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E Learning Presentation


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E Learning Presentation

  1. 1. December 1st 2008 eLearning in Higher Education & Training Lisa Sayers, Peter Sullivan, Jonathan Coleman & Kris McElhinney
  2. 2. December 1st 2008 Practical Examples Peter Sullivan <ul><ul><li>- Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Examples of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Positives of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Challenged of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Concluding Remarks </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>If someone is learning in a way that uses information and communications technologies (ICTs), they are using e-learning </li></ul><ul><li>(Department for Education and Skills UK, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>e-Learning is a broader concept [than online learning], encompassing a wide set of applications and processes which use all available electronic media to deliver vocational education and training more flexibly… </li></ul><ul><li>the general intent to support a broad range of electronic media (internet, intranets, extranets, satellite broadcast, audio/video tape, interactive TV and CD-ROM) to make vocational learning more flexible for clients </li></ul><ul><li>(Australian National Training Authority, 2004) </li></ul>eLearning defined December 1st 2008
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Many different ways to classify forms of elearning: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brower Based Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance Learning </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 Forms of eLearning <ul><ul><li>Course Management System </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Management Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Learning Environment </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>Modular Object Orientated Dynamic Learning Environment (Moodle) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>‘ Open Source’ - 38,896 registered sites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Created by Martin Dougiamas as an on-line learning community and incorporates varied techniques to do this: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Interactivity eg Quizes / Testing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communications eg eForums </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instant messaging </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ecourse materials </li></ul></ul></ul>Forms of eLearning December 1st 2008 Moodle
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>Many different way to classify forms of elearning: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brower Based Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance Learning </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 <ul><ul><li>CD / Online Demo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphics </li></ul></ul>Forms of eLearning
  7. 7. <ul><li>“ The ECDL Foundation mission is to enable proficient use of ICT that empowers individuals, organisations and society, through the development, promotion and delivery of quality certification programmes throughout the world.“ </li></ul><ul><li>Currently recognized in +148 countries </li></ul><ul><li>8 million candidates worldwide   </li></ul><ul><li>HQ in Dublin </li></ul><ul><li>22,000 test centres, even in CTB! </li></ul>December 1st 2008 Forms of eLearning Browser Based Training
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Many different ways to classify forms of E-learning: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brower Based Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance Learning </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 <ul><ul><li>Est. 1973 by Eric Devenport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6,000 graduates annually </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Today more than 180,000 users </li></ul></ul>Forms of eLearning
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>A nationally accredited university in both America and the Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Just four institutions — Cambridge, Loughborough, York and the LSE — have a better teaching record than the Open University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(The Sunday Times Universities Guide, 2004) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Open University, OU Business School and Centre for Professional Learning and Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OU Business School is ranked in the world's top ten for distance learning MBAs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Economist Intelligence Unit, 2008 ) </li></ul></ul>Forms of eLearning December 1st 2008 Open University
  10. 10. <ul><ul><li>- Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Examples of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Positives of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Challenged of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Concluding Remarks </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 Why is the e-Important? Kris McElhinney
  11. 11. <ul><li>“ Information technology is dramatically reshaping the classroom. As we enter the Digital Age, technology will become an integral part of the learning environment at every level of education…” </li></ul>(Forbairt, 1996, p.19) Peter Drucker predicted that “ universities won’t survive … as a residential institution” (quoted from The Guardian, April 13, 2004) “ Web-ucation” December 1st 2008
  12. 12. <ul><li>Market Driven: the changing nature of the education market for higher education </li></ul><ul><li>Policy Driven: influence of government policies and the changing ways in which IT is affecting the way society functions </li></ul><ul><li>Academically driven: to respond to the impact of IT on academic subjects themselves and on teaching and learning of those subjects </li></ul>Rationale December 1st 2008
  13. 13. <ul><li>“ The first benefit to academics from Blackboard is a cut in time standing at the photocopier however, it should be used as much more than a storage location for slides. </li></ul><ul><li>One of the key benefits is that students can be encouraged to actively engage with the material. I find it useful to post a comment... with links to material and a question for the students to think about. </li></ul><ul><li>Online assessments... is a great facility for practising questions and allows tutorials to be much more than an exercise in transcribing” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seamus Coffey, Department of Economics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(2006 Presidents Award for Teaching) </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 Testimonial: “ Student Engagement”
  14. 14. <ul><li>Pedagogic rationale: enhances teaching and learning by account of diversity and varied learning styles </li></ul><ul><li>Enhancing learning rationale </li></ul><ul><ul><li>developing intellectual reasoning skills (e.g. Laurillard, 1993a, 1993b) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learning relationships between scientific concepts (Scanlon, Morris & Di Paolo, 2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>learning new representations of knowledge (Cheng, Lowe & Scaife, 2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>increases self-confidence (Gardner, Dukes & Discenza, 1993) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students as Partners </li></ul>Academically driven: December 1st 2008
  15. 15. Academically driven: Blended Model December 1st 2008
  16. 16. <ul><ul><li>“ Comment Comment Comment” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dr Robert Cosgrave, Learning Technology Unit UCC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Blackboard Expert, NAIRTL / Ionaid Bairre) </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 Testimonial: “ Institutional Benefits”
