Slides for lecture on the hero's journey and other structuralist approaches to myth, legend, tales, and other forms of storytelling, including Hollywood film. Day 2 of Digital Narrative Theory and Practice, Berklee College of Music.
LHUM P433: Digital Narrative Theory & PracticeLHUM P433: Digital Narrative Theory & PracticeDr. Lori LandayDr. Lori LandayBerklee College of MusicBerklee College of MusicMyths & Stories
Some questions before we beginUniversal or Particular?What do myth and story do?What do we gain from focusing on thecommonalities?Do we lose anything?
Joseph Campbell: The Hero’s JourneySeparation / departure: the separation of the hero from the normal world. I.1 The Call to Adventure I.2 Refusal of the Call/Acceptance of the Call I.3 Supernatural Aid I.4 Crossing of the First Threshold I.5 Entering the Belly of the WhaleII. Initiation: hero is initiated into true heroic stature by various trials and rites. Through daring and battle, the true character emerges. II.1 Road of Trials II.2 The Meeting with the Goddess II.3 Woman as Temptress Campbell & Star Wars II.4 Atonement with the Father II.5 Apotheosis II.6 The Ultimate Boon III. Return: After initiation the hero can be cleansed and return in triumph to deserved recognition, although this in itself may not be without its trials and tribulations. III.1 Refusal of the Return III.2 Magic Flight III.3 Rescue From Without III.4 Crossing of the Return Threshold III.5 Master of the Two Worlds III.6 Freedom to Live
Christopher Vogler’s Version http://ed.ted.com/on/nNIut0NT http://www.thewritersjourney.com/ ney.htm
Propp: A Structuralist ApproachCharacter TypesThe HeroThe HelperThe VillainThe False HeroThe DonorThe DispatcherThe PrincessThe Princesss Father
Propps 31 Functions of the Folktale: Preparatory Section:l. One of the members of Structuralist Approach home.Vladmir Propp: A a family absents himself from2. An interdiction (ban) is addressed to the hero.3. The interdiction is violated. (The villain usually enters the story here.)4. The villain makes an attempt at reconnaissance.5. The villain receives information about his victim. (The villain gets an answer.)6. The villain attempts to deceive his victim by using persuasion, magic, or deception.7. The victim submits to deception and thereby unwittingly helps his enemy. (Hero sleeps.)Villainy / Lack (Plot set in motion):8. The villain causes harm or injury to a member of a family.8a. One member of a family either lacks something or desires to have something.9. Misfortune or lack is made known: the hero is approached with a request or command; heis allowed to go or he is dispatched.10. The seeker (hero) agrees to or decides upon counteractions.11. The hero leaves home.12. The hero is tested, interrogated, attacked, etc. which prepares the way for his receivingeither a magical agent or helper. (The donor usually enters the story here.)13. The hero reacts to the actions of the future donor.14. The hero acquires the use of a magical agent.15. The hero is transferred, delivered, or led to the whereabouts of an object of search.
Propps 31 Functions of the Folktale (continued):Vladmir Propp: A Structuralist ApproachVladmir Propp: A Structuralist ApproachPath A: Struggle and Victory over Villain; End of Lack and Return:16. The hero and villain join in direct combat.17. The hero is branded.18. The villain is defeated.19. The initial misfortune or lack is liquidated.20. The hero returns.21. The hero is pursued.22. The hero is rescued from pursuit.Path B: Unrecognized Arrival, Task, Recognition, Punishment, Wedding:23. The hero, unrecognized, arrived home or in another country.24. A false hero presents unfounded claims.25. A difficult task is proposed to the hero. (Trial by drink, fire, riddle, test of strength.)26. The task is resolved or accomplished.27. The hero is recognized, often by a mark or an object.28. The false hero or villain is exposed and / or punished.29. The hero is given a new appearance.30. The villain is pursued.
What are your thoughts on the herosjourney? Or Propp’s structuralist approach?What does it illuminate as an organizingprinciple of narrative? Leave out? Are there other models?