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Y9 geu5f adaptaions apr19pp


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Y9 geu5f adaptaions apr19pp

  1. 1. Changing ways they farm to beat climate change
  2. 2. Kenya My PowerPoint project on Kenya Dairy Goat and Capacity Building Project By Betsy Blue English
  3. 3. This map shows just how big Kenya is from the rest of the countries in Africa. And this is a close up
  4. 4. <ul><li>Kenya is situated in East Africa, and is bordered by Somalia, Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania and the Indian Ocean. Kenya is one of the poorest countries in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>75% of the country is arid and semi-arid (regions that receive low annual precipitation) which proves a difficulty for crop farming. Most farmers rely on livestock for their income </li></ul><ul><li>Kenya Dairy Goat and Capacity Building Project </li></ul><ul><li>In the arid Mwingi and Kitui districts of the Eastern Province, over 60% of people live in poverty. Only one in five people has access to clean water. The average household doesn’t have enough land to sustain a farm which means farming is very limited. </li></ul><ul><li>In these difficult circumstances, people are trying to earn enough money to feed their families and afford essentials like healthcare and clothing. Goat keeping is ideal for these struggling districts. Goats need less space than cows and goats' milk is highly nutritious, so it goes a long way to reducing malnutrition. Through breeding goats and selling the milk households can quickly increase their income. In addition, this is an activity that women traditionally undertake. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Building on the success of other dairy goat projects, FARM-Africa is now helping to increase the availability of affordable animal healthcare in the area by training Community Animal Health Workers. This is combined with training in how to locate safe water sources for household use and irrigation, and help with establishing fodder and food crops. All this contributes to the long term viability and sustainability of goat rearing as a key source of income to the communities, and helps build the already successful Dairy Goat model. Through farmers' groups and women's groups, communities are improving their understanding and practices for goat-keeping, breeding and animal healthcare. </li></ul><ul><li>FARM-Africa are working directly with 1,000 smallholder farmer households. A further 30,000 households are benefiting from access to goats' milk, improved goats for cross-breeding, animal health services and clean water. </li></ul>
  6. 7. GEOGRAPHY HWK WEEK 24 By Charlotte Fox
  7. 8. Kenya <ul><li>Kenya is in East Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>It is one the poorest countries </li></ul><ul><li>in Africa.Farming crops is </li></ul><ul><li>hard there because 75% of </li></ul><ul><li>there is very dry. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Kenya Dairy Goat and Capacity Building Project <ul><li>In the arid Mwingi and Kitui </li></ul><ul><li>districts of the eastern Province, </li></ul><ul><li>over 60% of people </li></ul><ul><li>live in poverty. Only a few </li></ul><ul><li>people have water. People are </li></ul><ul><li>trying to earn enough money </li></ul><ul><li>to feed their families and </li></ul><ul><li>afford healthcare and clothing. </li></ul><ul><li>Goat keeping is ideal for this. </li></ul><ul><li>Goats need less space than cows </li></ul><ul><li>and goats milk is highly nutritious, </li></ul><ul><li>so it goes a long way to </li></ul><ul><li>reducing malnutrition. </li></ul>
  9. 11. Kenya Dairy Goat and Capacity Building Project by Nathan <ul><li>In Kenya, over 60% of the population are living in poverty. The average household has half an hectare of land, which does not provide the with enough land to sustain themselves. Men are leaving the villages to go to cities in search of work, leaving women behind to do everything themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Goat keeping is ideal for the people, due to the fact goats need less space than cows, and the milk is very nutritious, helping with malnutrition. Breeding goats and selling milk is a great way to make money, and it is a job which women can undertake. </li></ul>
  10. 12. <ul><li>Farm-Africa is currently training many Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs). They are trained to look after animals, plus find safe water for irrigation, and help with establishing crops. The community is improving it’s understanding and practices for goat keeping, breeding and animal healthcare. </li></ul><ul><li>The community members receive pure bred Toggenburg goats, and are taught how to cross breed to create new high milk yielding breeds. </li></ul><ul><li>The project is used to set a good example to other governments and communities, so that more can adopt the practices and benefit from them. </li></ul>
  11. 13. A little Something by Harrison <ul><li>East Africa has a lack of information for animal health, medicines and vaccines. Farm Africa is working in alliance with global alliance to change this, the project was started in 2008 by Bill and Malinda Gates to protecting livestock and human lives. With poor communication the farmers were often cut off from development initiatives that changed livestock from across the world, this is one of the many things changed. </li></ul>
  12. 14. An example of animal health care.