  17. 17. <ul><ul><li>Students as Consumers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching at a distance - reducing teaching costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaching more students for the same costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reducing the number of lectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different learning routes to suit the individual student </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive to match the IT practices in HE with those in industry and commerce: email and Web communications; asynchronous communication </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social rationale: students need to experience E-learning to understand how IT is used in society and how it effects the way society works and is organised </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 Market driven:
  18. 18. <ul><li>“ A blended system of traditional and e-learning approaches will be made available to students as appropriate and relevant. The balance between campus-based students and distance students will change and will be facilitated by technological advances in teaching and learning, including electronic and web-based learning.” p9 </li></ul><ul><li>“ UCC will be defined by a diverse population of students of high calibre that represent a wide variety of social and cultural backgrounds, who will experience an intellectually demanding and rewarding education that will provide them with skills relevant to the twenty first century.” p10 </li></ul><ul><li>(UCC Strategic Framework 2006-11) </li></ul>UCC’s Teaching Strategy December 1st 2008
  19. 19. Growth of 3 rd Level Ireland December 1st 2008
  20. 20. <ul><li>Irish Governmental Policy: NDP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Widen participation, increase student and graduate numbers at third level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform and modernize programme delivery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advance institutional & structural reform at third level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reform the public funding framework to ensure alignment of higher education strategies with national priorities </li></ul></ul>Policy driven: December 1st 2008
  21. 21. National Policy December 1st 2008 <ul><ul><li>Ireland 20% behind comparable countries for investment in education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland’s education system represents 4.6% of GDP against an OECD average of 5.8%. </li></ul></ul></ul>International Policy <ul><li>EU Lisbon Strategy (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Far reaching plan ‘Europe: An Information Society’ </li></ul><ul><li>To be the “most competitive and dynamic knowledge based economy in the world” </li></ul><ul><li>(by 2010) </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><ul><li>> </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 ‘ new’ students bring New Challenges <ul><ul><li>Mature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part-time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Occasional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-traditional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disabled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engaging </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Differentiating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainstreaming </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. <ul><li>“ Blackboard is a very effective tool for learning and has potential to increase access to education for under-represented groups in higher education. </li></ul><ul><li>...information technology has significantly improved students with dyslexia or paralexia to participate positively in education </li></ul><ul><li>Again research shows that initially mature students are in some cases intimated by modern ICT. Once they receive initial training their fears and anxieties quickly evaporate... </li></ul><ul><li>While students from socio-economical disadvantaged groups may not have access to computers at home... creating computer labs... widely and consistently improve their academic performance. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denis Staunton, Director of Access UCC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Irish Universities Association, Access Group) </li></ul></ul>December 1st 2008 Testimonial: “ Access Benefits”
  24. 24. <ul><ul><li>Top 5 countries for students: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China, India, Korea, Japan, Greece </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expect 5.8m in 2010 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>two-thirds will be Asian </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USA opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>legislation to encourage 1m US students to study abroad </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UCC opportunity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>prioritize recruitment in areas of spare capacity and low domestic demand </li></ul></ul></ul>Source: Institute of international Education; OECD Education at a Glance, 2007 Million Number of International Students by Year An Example of things to come Internationalization December 1st 2008
  25. 25. <ul><ul><li>- Introduction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Examples of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Positives of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>> Challenges of eLearning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Concluding Remarks </li></ul></ul>Challenges to manage Jonathan Coleman December 1st 2008
  26. 26. Problem: Human Challenges <ul><ul><li>Student motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student/ student interaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limitations for Student Development in Distance Learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regular testing and feedback </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Group near by students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blended learning </li></ul></ul>Solution “ Virtually Educated” December 1st 2008
  27. 27. Problem: Technology based challenges <ul><ul><li>High Specifications of Computers + Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technical Problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set-up Costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not excessive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Part of course pack </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open access provision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contacts for Tech staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation to share costs </li></ul></ul>Solution “ Digital Divide” December 1st 2008
  28. 28. Problem Skills based challenges Solution <ul><ul><li>Students lacking ICT skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors don’t know how to use eLearning tools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set a requirement for these e.g. ECDL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructors to be trained in how to use eLearning tools </li></ul></ul>“ Information Gap” December 1st 2008
  29. 29. Seminar: Bang, J. Virtual universities and e-learning reconsidered. Have the initiatives met the expectations? EADTU Seminar - Finish Virtual University (2005)   Conference paper: Reding, V. Is e-learning going mainstream? Learntec Forum, Karlsruhe, (2003)   Conclusions & December 1st 2008 Article: Gyambrah, M. E-Learning Technologies and Its Application in Higher Education: A Descriptive Comparison of Germany, United Kingdom and United States. (2007)   White Paper: Ruttinbur & El (2000), ELearning: the engine of the knowledge economy, Morgan Keegan & Co (2000)   Further Readings
  30. 30. Contact details: ⌨ [email_address] ⌨ [email_address] ⌨ [email_address] ⌨ [email_address] December 1st 2008 This presentation was a collaborative project via Google Docs Comments & Questions Thank you for your attention For more information visit: under module 6215