Liberation of the philippines slideshare


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Liberation of the philippines slideshare

  1. 1. Liberation of the Philippines
  2. 2. The Intro <ul><li>Ever since the Spanish arrived, the Philippines had been subjugated to being ruled by powerful nations for years. </li></ul><ul><li>The years they spent working and toiling for freedom finally paid off at the end of World War II, where they were granted independence. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to being governed for a long time, their liberation is important. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is it? <ul><li>The Philippines is a compilation of over 50,000 islands located in Southeast Asia. It is near the Pacific Ocean. The islands are very hot and humid. The country’s official name is Republic of the Philippines, and its form of government is Republic. The official languages are Filipino (Tagalog) and English. The capital is Manila. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How it began <ul><li>People began migrating to the Philippines 30,000 years ago. The first people, the Negritos, were believed to have come from Borneo and Sumatra. Malays also arrived with the use of barangays, or boats. As groups formed, social and political development formed and evolved. Each group was led by a datu, or chief. Later on, Chinese traders came and settled here, along with the Arabs who brought Islam in the south. Their religion spread some, but the Malays remained dominant. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Spanish Arrival <ul><li>On March of 1521, Ferdinand Magellan set foot on the Philippines. He claimed the land for Spain, but one month later he was killed by a local chief. The Spanish sent in more expeditions and finally made a permanent settlement in 1565. They were ready to conquer the Philippines. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spanish Goals <ul><li>There were three goals- to obtain a share in the spice trade, make contacts with China and Japan to further their religious efforts, and to convert the Filipinos. Only the third was realized, and even then it wasn’t complete. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Spanish Rule <ul><li>The King ordered that pacification should be bloodless. Thankfully, there was little resistance (except for the Muslims). While religious orders were busy converting the residents, the state funded any expenses for establishments and selecting people. </li></ul><ul><li>Spain also allowed some of the local chiefs to rule over some of the villages alongside them. This allowed Spain to rule indirectly. </li></ul>
  8. 8. New Class <ul><li>Due to the indirect rule of Spain, a new class developed. They are known as the principalia (principle one). The principalias enjoyed great wealth and high status; they were more influential than previous nobles and were exempted from taxes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Manila Galleons <ul><li>The Manila Galleons was the colony’s main source of income. Shipments of silver bullion and minted coin were exchanged for Chinese goods, like silk. The trade attracted so many Chinese to the Philippines, riots and massacres arose. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Works Cited <ul><li>&quot;History of Philippines.&quot; 2004: n. pag. Web. 25 May 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Early History.&quot; . U.S. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 25 May 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>Butler, Rhett. &quot;Philippines: HISTORICAL BACKGROUNDS.&quot; 2006: n. pag. Web. 25 May 2011. <>. </li></ul><ul><li>The Columbia Encyclopedia . Sixth Edition. 6. 2005. Web. <>. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Spanish Rule Declines <ul><li>In the Seven Years’ War, the British captured Manila. While the Spanish were busy battling the British, rebellions broke out in the north. </li></ul>