Marchick Family DYI Haggadah for the Leader 2012


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Marchick Family DYI Haggadah for the Leader 2012

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Marchick Family DYI Haggadah for the Leader 2012

  1. 1. HAGGADAHMarchick Family Haggadah Passover in Stockton 2012/5752
  2. 2. In memory of our Papas Sam, Joe & Bernard, Grammy Celia, Ann, Lilian & Ruth, Aunts Helen, Sarah, Gertrude, Mary, Arline & Faye, Uncles Ben, Jacob, Frank, Jack & Herb ...& all the people that have taught us to be here together, we remember as a blessing 04.04.2012 01:53 All content and images © 2012 DIY Holiday Co., LLC., except where otherwise noted.
  3. 3. ORDER OF THE SEDERWelcome................................................. 1Light the Candles ................................. 3Bless the Wine ...................................... 3Wash the Hands Without Blessing... 4Dip the Green Vegetable .................... 5Break the Middle Matzah ................... 6Tell the Story.......................................... 7The Four Questions ............................. 7The Exodus Journey............................. 9The Ten Plagues..................................12The Escape...........................................14Wash the Hands with a Blessing ....16Bless the Matzah ................................17Dip the Bitter Herbs ..........................18Hillel’s Sandwich .................................19Eat the Meal.........................................20Share the Afikomen ...........................21Blessing After the Meal .....................22Praise.....................................................23Conclusion ...........................................25
  4. 4. WELCOME Chag Sameach•‫חג שמח‬Good evening, and welcome to our Interfaith celebration of Passover — a holiday that rejoices in freedom, familyand the opportunities for renewal that come with the onset of spring. The booklet we’ll use to guide us through ourPassover Seder, which means order and refers to the special order of tonight’s ritual banquet, is called a Haggadah.Haggadah means the telling in Hebrew, and highlights one of our main tasks this evening: telling the story of howthe Israelite slaves were freed from bondage thousands of years ago.As we retell the Israelites’ story, we’ll be reliving their struggle to overcome adversity and oppression. But we’ll alsoconsider the struggle of many in our modern age who face similar adversity. And we, who enjoy basic freedoms,might still find in the Israelites’ story an allegory of the struggle for spiritual freedom, where we strive to let go ofthe negativity or bad habits that make us feel emotionally or psychologically enslaved.In the same way that people of many backgrounds find meaning and inspiration in the story of the Exodus, thePassover Seder itself is a cultural amalgam, incorporating symbols and rituals from a variety of influences to createa rich symbolic tapestry. (For example, the Seder’s form was heavily influenced by the traditional style of a pre-modern Greco-Roman banquet.) Tonight, we will explore the universal themes of freedom and liberation throughthe symbols of the Seder, and celebrate these values, which are shared by people across the globe.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:At some Seders, there’s a leader who runs the show. At others, guests taketurns reading the different parts. Now’s a good time to decide which approachworks best for your group.SEDER PLATE Let’s begin by taking a look at our Seder plate. We’ve got seven items, each of them symbolizing something different: a shank bone, an egg, Charoset (an apple-and-nut mixture), two servings of bitter herbs and a green vegetable, plus Matzah — the bread of affliction. Each item placed on the Seder plate is steeped in meaning. Matzah: The unleavened bread made from white flour and water that has come to symbolize the holiday’s message of redemption and freedom. Matzah commemorates the unleavened bread eaten by the Israelites who left Egypt in such haste that they could not wait for their dough to rise.1 | Welcome
  5. 5. Matzah is also referred to as Lechem Oni, or poor man’s bread. Eating it reminds us to be humble, and to alwaysremember those who are still living with less. The Matzah can either be placed on or near the Seder plate.Z’roah (Roasted Bone): A roasted lamb or chicken bone on the Seder plate symbolizing the Paschal sacrifice(Korban Pesach) that was offered during the Temple period in Jerusalem. It was traditionally roasted and eaten aspart of the meal on Seder night. Vegetarians can substitute a roasted or raw beet (which “bleeds” when cut). TheZ’roah is not eaten or handled at the Seder.Beitzah (Egg): A roasted, hard-boiled egg represents the holiday sacrifice (Korban Chaggigah) that was offered onevery holiday, including Passover, during the Temple period in Jerusalem. The egg also symbolizes mourning,representing our sadness over the destruction of the Holy Temple, while at the same time it is a symbol ofspringtime fertility. Because of its round shape, the egg represents the cycle of life, reminding us that even in themost difficult times, there is always hope for renewal. The Beitzah is not eaten or handled at the Seder, thoughmany families have a tradition of eating hard-boiled eggs dipped in salt water before the meal.Maror (Bitter Herbs) and Hazeret: The bitter herbs remind us of the bitterness of the slavery endured by theIsraelites in Egypt. Sliced or grated horseradish or Romaine lettuce are used interchangeably. Not everyone agreeson the need for both, but many Seder plates also have a