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Cognitive learning


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Cognitive learning

  1. 1. Cognitive Learning Combination of Cognitive Development Theories in Piaget and Vygotsky Presented by Jiarui Yang
  2. 2. Say the colors as fast as you can
  3. 3. Say the colors as fast as you can Red Yellow Pink Black Blue White Grey Brown
  4. 4. Jean Piaget (1896-1980) Born in Switzerland Doctorate at 21 in Natural Science Biology to Philosophy to Psychology His central theme: that adaptation is according to the achievement of a successful equilibrium in the interactions of the organism and the environment.
  5. 5. Piaget’s Stage of Cognitive Development Sensorimotor Stage (Birth Until Age 2) In this stage, behaviors are largely spontaneous and always unplanned. Preoperational Stage (Age 2 Until Age 6 or 7) In this stage language enable children to communicate with others. At the later part of this stage, children show early sign of logical. Concrete Operations Stage (Age 6 or 7 Until Age 11 or 12) Logical thinking is used when children moved into this stage, logical operations that enable them to integrate various qualities and perspectives of an object or event. Formal Operations Stage (Age 11 or 12 through Adulthood) Children acquire proportional thinking in
  6. 6. Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) Children construct their knowledge Development cannot be separated from its social context Prior conceptions and new conceptions are interwoven Language plays a central role in mental development
  7. 7. Implications of Piaget’s and Vygotsky’s Theory Children can learn a great deal through hands-on experience. Puzzling phenomena can spur children to acquire new understandings. Piaget’s stages can provide some guidance about when certain abilities are likely to emerge. Interactions with peers can promote more advanced understandings. People can learn from their mistakes.
  8. 8. References Ormrod, J. (2011). Human Learning. 6th-ed. Pearson Education, Inc. Chapman, M. (1988). Constructive evolution: Origins and development of Piaget’s thought. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Piaget, J. (1937). La construction du reer chez I’enfant. Geneva : Delachaux et Niestle. Piaget, J. (1953). To understand is to invent. New York: Grossman (French: Ouva I’education?, 1948). Mayer, S. (2008). Dewey’s Dynamic Integration of Vygotsky and Piaget. Education and Culture.
  9. 9. Thank you