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We are not in a post facts world

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Presentation by Ewan McAndrew, Wikimedian in REsidence, at University of Edinburgh Open Knowledge Network event, 31st January 2017

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We are not in a post facts world

  1. 1. Ewan McAndrew – Wikimedian in Residence Tinyurl.com/WikiResidency
  2. 2. C C by 2.0, Zouzou Wizman The world is changing. Providing access to verifiable facts remains as important as ever. “Facebook defines who we are, Amazon defines what we want and Google defines what we think.” (Broeder, 2016)
  3. 3. Verifiability. Neutral point of view. No original research. Transparency.
  4. 4. • Free (100% donation funded) and ad-free • Crowd-sourced from volunteers • Open process • 80,000 regular contributors • 500 million visitors per month • 1.5 billion monthly unique devices • The fifth most popular website in the world. • Trusted more than the BBC, ITV, Times, Telegraph,
  5. 5. english deutsch català 日本語 ру́ сский español ‫ﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ ‫ا‬ svenska français 中文 nederlands magyar ‫תירבע‬ italiano português türkçe minangkabau cymraeg Қазақша esperanto tagalog cymraeg æెలtగt latviešu bosanski Беларуская (тарашкевіца) malagasy diné bizaad arpitan َ‫س‬ َ‫و‬‫ھ‬ქართული Македонски shqip basa jawa Нохчийн māori lëtzebuergesch मराठh Íslenska नेपाल भाषा srpskohrvatski/ c рпскохрватски தமி@ tatarça / татарча ‫ودرا‬ Українська ‫ﻓﺎرﺳﯽ‬ norsk (bokmål) suomi bahasa indonesia cрпски/srpski čeština 한국어 bahasa melayu română aund ไ ท ย ََ euskaraslovenčina dansk Български Беларуская krèyol ayisyen brezhoneg hrvatski Հայերեն slovenščina മലയാ ളം粵語 संकृ तम Nāhuatl Иронау afrikaans galego nynorsk hह¤द2 Eλληνικά piemontèis latina winaray sinugboanong binisaya tiếng việt nouormand/norm polski soomaali azərbaycanca lietuvių occitan ଓଡ଼ିଆব াংল eesti o’zbek Башҡорт ‫ﭘﻧﺟﺎﺑﯽ‬ ‫ﻣﮑﮭﯽ‬ ‫ﺷﺎه‬ gaeilge မြန်ြာဘာသာ lumbaart frysk ् Тоҷикӣyorùbá aragonés Чăваш scots kiswahili Кыргызча नेपाल2 ido Kજરાતી ইম র ঠ র ি ব® ি প´য় িমণপরীsicilianu Vèneto tarandíne asturianu gàidhlig runa simi alemannisch basa sunda ಕನŖಡ ਪੰ ਜਾਬੀ አማርኛ soranî / ‫ﮐیدرو‬ interlingua nnapulitano basa ugi Монгол Žemaitėška walon ‫ﻣﺻىر‬ basa banyumasan Y ං හ ල ‫ﻧﻲ‬ َ‫ﻣورز‬ bân-lâm-gú 古文 / 文言文 aymar sardu ª b ែ ខ ¡ រ Kaszëbsczi Hak-kâ-fa / 客家話‫יי‬ ִ‫שיד‬ Føroyskt cаха тыла boarisch plattdüütsch kurdî / ‫ﻛیدرو‬ kernewek/karnu ac rumantsch Удмурт кыл 吴语 emiliàn e rumagnòl Перем Коми ‫ﺗﯨﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺋۇﯾﻐرۇ‬ seeltersk dzhudezmo líguru furlan Ślůnski malti অসমীয় chavacano de zamboanga avañe’ẽ picard पाhऴ gagauz ripoarisch englisc interlingue bahsa acèh estremeñu dolnoserbski hornjoserbsce limburgs kapampangan sámegiella Ilokano Кырык Мары corsu fiji hindi Олык Марий bikol 贛語 nordfriisk བོ ད ་ སྐ ད Русиньскый ‫ﮔﯾﻠﮑﯽ‬ भोजपर2 nedersaksisch Võro ‫ﭘ÷ﺗو‬ ََ west- vlams ‫ﺗرﻛﻣن‬ / Туркмен pangasinan zazaki მარგალური gaelg Коми zeêuws qırımtatarca vepsän Today 42 million articles in 295 different language Wikipedias
  6. 6. List of Wikipedias
  7. 7. 449 citations
  8. 8. More people want to do good than harm. Researchers found that only 7 percent* of all Wikipedia edits are considered vandalism
  9. 9. Imagine a world in which every single human being can freely share in the sum of all knowledge. Public domain, N A S A
  10. 10. Our Mission The creation, dissemination and curation of knowledge “To empower and engage people around the world to collect and develop educational content under a free license or in the public domain, and to disseminate it effectively and globally.”
  11. 11. WIKIMEDIA UK and the UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH • The 21st century skills that a collaboration between the University of Edinburgh and Wikimedia UK help develop include: • Information Literacy • Digital Literacy • Academic writing & citation • Critical thinking • Literature review • Writing for different audiences. • Research skills • Communication skills • Community building /Online citizenship • Collaboration “Students have said that simply knowing that an audience of editors existed was enough to change how they wrote. They chose words more carefully. They double- checked their work for accuracy and reliability. And they began to think about how best they could communicate their scholarship to readers who were as curious, conscientious, and committed and as they were.” https://wikiedu.org/blog/2014/10/14/wikipedia-student- writing/
  12. 12. “Knowledge creates understanding – understanding is sorely lacking in today’s world.” Katherine Maher, Executive Director Wikimedia Foundation December 2016. Why is this important?
  13. 13. Wikipedia – the Digital Gateway to Academic Research •“Wikipedia is today the gateway through which millions of people now seek access to knowledge which not long ago was only available using tools constructed and maintained by professional scholars.” • (William Cronon) • https://www.refme.com/blog/2016/01/15/wikipedia-the-digital-gateway-to-academic- research
  14. 14. “Knowledge is alive and growing and… it is most useful when it is used; not just static, but engaged with, built upon, expanded on.” Katherine Maher, Executive Director of the Wikimedia Foundation, December 2016)