place for Hazeret, since the commandment in the Bible foreating Maror is written in the plural.Charoset: This sweet mixture represents the mortar used by the enslaved Israelites to make bricks to build theDarth Vader’s cities and palaces. Ashkenazic Charoset is traditionally made by mixing together grated apples, sweetred wine, cinnamon and chopped nuts. Sephardic Charoset often includes dates and honey instead of apples.Karpas (Green Vegetable): The Karpas is dipped in salt water, in the Ashkenazic tradition, or vinegar, in theSephardic tradition, before being eaten to commemorate the tears, pain and sadness felt by the Israelites whileenslaved in Egypt. The Karpas, usually parsley, celery or potato, also represents the early years of prosperity inEgypt, as well as symbolizing spring and renewal. It is eaten directly after the Kiddush, instead of bread, which isthe norm at holiday and Sabbath meals. This unusual change prompts the four questions that ask Why is this nightdifferent from all other nights?The Orange: Susannah Heschel, a professor of Jewish studies at Dartmouth, started the ritual of including anorange on the Seder plate. She is said to have been inspired by a group of women at Oberlin College in 1984, whomade space on their Seder plates to represent those who were not explicitly present in the Passover story. Theorange symbolized solidarity with women and homosexuals. Today the orange has come to be synonymous withthe inclusion of women both in the retelling of the story of the Exodus and in Jewish life in general. The traditionwas supposedly sparked by a comment asserting that a woman has as much place on a Bimah (i.e., becoming arabbi) as an orange does on a Seder plate.An Olive: Adding an olive to the Seder plate reminds us of the olive branch, the traditional symbol for peace. Itstands for our hopes for peace in the Middle East and all over the world.Welcome: Seder Plate | 2
  6. 6. LIGHT THE CANDLES Hadlakat Nerot•‫הדלקת נרות‬Lighting the candles is the way that Jewish celebrations typically begin, and Passover is no different.Fire is an important devotional element in many traditions. In ancient days, some used it to make burnt offerings;today, it is incorporated into a wide range of spiritual and religious rituals. Though fire can take on many symbolicmeanings, one of particular relevance to the Passover story is that of new beginnings. Not only does it mark thestart of tonight’s festivities, but it is also a reminder of the fresh start the Israelites experienced in freedom.Kindling the candles of our Seder, we hope that their light will burn with the fire of liberation and the new dawn itbrings. ּ ‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ םֶֽל ֶך ְ העוֹלם אשׁר קד ּשנו‬ ָ ְ ִ ֶ ֲ ָ ָ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ .‫ב ְּמצ ְוֹתיו וצ ִונו ּ ל ְהדליק נר שׁל יוֹם טוֹב‬ ֶ ֵ ִ ַ ָּ ְ ָ ִ Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who sanctifies us with commandments, and commands us to light the festival candles. Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu l’hadlik ner shel Yom Tov. BLESS THE WINE Kadesh•ׁ‫קדש‬ ֵ ַPassover tradition commands that we enjoy our Seder in the manner of free people: reclining, relaxing andluxuriating in one another’s company. Of course, savoring the taste of wine fits right in with our mandate to enjoy!3 | Light the Candles
  7. 7. We’ll delight in four cups of wine this evening, and now we pour the first. This one is to remind us of the fourdifferent ways God or the Universe (GOU) promised to liberate the Israelites from Egyptian bondage: a) “I shalltake you out...” b) “I shall rescue you...” c) “I shall redeem you...” d) “I shall bring you...” Together, we raise ourglasses and celebrate this promise, while keeping in mind that there are still those for whom the promise offreedom goes unfulfilled.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Recite the blessing, and then drink your glass of wine or grape juice.Throughout the Seder we will be making blessings before we eat or drink. .‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם ב ּוֹרא פרי הַג ָפן‬ ֶ ִ ְּ ֵ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam borei pri hagafen. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who creates the fruit of the vine.“There is no such thing as a little freedom. Either you are all free, or you are not free.“ — Walter Cronkite WASH THE HANDS WITHOUT BLESSING ַ ּ Urchatz•‫ור ְחץ‬ Like fire, water is another powerful force in nature. And in the Passover story, it plays a particularly important role: when Moses is only a child and his life is in danger, the waters of the Nile take him out of harm’s way. And when the Israelites are making their way out of Egypt, the Red Sea’s waters are parted and they pass into freedom. Washing our hands before we eat is a good practice hygienically, but in many religious traditions washing before prayer symbolizes purification and a readiness to practice spiritual devotion as well. As we allow the cleansing waters of our Seder to pass over our hands, we summon to mind the important role water played in the liberation of the Israelite slaves, but also the way that the seemingly small gesture of washing unites us in commonality with others across traditions, cultures and faiths.Wash the Hands Without Blessing | 4
