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Flexible Transportation +
Flexible Land Use =
New Kinds of TOD
Lisa Nisenson
@GreaterPlaces | @CityDesignCards
Transformin...
If on-demand transportation services
(Uber Pool & Bridj) mimic low cost, good
transit service
Can we also “mimic” TOD?
Pre...
Growing Demand
Snail’s Pace Supply
Inefficient Land Use
Problem
@CityDesignCards
Walkability, bikes, shared use mobility & rideshare
Technology – on demand & mobile
New mobility hubs not reliant on fixed...
1. From Fixed Guideway to Flexible Transit
2. From Fixed Uses in Zoning & Building Codes to
Flex Uses
3. From Fixed Condui...
• First – let’s look at lower cost,
flexible vehicles because that
can expand supply with lower
costs
• This manufacturer ...
• A second strategy is modular
amenities like bike share, bus
stops and flex parking spaces
• These can be deployed as
nee...
Split/Bridj
Method 3: On-Demand Ride & Vanshare Pick up/Drop Off
Underway in select cities with testing in growing number ...
• If transit is more efficient for cities
than single occupancy vehicles, the
same holds true for driverless.
• These tram...
• A fifth strategy installation of
shared use services in existing
areas.
• Make use of existing areas
• Challenge: curren...
• Retrofitting suburbs important for
equity
• Climate
• As cities become expensive,
suburbs home to low income
families – ...
Method 7: Mobility Hubs for Flexible (Non-fixed) Transportation
Expansion of current bus hubs and “Kiss and Ride” drop off...
Method 8: Bike Trail Oriented TOD
Growing – usually in cities with trails, protected bike lanes & on-street lanes
Zillow@C...
• Paying for infrastructure is the
most important question mark
• Chicago – Surcharge on
Transportation Network Companies
...
Transit Screen & Ride Scout
Method 10: Tech + Apps into Transportation Demand Management
Experimental in cities with TDM p...
• Pop Up shops are uses, typically less
than 1 year lease
• Can match demand with existing,
vacant supply
• Child care
• C...
• If we can have “on demand
transportation” can we also have “on
demand” land use?
• Buildings intentionally designed with...
Walkability, Bikes, Shared Use Mobility & Rideshare
Technology & Apps
Distributed Mobility Hubs
Flexibility in land use, t...
What Can We Do? Opportunities
Note: Varies by availability & readiness
Cost High
Cost Low
Complexity HighComplexity Low
Li...
Thank You & More Information
City Design Method Cards
@CityDesignCards
(Coming to Kickstarter 2016)
Cards + App + Games + ...
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Flexible Transportation + Flexible Transportation for New Kinds of TOD

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Pecha Kucha presentation for Transforming Transportation 2016 on Equitable Transit Oriented Development

Published in: Technology
  • So - good points. ON the efficiency/inefficiency front, there are many conversations to be had on Transportation network Companies like Uber on what is unfolding. Our sense is that TNCs & driverless will come with some aspects that increase efficiency (lower car ownership, use of existing roadways) and increase inefficiency in others (latent trip demand among non-drivers, some increase VMT as autonomous cars prowl for the next rider). While importantm it's more important we figure out how to steer investments, policies and ideas that support the efficiencies. As for permanence, I think we are in an era of simultaneous changes in buildings, transportation, work, etc.. That is why we threw flexible architecture in - developers want the permanence of paying tenants. When IDEO issues a concept of driverless cars that are designed to office space, sticking to existing paradigms can be the losing proposition.
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  • I should add that of course TND tools have a huge role. But their flexibility is the opposite of permanence, and as any developer will tell you, a sense of permanence is needed to drive development.
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  • Sorry but no. Real TOD helps people concentrate in places where transit network can get them to many places, while using urban space efficiently. (Until driverlessness, it also means using labor efficiently, in terms of passengers/driver). The TNDs, by contrast are all about using urban space and labor inefficiently, thus increasing VMT and cheapening labor. TOD oriented toward wildly inefficient transportation already exists. It's called sprawl.
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Flexible Transportation + Flexible Transportation for New Kinds of TOD

