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Boston Massacre

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Boston Massacre

  1. 1. Boston Massacre Prelude to a Revolution
  2. 3. What was it? <ul><li>An attack on colonist civilians by British troops and its legal aftermath </li></ul><ul><li>Led to Revolutionary War </li></ul><ul><li>A tense situation due to a heavy British military presence in Boston that boiled over to incite brawls between soldiers and civilians </li></ul><ul><li>Troops fired into a rioting crowd </li></ul>
  3. 4. What started it all? <ul><li>A wigmaker apprentice Edward Garrick called to British Captain John Goldfinch that he was late in paying his barber’s bill </li></ul><ul><li>Goldfinch had paid his bill and ignored the boy </li></ul><ul><li>Hour later Garrick remained vocal </li></ul><ul><li>Private Hugh White clubbed Garrick over the head </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>His friend yelled and ran away, returning with more locals and began throwing snowballs and litter </li></ul><ul><li>Mob got bigger </li></ul><ul><li>British presence got bigger </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone got more angry </li></ul><ul><li>Very tense situation </li></ul>
  5. 6. Who fired the first shot? <ul><li>Private Hugh Montgomery was knocked down by a huge piece of ice </li></ul><ul><li>As he fell, he thought he heard someone yell, “Fire!” </li></ul><ul><li>He fired along with all of the other soldiers except for one </li></ul><ul><li>Fired into crowd </li></ul><ul><li>11 people hit </li></ul>
  6. 7. Killed Instantly <ul><li>Crispus Attucks – A former slave believed to be the very first killed. He worked as a sailor </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Gray – rope maker </li></ul><ul><li>James Caldwell - mariner </li></ul>
  7. 8. Died the Next Day <ul><li>Samuel Maverick </li></ul><ul><li>Was at the back of the crowd </li></ul><ul><li>Hit by a ricocheting musket ball </li></ul>
  8. 9. Died Two Weeks Later <ul><li>Patrick Carr </li></ul><ul><li>30 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Irish Immigrant </li></ul>
  9. 10. Yellow Journalism <ul><li>Paul Revere dashed off an engraving entitled The Bloody Massacre Perpetrated in King Street, Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>Was an unfortunate event not a massacre. </li></ul>
  10. 11. The Trial <ul><li>8 British soldiers were charged </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams was defense attorney </li></ul><ul><li>6 acquitted </li></ul><ul><li>2 found guilty of manslaughter </li></ul><ul><li>Branded thumbs </li></ul>
  11. 12. Outcome <ul><li>Samuel Adams, one of Boston’s radical leaders, insisted that Thomas Hutchinson, the British Royal Governor, withdrawal troops from Boston. </li></ul>

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