  15. 15. Representing a more holistic world view of Christianity
  16. 16. Translation from one language Wikipedia to another. “It is very fun but challenging at the same time. I feel like I am doing something very meaningful. It not only helps me with my translation skills, but also makes me feel that I am contributing to Wikipedia, to people, to the society.“ – Student feedback
  17. 17. Redressing the gender gap Less than 15% of editors on Wikipedia and only 16.85% of biographies are about women 65% of attendees at our events this have been female.
  18. 18. 2952 views since September 2016
  19. 19. The online encyclopedia’s Ebola Virus Disease article had 17 million page views in a month, right up there with the C.D.C.’s Ebola portal and the W.H.O.’s Ebola fact sheet.
  20. 20. Wikimedia’s family of open knowledge projects https://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Our_projects Wikimedia Tool Labs
  21. 21. Spouse: Fanny Stevenson Place of birth: Edinburgh Place of death: Vailima, Samoa. Father: Thomas Stevenson Educated at: University of Edinburgh
  22. 22. 17,000 views a day Media repository with 36 million openly licensed media files
  23. 23. Wikisource – the free content library https://en.wikisource.org • “Libraries are about freedom. Freedom to read, freedom of ideas, freedom of communication. They are about education (which is not a process that finishes the day we leave school or university), about entertainment, about making safe spaces, and about access to information.” (Neil Gaiman, 2013)
  24. 24. 350,000 out-of-copyright texts on Wikisource. Illustrations from which can be uploaded on Wiki Commons.
  25. 25. Google’s ‘Knowledge Graph’ is now powered, not exclusively but ever increasingly, by Wikidata. “The primary issue with Google’s knowledge panels is that they aren’t terribly knowledgeable: They provide information but often leave out any context on where that information came from….” Caitlin Dewey, The Washington Post – 11 May 2016
  26. 26. A provenance-preserving AnswerEngine The sum of all human knowledge The sum of all data and sources backing human knowledge +
  27. 27. Wikidata – the new Rosetta Stone Wikidata is a free linked database of knowledge that can be read and edited by both humans and machines. Wikidata acts as central storage for the structured data of its Wikimedia sister projects including Wikipedia, Wikivoyage, Wikisource, and others.
  28. 28. THE END
  29. 29. English Wikipedia “only includes only includes 30% of the items entered in the other 287 languages.”* “The promise of linked open data seems to have finally arrived.”
  30. 30. “First task is to use Metadata for 3000 images from the Welsh Landscape collection, which are available on Wikimedia Commons, to create detailed linked data…… then work with the Library and volunteers in the Wikidata community to explore new ways of exploring and analysing the data and associated images.” National Library of Wales have a Wikidata Visiting Scholar. A world first.
  31. 31. (Part of Sum of All Paintings project)
  32. 32. Crotos – The Welsh Landscape Collection
  33. 33. Histropedia histropedia.com/timeline/5bnj79bjyr/Artists
  34. 34. C C - b y - S A 3.0 - Tanya Habjouqa The world needs free, unbiased knowledge.
  35. 35. We have work to do.
  36. 36. Join us. C C BY - S A 3.0 Unported, Wikimedia Foundationewan.mcandrew@ed.ac.uk
  37. 37. N A S A There’s so much more to do Want to become a Wikipedia editor? Want to become a Wikipedia trainer? Want to run a Wikipedia course assignment? Want to contribute images to Wikimedia Commons? Want to contribute your research to Wikipedia? Want to contribute your research data to Wikidata? Email: ewan.mcandrew@ed.ac.uk
  38. 38. • Of the 80,000 regular contributors only 3000 or so are VERY ACTIVE Wikipedians (size of small town e.g. Kinghorn in Fife or ½ size of North Berwick)
  39. 39. Thank you. C C - b y - S A 4.0 - Niccolò Carantiewan.mcandrew@ed.ac.uk
  40. 40. 8 January 1947 David Bowie (Q5383) date of birth (P569)
  41. 41. 9,747,355 according to: Statistics Sweden method: estimation point in time: 31 Dec 2014 picture by Hector Melo A. Sweden (Q34) population (P1082)
  42. 42. “First task is to use Metadata for 3000 images from the Welsh Landscape collection, which are available on Wikimedia Commons, to create detailed linked data…… then work with the Library and volunteers in the Wikidata community to explore new ways of exploring and analysing the data and associated images.” National Library of Wales have a Wikidata Visiting Scholar. A world first.
  43. 43. (Part of Sum of All Paintings project)
  44. 44. Crotos – The Welsh Landscape Collection
  45. 45. Histropedia histropedia.com/timeline/5bnj79bjyr/Artists
  46. 46. Populations are growing.
  47. 47. Ensure Wikipedia is accessible in every part of the world. C C BY - S A 3.0 Unported, Victor Grigas
  48. 48. Knowledge is expanding. - Public domain, N A S A
  49. 49. 104,000,000 * - 5,000,000 99,000,000 - *https://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/User:Emijrp/All_human_knowledge
  50. 50. • Of the 80,000 regular contributors only 3000 or so are VERY ACTIVE Wikipedians (size of small town e.g. Kinghorn in Fife or ½ size of North Berwick)
  51. 51. Thank you. C C - b y - S A 4.0 - Niccolò Carantiewan.mcandrew@ed.ac.uk

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