  1. 1. Flexible Transportation + Flexible Land Use = New Kinds of TOD Lisa Nisenson @GreaterPlaces | @CityDesignCards Transforming Transportation 2016
  2. 2. If on-demand transportation services (Uber Pool & Bridj) mimic low cost, good transit service Can we also “mimic” TOD? Premise @CityDesignCards
  3. 3. Growing Demand Snail’s Pace Supply Inefficient Land Use Problem @CityDesignCards
  4. 4. Walkability, bikes, shared use mobility & rideshare Technology – on demand & mobile New mobility hubs not reliant on fixed guideway transit Flexibility in land use, transit stations, travel options Opportunity: Tools to Increase Supply @CityDesignCards
  5. 5. 1. From Fixed Guideway to Flexible Transit 2. From Fixed Uses in Zoning & Building Codes to Flex Uses 3. From Fixed Conduits to Flexible, Green Infrastructure 4. From Insistence on Fixed Guideways by Real Estate Developers for TOD to Medium Density Hubs Disruption: Mindset Change From Fixed to Flexible @CityDesignCards
  6. 6. • First – let’s look at lower cost, flexible vehicles because that can expand supply with lower costs • This manufacturer customizes vehicles including types for all climates • Increasing the accessibility fleet this is an important aspects of equitable TOD. Cruisecar Inc. Method 1: Light, flexible vehicles Current + ongoing innovation with solar & urban delivery @CityDesignCards
  7. 7. • A second strategy is modular amenities like bike share, bus stops and flex parking spaces • These can be deployed as needed for events, rush hour • Can even be used to test where permanent stations would be most effective or supply stations during redevelopment Fat Pencil Studios Method 2: Modular Transit Stations Current - Small Scale @CityDesignCards
  8. 8. Split/Bridj Method 3: On-Demand Ride & Vanshare Pick up/Drop Off Underway in select cities with testing in growing number of medium-sized markets @CityDesignCards • A third strategy is to establish pick and drop off points in existing areas for rideshare companies • Noted yesterday, San Francisco urging dispersal of pick up/drop off points away from heavily use transit stations • Helps the companies – efficiency • Helps awareness of the services
  9. 9. • If transit is more efficient for cities than single occupancy vehicles, the same holds true for driverless. • These trams can serve areas away from – or feeding into – fixed guideway • Progression: private campus > short spur > long spur > loops • “First-Last 2-3 miles!” • Allows the placemaking dividend – density, use mix Method 4: Driverless Trams & Transit Initial Testing – typically private closed campuses CityMobile2 @CityDesignCards
  10. 10. • A fifth strategy installation of shared use services in existing areas. • Make use of existing areas • Challenge: currently very little planning dedicated to sidewalk/curb for shared use • Competition for sidewalk space, including existing uses: sidewalk cafes, landscaping, utilitiesShared Use Mobility Summit: Tim Papendreou Method 5: Shared Use Mobility Kiosks & Spaces Underway in cities with shared vehicles & bikes @CityDesignCards
  11. 11. • Retrofitting suburbs important for equity • Climate • As cities become expensive, suburbs home to low income families – imperative to add choice • Expansive parking lots = opportunity areas for mobility hubs • Can lead to infill development • Integrate flex freight to reduce GHG Method 6: Sprawl Retrofit Current – suburban areas where projects “pencil out” for infill & redevelopment Dan Sturges @CityDesignCards
  12. 12. Method 7: Mobility Hubs for Flexible (Non-fixed) Transportation Expansion of current bus hubs and “Kiss and Ride” drop off areas MetroLynx @CityDesignCards • In U.S. – called “Kiss and Ride” • Expand to serve numerous public and private transportation companies for both heavy & flexible modes • Coordinate inter-city bus • Include room for transportation innovation to come.
  13. 13. Method 8: Bike Trail Oriented TOD Growing – usually in cities with trails, protected bike lanes & on-street lanes Zillow@CityDesignCards • Reminder – bike and walk trips are the lowest cost modes • As more cities add protected lanes, ties to trails and sharrows, Bike Oriented TOD like this one in Portland are economically feasible. • Amenities – lockers, storage • Co-locate car share • Requires commitment to maintain bike infrastructure
  14. 14. • Paying for infrastructure is the most important question mark • Chicago – Surcharge on Transportation Network Companies (e.g. Lyft, Uber) • Sent to General Fund • What if? Mobility Benefit Districts? Existing models • Tax Increment Financing (TIF) • Parking Benefit Districts • Benefits TNCs • Deliberate design for on-demand and shared use mobilityVicktor Hanacek Strategy 9: Rideshare Surcharges -> Mobility Benefit Districts Small number of Cities (Chicago) where fees fed into general fund @CityDesignCards
  15. 15. Transit Screen & Ride Scout Method 10: Tech + Apps into Transportation Demand Management Experimental in cities with TDM programs • Transportation Demand Management plans are as important as Transportation Chapter and the Capital Improvement Plan • A City’s PR Firm for how to get around • Challenge: Puts cities in position of promoting private companies • However- allows cities to extend awareness of apps (parking, car share) to car-dependent areas.
  16. 16. • Pop Up shops are uses, typically less than 1 year lease • Can match demand with existing, vacant supply • Child care • Civic Uses • Equity Angle - “Affordable Retail” • Challenge – Rigid lists of uses within zoning codes. Method 11: Architecture – Temporary Pop Ups: Retail, Civic Underway - usually as Economic Development Strategies @CityDesignCards
  17. 17. • If we can have “on demand transportation” can we also have “on demand” land use? • Buildings intentionally designed with flexible public/private first floor space? • P3’s for space? • Transit hubs • Markets • Civic Uses & Meeting Space Method 12: “On Demand” Architecture – Space that can flex for housing, retail, transportation, civic space, etc… On our wish list  @CityDesignCards
  18. 18. Walkability, Bikes, Shared Use Mobility & Rideshare Technology & Apps Distributed Mobility Hubs Flexibility in land use, transit stations, travel options Strategy Recap @CityDesignCards
  19. 19. What Can We Do? Opportunities Note: Varies by availability & readiness Cost High Cost Low Complexity HighComplexity Low Light, flexible vehicles Modular Transit Stations Ride & Vanshare Pick up/Drop Off Driverless Trams & Transit Shared Use Mobility Kiosks Sprawl Retrofit Mobility Hubs Bike Trail Oriented TOD Rideshare Surcharges Tech + Apps -> TDM Temporary Pop Ups “On Demand” Architecture @CityDesignCards
  20. 20. Thank You & More Information City Design Method Cards @CityDesignCards (Coming to Kickstarter 2016) Cards + App + Games + Web GreaterPlaces – www.greaterplaces.com Planetizen Top 10 Urban Planning Sites Connecting people seeking ineas & inspiration with civic innovators globally Consulting – Help cities adopt new technology into traditional planning & governance @GreaterPlaces & @DOtankDC Lisa Nisenson: lisa@greaterplaces.com

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