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  1. 1. ADOPTION By Lorena López & Bárbara Espinosa
  2. 2. WHAT IS AN ADOPTION?  Process whereby a person assumes the parenting for another and, in so doing, permanently transfers all rights and responsibilities from the original parent or parents.
  3. 3. TYPES OF ADOPTION  Open adoption  Close adoption  Domestic adoption  International adoption
  4. 4. PROCESS TO ADOPT A CHILD  1. Learn about adoption  2. Select an agency  3. Complete a homestudy  4. Search for a child  5. Exchange informacion with child’s agency  6. Learn that yopu have been selected for a child  7. Meet and visit with the child  8. Receive a placement  9. Finalize your adoption  10. Live as an adoptive family
  5. 5. WHO CAN ADOPT?  To adopt a child of an other country you must:  Be a citizen of that country.  If you are not married , you must be 25 years old.  If you are married, you must adopt the child joinly.  You must meet certain requirements that will determine your suitability as a prospective adoptive parent, including criminal background checks, fingerprinting, and a home study.
  6. 6. WHO CAN BE ADOPT? Convention Countries  The child is under 16, isn’t married and lives in a conventional country  The childs birth parents or other legal custodian, individuals, or entities whose consent is necessary for adoption, freely gave their written irrevocable consent to the termination of their legal relationship with the child and to the childs emigration and adoption.  If the child has two living birthparents who were the last legal custodians who signed the irrevocable consent to adoption, they are determined to be incapable of providing proper care for the child  The child has been adopted or will be adopted in the Convention country in accordance with the rules and procedures elaborated in the Hague Adoption Convention and the Intercountry Adoption Act of 2000
  7. 7. WHO CAN BE ADOPT? Non-Convention Countries  The child must have no parents  The child has a sole or surviving parent who is unable to care for the child and has, in writing, irrevocably released the child for emigration and adoption.  The child must be under the age of 16  The adopting parents must have completed a full and final adoption of the child or must have legal custody of the child for purposes of emigration and adoption.
  8. 8. POST-ADOPTION Some countries have laws that require foreign adoptive parents to report on the health and welfare of children they have adopted, sometimes years after the adoption take place. These reports are generally referred to as post-adoption reports.
  9. 9. THE END