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The Thermos Project

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Local Rebnewables Conference 2018

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The Thermos Project

  1. 1. Accelerating the development of low-carbon heating & cooling networks Pilot city: GRANOLLERS Marta Chillida, Ajuntament de Granollers Global Power and Energy Exhibition, September 17th, 2018
  2. 2. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu City of Granollers • Population: 60.658​ inh • Total area: 14.89 km2​ • Continuous urban area > 100.000 inh (Les Franqueses, Canovelles, i la Roca ​) • Capital of Vallès Oriental region.​ • 28km northern Barcelona, 2nd crown of Barcelona metropolitan area​ Covenant of Mayors (2008- SEAP2009) ​ Mayors adapt (2014- ​SECAP 2016) Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan, 2030 Eco Congost project: REDUCTION OF FOSSIL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN GRANOLLERS’ INDUSTRIAL PARKS Planning high efficiency energy generation and district heating distribution with renewable energy sources in an area with high industrial heat demand ​
  3. 3. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu District Heating and Cooling in Spain
  4. 4. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu DHC in Spain
  5. 5. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu DHC in Spain
  6. 6. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Industrial areas • 7 industrial parks with more than 600 economic activities • Access to natural gas and electricity guaranteed. Industrial park Activity Workers Surface (Ha) Congost 177 3.376 90,76 Jordi Camp 121 2.411 41.48
  7. 7. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Energy needs for Industries in Granollers Industrial sector
  8. 8. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Industries in Congost and Jordi Camp industrial parks Heating and Cooling in the local context At least 30 companies identified with high thermal energy demand. Real values (10) Estimated: IDAE (kWh/m2 per year with activity’s surface and working hours) and for hot water (employees) Biogas source Generation plant location Companies with detail energy profile Possible new companies Companies with heat/cooling demand Waste heat sources
  9. 9. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Thermal power demand all along the industrial areas Heating and Cooling in the local context The 86.25%, 31.5MW of the total installed capacity (in terms of steam or hot water boilers) is located in the southern part of this two industrial parks. The northern part only means 5MW of installed capacity.
  10. 10. thermos-project.eu The improvement of the use of energy in an industrial area, using renewable sources (two biogas production plants : sewage and bio-waste treatment plant) and industrial surplus or waste heat
  11. 11. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Role in THERMOS : Pilot city • Identify and collect required datasets WP1: – energy sources (biogas, surplus heat, biomass, solar…) – energy consumers (present and future) – thermal energy network costs of building (pipes, generation, distribution, storage …)and providing steam and hot water • Help the leaders in modeling from a multi-scale multi-vector point of view and use THERMOS’ application for Granollers district heating network planning (WP2-WP3) according to our user-needs and challenges (public authority). • Share the knowledge gained from the experience with the replication city of Cascais (Portugal), have technicians trained (WP4) and disseminate and promote THERMOS adoption roadmap among local and regional authorities, energy agencies, industry and consumer associations (WP5). • Hosting 1 project meetings (WP1) and hosting one twinning workshop (WP4)
  12. 12. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Granollers’ data sets
  13. 13. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Energy sources (biogas, surplus heat, biomass, solar…)
  14. 14. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Renewable DHC in Spain 91 in CAT
  15. 15. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Biomass and biogas
  16. 16. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Solar thermal potential in industrial areas
  17. 17. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu
  18. 18. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Thermal energy sources
  19. 19. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Public property plots Possible sites to build new energy plants.
  20. 20. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Energy consumers
  21. 21. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu
  22. 22. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu
  23. 23. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Tipo de certificación Número de certificaciones % A 6 0,09 B 71 1,09 C 375 5,75 D 798 12,23 E 3331 51,05 F 768 11,77 G 1176 18,02 Total 6525 100 Energy certificates with 5,070 apartments/dwellings in blocs, 306 single- family and 946 service sector in Granollers Total Terciari 946 Bloc 200 Indiv en bloc 5070 Hab 3 Unifamiliar 306 6525 Primary energy demand (ENERGIA PRIMARIA [kWh/m2·any]; Emissions estimates (EMISSIONS [kg CO2/m2·any], Energy certification of buildings
  24. 24. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Buildings geography
