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Exploring the Open Knowledge Landscape

Keynote at FLOSS UK Spring Conference, Edinburgh 2018

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Exploring the Open Knowledge Landscape

  1. 1. Exploring the Open Knowledge Landscape by Lorna M. Campbell University of Edinburgh
  2. 2. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0, Lawrence OP,
  3. 3. "I like crossing the imaginary boundaries people set up between different fields—it's very refreshing. There are lots of tools, and you don't know which one would work. It's about being optimistic and trying to connect things.” Maryam Mirzakhani: A Tenacious Explorer of Abstract Surfaces, 40812-a-tenacious-explorer-of- abstract-surfaces/
  4. 4. • Open licenses • Open educational resources • Open education policy and practice • Open textbooks • Open badges • Open online courses • MOOCs (a very contested open space.) • Open data • Open science • Open Access scholarly works • Open source software • Open standards • Open government • Open GLAM CC BY 2.0, iamdogjunkie,
  5. 5. open education and OER
  6. 6. Cape Town +10,
  7. 7. “The worldwide OER movement is rooted in the human right to access high-quality education. The Open Education Movement is not just about cost savings and easy access to openly licensed content; it’s about participation and co-creation.” OER Commons,
  8. 8. "teaching, learning and research materials in any medium, digital or otherwise, that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.” ~ UNESCO UNESCO OER, educational-resources/
  9. 9. Ljubljana OER Action Plan,
  10. 10. United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 4,
  11. 11. Qian Tang, CC BY, Slovenian Press Agency “To meet the education challenges, we can’t use the traditional way. In remote and developing areas, particularly for girls and women, OER are a crucial, crucial means to reach SDGs. OER are the key.”
  12. 12. CC0, “To meet the education challenges, we can’t use the traditional way. In remote and developing areas, particularly for girls and women, OER are a crucial, crucial means to reach SDGs. OER are the key.”
  13. 13. “Free is not the most important thing about OER, it's the permission to modify.” Ryan Merkley, CC BY, Slovenian Press Agency
  14. 14. © University of Edinburgh The University of Edinburgh aims to provide the highest quality learning and teaching environment for the greater wellbeing of our students, and to make a significant, sustainable and socially responsible contribution to Scotland, the UK and the world.
  15. 15. Open.Ed,
  16. 16. Solvonauts,
  17. 17. open textbooks
  18. 18. SPARC,
  19. 19. UK Open Textbooks,
  20. 20. BC Campus Open Textbooks,
  21. 21. PressBooks,
  22. 22. MOOCs
  23. 23. MOOC: Every Letter Is Negotiable, CC BY 2.0, Mathieu Plourde,
  24. 24. Media Hopper Create,
  25. 25. 23 Things for Digital Knowledge,
  26. 26. DS106,
  27. 27. Reclaim Hosting,, CC BY, @BryanMMathers
  28. 28. Open Access scholarly works
  29. 29. Innovating with Open Knowledge Innovating with Open Knowledge,
  30. 30. open data
  31. 31. The Open Definition,
  32. 32. Open Government Partnership,
  33. 33. Humanitarian Open Street map Team,
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Education in Open Government Partnership Commitments, L. Havemann,
  36. 36. Wikimedia
  37. 37. Wikimedia,
  38. 38. Histropedia,
  39. 39. Wikimedia UK,
  40. 40. CC BY, Ewan McAndrew
  41. 41. WikiProject Women in Red,
  42. 42. 1. A lack of user-friendliness in the editing interface. 2. Not having enough free time. 3. A lack of self-confidence. 4. Aversion to conflict and an unwillingness to participate in lengthy edit wars. 5. Belief that their contributions are too likely to be reverted or deleted. 6. Some find its overall atmosphere misogynistic. 7. Wikipedia culture is sexual in ways they find off-putting. 8. Being addressed as male is off-putting to women whose primary language has grammatical gender. 9. Fewer opportunities than other sites for social relationships and a welcoming tone. 9 Reasons women don’t edit Wikipedia (in their own words), Sue Gardner, women-dont-edit-wikipedia-in-their-own-words/ CC BY SA, JayWalsh, _Gardner_May_2008_A_crop.jpg
  43. 43. Open Initiatives for Decolonising the Curriculum, Pat Lockley
  44. 44. Open Source Survey,
  45. 45. Programmed Inequality, Marie Hicks,
  46. 46. Those with access to these resources — students, librarians, scientists — you have been given a privilege. You get to feed at this banquet of knowledge while the rest of the world is locked out. But you need not — indeed, morally, you cannot — keep this privilege for yourselves. You have a duty to share it with the world. Guerilla Open Access Manifesto, Aaron Swartz,
  47. 47. Bassel Khartabil, CC BY, Joi Ito,
  48. 48. #NEWPALMYRA,
  49. 49. CC 0,
  50. 50. Omar Ibrahim & Julien Taquet, CC0,
  51. 51. Bassel Khartabil Fellowships and Memorial Fund
  52. 52. Bassel Khartabil Free Culture Fellowship: • Majd Al-shihabi Bassel Khartabil Memorial Fund Recipients: • The Mosireen Collective: Archive • Arab World Voices Library • Arab Digital Expression Foundation: Youth Media Activists Camp Bassel Khartabil Free Culture Fellowship and Memorial Fund Recipients Announced, memorial-fund/Majd Al-shihabi, CC BY, Ziad Tareq Hassan
  53. 53. “Of my experience spending three years in jail so far for writing open source code (mainly) I can tell how much authoritarian regimes feel the danger of technology on their continuity, and they should be afraid of that. As code is much more than tools, it’s education that opens youth minds and moves the nations forward. Who can stop that? No one…. As long as you people are out doing what you are doing, my soul is free. Jail is only a temporary physical limitation.” ~ Bassel Khartabil CC BY, Jennifer Yip, _Safadi_(Khartabil)_in_Warsaw_with_the_Powe r_of_Open_Book.jpg
  54. 54. Lorna M. Campbell OER Service Information Services Group University of Edinburgh @LornaMCampbell CC BY, Lorna M. Campbell, University of Edinburgh, unless otherwise indicated. thank you! Cover image: Looking south in the Quiraing on the Isle of Skye in Scotland, Diliff, CC BY SA 3.0.,_Isle_of_Skye,_Scotland_-_Diliff.jpg