Healthy Cities


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Healthy Cities

  1. 1. Healthy Cities Lokhaze Ali Visiting FacultyNICE, SCEE, NUST
  2. 2. Thought Of The Day Healthy Cities 2
  3. 3. What is a Healthy City?• A healthy city is one • A healthy city is an that is continually active city creating and improving A healthy city is not one that those physical and social has achieved a particular environments and health status. Rather, it is a city that is conscious of health expanding those and striving to improve it community resources which enable people to mutually support each other in performing all the functions of life and developing to their maximum potential. Healthy Cities 3
  4. 4. The Healthy Cities Program• A long-term international development initiative• Place health high on the agendas of decision makers• To promote comprehensive local strategies for health protection and sustainable developmentA Healthy City aims to:• create a health-supportive environment,• achieve a good quality of life,• provide basic sanitation & hygiene needs,• supply access to health care. Healthy Cities 4
  5. 5. Examples of Implementation• Starting in 1986, the first Healthy Cities programs were launched in developed countries (i.e. Canada, USA, Australia, many European nations).• Around 1994, developing countries used the resources and implementation strategies of initial successes to begin their own programs.• Implementation strategies are quite individual by city, though they follow the basic idea of involving many community members, various stakeholders, and commitments of municipal officials to achieve widespread mobilization and efficiency.• Today, thousands of cities worldwide are part of the Healthy Cities network and exist in all WHO regions in more than 1,000 cities worldwide. Healthy Cities 5
  6. 6. Evaluation• increasing understanding of health and environment linkages• creation of intersectoral partnerships to ensure a sustainable, widespread program• the commitment of local community members;• a clear vision;• the ownership of policies;• a wide array of stakeholders;• a process for institutionalizing the program. Healthy Cities 6
  7. 7. Some key findings from an analysis of active living in cities• active living as an important issue for urban planning• improving visual appeal• creating a more sustainable transport system• reducing inequality in public health• promote walking and cycling• prevent obesity among adults and children• initiate disease prevention programs Healthy Cities 7
  8. 8. Public Health Engineers• Engineers need to understand the political, social and economiccontext of the countries in which they work to deliver public healthinfrastructure successfully.• Urban sanitation infrastructure needs to be prioritized, particularly forinformal settlements.• Decentralized sanitation facilities which do not require centralgovernment funds can improve the local public health involvement.• Public health engineers should monitor air, water and land pollutioncaused by improper waste disposal.• Engineers will need to develop innovations to respond to increasingwater reuse and sustain the water infrastructure.• Public health infrastructure needs to be resilient to the consequencesof climate change.• Planning and policy decisions for different public health sectors needto be coordinated rather than operating separately. Healthy Cities 8
  9. 9. Challenges of 21st Century1. Making public health engineering workglobally 2.6 billion people do not have access to „improved sanitation‟2. Delivering public health infrastructure toinformal settlements This sanitation infrastructure challenge is at its breaking point, with the number of people living in these settlements likely to rise from one-sixth of the world‟s population currently to one-third by 2030 Healthy Cities 9
  10. 10. Access to Improved Sanitation Healthy Cities 10
  11. 11. Challenges of 21st Century3. Changing the perception of human waste disposal from individual responsibility to public health policy „On-site‟ toilet facilities are seen by city authorities as an individual responsibility installing pay-to-use toilets4. Facing the diverse hazards in the environment assess hazards and pollutants in all environmental compartments, air, water and land alert for these new hazards monitoring programs and new technology to safeguard the quality of the environment Healthy Cities 11
  12. 12. Challenges of 21st Century5. Sustaining public health infrastructure and water resources develop innovations to respond to increasing water reuse6. Preparing for climate change Rising sea levels, flooding, extreme weather, drought andmany other climate incidents can have devastating effects in eventhe most developed countries7. Coordinating public health engineeringtasks and sectors as a coherentenvironmental system Healthy Cities 12
