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Detlef Pagel

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Lokalrundfunktage 2012

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  • DOWNLOAD THIS BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { https://soo.gd/irt2 } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book THIS can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer THIS is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story THIS Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money THIS the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths THIS Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Detlef Pagel

  1. 1. Digital Radio MondialeEin globaler Standardfür den lokalen RundfunkDetlef PagelNiedersächsische LandesmedienanstaltChairman Deutsches DRM Forumwww.deutsches-drm-forum.deD. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 1
  2. 2. Die DRM Geschichte (1) Gründung des Not-For-Profit „DRM Konsortiums“: 1998 20 Gründungsmitglieder, u.a. Telekom, Telefunken, Thomson, Deutsche Welle, FhG, RFI, VoA ... Ziele Den AM-Rundfunk in die digitale Welt überführen (wirtschaftliche und qualitative Gründe) ETSI-Standard EN 101 980 V1.1 (2001-09) 2001 150 kHz bis 30 MHz  DRM30 Regelbetrieb DRM30 2005 DRM über LW- und MW für Flächenversorgung DRM über KW für WeitverkehrsversorgungD. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 2
  3. 3. Die DRM Geschichte (2) Entscheidung des Konsortiums DRM ins 2005 VHF-Band II zu erweitern Vorschlag aus dem Deutschen DRM Forum und von den Landesmedienanstalten: 2009  DRM+ auch im VHF-Band III ermöglichen (Focus: Lokaler digitaler Hörfunk) ETSI-Standard EN 201 980 V3.2.1 (2012-06) 2012 30 MHz bis 240 MHz  DRM+ ITU-R BS.1114-7  Weltweit alsEmpfehlung ITU-R BS.1660-5 Radio-Standard ITU-R BS.2214 empfohlen (wie DAB)D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 3
  4. 4. DRM+ Feldversuche in Deutschland Diese Ergebnisse waren Grundlage für die internationalen Standardisierungsgremien Modellversuch Untersuchungen Hannover Kaiserslautern 2005-2010 2005-2010 Erste DRM+ Software (SPARK) Aussendungen Feld- und Labortests weltweitim Band II und Band III im VHF-Band II (UKW) (DRM+, DAB, und VHF-Band III HD Radio, Flugfunk); http://www.ikt.uni-hannover.de/89.html Band I Test (Paris) Quelle: Open street map D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 4
  5. 5. DRM+ Feldversuche weltweit Great Britain Canada 2010 Slovakei 2011 2011 Italien Indien 2011 2009-2012 Süd Korea Brasilien 2010 2009-2012 Sri Lanka 2010 Quelle: Open street mapD. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 5
  6. 6. Systemübersicht DRM+ + UKW FM-Radio DRM+ DAB+Quellcodierung Keine (Analog) MPEG-4 HE-AAC v2 MPEG-4 HE-AAC v2Frequenzbereich VHF-Band II VHF-Band II und III VHF-Band III (87,5 – 108 MHz) (87,5 – 108 MHz und (174 – 230 MHz) 174 – 230 MHz)Modulation FM COFDM COFDMBandbreite 390 kHz (Carson) 96 kHz 1536 kHzDatenrate 37 bis 186 kbit/s 576 kbit/s (Daten) bis  Anpassbarkeit 1.152 kbit/s (3A) Kapazität vs. RobustheitSendernetze Mehrfrequenz (MFN) Gleichwelle (SFN) mögl. Gleichwelle (SFN) mögl.Programmanzahl 1x Stereo-HiFi-Audio bis ≈3x MPEG-Audio ca. ≈18x MPEG-Audio (max. 4 Services)D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 6
  7. 7. DRM - Frequenzbereiche Digital Radio Mondiale 2 Konfigurationen: DRM30 & DRM+ LF / MF / HF VHF B B Band AM I II III LW MW KW - 30 + 100 kHz 1 MHz 10 MHz 100 MHz 1 GHz f/logD. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 7
  8. 8. Lokaler Hörfunk heute und in der digitalen WeltBestehende analoge Verbreitung im UKW-Bereich mangelhaft− Tech. Reichweiten fehlen, teilweise schlechte Frequenzausstattung gegenüber ö-r / privat− Frequenzen sind störbelastet (mobiler Empfang schlecht), keine neuen Frequenzen D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 8
  9. 9. Lokaler Hörfunk heute und in der digitalen WeltBestehende analoge Verbreitung im UKW-Bereich mangelhaft− Tech. Reichweiten fehlen, teilweise schlechte Frequenzausstattung gegenüber ö-r / privat− Frequenzen sind störbelastet (mobiler Empfang schlecht), keine neuen FrequenzenAusblick auf digitale Verbreitung über DAB− Lokaler DAB-MUX kann nicht gefüllt werden, hohe Kosten bei freien Kapazitäten− Abhängigkeit von der Standortnutzung der anderen Anbieter (Netzausbau, Netzbetreiber) (Vorteile vom TKG 2012 § 57 greifen nicht)− UKW nimmt bei weiterer Digitalisierung an Akzeptanz beim Hörer ab (Werbeeinnahmen ?)− Abbildung regionaler Bereiche bzw. lokaler Verbreitung ist abhängig von den DAB Verbreitungsgebieten (also nicht (immer) passend für den lokalen Charakter!)− Lokale Werbung bei landesweiten Ketten nicht umsetzbar, da DAB-Allotments zu groß (z.B. Norddeutschland) D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 8
  10. 10. Die KonsequenzDer lokale (UKW-) Hörfunk hat heuteNachteile in der analogen Weltund auch künftig in DAB+ Multiplexen.D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 9
  11. 11. Die KonsequenzDer lokale (UKW-) Hörfunk hat heuteNachteile in der analogen Weltund auch künftig in DAB+ Multiplexen.Das Lokalradio benötigt einen eigenen schmalbandigen digitalenÜbertragungsweg, zugeschnitten auf den jeweiligenVersorgungsbereich mit Netzbetrieb beim Veranstalter.D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 9
  12. 12. Die KonsequenzDer lokale (UKW-) Hörfunk hat heuteNachteile in der analogen Weltund auch künftig in DAB+ Multiplexen.Das Lokalradio benötigt einen eigenen schmalbandigen digitalenÜbertragungsweg, zugeschnitten auf den jeweiligenVersorgungsbereich mit Netzbetrieb beim Veranstalter. Dafür steht nun der DRM+ Digitalradio-Standard zur Verfügung , der ‚kleine Bruder‘ von DAB+.D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 9
  13. 13. Vielen Dank! Dipl. Ing. Detlef Pagel Bereichsleiter Technik, CTO Niedersächsische Landesmedienanstalt Seelhorststr. 18 30175 Hannover pagel@nlm.de Phone: +49 511 284 77 - 0D. Pagel | NLM Hannover | Nürnberger Lokalrundfunktage 2012 10

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