  8. 8. LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Take a cup or pitcher of water in one hand and pour it over the other hand.You can do this at a sink, or with a cup and basin at the table. If you prefer,you can have just one person symbolically wash their hands for everyone. DIP THE GREEN VEGETABLE Karpas•‫כ ַּר ְפס‬ ַּGreen is commonly embraced as the color of health, life and nature’s bounty. The green vegetable on our Sederplate, or Karpas in Hebrew, represents all three. It also signifies our hope for the future, symbolizing spring’sregenerative power and the promise of personal renewal.But the path to renewal can be long and circuitous. Plants must pass through the bitterness of winter beforeblooming into abundance in spring. Dipping our green vegetable in salt water, we symbolically taste the tears of theIsraelites’ hardships — slavery and desperation — while remembering the path to freedom that awaited them.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Take some greens, e.g., celery, parsley, pepper or lettuce, from the Seder plate,or pass around a separate bowl of vegetables, followed by a bowl of saltwater. As many of our ancestors lived in places where green vegetables werehard to find, potatoes can also be used, even though they’re not green. Say theblessing and then eat the vegetable. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who creates the fruit of the earth. ‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם ב ּוֹרא פרי‬ ִ ְּ ֵ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ .‫הָאדמה‬ ָ ָ ֲ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech haolam borei pri haadamah.5 | Dip the Green Vegetable
  9. 9. BREAK THE MIDDLE MATZAH Yachatz•‫יחץ‬ ַ ַ In the middle of our table sits a covered plate with three Matzahs. Matzah, an unleavened mix of flour and water, is the traditional Jewish Passover bread, and commemorates both the Israelites’ enslavement in and flight from Egypt. For these reasons, Matzah is also called the bread of affliction. Yet an optimist might say that Matzah represents affliction and hope. Even though it was the bread the Israelites baked as they hastily fled the chains of bondage, it was also the bread they ate as they struck out on their journey to freedom. After withdrawing the middle Matzah and breaking it in half, one side is placed back between the other two pieces in the stack. The other half — called the Afikomen, which means dessert in Greek — is wrapped in a napkin and put aside for after the meal. The above section is written in Aramaic — the language of the Talmud. It says: This is the bread of affliction that our fathers ate in the land of Egypt. Whoever is hungry, let him come and eat; whoever is in need, let him come and conduct the Seder of Passover. This year [we are] here; next year in the land of Israel. This year [we are] slaves; next year [we will be] free people. ‫הא ל ַחְמא ענ ְיא די אכלו ּ אב ְהָת ָנא ב ְּאר ְעא‬ ָ ַ ָ ַ ָ ֲ ִ ָ ַ ָ ָ ַ ְִ ֵ ִ ִ ָּ ְ ֵ ִ ִ ָּ .‫דמצ ְר ָים. כל דכ ְפין ייֵתי וייֵכֹל, כל דצ ְריך ְ ייֵתי ויפ ְסח‬ ִ ִ ְ ‫הָשׁתא הָכא, ל ְשׁנה הַב ָּאה ב ְּאר ְעא דישׂר ָאל. הָשׁתא‬ ָּ ַ ֵ ְ ִ ְ ָ ַ ָ ָ ָ ָ ָּ ַ .‫עב ְדי, ל ְשׁנה הַב ָּאה ב ְּני חוֹרין‬ ִ ֵ ָ ָ ָ ֵ ַ Ha lachma anya, di achalu avahatana, b’ara d’mitzrayim. Kol dichfin yeitei v’yeichul, kol ditzrich yeitei v’yifsach. Hashata hacha, lashanah haba-ah b’arah d’yisrael. Hashata avdei, lashanah haba-ah b’nei chorin.Break the Middle Matzah | 6
  10. 10. LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Children often steal the Afikomen and hide it, then make the adults search forit at the end of the meal. The adults then have to pay a ransom to get it back,as the Seder is not complete without sharing the Afikomen. (Tip: Considertaking a digital photo of the Afikomen to keep any “sneaky” family membershonest when they later claim a ransom!)“If you cant feed a hundred people, then just feed one.” — Mother Teresa TELL THE STORY Maggid•‫מגיד‬ ִּWe’ve arrived at the Maggid, or telling portion of our celebration, when we recall the story of the Exodus andexplain the origins of Passover traditions.THE FOUR QUESTIONSLEADER INSTRUCTIONS:The Four Questions are traditionally sung by the youngest person at the table,but if there are no children present, feel free to have everyone sing together,since many of us probably have the same questions. The Haggadah encouragespeople to ask questions to stimulate thoughtful conversation. Asking (andanswering) questions helps reveal new insights into the story of Passover. ֵּ ָּ ִ ּ ֶ ָ ְ ָ ּ ְּ ?‫מה נ ִּשׁת ַנה הַל ַּילה הַזה מכל הַלילוֹת‬ ַMah nishtanah halailah hazeh mikol haleilot? .‫שׁב ְּכל הַלילוֹת אנו ּ אוֹכ ְלין חָמץ ומצה, הַל ַּילה הַזה - כ ּולוֹ מצה‬ ּ ָּ ַ ּ ֵ 1 ָּ ַ ֶּ ָ ְ Shebchol haleilot anu ochlin chametz umatzah. Halailah hazeh kulo matzah. ִ ָ ֵּ ָ ֶ .‫שׁב ְּכל הַלילוֹת אנו ּ אוֹכ ְלין שׁאר ירקוֹת, - הַל ַּילה הַזה מרוֹר‬ 2 ָ ֶּ ָ ְ Shebchol haleilot anu ochlin shear yirakot. Halailah hazeh maror. ָ ְ ָ ְ ִ ָ ֵּ ָ ֶ .‫שׁב ְּכל הַלילוֹת אין אנו ּ מטבילין אפילו ּ פעם אחת, - הַל ַּילה הַזה שׁתי פ ְעמים‬ 3 ִ ָ ֵ ּ ְ ֶּ ָ ְ ָ ֶ ַ ַּ ִ ֲ ִ ִּ ְ ַ Shebchol haleilot ein anu matbilin afilu paam echat. Halailah hazeh shtei famim. ֶ ֵ ֵּ ָ ֶ .‫שׁב ְּכל הַלילוֹת אנו ּ אוֹכ ְלין בין יוֹשׁבין ובין מסבין, - הַל ַּילה הַזה כ ֻּלנו מסבין‬ ִּ ֻ ְ ֵ ּ ִ ְ 4 ִּ ֻ ְ ָ ֶּ ָ ְ ֵּ ִ Shebchol haleilot anu ochlin bein yoshvin uvein msubin. Halailah hazeh kulanu msubin. ָ ֵּ ָ ֶ7 | Tell the Story
