Linguistics: The Study of Language


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Linguistics: The Study of Language

  1. 1. Linguistics The Study of Language By Lorelei Logsdon Image from
  2. 2. What is “Language”? <ul><li>a language is made up of sounds and/or symbols with agreed-upon meanings and is used as a means of communication (both verbal and non-verbal) amongst a group of people. </li></ul>Photo from
  3. 3. Language Fun Fact <ul><li>Did you know the reason we’re taught not to end sentences with prepositions is because an 18th-century English clergyman published a grammar book in which he arbitrarily decided to base English grammar rules on Latin ? </li></ul>Well, I’ll be!
  4. 4. Common Misconceptions <ul><li>“ A linguist is someone who just knows lots of languages.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ A linguist is someone who just knows lots of big words.” </li></ul>Image from Image from
  5. 5. So then which of these does a linguist do? <ul><ul><li>Studies lots of different languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies how children learn language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies conversations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies speech sounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies language structure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YES, all of the above, and much more! </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Language Fun Fact <ul><li>Did you know that sandwiches got their name from the fourth Earl of Sandwich , who wrapped bread around the meat so it wouldn’t drip grease on his playing cards? </li></ul>Image from
  7. 7. The field of Linguistics has many subfields <ul><li>Anthropological linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Applied linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Cognitive science </li></ul><ul><li>Computational linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Corpus linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Ecolinguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Forensic Linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Historical linguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Lexicography </li></ul><ul><li>Linguistics and Literature </li></ul><ul><li>Morphology </li></ul><ul><li>Neurolinguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Philosophy of Language </li></ul><ul><li>Phonetics </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatics </li></ul><ul><li>Psycholinguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Semantics </li></ul><ul><li>Semiotics </li></ul><ul><li>Sociolinguistics </li></ul><ul><li>Syntax </li></ul><ul><li>Typology </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Xenolinguistics </li></ul>The study of languages originating from alien species!
  8. 8. Why study Linguistics? <ul><li>Because l anguage is fascinating! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Language Fun Fact <ul><li>The same /k/ sound is produced in a different place in the mouth depending on what sounds will be coming after it (“eep&quot; vs. “ool&quot;) </li></ul>Image from Even our tongues are lazy! ------ efficient!
  10. 10. Direct or Indirect? <ul><li>Why do men say, &quot; Open the window ,&quot; but women say, &quot; Boy, it sure would be nice if we could get a breeze in here &quot;? </li></ul>Gender Differences in Language Image from
  11. 11. Jobs Available to Linguists <ul><li>Some examples… </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching English as a second language (TESL) </li></ul><ul><li>Research jobs with companies such as Microsoft, Apple or IBM </li></ul><ul><li>Government jobs with the FBI or CIA </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching at a community college or university </li></ul><ul><li>Field work documenting language in a foreign country </li></ul><ul><li>Or use your linguistic skills in the fields of anthropology, law, library science, psychology, or sociology. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Language Fun Fact <ul><li>Did you know that &quot;nice&quot; used to mean &quot;ignorant&quot; thousands of years ago? </li></ul><ul><li>Meanings assigned to words in any language are completely arbitrary. We've all simply agreed upon the meanings we give to words. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Future of Linguistics <ul><li>What will texting do to our ability to write? “OMG! I'm omw, will u b there 2? TTFN!” </li></ul><ul><li>Email, texting and instant messaging are replacing older forms of communication. What will the consequences be? </li></ul>Artist unknown
  14. 14. Future of Linguistics <ul><li>How can we help bridge the cultural gap between employees working together from different parts of the world? </li></ul>Image from
  15. 15. Want More? <ul><li>Linguistic Society of America http:// / </li></ul><ul><li>Do you speak American? http:// /speak / </li></ul><ul><li>Language Links http:// </li></ul>