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Hydrogen fuel cells as a commercial energy option


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presentation by John Lidderdale, Managing Director, Logan Energy Ltd

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Hydrogen fuel cells as a commercial energy option

  1. 1. John Lidderdale – Group Managing Director Baglan Energy Park October 5 th 2010 Are Fuel Cells Commercially Viable for Providing On-site Energy?
  2. 2. Logan Energy North America: LOGANEnergy Corporation N orthridge Center 1 365 Northridge Road Suite 200 Sandy Springs, GA 30350 10 York Place Edinburgh EH1 3EP Europe, GCC & Africa: Logan Energy Limited Technium Sustainable Technologies Central Avenue Baglan Energy Park Port Talbot SA12 7AX
  3. 3. LEL - An Overview <ul><li>Founded 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel cell and hydrogen technology </li></ul><ul><li>Independent </li></ul><ul><li>Customer Solutions….. right solution for the project </li></ul><ul><li>Technical Expertise in fuel cell integration </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>including associated plant around CHP, Trigen and other hydrogen technologies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Feasibility, planning, financing, project design, installation, O&M. </li></ul><ul><li>Assist OEM with product field trials and commercialisation strategies </li></ul>TfL Palestra Commissioning January ‘09
  4. 4. How good are we as a nation? <ul><li>“ UK trails EU league for renewables” World Energy – renewable review, ix.08 </li></ul><ul><li>Britain is Europe's 'most glaring failure', says Greenpeace, with only 1.3% of needs sourced from clean energy in 2005 </li></ul>
  5. 5. League table extracted from the Pure Power report: MW of wind energy capacity per 1,000 km2 (End 2008)
  6. 6. How would you like* <ul><li>> 40% carbon reduction # Combined Heat & Power </li></ul><ul><li>> 36% carbon reduction # Combined Cooling Heat & Power </li></ul><ul><li>Zero Carbon AD/Biogas </li></ul>* All figures are approximate and specific to particular application and are based on grid supplied electricity and piped natural gas. These will vary from size and complexity of installation. # Carbon reduction based on replacing grid electricity and grid gas fired boiler with grid gas fuelled fuel cell with absorption chiller.
  7. 7. Highest Efficiency Distributed Generation
  8. 8. Why Fuel Cells
  9. 9. Performance <ul><li>Low emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Low noise – 65dbA </li></ul><ul><li>Availability >95% </li></ul><ul><li>High reliability </li></ul><ul><li>Security of Supply </li></ul>
  10. 10. Performance <ul><li>20% extra electrical output per NG m 3 </li></ul><ul><li>65% net overall efficient CCHP (40-60% more than conventional power plant) </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce CO 2 by over 40% using NG </li></ul><ul><li>Minimise carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Security of supply - Increase distributed generation </li></ul><ul><li>Quick to install </li></ul>Camp Pendleton
  11. 11. Pros & Cons Fuel cells <ul><li>Pros </li></ul><ul><li>Good Whole life costs </li></ul><ul><li>Lower maintenance costs </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced electrical costs </li></ul><ul><li>Closer matched energy demand </li></ul><ul><li>Transition technology -2020 </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminates transmission losses </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Clean - Air emission targets </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Energy storage </li></ul><ul><li>CSH / BREEAM </li></ul><ul><li>Cons </li></ul><ul><li>Capital costs higher </li></ul><ul><li>Perception ‘future technology’ </li></ul><ul><li>Limited number of suppliers </li></ul>
  12. 12. Performance - Financial Fuel Cell v ICE v Grid Comparison <ul><li>CCHP </li></ul><ul><li>Extra Cost/saving per kWhe </li></ul><ul><li>20 yr Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Assumed zero increase above inflation </li></ul><ul><li>25% more generation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Performance - Financial Fuel Cell v ICE v Grid Comparison <ul><li>CCHP </li></ul><ul><li>Extra Cost/saving per kWhe </li></ul><ul><li>20 yr Life Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Assumed zero increase above inflation </li></ul><ul><li>25% more generation </li></ul><ul><li>60% increase in primary energy cost? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Commercially Available Capacities <ul><li>PEM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1kWe to 50kWe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phosphoric Acid </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100kWe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>400kWe </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Molten Carbonate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>245kWe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>300kW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>346kWe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1.4MWe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.8MWe </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Small Scale Fuel Cells
  16. 16. Visa Data Centre Omaha Commissioned April 1998 <ul><li>The reliability of the ‘six 9s’ computer grade electricity that Sure Power delivers isn’t a luxury for us at First National Bank of Omaha, it’s a critical difference over existing power arrangements that will substantially increase our computer uptime. The result is a tremendous leap in our competitive advantage. With Sure Power, First National can raise our customer’s service expectations while generating higher revenues. </li></ul><ul><li>Dennis C. Hughes Director of Property Management First National Buildings </li></ul>
  17. 17. DOD PAFC Experience 1996-2002 8 th Air Force Hospital NAS Jacksonville Hospital NAS Fallon Galley Ft Huachuca Barracks Laughlin AFB Hospital
  18. 18. Dept. of Homeland Security California Regional Command Fresno, California
  19. 19. US Post Office World Interface Centre
  20. 20. Chevron Texaco Houston Texas Refinery Division Customer Data Base
  21. 21. Transport for London, Palestra <ul><li>Emergency Response Centre for London </li></ul><ul><li>Mission Critical 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>London Systems Data Centre </li></ul>
  22. 22. SE HQ Havant Tri-generation - components <ul><li>Chillers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Absorption </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adsorption </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Coolers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dry Cooler </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wet cooling tower </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adiabatic cooler </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pumps </li></ul><ul><li>Switchgear </li></ul><ul><li>Controls </li></ul>
  23. 23. 5.6MWe in Korea
  24. 24. In Summary <ul><li>Fuel Cells: </li></ul><ul><li>Most efficient energy production </li></ul><ul><li>42% carbon reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Higher availability </li></ul><ul><li>More reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Clean – low NO x /SO x </li></ul><ul><li>Quiet </li></ul><ul><li>Life cycle cost reduction </li></ul><ul><li>Proven technology </li></ul><ul><li>Available now </li></ul>
  25. 25. <ul><li>Thank You for Listening. </li></ul><ul><li>John Lidderdale Logan Energy Limited  +44 131 523 1414  [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>