  11. 11. Why is this night different from all other nights? On all other nights, we eat bread and Matzah. Why, on this night, do we eat only Matzah? We eat only 1 Matzah to remember the haste with which the Israelites fled Egypt. On all other nights, we eat a variety of vegetables. Why, on this night, do we eat only maror, a bitter 2 vegetable? We eat a bitter vegetable to remember how harsh the life of a slave is. On all other nights, we don’t dip our vegetables even once. Why, on this night, do we dip them twice? 3 We dip in salt water tonight first to remember the tears and bitter lives of our ancestors, and second, their unending hope for freedom. On all other nights, we eat sitting or reclining. Why, on this night, do we recline? We make ourselves 4 comfortable at the table because that’s what free people can do. In the past, slaves ate standing up while their masters reclined.Questioning allows us to learn about our histories, but it is also one of the surest ways to learn about ourselves.Sometimes, though, we do not know how to ask the right questions and initiate the process of discovery. Jewishtradition addresses this hurdle in the Hebrew Bible, where parents are commanded four times to share the Exodusstory with their children. According to Jewish rabbis, the command occurs four times to emphasize that peoplelearn in different ways, represented in the traditional tale of The Four Sons — one who was wise, one who waswicked, one who was simple and one who did not know how to ask at all.The many symbols, songs and rituals that we incorporate into our Seder allow each and every one of us to makesense of the story in our own way and help to instill the values of Passover — family, education and freedom.Tell the Story: The Four Questions | 8
  12. 12. THE EXODUS JOURNEY Our Passover celebration commemorates the Israelites’ freedom from bondage. But how did they come to be slaves in the first place? And how did they eventually find freedom? The story goes that Israelites first came to settle in Egypt during a time of famine in Canaan, the Israelites’ homeland. Joseph, the youngest son of the Jewish patriarch Jacob, was already living in Egypt as an advisor to the Darth Vader, and welcomed his family into Egypt to save them from starvation. At that time, the Darth Vader was friendly to the Israelites. However, it was not long before this Darth Vader died, and a wickedDarth Vader — who saw the Israelites as a threat — pushed them into servitude.9 | Tell the Story: The Exodus Journey
  13. 13. The Israelites lived as slaves in Egypt for hundreds of years. Then, one day, the Darth Vader received a prophecythat the newborn son of an Israelite would lead the slaves to freedom. To try and avoid this possibility, the DarthVader commanded that all newborn male babies of the Israelites be slaughtered. The Darth Vader’s henchmen setout to do the grisly deed, but one brave woman — Yocheved — decided to try and save her newborn boy. With herdaughter, Miriam, she prepared a basket of reeds and sent her son down the Nile, praying that someone would findand rescue him. Her prayers were answered when the Darth Vader’s daughter found the boy, adopted him andraised him as her own in the palace. She named him Moses, meaning to draw, because she had drawn him from thewater.In time, Moses grew up and discovered the truth of his identity. Feeling powerless to stop the persecution andoppression that plagued the Israelites, he absconded to the desert where he received a vision. Wandering amongthe dunes one day, he spotted a lamb and followed it to a bush that appeared to blaze with fire and yet did not burn.Then, a divine voice called to him and commanded him to return to Egypt and liberate his people. Moses had nochoice. He returned to Egypt, resolving to fulfill his destined purpose and set the Israelite slaves free.As we recall Moses’s journey to the palace to demand the Israelites’ freedom, we sing “Let My People Go.” Thissong is a spiritual that was sung by African-American slaves to give them strength to carry on, despite the tormentof their slave masters. Israel represents the African-American slaves. Egypt and Darth Vader represent the slavemasters.Tell the Story: The Exodus Journey | 10
  14. 14. "LET MY PEOPLE GO"When Israel was in Egypt land, Go down Moses,Let my people go, Way down in Egypt land,Oppressed so hard they could not stand, Tell ol’ Darth Vader,Let my people go. Let my people go!Go down Moses, God or the Universe (GOU) told Moses whatWay down in Egypt land, to do,Tell ol’ Darth Vader, Let my people go,Let my people go! He led the people of Israel through, Let my people go.As Israel stood by the waterside,Let my people go, Go down Moses,At God or the Universe (GOU) ’s command it Way down in Egypt land,did divide, Tell ol’ Darth Vader,Let my people go. Let my people go!11 | Tell the Story: "Let My People Go"
  15. 15. As we continue to modernize our Passover celebrations, the value of freedom for all remains central to our families observances. Let us revel for a moment in just how sweet it is to be together.THE 10 PLAGUESBut the Darth Vader did not readily give in to Moses’s demands. Before he would agree to set the Israelites free, 10horrific plagues beset the Egyptian people. It was only after the last, the slaying of the first-born, that the DarthVader finally agreed to liberate the Israelite slaves. Though the Israelites’ freedom is a precious gift worthy ofrejoicing in, the suffering experienced by the Egyptians in the process is also memorialized in our Seder. Theirplight is not one to be taken lightly and their affliction deserves our sorrowful recognition. To do so, we recite eachof the 10 plagues, dipping our finger in a glass of wine as we go along and placing a drop on our plate inrecognition of each one:LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Dip your finger, or a spoon, into your wine glass (which should be full), andspill a drop of wine onto your plate. We do this ten times, as we recite thenames of each of the plagues. Blood Frogs 1 ‫ דם‬Dom ָּ 2 ‫ צ ְפ ֵר ְד ּע‬Tz’fardayah ַ ֵ All the water turned to blood, leaving