#GradSciComm
Scaling Up Communication Trainings for Young Scientists
DISCOMFORT

COMFORT

2
We agree: there is an unmet need
for communication skills training in
STEM graduate education.

What will be different
whe...
Changes in Society

•
•
•
•

Trust in science
Increased science literacy
People want to be a scientist
Better-informed pub...
Roadblocks
BIG Roadblocks

•
•

Change is slow
Public is ambivalent

Science Culture Roadblocks

•
•
•
•
•

Scientific culture will ne...
Competency
the ability to do something

Proficiency
mastery of a skill
Top 5 Competencies
Understand society/audience + emotional
context: basic familiarity with the social science
************...
training

feedback

practice
how does change

happen?
Change requires
Motivation
•
•
•

Students recognize that communication training matters
University administrations recogn...
Drivers of change
• Catalytic funding (e.g philanthropy, NIH/NSF, etc.)
• Sustained funding
• Champions (right people; rig...
SELF

SCIENCE
SOCIETY
SOCIETY

• Better-informed public policies
• Trust in science & science literacy increases
• People want to be scientists
SCIENCE

• More collaborative science across disciplines,
professions, institutions, and geographies
• Dialogue, not disse...
SELF

• Communication effort is rewarded in tenure &
promotion
• More career options for PhDs
SELF

SCIENCE
SOCIETY
Thinking Styles
• Hermann Brain Dominance Instrument
• Thinking and information processing style
• People differ in their ...
•
•

HBDI measures

personal preferences in thinking
and processing styles

but NOT

competence, personality, or
intellige...
When viewed from a diametrically
opposed quadrant, strengths may
be seen differently!
HBDI & team work
What would be the advantages of each
‘colour’ in an interdisciplinary research
project?
GRANT&APPLICATIONS

The Science

The Program

The Future

The People
and the
Relationship
GIVING&FEEDBACK
• Be precise & logical
• Use facts
• Pay attention to data

Be organized &
structured
• Use a sequential
a...
“Team creativity comes
from the appreciation
and maximum use of
differences”
- Ned Herrmann
SELF

SCIENCE
SOCIETY
Our collective challenge:
mapping a course to improve
national training capacity
in science communication
for STEM graduat...
Our collective challenge:
mapping the pathways to
integrate science communication
core competencies into STEM
graduate stu...
SUMMARY

graphic

ROADMAP

report

SUPPORTING

documents, talks, products
SUMMARY

graphic
ROADMAP

report
NOT DRIVING
DIRECTIONS
SUPPORTING

documents, talks, products
POLICYFORUM
SCIENCE PRIORITIES

Who Will Pay for Public Access
to Research Data?

W...
Roadblocks
over?
under?
around?
through?
Graduate Education Roadblocks
•Scientist identities don’t combine
research AND communication
(presumed tradeoff)

•Lack of...
2

Negotiation
Self,interest
Money is NOT
an obstacle

it is a pathway
Graduate Education Roadblocks
1. Scientist identities don’t combine
research AND communication
(presumed tradeoff)
Text
Te...
breakout group

process
Our collective challenge:
mapping the pathways to
integrate science communication
core competencies into STEM
graduate stu...
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
Gradscicomm Day 2
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Gradscicomm Day 2

