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10 23-13


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10 23-13

  1. 1. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 10/22/13 7th Grade Language Arts -Grammar wkbook pgs on commas (M) Agenda: 1. Independent Reading 2. Grammar Assignments: -2 comments on reading response (F) -Supplemental Vocab list (TH) -Vocabulary Unit 5 (TH) -Spelling Test (TH) -Cause and Effect Organizer (TH) *Be adding words to your supplemental vocab list [Mrs. Slavens will check on Thursday!] 1
  2. 2. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 Chapter 11, Lesson 2- Commas in Sentences Commas in compound sentences: *use a comma before a conjunction that joins independent clauses ex: The ancient Egyptians' written language was called hieroglyphics, and it was not decoded for many centuries. Commas in a Series *use a comma after every item in a series except the last one ex: Symbols of birds, lions, and snakes appear in hieroglyphics. *use a comma between adjectives of equal rank that modify the same noun ex: Hieroglyphics used colorful, decorative symbols. see page 245 Commas with Introductory words and phrases *use a comma after an introductory phrase that contains a prepositional phrase. Use a comma after introductory words. ex: Even after 2,000 years of study, no one could read hieroglyphics. Finally, the Rosetta Stone was found in Egypt. 2
  3. 3. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 Commas with Interrupters *Use commas to set off a word or phrase that interrupts the flow of thought in a sentence ex: The stone provided, at long last, a key to hieroglyphics. *use commas to set off nouns of direct address ex: Alex, your class would be thrilled with this discovery. Your class, Alex, would be thrilled with this discovery. Commas with Appositives (see page 255) *use commas when the appositive adds extra information (i.e. not needed) ex: Jean Champollion, a French scholar, deciphered the Rosetta stone. A French scholar Jean Champollion deciphered the Rosetta stone. Commas to avoid confusion *use a comma whenever the reader might otherwise be confused Unclear: Before hieroglyphics records were not kept on stone or paper. Clear: Before hieroglyphics, records were not kept on stone or paper. 3
  4. 4. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 1. The towns of Pompeii Herculaneum and Stabiae were destroyed. 2. They were buried and they remained hidden for hundreds of years. 3. One eyewitness, Pliny the Younger, wrote several long letters. 4. Pliny the Younger was a statesman writer and orator. 5. Historians have analyzed and studied his letters. 6. Pliny the Younger wrote about many subjects but he is best known for his accounts of the erruption of Vesuvius. 7. He described a cloud stretching to the ground dust emerging and the sky darkening. 8. Confused terrified residents tried to escape. 9. People cried moaned and shouted. 10. The smoky, dark air was frightening. 4
  5. 5. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 It was a particularly hot, windy and dry night on October 8, 1871. Some said the Chicago Fire started when a cow kicked over a lantern but they may have been wrong. The fire resulted in losses, and caused the deaths of about 300 people. The flames engulfed many buildings but the fire eventually burned itself out. A neighbor of Mrs. O'Leary named "Peg Leg" Sullivan may have been responsible. Another theory pointed to a meteor shower but neither of these theories has been proved. 5
  6. 6. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 Chapter 11, Lesson 3: Commas- Dates, Addresses, and Letters Dates- use a comma between the day and the year. use a comma after the year if the sentence continues Addresses-use a comma between the city or town and the state or country -use a comma after the state or country if the sentence continues Letters- use a comma after the greeting of a casual letter and after the closing of a causal or business letter 6
  7. 7. 10­23­13.notebook October 23, 2013 7