This is the POWERPOINT PRESENTATION (SHOW) of the slide with the video clips and summary of: Butterfly Lovers, Madame White Snake, The Zodiac, The Four Dragons, the Dragon Princess, and Journey to the West (or the Monkey King).
• ZhuYingtaidisguises herself as a manto enteran academic
institution;unexpectedly, she falls in love withLiang
• A tragic story
• The spirits of thetwo lovers become butterflies
• They fly intothe sky, togetherand free
• Bai suzhenis a whitesnake demon whofellin love with a
• Fa hai, a monk, sensed the true natureof bai and convinced
xu xianto have herdrink wineto reveal her demon form.
• In some versions, bai suzhenand her companion, thegreen
snake Xiao qing, defeatedfa hai and she was reunited with
her husband and son.
• In other versions, however, wife and husbandwere not
reunited:bai suzhen became an immortal –-no longer a
demon-but she could no longer be with xu xian.
• In some, whitesnake was imprisoned for 1000 years; this
version hintson reincarnation
• “demons fallingin love with humansand becoming good
because of humanlove interests is a popular theme in ancient
• One version of how the 12 zodiac signs came to be:
• 1st- rat: heand cat got a ride from the ox, but rat pushed cat
into thewater and jumped on theground before the ox could
• 4th-rabbit: had hopped on steppingstones and rode a floating
log to theshore
• 5th-dragon: came in late because he had to send down rain for
people and animals;he was also responsible for blowing the
wind to carry thelog thatrabbit was on to shore
• 6th-snake: frightenedthe horse and sneakedinto sixth place
• 9th-monkey the threeof themrode on
• 10th-rooster a raft together
• 11th-dog: took a bathin theclean water
• 12th-boar: got hungry and stopped to eat; had a short nap
The four dragons
• The four dragons wanted to help thepeople who needed rain
for their crops
• They wentto the jade emperor for help, but even after many
days, there was no rain.
• The dragons decided to carry thewater from thesea in their
mouthsand pour it down from the sky.
• This angered thejade emperor who had the dragons
The four dragons
• The four dragons were imprisoned under mountains,but they
did not regret what they did.
• Stillwantingto help the people, thefour dragons became the
four great rivers of china.
• Yellow dragon, long dragon, black dragon, and pearl dragon
• A fishermanfell down a hole and found a dragon castle;
however, he was notallowed to enter.
• Eventually,hefound another way out. He told anofficial
about thecave and thedragons.
• The official informed theemperor, who called for a wise man.
• The wise man advised theemperor in his desire to obtain
treasure from thedragon.
• A messenger was sent to thedragon princess with jade
caskets and 400 roasted swallows
• The dragon princess, withthe help of a 1000- year-old dragon
who could transform into a human,gave themessengers a
• The messengers delivered thegifts to theemperor.
• The giftswere pearls of differentkinds
• A wishing pearl, black dragon pearl, serpent-pearl,sea-crane
pearl, and mussel-pearl
• Since theserpent-pearl and thesea-crane pearl were similar
in appearance, the emperor asked thewise manto help him
• The wise man told him to bring a serpent and a sea-crane. The
serpent went to the serpent-pearl, whilethe sea-crane went to
• This version tells us the advantage of being “wise. Throughout
thecourse of the story, many people did not believe thewise
manand thoughtthathe was makingthings up.
• It was only whenthemessengers delivered thetreasure to the
emperor thatthe people realized thatthewise man had been
telling the truth.
• Another version of thestory of thedragon princess: therescue
of the dragon princess
• The legend of Liu Yi delivering a letter for thedragonprincess
• A Youngscholar LiuYi was on his way to Beijing to take the
annualimperial examinationfor a civil servant position.
• Moving along, heheard someone weeping.
• He saw a young woman, surrounded by sheep.
• She was holding a whip in her hand.
• He asked her why she had been crying
• She told him thatshe was thethird daughterof theDong Ting
Lake dragon king and thethird princess in theDong Ting Lake
palace. Her father had married her offto theyoungest son,
thelast of 10 princes, of theJingheRiver dragon king.
• Her husbandwas ruthless and cruel.She triedto changehis
wicked attitude,buthe became annoyed and angry at her.
Her parents sided with her husband and they banishedher.
They turned her into a shepherdess.
• They took away the magical instrumentthatcould help her
keep in touch withher family.
• The young woman asked themanif he could deliver a letter
to her parents.
• She was hesitanttopress him for help,considering thathe still
hadsomeplaceto go, but Liuyi wantedtohelp.
• she tore offa piece ofher dress and wrotewith a smallamountof
bloodfrom her finger.
• Liuyi wentto thedong tinglakeand stood by thesacred
orange tree at thelakeside. He knocked 3x, clapped 3x and
called 3x: dong tingjun, I have a messagefor you.
• The water of thelake separated and a crab-like creature asked
him his purpose.
• He followed the creature into the lake.
• He saw a beautifulpalace withgardens.
• The dragon king wept at thefate of his daughter, but he had
to consider his friendship withthejingheriver dragons.
• But his court wantedto takeaction.
• Qiantangjun, brother of the dragon king was short-tempered
but warm and loving. He decided to rescue his niece.
• In no time, he changed intoa dragon and foughtthejinghe
• The dragon princess was restored to her family.
• A banquet was prepared forliu yi, but he was humbleand
• Whenthe dragon princess came to thankhim, he was so
astoundedat her beauty.
• Qiantangjun told liu yi thatthe dragon princess wantedto
• But liu yi said thathe did notwant theworld to thinkthathe
helped her only because of her beauty.
• He leftthe palace withouttakingany of thegiftsoffered to
• When he had arrived home, he told his mother all that had
• After one year had passed, his motherdeclared her wish to
see him get married.
• His mother had chosen a matchfor him. The daughterwas
from thelu family.
• On thenight of thewedding,liu yu was surprised to see that
his bride looked exactly like thedragon princess.
• He told his bride thereal story. She was deeply touched and
revealed thatshe really was the dragon princess.
• Liu Yi stands as an example for theold, traditionalChinese
saying thata gentlemandoes not look for areward when
giving help or benefitsto others. This saying provides a
standard for those who do good deeds to live up to.
• sun wukong
• Also known as journey to the west
• A novel written bywu cheng en
• Sanzangor tripitaka, whose namemeans3 baskets, is a
buddhistmonktaskedto retrieve the sutra or religious scrolls
• Buddha revealed to him thathe needed companions to
protect himin his journey
• Sandy or sha wujing
is a sand demon
• Pigsy or zhu bajie
is a demon pig who
is the monkeyking,
thestrongest and most
skilled monkey warrior
• Althoughthestory is about the journey ofsanzang or
xuanzangto retrieve the sutra, the novel actuallyfocuses on
• Sunwukongwas born from theearth and lived in the
mountainof fruits and flowers
• He was taughtby a master scholar and warrior, from whom
he obtained hisnyo-bo or bo staff and fromwhom he learned
to use clouds as meansof transportation
• Sunwukong was very proud and rebellious
• He disrupted a banquet of thegods and ate their fruits and
drank their wine
• The heavenly army tried to burn him, butbecause he had
drank from their cups, hehad become immortal. The attempt
had only made his eyes look like gold coins
• To try to containhis naughtybehavior,buddha struck a deal
• If he could travel a specific distancein only one leap, hewill
become the great sage of heaven
• Monkey agreed and leapt. He landed on a pillar and peed on
• When he looked up he sawbuddha and realized thathe was
• Because he lost thedeal, monkey
was imprisoned in thefive-
came to free him.
• Sunwukong thenbecame his
bodyguard and friend.