Ice Hockey


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Ice Hockey

  1. 1. Ice Hockey Why It’s So Canadian By Nick & Cledis
  2. 2. Hockey History <ul><li>Ice hockey was invented in Canada </li></ul><ul><li>European immigrants brought different versions of hockey-like games to North America like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurling (an Irish sport) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shinty (a Scottish sport) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Versions of field hockey (played in England) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The first known set of ice hockey rules were drawn up in the early 1870’s by students at Montreal's McGill University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>These rules established the number of players per side to 9 and replaced the ball with a square puck. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>On March 3, 1875 the first organized indoor game was played at Montreal's Victoria Skating Rink by James George Aylwin Creighton and several McGill University students </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hockey History (cont.) <ul><li>In 1892, recognizing that there was no gratitude for the best team in all of Canada he purchased a decorative bowl for use as a trophy which we now know today as the Stanley Cup </li></ul><ul><li>Winnipeg hockey players had included cricket pads to protect the goaltender's legs. </li></ul><ul><li>They also introduced the &quot;scoop&quot; shot which we now know as the wrist shot. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1943, the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association declared Kingston the birthplace of hockey </li></ul>
  4. 4. Game Basics <ul><li>The game is played with 6 players on each team on the ice at a time </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 defence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 offence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 goalie </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The three offence are also known as the center, the right wing and the left wing. </li></ul><ul><li>The object of the game is to get the rubber disk also known as the puck into the other teams net as many times as possible </li></ul><ul><li>You must control the puck with a long stick that has a blade that is curved at the end. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Hockey Equipment <ul><li>helmet </li></ul><ul><li>shoulder pads </li></ul><ul><li>elbow pads </li></ul><ul><li>mouth guard </li></ul><ul><li>protective gloves </li></ul><ul><li>heavily padded shorts </li></ul><ul><li>athletic cup/jock </li></ul><ul><li>shin pads </li></ul><ul><li>chest protector </li></ul><ul><li>neck protector </li></ul><ul><li>hockey skates </li></ul><ul><li>hockey stick </li></ul>
  6. 6. Hockey Hall of Fame <ul><li>The hockey hall of fame is located in Toronto, Canada </li></ul><ul><li>It was originally located in Kingston, Ontario </li></ul><ul><li>Established in 1943 under the leadership of James T. Sutherland </li></ul><ul><li>It was moved to Toronto in 1958 after the NHL withdrew its support for the Kingston location </li></ul><ul><li>The Stanley cup is on display in the great hall in the hockey hall of fame </li></ul>
  7. 7. National Hockey League Awards <ul><li>There are a number of awards like: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presidents' Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>William M. Jennings Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Art Ross Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maurice 'Rocket' Richard Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart Memorial Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vezina Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>James Norris Memorial Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calder Memorial Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lady Byng Memorial Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conn Smythe Trophy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jack Adams Award </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The most important award in the NHL is the Stanley Cup which is awarded to the team who wins the playoff final </li></ul>
  8. 8. Lord Stanley’s Cup <ul><li>the trophy was donated by former Governor General of Canada Lord Stanley of Preston in 1892 </li></ul><ul><li>Current holder is Detroit Redwings </li></ul><ul><li>The original bowl was made of silver and has a height of 18.5 cm and 29 cm in width. The current Stanley Cup is made of silver and nickel alloy </li></ul><ul><li>Today, it has a height of 89.54 cm and weighs 15.5 kilograms </li></ul><ul><li>The team that won this trophy the most is the Montreal Canadiens </li></ul><ul><li>The Stanley Cup’s nicknames are The Cup, The Holy Grail and Lord Stanley’s Mug </li></ul>
  9. 9. Great Canadian Players <ul><li>Wayne Gretzky </li></ul><ul><li>Bobby Orr </li></ul><ul><li>Maurice “Rocket” Richard </li></ul><ul><li>Sidney Crosby </li></ul><ul><li>Mario Lemieux </li></ul><ul><li>Gordie Howe </li></ul><ul><li>Bobby Hull </li></ul><ul><li>Jacques Plante </li></ul><ul><li>Steve Yzerman </li></ul><ul><li>Joe Sakic </li></ul><ul><li>Mike Bossy </li></ul><ul><li>Brett Hull </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick Roy </li></ul><ul><li>Guy Lafleur </li></ul><ul><li>Mark Messier </li></ul>
  10. 10. Canadian National Hockey League Teams <ul><li>Montreal Canadiens </li></ul><ul><li>Ottawa Senators </li></ul><ul><li>Toronto Maple Leafs </li></ul><ul><li>Calgary Flames </li></ul><ul><li>Edmonton Oilers </li></ul><ul><li>Vancouver Canucks </li></ul>