  25. 25. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu 296 economic activities 106 industrial heat demand 190 non-industrial heat needs 10 activities with real heat demand Economic activities
  26. 26. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Industrial energy demands Apart from real measured consumptions for the 10 monitored activities (the biggest ones in Eco Congost project) there are estimates for the rest of activities based on : -the surface area and economic activity classification (CCAE) according to ICAEN sources for industrial processes demand. -employees and yearly working days for hot water consumption.
  27. 27. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Evolution of industrial users demand Industrial sector Two primary industrial areas have been identified for action: Congost and Jordi Camp. A range of solutions are being investigated for both areas including solar thermal energy, PV energy, heat exchange between industries, the district heating network, and a cogeneration plant providing steam and hot water.
  28. 28. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Thermal power demand all along the industrial areas Available 9 energy demand profiles of boilers with real annual consumptions, with real values every 15minutes. (EXAMPLE) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 1 153 305 457 609 761 913 1065 1217 1369 1521 1673 1825 1977 2129 2281 2433 2585 2737 2889 3041 3193 3345 3497 3649 3801 3953 4105 4257 4409 4561 4713 4865 5017 5169 5321 5473 5625 5777 5929 6081 6233 6385 6537 6689 6841 6993 7145 7297 7449 7601 7753 7905 8057 8209 8361 8513 8665 Energy demand kWh
  29. 29. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Surface height model (LIDAR) To effectively add a third dimension to the 3D building polygons (DSM)
  30. 30. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Building energy performance and energy demands Year of construction Categories of buildings 1-Types of homes in the city (single-family houses of different types, apartment blocs,...) 2-offices 3-educational buildings 4-hospitals 5-hotels and restaurants 6-sports facilities 7-wholesale and retail trade services buildings 8-other types of energy- consuming buildings. (DIRECTIVE 2010/31/EU ), cadastral dataset or THERMOS categories
  31. 31. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Public buildings energy performance and real demands
  32. 32. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Thermal energy network costs of building (pipes, generation, distribution, storage …)and providing steam and hot water
  33. 33. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu •DIFICULTAT - Type of difficulty : bridges,.... Routes geography 1969 lines No building’s connection lines Attributes: •Street names, slope…. •Thermos = path to take into account for DH alternatives •Pavement (to join with pipe costs table) : path surface •Grau : 1,2,3-4 (degree of DIFICULTAT)
  34. 34. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu 1-Sanitary sewer : sewage pipe > 600 mm or high pressure natural gas pipes or high voltatge electricity pipelines 2- Sanitary sewer : sewage pipe > 300 mm and/or tap water pipes 3- Medium pressure natural gas pipes or medium voltatge underground electricity pipelines 4- Low voltage underground electricity pipelines or non-potable water pipes 5-Not difficult Degree of difficulty to build it 1 2 3 4 5 € €€ €€€ €€€€ €€€€€
  35. 35. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu ELECTRICITY NETWORK Electricity network layout of Endesa (2017) and Estabanell and Pahisa Nowadays is being reviewed by Granollers' lawyers the actual Confidentiality Agreement to be able to show data to third parties in presentation slides, or in THERMOS' tool with this information
  36. 36. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Path surface Diameters pipes CodiGIS_Pathsurface 1_200 2_280 2_315 2_400 2_560 2_710 Natural/aggregate 227,43 € 503,01 € 606,29 € 754,65 € 831,85 € 949,74 € 1 Asphalt 263,25 € 557,11 € 662,90 € 817,35 € 906,02 € 1.034,65 € 2 Coblestone 283,54 € 587,75 € 694,96 € 852,86 € 948,02 € 1.082,74 € 3,4 PIPE INSTALLATION COSTS For every day of a typical year, and for some extreme years. - i.e. daily temperature data, and the typical threshold temperatures at which heating and cooling start to be used. https://www.degreedays.net/ Heating and cooling degree-days per day
  37. 37. thermos-project.euthermos-project.eu Expectations and needs... • Identify and quantify the best way/solutions to build a district heating system in the city from a multi-scale multi-vector point of view, with a dynamic local supply and demand. • Help local energy planners to develop a DH network over the next years in a consolidated urban area, and be able to reduce local fossil energy consumption and local GHG emissions. Target group • In Spain and Catalonia we have regular contact with local and regional authorities and networks, energy agencies, public and private utilities, industry and investors related to thermal energy.
  38. 38. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no 723636. The sole responsibility for the content of this presentation lies with its author and in no way reflects the views of the European Union. web thermos-project.eu email info@thermos-project.eu twitter @THERMOS_eu linkedin THERMOS project

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