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Ereu eu as a global environmental leader


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Ereu eu as a global environmental leader

  1. 1. Lisanne Post EREU Final Paper Outline May 2011
  2. 2. <ul><li>EU: pursuit of leading role in Global Environmental Governance (GEG) </li></ul><ul><li>GEG = ‘the policy community to involve efforts to reform and re-integrate those activities and organisations bearing upon questions of environmental degradation and sustainable development, that come under the very broad umbrella of the United Nations.’ </li></ul><ul><li>- Vogler and Stephan </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>UN at the core of EU environmental policy: commitment to multilateralism. </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on one UN body: </li></ul><ul><li> UNEP or UNFCCC? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>UNEP: UN Environmental Programme (1972): focused on assisting developing countries (headquarters Nairobi) </li></ul><ul><li>UNFCCC: UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (1992): </li></ul><ul><li>Earth Summit (Rio de Janeiro) and following Conferences of the Parties (COP) </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>To what extent has the EU been able to fulfil its goals at the Kyoto, Copenhagen and Cancún Climate Conferences and how has this affected its self-proclaimed leadership role in Global Environmental Governance? </li></ul><ul><li>Topic narrowed down to climate change </li></ul><ul><li>Examination of concrete aspect of performance: effectiveness </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Effectiveness: goals realised (J ørgensen, Oberthür and Shahin) </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership: Killian and Elgstöm  </li></ul><ul><li>-Definition </li></ul><ul><li>- Division into 3 types </li></ul><ul><li>- Quality measurement </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Types of leadership : </li></ul><ul><li>Structural: builds on an actor’s material or political resources </li></ul><ul><li>Instrumenta l: exercise of political skill in negotiations </li></ul><ul><li>Directive: leading by good example </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>2 preconditions qualitative leadership: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Coherence: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal coherence : policies with external implications in different issue-areas should be consistent with each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Institutional coherence : consistency of external policies emanating from the various EU institutions (Commission, Council, Parliament). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical coherence : consistency among member states and between member state and EU policies. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronological : consistency over time </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Credibility : does the EU do what it preaches? Does the EU set good examples by creating domestic climate policies? </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of EU Environmental Ambitions </li></ul><ul><li>What is Leadership? </li></ul><ul><li>EU Actorness at UNFCCC </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of EU Effectiveness at Kyoto, Copenhagen and Cancún </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Shared Competence </li></ul><ul><li>Representation </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>From success to failure? </li></ul><ul><li>What changed?: </li></ul><ul><li>Internal conflict, less coordination or confusing representation? </li></ul><ul><li>Stronger opposing participants (US, China)? </li></ul><ul><li>Applying Leadership Theory where necessary </li></ul>