  13. 13. Healthy Cities 13
  14. 14. Milan‟s Bosco Verticale• Milan is one of the most polluted cities in Europe• Bosco Verticale (Vertical Forest)• metropolitan reforestation• two residential towers of 110 and 76 meters height• host 900 trees (each measuring 3, 6 or 9 m tall)• On flat land, each Bosco Verticale equals, in amount of trees, an area equal to 10.000 sqm of forest.• Plant irrigation through the filtering and reuse of the grey waters produced by the building Healthy Cities 14
  15. 15. Masdar City Healthy Cities 15
  16. 16. Mission• To create a prototypical and sustainable city where residents and commuters live the highest quality of life with the lowest environmental footprint Healthy Cities 16
  17. 17. Goals• To be a benchmark for other cities• To show people to live sustainably• To show businesses how to operate sustainably• To attract innovation and investment• To be a city where businesses want to come and people want to live Healthy Cities 17
  18. 18. Sustainability Metrics• Zero Carbon• Zero Waste• High Quality of LifeDESIGN PRINCIPLES• Achieve one planet living principles• Emulate traditional Arabic city designs• Realize highest levels of resource efficiency• Improve quality of life in a city (car free, convenient, compact, safe)• Maximize the benefits of sustainable technologies through an integrated planning and design approach Healthy Cities 18
  19. 19. Key FeaturesTransportation Energy• Deploy an integrated • Achieve Carbon Neutrality from day one with a target of Zero transportation system utilizing Carbon personal rapid transit system • Exceed world class standards which, together with pedestrian for energy efficiency and public transit methods, will • Lead the World with the move people, goods, and demonstration of technology to emergency services in a multi- reduce energy consumption level, barrier-free environment. • Supply 100% of energy needs using state-of-the-art• Build a city where people can live renewable energy technologies and work without the need for (e.g., photovoltaics, concentratin personal vehicle. g solar power, waste to energy) • Supply renewable energy to the• Create the World‟s first carbon- grid to provide regional carbon neutral and emission-free large- reduction benefits. scale transportation system. Healthy Cities 19
  20. 20. Key FeaturesWaste Water• Provide an environment that enables • Reduce domestic water consumption a zero waste lifestyle through the to 80 liters per capita per day reduction, reuse, recycling, and compared to 120 to 180 liters per recovery of waste materials capita per day for other high• Promote behaviors that achieve a performing systems. zero waste lifestyle • Utilize a broad array of water use• Maximize the elimination of waste reduction technologies including high with the ultimate goal of zero waste efficiency appliances, grey and black to landfills water recycling, landscaping with low• Stimulate local and regional markets water use native plants, seawater for material reuse and the provision greenhouses, des catchers, and of recycled feedstock for industry: rainwater recovery. cradle-to-cradle flow of materials • Minimize the need for desalination• Utilize organic and residual waste as a source of water for energy production and compost • Maximize use of local water• Target 90% waste diversion from resources landfills during construction. Healthy Cities 20
  21. 21. PlanningImprove Microclimate using• Well distributed green spaces• Continuous garden arteries• Maximized street shading• Traditional wind towersEnhance mobility and access using• Personal Rapid Transit PRT system• Future local and regional mass transportation system connections• Dynamic spine organizationIntegrate services and functions (housing, retail, civic, educationaland workplace)• Digital facilities and municipal services management• Regional resource management (waste, water, energy and transportation) Healthy Cities 21
  22. 22. Balochistan Healthy Cities 22
  23. 23. Assignment No. 1 Ideas for creating a shared vision for healthy active city1. Look into the future 2. Describe what you see.It is 20 years from now Observe the total scene.our city has just won a national Check out modes of transport.award for being a Draw what you see or write ithealthy, active city down in short descriptiveOr sentences.Imagine you are in a hot-air 3. Look backwards.balloon 15 years from now “If this were the future, andOur city is known to be an ideal this vision has happened, whatplace for active living by all was done?” “How did we get this outcome?” Healthy Cities 23
  24. 24. Thank YouEmail: Cell: 0345-5077775 Healthy Cities 24