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THERMOS session Introduction



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Carsten Rothballer
Local Renewables Conference 2018

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THERMOS session Introduction

  1. 1. Inspire Event: Circular Heating and Cooling Rococosaal 14:30 – 16:00 #LocalRenewables #THERMOSInspire @LR_Series @THERMOS_eu
  2. 2. Keynote: Joshua Thumin - Center for Sustainable Energy (CSE) Case Studies: Marta Chillida Munguet – City of Granollers (ES) James Wilson - Islington Council (UK) Prof. Massimo Santarelli – University of Torino (IT) Moderation Carsten Rothballer, ICLEI Europe, Coordinator Sustainable Resources, Climate and Resilience This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 723636.
  3. 3. 14:30 - 14:40 Setting the scene for Circular Heating and Cooling 14:40 – 14:55 THERMOS Tool and Project 14:55 – 15:35 Case studies, examples and replicable solutions 15:35 – 16:00 Panel Debate 16:00 – 16:20 Introduction & take off for Gutleutmatten study tour
  4. 4. • What do we understand when we talk about “circularity”? • EU COMs and legislative proposals on Circular Economy define circularity recycling rate. Recycling is here the share of recycled materials in End-of-Life waste. • However, circularity should not only refer to material use but also include energy resources. Figure 1: Shows the metabolism of Austria in 2014, includingextraction,net imports, material- and energetic use as well as domestic processed output (DPO), vapor, carbon as well as recycling (Jacobi et al., 2018). Source: Jacobi, N., Haas, W., Wiedenhofer, D., Mayer, A., 2018. Providing an economy-widemonitoringframework for the circulareconomy in Austria: Status quo and challenges. Resources, Conservation and Recycling 137, 156–166. • Trade-offs between material use and energy use as well as rebound effects can be depicted; • Substitution effects of fossils with renewables can be shown; • Allows for more accurate assessment of circularity based on the overall material and energetic throughput (e.g. for biomass and fossils)
  5. 5. Europe consumes half of its energy for H/C purposes. Most in buildings and industry
  6. 6. Most thermal energy is produced from fossil fuels (66%) and only 13% comes from renewable energies
  7. 7. There is more heat wasted during electricity production in Europe than is required to heat all buildings in the continent Heat demands: 1,529 PJ/y Excess heat: 2,470 PJ/y District heating share: 12% Renewable energy in heating: 12% Not a technical barrier to improve energy efficiency …
  8. 8. • Population: 1.76 million • Area: 511 km2 • Total Heat Demand (HD): 64 PJ • HD in density > 300 TJ/km2: 26 PJ • HD in density 120-300 TJ/km2: 24 PJ • Biomass resourses in the region: • Forest residues: 1 PJ • Biowaste: 3 PJ • Straw: 2 PJ • Estimated excess heat: > 450 PJ Heat Demand Densities 2015 [PETA 4.2] Bonn Cologne 179 PJ 150 PJ 75 PJ 20 km 25 km Bonn-Cologne in HRE4’s Pan-European Thermal Atlas
  9. 9. Pathway to Circular Heating and Cooling Source: Rasmus Lund, Aalborg University, 4DH Paris, 2017 Efficiency Integration Heat sources
  10. 10. @HeatRoadmapEU This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement Heat Roadmap Europe 7 The heating and cooling sector can play an important role by integrating the increasing shares of variable renewable energy and enhance the grid flexibility. 4 In the vast majority of urban areas, district energy is technically and economically more viable than other network and individual based solutions, and can be 100% decarbonised through the use of renewables, large heat pumps, excess heat, and cogeneration. 2 Energy efficiency on both the demand and the supply side are necessary to cost-effectively reach the decarbonisation goals. 1 The heating and cooling sector can be fully decarbonised based on technologies and approaches which already exist, are market-ready and have successfully been implemented in Europe.
  11. 11. @HeatRoadmapEU This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement District heat supply • Different types of heat start to play a different role • CHPs operate to the electricity markets and ‘pair’ with large heat pumps • HPs combined: ~75% • Individual boilers are almost irrelevant • Constraints are mostly temporal and geographic 38% 4% 25% 2% 9% 1% 5% 2% 14% District heating source shares in HRE 2050 CHP plants Geothermal Heat pumps Solar thermal Industrial excess Electric boilers Fuel boilers Waste incineration
  12. 12. Specific (sub)sectoral targets and horizontal and vertical integration • EE and RE go hand-in-hand but need to have seperate targets • EE transistion costs are lower and affordable if the energy system is optimised locally, regionally and across-boarders • Horizontal integration of EE targets: Overall EE target should be translated (in NECAPs) into all sectors (electricity, heating and cooling, transport etc.) and their subsectors. • Vertical integration of EE targets: throughout governmental levels
  13. 13. Panel Debate Technical options for heat transfer, infrastructure and development and how to address user psychology, legislature, incentives and costs
  14. 14. Thank you for your attention! Stay on to join us for an introduction and subsequent study tour to the Gutleutmatten development area This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 723636.
  15. 15. 16:00 – 18:30 Study Tours in the City of Freiburg Study Tour 1: Green Industry Park Climate protection and energy efficiency in Freiburg’s largest industrial area Study Tour 2: Former Landfill Eichelbuck From waste mountain to energy mountain Study Tour 3: THERMOS study visit to ‘Gutleutmatten’ Visit to one of Freiburg’s most important urban development projects #LocalRenewables #THERMOSInspire @LR_Series @THERMOS_eu