Frogs were everywhere, inside and out. people and animals without clean water The noise from the croaking was to drink, bathe in or water their crops unbearable. No one could sleep or move with. around in peace. Lice Wild Beasts 3 ‫ כ ִּנים‬Kinim ִ 4 ‫ ערוֹב‬Arov ָ Lice attacked people and animals, biting, Wild beasts stormed the land, snorting, sucking blood and spreading disease. No growling, biting and clawing. These amount of scratching could calm the savage animals destroyed homes and overwhelming itchHail, a deadly farms and attacked anyone in their way. combination of fire and ice, destroyed Boils everything in its path. 6 ‫ שׁחין‬Shechin ִ ְ Cattle Disease Boils, a painful skin disease, caused 5 ‫ ד ּבר‬Dever ֶ ֶ people’s flesh to burn and itch. Cattle disease brought sickness to rams, Locusts horses, camels, cows, sheep and other animals. All livestock died as there was 8 ‫ אר ְבה‬Arbeh ֶּ ַ no cure. Swarms of locusts blackened the sky and destroyed all crops. Hail 7 ‫ ברד‬Barad ָּTell the Story: The 10 Plagues | 12
  16. 16. Hail, a deadly combination of fire and ice, Death of the Firstborn destroyed everything in its path. 10 ַּ ַ ‫ מכת בכוֹרוֹת‬Makat Bechorot ְּ Every first-born Egyptian — whether Darkness 9 ְ ‫ חשׁך‬Choshech ֶ human or animal — suddenly died. The Israelites were spared the angel of death, Total darkness created chaos. Without which passed over their homes, as their the sun, the cold was bone-chilling. doorposts had been marked with the blood of the sacrificial lamb. Each year we try to wrap our heads around this part of the Passover story. We are not only struck by the cruelty of the plagues, but the nature and substance of the punishments also seem to be a bit out of our reach. Were these miracles brought about by GOU? What a strange combination of calamities, which came about as miraculously as they departed. Today, we accept as commonplace many things that would be seen as “miracles” by those who came before us. Sometimes it’s difficult to remember that hard-won freedoms seem miraculous when they happen, since years later the enormity of the accomplishment often fades. Let’s take a moment to think about what plagues us today, the woes in our world for which we cry out for miraculous solutions. What are 10 situations for which you pray for13 | Tell the Story: The 10 Plagues
  17. 17. miracles? Perhaps if we all dedicate ourselves to causes we care deeply about, we will be capable of removing some of these plagues and witnessing “miracles” in our own time.THE ESCAPEOnce in the desert, the Israelites needed to relearn how to be free. Slavery, whether of the body, mind or spirit,takes its toll.The story of the Israelites is one that is meant to inspire our own freedom journeys. Sometimes the goal is personalexploration; at other times, it is the gathering of strength for a literal fight for basic liberties. Making acommitment to liberation can be a prolonged process, where we reflect upon our efforts, grow from the challengeswe endure and seek out opportunities for improvement.For the Israelites, such improvement included an appreciation of the many blessings they had received, and themany miracles they had witnessed. Our next song, “Dayenu,” which means it would have been enough, is traditionallysung during Passover Seders to acknowledge the many reasons that Jews have had to give thanks — including theIsraelites’ freedom. Following in this example, as we sing “Dayenu” let’s also take stock of our own blessings — fromfamily to friends to the freedom to comfortably and joyously celebrate the Passover holiday. This song is meant toremind us that despite life’s difficulties and frustrations, there are always many reasons for gratitude and hope."DAYENU" .‫אל ּו ּ הוֹציאנו ּ ממצ ְר ָים, ד ּינו‬ ּ ֵּ ַ ִ ִּ ִ ָ ִ ִIlu hotzianu mimitzrayim. Dayenu. mimitzrayim.Had God or the Universe (GOU) only brought us outof Egypt. Dayenu. .‫ולֹא נ ָתן לנו ּ את הַשׁבת, ד ּינו‬ ּ ֵּ ַ ָּ ַּ ֶ ָ ַ ְIlu n atan lanu et hashabbat. Dayenu. natanHad God or the Universe (GOU) only given usShabbat. Dayenu. .‫ולֹא נ ָתן לנו ּ את הַתוֹרה, ד ּינו‬ ּ ֵּ ַ ָ ּ ֶ ָ ַ ְIlu n atan lanu et hatorah. Dayenu. natan hatorah.Had God or the Universe (GOU) only given us theTorah. Dayenu. .‫ולֹא הִכ ְניסנו ּ ל ְארץ ישׂר ָאל, ד ּינו‬ ּ ֵּ ַ ֵ ְ ִ ֶ ֶ ָ ִ ְIlu n atan lanu et hatorah. Dayenu. natan hatorah.Had God or the Universe (GOU) only brought us intothe land of Israel. Dayenu.To celebrate the Israelites’ flight from Egypt, and in thanks for our own freedom, we drink our second cup of wine.Tell the Story: The Escape | 14
  18. 18. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who creates the fruit of the vine. .‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם ב ּוֹרא פרי הַג ָפן‬ ֶ ִ ְּ ֵ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam borei pri hagafen.15 | Tell the Story: "Dayenu"
