2010/09/20 Ross (1999). Finding without seeking: the information encounter in the context of reading for pleasure. Informa...
Introduction <ul><li>browsing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>goal-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>semi-structured search tacti...
Introduction(II) <ul><li>readers constantly scan their environments for hints and suggestions, using their previous experi...
Question <ul><li>Why nonusers of services are indeed nonusers  ? </li></ul><ul><li>even though it is assumed they have pro...
About the study <ul><li>To understand of the information encounter in the context of daily living.  </li></ul><ul><li>194 ...
About the study(II) <ul><li>factors that fostered or hindered reading in childhood ? </li></ul><ul><li>how the reader goes...
Discussion <ul><li>Reading: an activity integrated into the texture of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>being unable to read was...
Discussion(II) <ul><li>Choosing books to read for pleasure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what these strategies mean for the peopl...
Discussion(III) <ul><li>Strategies for selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading experience wanted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><l...
Conclusion <ul><li>The reader /searcher is actively engaged in constructing meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The affective dimens...
<ul><li>Thanks for listening!! </li></ul>
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Ross (1999)

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Ross (1999)

  1. 1. 2010/09/20 Ross (1999). Finding without seeking: the information encounter in the context of reading for pleasure. Information Processing and Management, 35, 783-799.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><li>browsing: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>goal-oriented </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>semi-structured search tactic to be used after some initial formulation of a query. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>An exception is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>community or citizen information or information related to “everyday life” ? </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Introduction(II) <ul><li>readers constantly scan their environments for hints and suggestions, using their previous experience with books and reading to help them interpret cues. They encounter material that helps them in the context of their lives </li></ul>
  4. 4. Question <ul><li>Why nonusers of services are indeed nonusers ? </li></ul><ul><li>even though it is assumed they have problem situations ? </li></ul>
  5. 5. About the study <ul><li>To understand of the information encounter in the context of daily living. </li></ul><ul><li>194 interviews with adult readers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reading for pleasure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>read a lot and read by choice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>heavy readers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male 35% v.s. Female 65% </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. About the study(II) <ul><li>factors that fostered or hindered reading in childhood ? </li></ul><ul><li>how the reader goes about choosing or rejecting a book ? </li></ul><ul><li>ways in which a particular book has made a difference ? </li></ul><ul><li>Rereading ? </li></ul><ul><li>the reader’s idea of the perfect book ? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Discussion <ul><li>Reading: an activity integrated into the texture of life </li></ul><ul><ul><li>being unable to read was unthinkable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>part of the reader's identity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>something they can do ``just about anytime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>「 privileged apartness 」 (Steiner, 1971) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Discussion(II) <ul><li>Choosing books to read for pleasure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what these strategies mean for the people who perform them ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>started with their own mood at the time of reading </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>depended on </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*previous experience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>meta-knowledge of authors, publishers, cover art(preference) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>*a social network of family or friends (recommendation agents) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>behind the eyes knowledge (Smith, 1982) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Discussion(III) <ul><li>Strategies for selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reading experience wanted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alerting sources that the reader uses to find out about new books </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elements of the book itself that readers take into account in order to match book choices to the reading experience desired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clues on the book itself used to determine the reading experience being offered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost in time, money, or cognitive energy involved for the reader in getting intellectual or physical access to a particular book. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Conclusion <ul><li>The reader /searcher is actively engaged in constructing meaning </li></ul><ul><li>The affective dimension is a critical part of the reader/searcher’s transaction with texts </li></ul><ul><li>Reader/searcher give a strong weight to the value of trust </li></ul><ul><li>Reading occurs within a network of social relations </li></ul><ul><li>Experienced readers/searchers have a well-developed heuristic for making choices that depends on extensive previous experience. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Thanks for listening!! </li></ul>

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