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Gradscicomm Day 2

  1. 1. #GradSciComm Scaling Up Communication Trainings for Young Scientists
  2. 2. DISCOMFORT COMFORT 2
  3. 3. We agree: there is an unmet need for communication skills training in STEM graduate education. What will be different when this need is met?
  4. 4. Changes in Society • • • • Trust in science Increased science literacy People want to be a scientist Better-informed public policies Changes in Graduate Education • Graduate education is less frustrating – it is a joy • Communication is part of the fabric of graduate education, just like ethics and statistics Changes in Science • Graduate advisors endorse • More collaborative science communications training Text • Scientists talk in a way that Text Institutions churning out STEM Text • resonates w/ that audience PhDs have resources/capacity • Dialogue, not dissemination to offer/provide • Communication skills are communications training integral to science skills • Shared understanding of best • Science communications is practices in pedagogy awarded in tenure process • Creation of more career options for PhD Scientists Vision
  5. 5. Roadblocks
  6. 6. BIG Roadblocks • • Change is slow Public is ambivalent Science Culture Roadblocks • • • • • Scientific culture will never change Scientists have too many things to do/lack of time No institutional incentives/ rewards Have we seen/quantified the ROI on science communications? We lack platforms for scientists to communicate Graduate Education Roadblocks • Scientist identities do not include research AND communication (presumed tradeoff) • Lack of support from advisors • Money • Monitoring and evaluation Text Text Text Roadblocks
  7. 7. Competency the ability to do something Proficiency mastery of a skill
  8. 8. Top 5 Competencies Understand society/audience + emotional context: basic familiarity with the social science ******************************* Simply state “so what” of research Text Text Text **************** Use simple language to explain complex ideas ******* Storytelling ******* Writing clearly *******
  9. 9. training feedback practice
  10. 10. how does change happen?
  11. 11. Change requires Motivation • • • Students recognize that communication training matters University administrations recognize that this is a pressing need Faculty advisors help their students get this training Alignment • • • Align the stars (personal incentives match institutional ones) Align career-wide training goals (communication training needed may personalized for diverse career paths) Align timing (students need different training at diff times in career)
  12. 12. Drivers of change • Catalytic funding (e.g philanthropy, NIH/NSF, etc.) • Sustained funding • Champions (right people; right institutional level, right time relative to local conditions) • Pressure from outside (e.g. AAU or NSF Broader Impact requirements) • Rewards from outside (individual or institutional)
  13. 13. SELF SCIENCE SOCIETY
  14. 14. SOCIETY • Better-informed public policies • Trust in science & science literacy increases • People want to be scientists
  15. 15. SCIENCE • More collaborative science across disciplines, professions, institutions, and geographies • Dialogue, not dissemination
  16. 16. SELF • Communication effort is rewarded in tenure & promotion • More career options for PhDs
  17. 17. SELF SCIENCE SOCIETY
  18. 18. Thinking Styles • Hermann Brain Dominance Instrument • Thinking and information processing style • People differ in their preferences • Preferences follow patterns
  19. 19. • • HBDI measures personal preferences in thinking and processing styles but NOT competence, personality, or intelligence
  20. 20. When viewed from a diametrically opposed quadrant, strengths may be seen differently!
  21. 21. HBDI & team work What would be the advantages of each ‘colour’ in an interdisciplinary research project?
  22. 22. GRANT&APPLICATIONS The Science The Program The Future The People and the Relationship
  23. 23. GIVING&FEEDBACK • Be precise & logical • Use facts • Pay attention to data Be organized & structured • Use a sequential approach • Pay attention to details • • Be imaginative & holistic • Use Metaphor • Pay attention to ultimate outcomes • Be empathic & caring • Use eye contact • Pay attention to feelings/relationships
  24. 24. “Team creativity comes from the appreciation and maximum use of differences” - Ned Herrmann
  25. 25. SELF SCIENCE SOCIETY
  26. 26. Our collective challenge: mapping a course to improve national training capacity in science communication for STEM graduate students
  27. 27. Our collective challenge: mapping the pathways to integrate science communication core competencies into STEM graduate student training
  28. 28. SUMMARY graphic ROADMAP report SUPPORTING documents, talks, products
  29. 29. SUMMARY graphic
  30. 30. ROADMAP report
  31. 31. NOT DRIVING DIRECTIONS