  19. 19. "Dayenu" ּ ‫אלו ּ הוֹציאנו ּ ממצ ְרים ולֹא עשׂה ב ָּהם שׁפ ָטים, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ִ ְ ֶ ָ ָ ְ ַ ִ ִ ָ ִ ִ .‫אלו ּ עשׂה ב ָּהם שׁפ ָטים, ו לֹא עשׂה באלֹהיהם, ד ּיינו‬ ּ ֵ ַ ֶ ֵ ֵ ָ ָ ִ ְ ֶ ָ ָ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ עשׂה באלֹהיהם, ולֹא הָרג את בכוֹריהם, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ֶ ֵ ְּ ֶ ַ ְ ֶ ֵ ֵ ָ ָ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ הָרג את בכוֹריהם ולֹא נ ָתן לנו ּ את ממוֹנם, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָ ָ ֶ ָ ַ ְ ֶ ֵ ְּ ֶ ַ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ נ ָתן לנו ּ את ממוֹנם ולֹא קרע לנו ּ את הַים, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָּ ֶ ָ ַ ָ ְ ָ ָ ֶ ָ ַ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ קרע לנו ּ את הַים ולֹא הֶעבירנו ּ בתוֹכוֹ ב ֶּחָר ָבה, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָ ְּ ָ ֵ ֱ ְ ָּ ֶ ָ ַ ָ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ הֶעבירנו ּ בתוֹכוֹ ב ֶּחָר ָבה ולֹא שׁקע צ ֶַָרנו ּ בתוֹכוֹ, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ְּ ֵ ַ ְ ְ ָ ְּ ָ ֵ ֱ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ שׁקע צ ֶַָרנו ּ בתוֹכוֹ ולֹא ספק צ ָר ְכנו ּ ב ּמדבר אר ְב ָּעים שׁנה, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָ ָ ִ ַ ָּ ְ ִ ֵּ ֵּ ִ ְ ְּ ֵ ַ ִ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ ספק צ ָר ְכנו ּ ב ּמדבר אר ְב ָּעים שׁנה ולֹא הֶאכילנו ּ את הַמן, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָּ ֶ ָ ִ ֱ ָ ָ ִ ַ ָּ ְ ִ ֵּ ֵּ ִ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ הֶאכילנו ּ את הַמן ולֹא נ ָתן לנו ּ את הַשׁבת, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָּ ַ ֶ ָ ַ ְ ָּ ֶ ָ ִ ֱ ִ .‫אלו ּ נ ָתן לנו ּ את הַשׁבת, ולֹא קר ְבנו ּ ל ִפ ְני הר סיני, ד ּיינו‬ ּ ֵ ַ ַ ִ ַ ֵ ָ ֵ ְ ָּ ַ ֶ ָ ַ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ קר ְבנו ּ ל ִפ ְני הר סיני, ולֹא נ ַָתן לנו ּ את הַתוֹרה, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָ ּ ֶ ָ ַ ְ ַ ִ ַ ֵ ָ ֵ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ נ ַָתן לנו ּ את הַתוֹרה ולֹא הִכ ְניסנו ּ ל ְארץ ישׂר ָאל, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ֵ ְ ִ ֶ ֶ ָ ִ ְ ָ ּ ֶ ָ ַ ִ ּ ‫אלו ּ הִכ ְניסנו ּ ל ְארץ ישׂר ָאל ולֹא ב ָנה לנו ּ את בית הַב ְּחירה, ד ּיינו‬ ֵ ַ ָ ִ ֵּ ֶ ָ ָ ְ ֵ ְ ִ ֶ ֶ ָ ִ ִ Singing “Dayenu” is one way we can remind ourselves to be thankful for our comforts, freedoms and privileges. “Dayenu” is about counting our blessings. Looking at all that we have, we realize that even a small proportion of that would be enough. At the beginning of the Seder, we invite all those who are hungry or in need to join us. How lucky we are to be in that position. We were once impoverished, but now we are able to gather around a holiday table and enjoy a large, festive meal with loved ones. At this moment in time, we have more than enough. Dayenu. Let’s take a moment not only to recount the many things we are grateful for, but also to dedicate ourselves to taking small meaningful steps to help eradicate injustice. WASH THE HANDS WITH A BLESSING Rochtzah•‫ר ַחְצה‬ ָWe wash our hands now for the second time tonight, doing so as we prepare to bless and eat the food.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:It’s a tradition to make a blessing when washing one’s hands before eatingbread, so even though tonight’s “bread” is matzah, we still wash our handsfollowed by a blessing. You can choose to have one person wash for everyone,like you did earlier, but then everyone should join together to say the blessing.Wash the Hands with a Blessing | 16
  20. 20. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who sanctifies us with commandments and commands us to wash our hands. ּ ‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם, אשׁר קדשׁנו‬ ָ ְ ִ ֶ ֲ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ .‫ב ְּמצ ְוֹתיו וצ ִונו ּ על נ ְטילת ידים‬ ִ ַָ ַ ִ ַ ָּ ְ ָ ִ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu al n’tilat yadayim.Returning to the element of water signifies the Israelites’ crossing of the Red Sea. When they did so, they passedinto a life of freedom from physical bondage once and for all. As we allow cool waters to pass over our hands again,let us imagine this as our own moment of crossing and symbolically set an intention to shed whatever chains —whether personal, societal or spiritual — keep us enslaved. BLESS THE MATZAH Motzi Matzah•‫מוציא מוצה‬As the Israelites prepared for their journey out of Egypt, they had little time to bake bread for the road ahead.Instead of using yeast and allowing their dough to rise, the Israelites threw together a basic mix of wheat and waterto make the crispy crackers we now enjoy every Passover: Matzah.The two blessings that come next commemorate both the bread they intended to bake and the Matzah they had nochoice but to eat because of their haste. This pairing of prayers symbolizes the best intentions we bring to everysituation, and that even though sometimes realities force us to compromise, that too can lead to a good result (inthis case, freedom for the Israelites).LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Take what’s left of the middle matzah, break it into pieces, and pass themaround for everyone to eat after you say the blessings together. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who sanctifies us with commandments and commands us to eat unleavened bread.17 | Bless the Matzah
  21. 21. ‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם הַמוֹציא ל ֶחם מן‬ ִ ֶ ִ ּ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ .‫הָארץ‬ ֶ ָ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam hamotzi lechem min ha’aretz. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who brings forth bread from the earth. ּ ‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם, אשׁר קד ּשנו‬ ָ ְ ִ ֶ ֲ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ .‫ב ְּמצ ְוֹתיו וצ ִונו ּ על אכילת מצה‬ ָּ ַ ַ ִ ֲ ַ ָּ ְ ָ ִ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu al achilat matzah. DIP THE BITTER HERBS Maror•‫מרֹור‬The Israelites fled to freedom speedily, eager to escape the bitterness of their bondage. We now commemorate thatbitterness by eating a portion of bitter herbs. And yet, there’s a treat to mitigate the tear-jerking effect of the herbs:Charoset. Commonly prepared from a mix of apples, nuts, raisins and honey, Charoset is meant to symbolize themortar that the Israelite slaves used to make bricks when building the Darth Vader’s palaces. For us, it will alsoserve as a sign of hope — a reminder that even the most desperate situations can yield to the sweetness of a brighterfuture.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:If you like spicy foods, or just want to bring real tears to your eyes, considerpeeling and grating your own fresh horseradish (with a bit of white vinegar soit sticks together) on the day of the Seder. If you keep it sealed until you use it,your guests will surely thank you for clearing their sinuses. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who sanctifies us with commandments and commands us to eat the bitter herb.Dip the Bitter Herbs | 18