  13. 15. Ethiopia
  14. 16. Poverty Ethiopia
  15. 17. Work in Ethiopia
  16. 18. What they want to do.
  17. 19. Ethiopia – Afar Prosopis Management Project BY ZOE CURLING (:
  18. 20. What they are wanting to achieve! <ul><li>The prosopis Management Project team are trying to help pastoraists in Afar to find the best ways to clear their land of prosopis, and use the plant to generate income. </li></ul>
  19. 21. What has happened... <ul><li>The Afar pastoralists live in one of the most inhospitable places on earth. Grazing areas are scarce with rare vegetation. In recent years these precious grazing areas have been invaded by a very aggressive and thorny plant called Prosopis ( Prosopis juliflora ). </li></ul><ul><li>It was originally introduced by the government to stabilise the soil but it has now spread into the main grazing areas, killing local plant species and reducing the grazing available to livestock. </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>Prosopis is very hard to control once grown, shading out all plants around it. The Afar, with FARM-Africa's help, have tried lots of options to control Prosopis and now use it to generate income. The most effective is cutting down the tree and uprooting the trunk. </li></ul><ul><li>The tree can be put into highly nutritious animal feed, which can be sold to earn money. </li></ul><ul><li>FARM-Africa is working directly with communities, helping them find the best ways to clear the Prosopis, restore grazing lands and generate income. </li></ul>
  21. 23. How are communities benefiting? <ul><li>Control measures are tested to clear the Prosopis including cutting, herbicides, fire and biological methods or combinations. </li></ul><ul><li>Community groups are set up to manage a fund of money and decide on development priorities for their local area. Community members can then apply to these groups to access money to fund small projects such as livestock marketing. </li></ul><ul><li>Products such as animal feed are made from unwanted Prosopis which can be sold. </li></ul><ul><li>FARM-Africa is capturing learning from the project to develop a model of good-practice that we can share with local governments and other NGOs, so that many more communities can benefit from our experiences and adopt the new practices. </li></ul>
  22. 24. By Jasmine Potts 12.04.10
  23. 26. <ul><li>Improves access to clean, safe water. With our training, community members are learning how to build safe and clean shallow wells. We're rehabilitating old boreholes, digging new ones and training mechanics to ensure they stay in good working order. Clear water from covered wells and boreholes has a big impact on health for the whole family. </li></ul><ul><li>Famers' groups are receiving help to research suitable crops and vegetables to grow, and sharing their learning with other farmers in the community. </li></ul><ul><li>We're giving people the tools, seeds and goats needed to grow food and produce nutritious goats' milk. </li></ul><ul><li>We're training and equipping a network of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) who offer a simple veterinary service to surrounding villages. People are boosting their incomes by training as a CAHW or using the CAHW's expertise to improve the production of their livestock. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li> TSSLRDP= The Southern Sudan Livelihoods Rehabilitation and Development Project </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  24. 28. Rebuilding communities after civil war Wayne Botha
  25. 29. <ul><li>Southern Sudan is a mere shadow of its former self as a result of civil war. Those who are returning to it now have little hope for building homes, without livestock, seeds or tools there isn’t much civilization left. Many of the people living there now are still dependent on food aid to survive. They no longer have the markets to sell their agricultural produce. Even clean water has become a luxury as many of the wells built are in poor condition. </li></ul>
  26. 30. <ul><li>However, the land is still very fertile, which gives the populace the opportunity to start up agricultural produce once again, which is very fitting to the current situation in the war-torn area. It is the intent of the Southern Sudan Livelihoods Rehabilitation and Development Project to give the farmers in that region the opportunities to get the full potential out of their rich lands, and to help the people in that area get back on their feet, by giving them the means to produce money and food for themselves. </li></ul>
