09.03 form, formalism, elements of art-1


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09.03 form, formalism, elements of art-1

  1. 1. Songs of the Day “Thriller” by Michael Jackson from 1982 album Thriller “Video Killed the Radio Star” by The Buggles from the 1979 album The Age of Plastic
  2. 2. Announcements Quiz 1 will be graded by Thursday, September 5th Art Walks – first Saturday of every month My office is still under construction – I’ll be outside of ART 243 during my office hours – blue couches!
  3. 3. Take Away from 8.29 What is Art? Art is a human phenomenon that takes many forms. Its definition is dependent on both individual and societal values. Art can express emotion; evoke reactions; be representative or abstract; affect the world; be beautiful, be ugly and interesting at the same time (in other words not all art is beautiful).
  4. 4. Sayre “Working with Words and Images” •  The process of writing should start as soon as you walk into the gallery. What are your first impressions, initial reactions, what artworks capture your attention? •  Focus your writing on a particular piece of art – not multiple •  Jot down the formal elements of an artwork and what they communicate •  FORMAL DESCRIPTION IS KEY 1) Straight forward description of the subject matter 2) A summary of the various elements and principles of design at work it the art piece – begin with medium or media. •  After formal description = analysis and interpretation often come ‘naturally’ or effortlessly
  5. 5. Form, Formalism, and Elements of Art Anoli Perera, Stitched and Stretched, 2010
  6. 6. FORM What the artwork looks like •  Aspects of artwork perceived with senses •  Medium/Materials •  Elements of art •  Principles of art •  The “facts” of the artwork – one “right” answer, not open to interpretation CONTENT What the artwork means •  Depends on context •  Depends on viewer •  Multiple & changing •  Requires interpretation •  No easy formula to follow •  Aspects of artwork perceived with senses •  Medium/Materials •  Elements of art •  Principles of art •  The “facts” of the artwork – one “right” answer, not open to interpretation FORM What the artwork looks like !! KNOW THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THESE !!
  7. 7. Form MEDIUM What is the artwork made of ? (materials: oil paint, pen & ink, watercolor, marble, neon lights, old tires, wire, list any and everything that is in the artwork.). How was it made? (applying paint to canvas, thick layers / brushstrokes, fine detail, welded together, carved out of a structure, printed off a laser printer)
  8. 8. Form What is the artwork made of ? How was it made? MEDIUM Charcoal on paper 98 x 77 1/8" (248.9 x 195.9 cm) Diego Rivera, Pneumatic Drilling, 1931
  9. 9. Form What is the artwork made of ? How was it made? Yinka Shonibare, Scramble for Africa, 2003 MEDIUM Fourteen life-size fiberglass mannequins, fourteen chairs, table, Dutch wax printed cotton, 52 x 192 x 110 in.
  10. 10. Form What is the artwork made of ? How was it made? Richard Serra, Band, 2006 MEDIUM Weatherproof steel, 12′ 9″ x 36′ 5″ x 71′ 9 1/2″, plate: 2″
  11. 11. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 1.  Shape 2.  Line 3.  Value (light and dark) 4.  Texture & pattern 5.  Color 6.  Space
  12. 12. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 1.  Shape is defined by: •  Line •  Value and shading •  Color •  Texture •  Pattern •  Use of different media
  13. 13. Form SHAPE
  14. 14. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 2.  LINE : A line is long relative to its width. It can define a space, create an outline or pattern, imply movement or texture and allude to mass or volume.
  15. 15. Form LINE
  16. 16. Form LINE – implied line The marks are discontinuous – imply a line/shape
  17. 17. Form LINE – indistinct lines / none
  18. 18. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 3. VALUE refers to the lightness / darkness of a surface : Value scale
  19. 19. Form VALUE Pablo Picasso The Tragedy, 1903
  20. 20. Form VALUE High contrast (wide range of values) Low contrast (narrow range of values)
  21. 21. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 4.  TEXTURE AND PATTERN texture = the surface quality that can be seen and felt pattern = repeated visual form
  23. 23. Form TEXTURE AND PATTERN M.C. Escher Lizard 1942 tessellation Op Art
  25. 25. Form TEXTURE
  26. 26. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 5. COLOR Color Theory A set of principles and rules governing and describing the understanding and use of color
  27. 27. Form COLOR The Color Wheel Formulated by an important 17th century thinker who is better known for other accomplishments…
  28. 28. Form COLOR formulated by mathematician and physicist Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) in 1666 Better known for: • “Discovering” gravity and laws of motion • Modern telescope • Contributed to the development of calculus
  29. 29. Form COLOR Monochromatic: Various values of a single color
  30. 30. Form COLOR Analogous: Colors that are next to each other on the color wheel These colors readily harmonize and blend together Often found in nature
  31. 31. Form COLOR Analogous: Leonardo da Vinci Ginevra deʼ’Benci ca. 1474
  32. 32. Form COLOR Complementary: Colors opposite each other on the color wheel When placed next to each other, they look more intense and brilliant Creates energy, vitality, and tension
  33. 33. Form Vincent Van Gogh, The Night Café, 1888
  34. 34. Form Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
  35. 35. Afterimage: A perceptual phenomenon. Light sensors in your eyes vibrate and oscillate several seconds after visual stimulation. has gone.
  36. 36. Form COLOR Warm colors: Vivid and energetic; seem to advance in space Cool colors: Give impression of calm; soothing; recede in space Neutrals: White, black and gray
  37. 37. Form COLOR •  Colors are associated with ideas, emotions, and events • Color associations are cultural and individual • Colors have emotional effects
  38. 38. Form ELEMENTS OF ART 6. SPACE is the area between and around objects. The space around objects is often called negative space; negative space has shape. Space can also refer to the feeling of depth.
  39. 39. Form SPACE
  40. 40. Class Activity Describe these two paintings in terms of their medium and the various elements (shape, line, value, texture & pattern, color, space) – how are these images similar how are they different?
  41. 41. Class Activity What element (shape, line, value, texture & pattern, color, space) is most prominent in either piece?
  42. 42. Suprasensorial Experience FORM = aspects of artwork perceived with senses Suprasensorial Experience, MoCA – Los Angeles 2010-11