  22. 22. ּ ‫ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם, אשׁר קד ּשנו‬ ָ ְ ִ ֶ ֲ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ ‫ב ְּמצ ְוֹתיו וצ ִונו ּ על‬ ַ ָּ ְ ָ ִ ‫.אכילת מרוֹר‬ ָ ַ ִ ֲ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam asher kid’shanu b’mitzvotav v’tzivanu al achilat maror. HILLEL’S SANDWICH Koreich•ְ ‫כ ּוֹר ֵך‬ In combining our Maror — or bitter herbs — with Charoset, we are following in a tradition begun by the great Jewish rabbi Hillel. Gathering these three symbols of slavery together — Maror, Charoset and Matzah — we are called to reflect on the many different aspects of the Israelites’ experience in bondage: their bitterness, their quickness in fleeing and, finally, the sweetness of their freedom. For us, the sandwich also serves as a reminder that striving for inclusion, acceptance and understanding can create harmony out of diversity.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Take the bottom matzah to make this unusual sandwich. Feel free to useadditional pieces of matzah if you need them.“If I am not for myself, who will be for me? But if I am only for myself, what am I? And,if not now, when?” — Rabbi Hillel, the Elder19 | Hillel’s Sandwich
  23. 23. EAT THE MEAL Shulchan Oreich•‫שולחן עורך‬ It’s finally time to eat our savory, delicious meal. Let’s dig in, allowing ourselves to enjoy the great gifts of our freedom: community, comfort and — of course — cuisine!LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Kids, if you haven’t already taken and hidden the Afikomen, now’s the time todo it. Work together so you are in the strongest position to get what you want.The grown-ups need to have that Afikomen back in order to end the Seder.Grown-ups, feel free to make this into a treasure hunt, but be prepared tostrike a deal at the end, so you can be sure you get the Afikomen back. If thereare no children present, consider using this game of hide and seek as anopportunity to donate to your favorite charity.Seder ZingerEnough lessons! Enough symbols! Let’s eat!Eat the Meal | 20
  24. 24. SHARE THE AFIKOMEN ּ ָ Tzafun•‫צפון‬Apart from the Four Questions, the search for the Afikomen is perhaps children’s most beloved part of the Sederservice. The meal cannot be officially concluded until it’s found, but once it is, children are often encouraged tohold it “hostage” until a small gift or treat has been received in exchange.The Afikomen is sometimes said to be symbolic of the Jews’ Passover offering, which was made in ancient days atthe old Temple in Jerusalem to demonstrate their thanks for their ancestors’ deliverance from slavery.Today, the Afikomen is broken apart and shared among all the Seder guests, a reminder that we must open ourhearts to one another — working together as a community and serving as a support system to those within it.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:Once it is found, break the Afikomen into many small pieces so that everyoneat the Seder gets a taste.“My humanity is bound up in yours, for we can only be human together.” — Desmond Tutu21 | Share the Afikomen
  25. 25. BLESSING AFTER THE MEAL Barekh•ְ ‫ב ָּר ֵך‬ We’re now ready to say grace after having enjoyed a delicious and bountiful meal. And feel free to fill your wine glasses to the top — it’s also time to enjoy the evening’s third cup of wine. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who creates the fruit of the vine. ‫.ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם ב ּוֹרא פרי הַג ָפן‬ ֶ ִ ְּ ֵ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam borei pri hagafen.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:At some Seders, everyone pours a little wine or grape juice from their cups intoElijah’s cup. If there are very small children at the Seder, sometimes grown-upslightly shake the table so it looks like Elijah is actually drinking.“I am not free if I am taking away someone else’s freedom, just as surely as I am not free when freedom is taken away from me. The oppressed and theoppressor alike are robbed of their humanity.” — Nelson MandelaBlessing After the Meal | 22
  26. 26. PRAISE Hallel•‫הַלל‬ ֵּ At this point in the Seder, it is customary to sing songs celebrating the Israelites’ success, reveling with friends and family in the joyfulness of our holiday celebration. The origins of this tradition lie in Psalms 113–118, which is also sometimes called The Exodus Hallel. Hallel means praise, and has even passed into common English usage with the word Hallelujah, which literally translates to praise God or the Universe (GOU) . At our Seder, we will rejoice in the Israelites’ freedom, and show gratitudefor our own, by singing “Oh Freedom.” This song was popularized during the American Civil Rights Movement inthe 1960s, and is thought to have originated as a folk song among newly liberated African-American slavesfollowing the Civil War.23 | Praise
