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The view from Scotland: What can Germany learn from OER initiatives in the UK?

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This presentation introduces a range of contrasting initiatives that have aimed to promote open education policy and practice in Scotland, England and Wales over the last five years. These include the UKOER Programme, Open Scotland, OER Wales, the Welsh Open Education Declaration of Intent, the Scottish Open Education Declaration and the Opening Educational Practice in Scotland project. The paper will reflect on the different approaches taken by these initiatives and ask what Germany can learn from the experiences of open education practitioners in the UK.

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The view from Scotland: What can Germany learn from OER initiatives in the UK?

  1. 1. The view from Scotland What can Germany learn from OER initiatives in the UK? Lorna M. Campbell
  2. 2. Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  3. 3. The Outer Hebrides Contains Ordnance Survey data © Crown copyright and database right. CC BY SA 3.0
  4. 4. Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  5. 5. Glasgow Wikimedia Commons. CC BY SA 3.0
  6. 6. Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  7. 7. Cetis • Centre for Educational Technology, Interoperability and Standards http://www.cetis.ac.uk/ • A national UK technology advisory centre providing strategic, technical and pedagogical advice on educational technology and standards to funding bodies, standards agencies, government, institutions and commercial partners.
  8. 8. About Cetis Partnership between: • University of Bolton. • Heriot Watt University.
  9. 9. Areas of expertise • Learning analytics • Course data standards • Assessment standards • eTextbook standards • ePortfolios • Enterprise architecture • Open educational resources • MOOCs • Vocabulary management • Metadata & resource description • Digital repositories • Standards development • Interoperability testing • Horizon scanning • Technical advisory & strategic consultancy
  10. 10. Who does Cetis work with?
  11. 11. UKOER Programme • Funded by the Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) between 2009 – 2012. • Only English Higher Education institutions could bid. • Managed by Jisc and HEA and supported by Cetis. • Invested over £10 million. • Funded over 80 individual projects. • Aimed at releasing OERs and embedding sustainable open practice in institutions.
  12. 12. David Kernohan, CC BY, http://followersoftheapocalyp.se/what-i-talk-about-when- i-talk-about-ukoer/
  13. 13. Many people, many practices, one community. UKOER, David Kernohan, http://followersoftheapocalyp.se/?attachment_id=984
  14. 14. #UKOER
  15. 15. Into the Wild: Technology for Open Educational Resources By Amber Thomas, Lorna M. Campbell, Phil Barker and Martin Hawksey http://publications.cetis.ac.uk/ 2012/601
  16. 16. Open Nottingham is designed to foster increased use, reuse and publication of open educational resources (OER) by staff and students across the university and beyond. There are four strategic drivers guiding Nottingham’s involvement in OER activities: 1. Social Responsibility 2. The Student Experience 3. Cost Efficiencies 4. Promotional Opportunities Open Nottingham, http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/open/opennottingham.aspx
  17. 17. Open Learn, http://www.open.edu/openlearn/, launched in 2006.
  18. 18. OER at the OU, http://www.open.ac.uk/about/open-educational-resources/
  19. 19. Meanwhile in Wales… Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  20. 20. Wales Open Education Declaration of Intent, http://www.hew.ac.uk/welsh-universities- sign-declaration-of-intent-embedding-open-education-at-the-heart- of-their-strategies/, 2013
  21. 21. “We believe embedding Open Educational Practice across the Welsh higher education community will facilitate an improved, quality educational experience for students through OER…We believe that we have a responsibility to the next generation of scholars, whether they are based within our own universities or further afield, because they are the innovators of tomorrow. ” Wales Open Education Declaration of Intent http://www.hew.ac.uk/wp/media/OER-Declaration-of-Intent-Sept-2013.pdf
  22. 22. OER Cymru, http://www.oerwales.ac.uk/
  23. 23. Royal Welsh College of Music and Drama, Cardiff 14-15 April 2015 Andy K, CC BY NC SA, https://www.flickr.com/photos/declarationend/5539844578/
  24. 24. Open & online: Wales higher education and emerging modes of learning, http://wales.gov.uk/docs/dcells/publicati ons/140402-online-digital-learning-working- group-en.pdf
  25. 25. To the Minister for Education and Skills: 1. Widening access to higher education to those with low participation backgrounds. 2. Developing skills for the workplace and the Welsh economy 3. Developing Welsh language skills for employment To the higher education institutions: 4. Reviewing institutional policies, monitoring developments and exploiting opportunities 5. Strengthening institutional reputation and brand To the Minister and the higher education institutions: 6. Improving the skills of higher education staff 7. Licensing and sharing open educational resources Open & online: Wales higher education and emerging modes of learning, http://wales.gov.uk/docs/dcells/publications/140402-online-digital-learning-working- group-en.pdf
  26. 26. Open and online resources: Implications for practice for higher education institutions in Wales by Dr Paul Richardson, http://wales.gov.uk/docs/dcells/publications/140402-online-digital-learning-working- group-en.pdf
  27. 27. North of the border… Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  28. 28. The University of Edinburgh Coursera, https://www.coursera.org/edinburgh
  29. 29. SQA Open Badges announcement, http://www.sqa.org.uk/sqa/67688.html
  30. 30. Open Scotland
  31. 31. Open Scotland Open Scotland is a cross sector initiative that aims to raise awareness of open education, encourage the sharing of open educational resources, and explore the potential of open policy and practice to benefit all sectors of Scottish education. Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  32. 32. Open Scotland Summit Brought together senior managers, policy makers and key thinkers to explore the development of open education policy and practice in Scotland. Martin Hawksey, CC BY SA 3.0.
  33. 33. Scottish Open Education Declaration http://declaration.openscot.net/
  34. 34. Open Scotland blog, http://openscot.net/
  35. 35. #OpenScot
  36. 36. Opening Educational Practices in Scotland • Open University project funded by the Scottish Funding Council (SFC). • £1.27 million allocated over 3 years. Opening Educational Practices in Scotland, http://oepscotland.org/
  37. 37. Opening Educational Practices in Scotland • Analysis of current open educational practices. • Events programme across Scotland to raise awareness of OEP. • Development of an online hub to encourage and share best practice in open education. • Development of a small number of high quality OERs of particular benefit to Scotland. • Badging of informal learning. • Learning design for widening participation. • Research and evaluation building strong evidence base. • Evaluation of various economic models of openness. “In the long term the project plans to leverage more funding and ensure future sustainability of open educational practices in Scotland.” Opening Educational Practices in Scotland, http://oepscotland.org/
  38. 38. “Open education can promote knowledge transfer while at the same time enhancing quality and sustainability, supporting social inclusion, and creating a culture of inter-institutional collaboration and sharing. In addition, open education can expand access to education, widen participation, create new opportunities for the next generation of teachers and learners and prepare them to become fully engaged digital citizens.” Open Scotland Declaration http://declaration.openscot.net/
  39. 39. Many people, many practices, one community. UKOER, David Kernohan, http://followersoftheapocalyp.se/?attachment_id=984
  40. 40. Questions? Lorna M. Campbell, CC BY SA 3.0.
  41. 41. Licence The view from Scotland: What can Germany learn from OER initiatives in the UK? By Lorna M Campbell, lorna.m.campbell@icloud.com of Cetis http://www.cetis.ac.uk is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 Unported Licence http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

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