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Jesuit relations


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Jesuit relations

  1. 1. Jesuit Relations<br />Lindsey Miller<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />The Jesuits were avid bookkeepers and reporters<br />They kept annual records of their French missionaries that were highly detailed<br /> These records included descriptions and reports of:<br /> Progress, epidemics, outbreaks of war<br />Also descriptions of customs, habits, and cultures of the various native nations<br />These documents are considered some of the most important set of materials detailing the 17th century encounter <br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br />Every Jesuit was a college professor at some point in their career – this allowed them to have great skills at teaching <br />They desired to conquer the secular world<br />Created devotional societies for laypeople<br /> Preached to illiterate<br />Gave spiritual advice to kings<br />Were able to make conversions all over the world including Asia, China, India, and of course the New World<br />
  4. 4. Ch 1 – Montagnais Hunters <br />Father Le Jeuna wrote the earliest published Jesuit Relations<br />He decided to follow a Montagnais band on their hunt and learn more about them<br />Overall while he tried to maintain the European mind frame of superiority he found it difficult to confront the Indians on their way of life<br />
  5. 5. Ch 1- Montagnais Hunters<br />Described their hunting traditions, and how the tribe contributed to the hunt<br />Noted their cultures and beliefs – <br />Such as their belief that Atahocam created the world<br />Occasionally questioned the natives on these beliefs<br />Also noted positive things about the Indians <br /> Said they had physical advantages<br />Good quality of mind<br />States the Indians to not get angry<br />Patient<br />Attached to their tribes and family, and cooperate admirably<br />
  6. 6. Ch 4 – Diplomacy and War<br />The Jesuits often had to work in a environment of tension and war due to the on-going conflicts between the natives and Europeans<br />These wars and conflicts were detailed in the Jesuit Relations<br />Jesuit Relations also documents, speeches, battle anecdotes, and captivity stories<br />French though did not come to America as Christian conquerors <br />
  7. 7. Ch 4 – Diplomacy and War<br />Jesuit Relations also noted truces and times of peace<br />Such as the times of truce between the Iroquois and northern nations such <br />Also described the tradition of gift presenting in native ceremonies: usually of wampum/belt <br />One writing details the attack Iroquois on the Huron in 1649<br />Iroquois attacked Huron by surprise<br />Huron nation eventually collapsed after the attack of the Iroquois<br />Many Huron converted and followed the Jesuits<br />
  8. 8. Ch 6 – Missions to the Iroquois<br />Jesuits desired to convert the Iroquois people<br />Mohawks would come to be the most predominate among the “mission Indians”<br />Iroquois and French finally established peace which allowed for more conversion<br />With the peace, Iroquois had to accept Christian missionaries in their villages <br />
  9. 9. Ch 6- Mission to the Iroquois<br />Jesuits would keep track of the conversions and progress<br />As with the documents of Jean Pierron describing his mission work<br />Detailed number of persons he had baptized<br />His efforts to help the natives give up their “bad habits”<br />Wanted to make use of reading and writing– so began teaching the natives <br />And success of conversion such as elders leading the youth into the chapel<br />Other Jesuit missionaries noted changes as well and success<br />Father Claude Chauchetiere noted intense religious activity<br />Such as women devoting themselves to a life of charity and prayer<br />
  10. 10. Ch 8 – Exploring the Mississippi<br />Jesuits occasionally joined voyages to scout for potential new mission fields<br />French wanted to establish a presence along the Mississippi <br />One expedition made it from the top of Lake Michigan to where Arkansas and Louisiana now meet<br />Jesuits would establish missions among the Illinois<br />
  11. 11. Ch 8 – Exploring the Mississippi<br />Jacques Marquette – famous missionary-explorer- wrote a passage for the Jesuit Relations that follows the journey<br /> Detailed the start of the expedition<br />Interactions with the natives<br /> First encounter was with the Menominees<br />Along the journey signs of their success could be seen such as a cross being displayed among the Maskoutens<br />Customs of these natives<br />Writing of the journey also allow for a better understanding of the landscape of the time<br />