  27. 27. “OH FREEDOM”Oh freedom, oh freedom, oh freedom over meAnd before I’d be a slave I’ll be buried in a my graveAnd go home to my Lord and be freeNo more mourning, no more mourning, no more mourning over meAnd before I’d be a slave I’ll be buried in a my graveAnd go home to my Lord and be freeNo more crying, no more crying, no more crying over meAnd before I’d be a slave I’ll be buried in a my graveAnd go home to my Lord and be freeOh freedom, oh freedom, oh freedom over meAnd before I’d be a slave I’ll be buried in a my graveAnd go home to my Lord and be freeThere’ll be singin’, there’ll be singin’, there’ll be singin’ over meAnd before I’d be a slave I’ll be buried in a my graveAnd go home to my Lord and be freeOh freedom, oh freedom, oh freedom over meAnd before I’d be a slave I’ll be buried in a my graveAnd go home to my Lord and be free“Freedom is the basic condition for you to touch life, to touch the blue sky, the trees, the birds, the tea, and the other person.” — Thich Nhat HanhChad GadyaChad gadya, Chad gadya.My father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Then came the cat, that ate the kid, my father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Then came the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid, my father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Then came the stick, that beat the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid, my father bought for two zuzim. Chadgadya, Chad gadya.Then came fire that burnt the stick, that beat the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid, my father bought for twozuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Then came the water, that quenched the fire, that burnt the stick, that beat the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid,my father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Praise: “Oh Freedom” | 24
  28. 28. Then came an ox who drank the water, that quenched the fire, that burnt the stick, that beat the dog, that bit thecat, that ate the kid, my father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Then came a butcher who slaughtered the ox, who drank the water, that quenched the fire, that burnt the stick,that beat the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid, my father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gadya.Then came death’s angel who killed the butcher, who slaughtered the ox, who drank the water, that quenched thefire, that burnt the stick, that beat the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid, my father bought for two zuzim. Chadgadya, Chad gadya.Then came the [god, Divine Presence, who smote death’s angel, who killed the butcher, who slaughtered the ox,who drank the water, that quenched the fire, that burnt the stick, that beat the dog, that bit the cat, that ate the kid,my father bought for two zuzim. Chad gadya, Chad gad-ya. CONCLUSION Nirtzah•‫נ ִר ְצה‬ ָA Seder, like our lives, is a journey. Martin Buber, a great Jewish thinker of the twentieth century, once said that“all journeys have secret destinations of which the traveler is unaware.” We set out on tonight’s Seder with theintention of commemorating the Israelites’ deliverance from slavery, but hopefully we discovered somethingunexpected and insightful as well.Before officially ending tonight’s Passover celebration, we lift our fourth and final cup of wine. Fill it up — this is acup of joy and hope, hope that soon all peoples will be able to come together as friends and equals, and enjoyfreedom in their bodies, hearts and minds. The words of a popular Jewish song, “Hine Ma Tov,” which means Howgood it is!, capture the spirit of amity we summon tonight: “Hineh, ma tov u-manayim How good and how pleasant itis, Shevet achim gam yachad / When people dwell together in unity!”As we conclude, we set an intention of carrying the lessons of this Seder with us through the year, so we can aid inthe realization of freedom for all. With this sentiment in mind, we end our Seder with the traditional expressionNext Year in Jerusalem, with the hope that Jerusalem will become a city of peace and a symbol of hope. Next year,may there be peace and freedom for everyone. Blessed are You, God or the Universe (GOU) , Divine Presence, who creates the fruit of the vine. ‫.ברוך ְ אתה יי אלֹהינו ּ מל ֶך ְ העוֹלם ב ּוֹרא פרי הַג ָפן‬ ֶ ִ ְּ ֵ ָ ָ ֶ ֵ ֱ ָ ּ ַ ּ ָּ25 | Conclusion
  29. 29. Baruch Atah Adonai Eloheinu melech ha’olam borei pri hagafen.LEADER INSTRUCTIONS:There are many different songs that you can sing here that symbolize hope.Some families sing the traditional “L’shana Hab’a’ B’yerushalyim” — Next Yearin Jerusalem. Some sing the Israeli national anthem, called “Hatikvah,” whichmeans <em>hope</em>. Others have a tradition of singing what becameknown as the Partisan song during WWII, which also signified hope anddefiance in the face of all evil. Although everyone’s tired, it’s nice to finish yourSeder with a song, so choose one that works for your family."HINE MA TOV"How good and how pleasant it isHineh, ma tov u-manayimWhen people dwell together in unity!”Conclusion: "Hine Ma Tov" | 26
  30. 30. Shevet achim gam yachad!“Those who deny freedom of others, deserve it not for themselves.” — Abraham Lincoln At Passover Seders, it’s typical to conclude with a festive toast and a wish for universal peace. In Judaism as is our Finkelstein-Marchick family tradition, this universal peace is symbolized by the city of Jerusalem shared not only with Muslims and Christians but secular Jews of all traditions as well. Please join together as we proudly say in unison, “Next Year in Jerusalem!”27 | Conclusion: "Hine Ma Tov"