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Life and Times of Lee Kuan Yew Slides


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Slides on the Life and Times of A Founding Father for Modern Singapore, Lee Kuan Yew

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Life and Times of Lee Kuan Yew Slides

  1. 1. 16 Sept, 1923: Born to middle-class, English-educated family at 92 Kampong Java Road . Lee’s father was a store keeper and depot manager for the Shell Oil Company.
  2. 2. 1941 to 1945: The Japanese Occupation of Singapore put Lee’s education on hold. He escaped the Sook Ching massacre by asking to leave Jalan Besar Stadium to collect his belongings. Lee’s classmates in 1941
  3. 3. 1948: Lee married his wife, Ms Kwa Geok Choo, at Stratford- upon-Avon, the birthplace of Shakespeare while he was studying there. They had a three children from their marriage.
  4. 4. 1950: Lee returned to Singapore from his studies at the University of Cambridge, England with his wife, Ms Kwa Geok Choo. Lee started work as a lawyer at Laycock & Ong.
  5. 5. 1954: Lee co-founded the People’s Action Party to participate in the 1955 Legislative Assembly elections. Lee was Secretary General. Toh Chin Chye was Chairman of the Party. Goh Keng Swee , Lee and Toh met regularly at Lee’s home on 38 Oxley Road and were soon joined by others.
  6. 6. PAP Central Executive Committee 1954 Top Row (L to R) :Tan Wee Tiong, Devan Nair, S. Sockalingam, L ee Kuan Yew, Ong Eng Guan, Fong Swee Suan Bottom Row (L to R): Lee Gek Seng, Mofradi bin Mohd Noor, Toh Cihn Cye, Ismail Rahim, Chan Chiaw Thor
  7. 7. Lee Kuan Yew (seated at desk on stage), Tunku Abdul Rahman and Datuk Tan Cheng Lock (both seated in third row), and other leaders of the United Malay National Organisation (UMNO) and the Malayan Chinese Association (MCA).
  8. 8. 1955: At the Legislative Assembly elections, Lee won the Tanjong Pagar seat with 78.3% votes. Other PAP leaders who won included Goh Chew Hua (Punggol-Tampines) and Lim Chin Siong (Bukit Timah).
  9. 9. 1957: Mass arrests of leftists and pro- Communists by the Lim Yew Hock government. This helped Lee Kuan Yew and his group to remain in control of the PAP Central Executive Committee.
  10. 10. Between 1958 to 1959, Lee met the Malayan Communist Party representative, Fong Chong Pik or the ‘Plen’ on more than 3 occasions “We never asked for their (MCP) support. Even during the election campaign, we made our anti-Communist stand quite clear. The PAP stands for a democratic, non-Communist, socialist Malaya, and the MCP for a Soviet Republic of Malaya. It is a battle of ideals and ideas. And the side that recruits more ability and talent will be the side that wins. “” - Lee Kuan Yew, Radio Talk, Sept 18, 1961
  11. 11. 1959: PAP won landslide victory. Lee was elected as Singapore’s first prime minister. He was aged 36 and one of the world’s youngest prime ministers.
  12. 12. 1961: Split within the PAP. The left-wing, Chinese educated members of the PAP were opposed to merger and set up the Barsian Socialis (Socialist Left).
  13. 13. Singapore’s first and only referendum was held on the issue of merger with Malaysia in Sept 1962. 70% of the votes were cast in favor of PAP’s proposal for merger . Lee visited St Gabriel’s on 4 Aug, 1963 Bro Noel 1963: Malaysia is formed. It included Malaya, Singapore, Sabah and Sarawak.
  14. 14. 1965: Lee was informed by Malaysia that Singapore had to leave the Federation of Malaysia. This was after riots between Chinese and Malay communities broke out in 1964 over Malay rights and other issues.
  15. 15. 1967: The Citizen’s Army: Goh Keng Swee, the first minister of defence, introduced National Service to create a citizen’s army. Singaporeans are enlisted at the age of 18. Lee and Goh Keng Swee at the opening of Jurong Camp, 18 Jun 1966
  16. 16. 1959 - 2015: Singapore continually restructured its economy from a labor-intensive economy to knowledge-based and skill-based one. This won for Singapore much respect and it became a model for countries such as China, Russia and other Third World countries. May 1, 1965
  17. 17. 1970: Lee Kuan Yew went to Britain and met Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Thatcher told Lee, “I like to think that once you learnt it from Britain. And now we are re-learning it from you”.
  18. 18. 1972: The jointly owned Malaysia-Singapore Airlines and its assets were split into two airlines – Malaysia Airlines and Singapore Airlines. Mr and Mrs Lee return from a tour of Western Europe, Cario and Athens on 21 Dec 1972. It was board an SIA flight.
  19. 19. 1974: Lee’s government dealt tough with terrorism 1974: Four armed men hijacked the ferryboat Laju and held its crew hostage
  20. 20. 1976: Lee led a two-week goodwill visit to the People’s Republic of China. It led to improved ties and trade links between China and Singapore.
  21. 21. 1979: Lee Kuan Yew launched the first Speak Mandarin Campaign to encourage the use of Mandarin over the use of Chinese dialects. This was to promote the national Bilingual education policy.
  22. 22. 1980: Lee personally confronted the SIA Pilots Association which had 1700 member pilots who called for industrial action and a possible strike over various issues. The Association was de-registered and 15 officials were prosecuted for illegal industrial action.
  23. 23. 1988: Lee proposed the Singapore Swing, a street party along Orchard Road which lasted as part of the National Day Celebrations from 1988 to 1992. Lee and his wife were Guest of Honour in 1990 on 8 Aug.
  24. 24. 1990: Resignation as Prime Minister on 26 Nov, 1990 to President Wee Kim Wee at the Istana. This made Lee the longest serving Prime Minister in history
  25. 25. 2009: In October, US President Barack Obama welcomed Lee to the White House, calling him a “legendary figure of Asia in the 20th and 21st centuries”, Lee, with US President Barack Obama and Secretary of State Hillary Clinton. 2009.
  26. 26. 1963 and 2013: The Green City. Lee Kuan Yew planted a mempat tree to start an island wide tree-planting campaign. Five decades later, he returned to Farrer circus to plant a rain tree.
  27. 27. Thank you for being a Founding Father of Modern Singapore “I have no regrets. I have spent my life, so much of it, building up this country. There’s nothing more that I need to do. At the end of the day, what have I got? A successful Singapore. What have I given up? My life – Lee Kuan Yew, (1923-2015)