  32. 32. SUPPORTING documents, talks, products POLICYFORUM SCIENCE PRIORITIES Who Will Pay for Public Access to Research Data? When economic models and infrastructure are not in place to ensure access and preservation, federally funded research data are “at risk.” 1 Research data of community value are supported today in a variety of ways. Some of them, like those in the Protein Data Bank (PDB) (3)—a database of protein structure information used heavily by the life sciences community—are supported by the public sector. (In particular, U.S. funding from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), and the U.S. Department of Energy for the Research Collaboratory for Structural Bioinformatics (RCSB) PDB is $6.3 million annually.) Other data, as from the Longitudinal Study of American Youth (LSAY) (4)—a longitudinal study of student attitudes about science and careers—are available through subscription from the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR) at the University of Michigan. (ICPSR membership ranges from $15,750 for doctoral research–extensive academic institutions to $1680 for community colleges and provides access to 7500 data collections.) Some data live on researchers’ hard drives, some are stored by the commercial sector, and some are hosted in academic libraries, private or public repositories, or archives. Much of our federally funded research data are “at risk,” with no long-term viable economic model in place to ensure continuing access and preservation for the community. An in-depth study of the economics of digital preservation (5, 6) explored the complex issues of supporting What happens to valuable data when project funding ends? Consider, for example, a 3-year research project in which valuable sensor data are collected from an environmentally sensitive area. Those data may be useful not just for the duration of the project but for the next decade or more to collaborators and a broader community of researchers. For the first 3 years, the costs of stewardship (including development of a database that supports analysis, access to the data for the community through a portal, adequate storage and management of the data collection, and so on) may be paid for by the grant. But who pays for subsequent support? In such cases, research data may become more valuable just as the economics of stewardship become less viable. Up to this point, no one sector has stepped up to take on the problem alone, and it is unrealistic to expect as much. In the public sector, federal R&D agencies are unlikely to allocate enough resources to support all federally funded research data. The costs of infrastructure would absorb too great a portion of a budget that must support both innovation and the infrastructure needed to drive innovation. The private sector, especially in information technology, has tremendous capacity and expertise to support the stewardship of public-access research data; however, there are few explicit incentives to take this on. In early 2008, Google announced that it would begin to support open-source scientific data sets. By the end of the year, the project was shut down for business reasons (7). Without explicit incentives and credits, it is challenging for companies to step forward and partner productively to support the common good. In the academic sector, university libraries are natural foci for the stewardship of digital research data. But they need financial support to evolve in this direction at a time when many budgets R AND MARIA HOEY/WWW.PETERHOEY.COM O n 22 February, the U.S. Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) released a memo calling for public access for publications and data resulting from federally sponsored research grants (1). The memo directed federal agencies with more than $100 million R&D expenditures to “develop a plan to support increased public access to the results of research funded by the Federal Government.” Perhaps even more succinctly, a subsequent New York Times opinion page sported the headline “We Paid for the Research, So Let’s See It” (2). So who pays for data infrastructure? The OSTP memo requested agencies to provide plans by September 2013 that describe their strategies for providing public access to both research publications and research data. Plans are expected to be implemented using “resources within the existing agency budget,” i.e., no new money should be expected. Currently, federal R&D agencies are working hard to foster approaches to public access, to assess needs for supporting partnerships and enabling infrastructure, and to develop timetables and approaches for implementation. We focus here on the research data portion of the OSTP memo, rather than on publications. Digital data are ephemeral, and access to data involves infrastructure and economic support. In order to support the downloading of data from federally funded chemistry experiments, astronomy sky surveys, social science studies, biomedical analyses, and other research efforts, the data may need to be collected, documented, organized in a database, curated, and/or made available by a computer that needs maintenance, power, and administrative resources. Access to data requires that the data be hosted somewhere and managed by someone. Technological and human infrastructure supporting data stewardship is a precondition to meaningful access and reuse, as “homeless” data quickly become no data at all. Downloaded from www.sciencemag.org on December 6, 2013 Francine Berman1 and Vint Cerf 2
  33. 33. Roadblocks
  34. 34. over? under? around? through?
  35. 35. Graduate Education Roadblocks •Scientist identities don’t combine research AND communication (presumed tradeoff) •Lack of support from advisors •Money •Monitoring and evaluation
  36. 36. 2 Negotiation Self,interest
  37. 37. Money is NOT an obstacle it is a pathway
  38. 38. Graduate Education Roadblocks 1. Scientist identities don’t combine research AND communication (presumed tradeoff) Text Text Text 2. Lack of support from advisors 3. Monitoring and evaluation
  39. 39. breakout group process
  40. 40. Our collective challenge: mapping the pathways to integrate science communication core competencies into STEM graduate student training

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