Milky Way galaxy, </li></ul><ul><li>In Europe, it was the expedition of Ferdinand Magellan that first observed the clouds during the circumnavigation in 1519-1522, </li></ul>
  16. 21. International Date Line <ul><li>The International Date Line (IDL), also known as just the Date Line , is an imaginary line on the surface of the Earth opposite the Prime Meridian which offsets the date as one travels east or west across it. </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the IDL traveling east results in a day or 24 hours being subtracted, and crossing west results in a day being added. </li></ul><ul><li>The first date-line problem occurred in association with the circumnavigation of the globe by Magellan's expedition (1519–1522). </li></ul><ul><li>The surviving crew returned to a Spanish stopover sure of the day of the week, as attested by various carefully maintained sailing logs. Nevertheless, those on land insisted the day was different. Although now readily understandable, this phenomenon caused great excitement at the time, to the extent that a special delegation was sent to the Pope to explain this temporal oddity to him. </li></ul>
  17. 23. Elcano <ul><li>Magellan did not intend to circumnavigate the world, only to find a secure way through which the Spanish ships could navigate to the Spice Islands. It was Elcano, who, after Magellan's death, decided to push westwards, thereby completing the first voyage around the entire Earth. </li></ul>
  18. 24. Funny Trivia <ul><li>The expedition discovered a black “goose” that had to be skinned instead of plucked </li></ul>