People in panama


Published on

This presentation shows some important facts about panamanian culture.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

People in panama

  2. 2. Previous Knowledge: Getting previous information  Directions: Listen and answer these questions according to your knowledge regarding the topic. *What are ethnic groups? *Are there many ethnic groups in Panama? *Mention the name of some of them *Write them on the board
  3. 3. Achievement:  Through the study of this information, you will be able to recognize different ethnic groups from Panama and their way of living to determine the importance of them in the Panamanian Culture.
  4. 4.  Panama owns a central position. As a result, the country presents a mixture of ethnic diversity.  It is important to mention that our population is a mixture of different ethnic groups such as Caucasian, Indians and Blacks.  There are two groups of Black people, the Afro-colonial group and the Afro-Antillean. Furthermore, people from other cultural roots such as Spanish, Italian, Chinese, Hebrew, Hindu, Greek, Colombian, and others, form part of our cultural heritage.  In Panama there are three major native groups: Gunas, Ngobe- Buglé, and Emberá-Wounaan.  The ethnic group that owns more habitants is Ngobe-Buglé. All these groups preserve their native language but many of this groups also speak Spanish.
  5. 5. Ethnic Groups in Panama
  6. 6. GUNAS  The vast majority of Guna Indians LIVE in the San Blas Islands .
  7. 7. Occupations  Gunas practice agriculture.  They plant corn, plantains, bananas, cacao, coconuts and other products.  They practice Fishing and hunting.  Slash-and-burn farming.  They sale hand-sewn items (molas).  Rearing of hens and pigs.
  8. 8. Handycrafts  women are dedicated to make hammocks, molas and belts.  men make baskets, hats, fans and they do wood carving.
  9. 9.  women wear skirts and shirts with molas knotted at the waist.  The mola is a traditional form of textile art made. Molas are sewn textile panels with complex designs and multiple layers.  Men wear plain colored shirts, trousers and hats.
  10. 10. Housing and transportation  Their homes are built with straw and they are hut shaped.  Their means of transportation are canoes, boats and by foot.
  11. 11. CUSTOMS AND TRADITIONS  They practice monogamy. The marriage is arranged by parents.  The night festival or "inna-Mutiki" is a feast in order to celebrate a wedding or a new marriage.
  12. 12. Ngöbe-Buglé The Ngobe Bugle are compromised of two seperate ethni-linguistic groups (The Ngobe and the Bugle). It was formed in 1997 with lands from the provinces of: Bocas del Toro,Chiriqui. Veraguas.
  13. 13.  Ngobe Bugle Ngobe’s capital is Chichica and it owns 7 districts: Besiko (Soloy) Kankintú (Bisira) Kusapín (Kusapín) Mirono (Hato Pilón)
  14. 14. OCCUPATIONS  Animals’ domestication  Fishing  Wood carving  Hunting  Rearing of pigs  Ngobe men carry out an agriculture of subsistence based on slash and burn techniques and produce corn.
  15. 15. Handycrafts
  16. 16.  The "chacara" is a type of woven bag made by the women that displays their numerous ancestral legends, mimicing the skin and colors of their animals and the landscape of the Comarca. These bags are made using fibres from the pita and cabuya plants.  "chaquiras" - a type of beaded necklac and "naguas" which are the traditional dresses worn by the women and girls.  The naguas are very colorful and beautiful and the hand-sown work is inspired by the jagged shapes and vivid colors of the Ngobe-Bugle mountains and forests.
  17. 17. HOUSING AND TRANSPORTATION  The majority of the Ngobe-Bugle live in small communities or villages.  Some houses are round and other rectangular.  Their way of transport is by foot, by horse or canoes.
  18. 18. COSTUMES AND TRADITIONS  They preserve traditions like balsería.  Balsería is a game with sticks of balsa.  They practice the polygamy.
  19. 19. Embera–Wounaan
  20. 20.  It is a semi-nomadic indigenous people in Panama, living in the province of Darien at the shores of the Chucunaque,Sambu, Tuira Rivers and its water ways. They are divided in two main groups: Chocoe-Wounaan . Chocoe-Embera .
  21. 21. OCCUPATIONS  Hunting  Agriculture  Fishing  Ceramics  Basket makers  Wood carving
  22. 22.  The calabash tree is important to the Embera, who scoop out the tree's gourds for cups and bowls, as well as spoons.  THEY still hunt with snares, blow guns, bows and arrows, as well as firearms.
  23. 23. HOUSING AND TRANSPORTATION  Their houses are raised off the ground about eight feet. The houses stand on large posts set in the ground, and have thatched roof made from palm fronds.  They use canoes and horses as mean of transport.
  24. 24. COSTUMES AND TRADITIONS  The Chocó people practice polygamy and live in family units.  Everyone in the village pitches in to work at harvest time. If one hunter gets a larger animal such as a tapir (macho de monte), everybody in the village shares the meat.
  25. 25.  The women wear brightly colored cloth wrapped at the waist as a skirt. Except when in towns, the women do not cover their torsos, and wear long, straight black hair. The children go naked until puberty, and no one wears shoes.  They paint their bodies with a dye made from Genipa americana, the berry of a species of genip tree.  The men sport "bowl cut" hair styles, and when not in towns, still wear nothing but a minimal loin cloth.
  26. 26. LEARNING ACTIVITIES: 1.COMPARATIVE CHART  Create a comparative chart about the main characteristics of the ethnic groups learned in class. ETHNIC GROUP LOCATION HOUSING TRANSPORTATION HANDYCRAFTS CLOTHING
  27. 27. 2. TEAM-WORK  Make grups of three students and pick up one of the ethnic groups.  Look up for different illustrations about occupations, costumes and traditions, handycrafsts, housing and transportation and location.  Create a mini bulleting board with all the information and present it to the class orally.