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Routine Activity & RationalChoice TheoryScholars question the definitions theoriessuch as opportunity their, environmentalcriminology, and routine activity theory ofchoosing crime in everyday life.
Definitions1. Routine Activity- “If an opportunity is a necessarycondition for crime to occur, then crime can reducedby removing the opportunity to complete the act”.2. Rational Choice Theory- “But in the end, crime is notsimply due to underlying motivation orpredispositions; it is also involves a concrete choice”.3. Pushed Pulled- “They choose to commit a crime inone situation and not another”.4. Victims-An innocent bystander, which a crime wascommitted to them by and criminal or criminalintents.
Definitions1. Victims- “The term victim of crime is alsoused to describe a survivor of criminalvictimization”.2. Victimology- “The study of the ways in whichthe behavior of crime victims may led to orcontributed to their victimization”.3. Reduced Risk- Be aware of yoursurroundings.
Composite Ecological Rank ofNeighborhood Social OrdersNeighborhood Group Neighborhood Name Relative RankingGroup 1 Beverly 1Hyde Park Kenwood 2Group 2 East Side 1Portage Park 1Group 3 Back of the Yards 1Austin 2South Shore 3
Invariance Test for the Full SampleModelModel Log Likelihood Ratio dfFull Sample 1,824.11 15Neighborhood Group 1 671.90 15Neighborhood Group 2 329.80 14Neighborhood Group 3 754.48 15Summed Model 1,756.18 44Difference* 67.93 29
Comparisonof the Two ModelsComposite Ecological Rank ofNeighborhood Social OrdersInvariance Test for the FullSample ModelModel Log LikelihoodRatio dfFull Sample1,824.11 15Neighborhood Group 1 671.9015Neighborhood Group 2 329.8014Neighborhood Group 3 754.4815Summed Model 1,756.1844Difference*67.93 29Neighborhood Group Neighborhood NameRelative RankingGroup 1 Beverly1Hyde ParkKenwood 2Group 2 East Side1Portage Park1Group 3 Back of the Yards1Austin2South Shore3
SURVEYPick two top crimes you fear the most?o Assaulto Burglaryo Robberyo Rapeo Identity Thefto Non aboveExplain why?Are the two crimes more or less victimization?o Yeso NoWould you feel comfortable reporting thecrime the authorities?o Yeso NoExplain why or why not?
What sources do you use to receiveacknowledgement on victimization crimes?o Newso Newspaper Social Networkingo Interneto Word of moutho Other resources not listedDoes this resource enhance your ability forfearful crimes?o Yeso NoHow often do you use the sources chosen toview crime?o Dailyo Once a weeko Twice a weeko Once a montho Not at all
Rational Choice Theory
Questions• Do you map out your daily routineactivities?1.• Have you ever been an victim to arobbery; burglary or mugging; assault,theft?2.• Do you feel more or less venerable tothese crimes? Explain?3.