  27. 31. <ul><li>The Southern Sudan Livelihoods Rehabilitation and Development Project has put their focus on the people who are returning to the area and the people in dire need, such as the people with little or no food. “Through our support, communities are contributing to their own development.” </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access to clean water: We are busy training the people in the community how to build wells with a safe and secure water supply. We are working on re-establishing old boreholes, digging new ones and training local mechanics to ensure they stay in good quality. “Clear water from covered wells and boreholes has a big impact on health for the whole family.” </li></ul><ul><li>Famers' groups are receiving help to research suitable crops and vegetables to grow, and sharing their learning with other farmers in the community. </li></ul><ul><li>We are supplying people with the tools, seeds and goats needed to produce food and produce nutritious goats' milk. </li></ul><ul><li>We are training and providing a network of Community Animal Health Workers (CAHWs) who will offer a simple veterinary service to nearby villages. The people are boosting their incomes by training as a CAHW or using the CAHW's expertise to improve the production of their livestock. </li></ul>
  28. 32. Northern Tanzania Pastoralist Project By Thomas Cardnell 9 tigers Week 24
  29. 33. Tanzania <ul><li>Tanzania </li></ul><ul><li>Is in </li></ul><ul><li>South </li></ul><ul><li>East </li></ul><ul><li>Central </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul>
  30. 34. Northern Tanzania Pastoralist Project <ul><li>Empowering Pastoralists to drive their own development . </li></ul>
  31. 35. Northern Tanzania Pastoralist Project <ul><li>The Barabaig are the most vulnerable group in Tanzania. </li></ul><ul><li>They rely on livestock for their food. </li></ul><ul><li>They face pressure from commercial and other smallholder farmers for the land. </li></ul><ul><li>They are unable to legally lay claim their land. </li></ul><ul><li>The environment is harsh and it is difficult to get vetinary care. </li></ul><ul><li>Farm Africa selects members of the community to train and equip as Community Animal Health Workers (CAHW’S ) </li></ul><ul><li>The project helps form savings groups and gives credit to start businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>The livestock heath has improved and the milk produced is more nutritious. The offspring can be sold for a better price, so that they can have more money for medicine and clothing. </li></ul><ul><li>They can now agree legal land usage and resolve conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>They can now also diversify their income and set up new enterprises. </li></ul><ul><li>The Farm Africa project is helping over 21,000 Barabaig households in 3 districts of the Manyara region </li></ul>
  32. 36. Geography By Delilah Lyons – 12/04/2010
  33. 37. A Map Of Where We Are :
  34. 38. Some Pictures :
  35. 39. A Little Something About Us : <ul><li>Tanzania Participatory Forest Management Project </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of people in the Tanzanian districts rely on the forests around them to survive.  Because of this, the forests are slowly being destroyed. Deforestation is common in these parts and people seek to cut down trees in order to make room for land , for grazing livestock and to sell firewood and charcoal at local markets.  </li></ul><ul><li>The main aim of this project is for communities to work together with district governments, other local organisations and to protect the forest and its resources.  By helping to produce a forest management plan and taking a role in its operation, members of the community are helping to protect their own futures and that of the forest. </li></ul>
  36. 40. <ul><li>Tanzania by Megan </li></ul><ul><li>The project I have decide to do Intervita which aims to - uproot the region’s poverty and hunger, improving the use of natural resources and assuring environmental sustainability. The increase of income generating activities serves to ensure a lasting, sustainable social-economic development in the villages of the Madunda area and the Ludewa district. Finally, we aim to improve basic education and health in primary school children, guaranteeing them access to quality services. </li></ul><ul><li>I have chosen to do about the project part which is based in Tanzania. </li></ul>
  37. 41. <ul><li>Tanzania is extremely poor. It lives off subsistence farming and is lacking in basic infrastructures: roads are all dirt tracks , there is no electricity, 50% of the population has no access to drinking water. The development of the agricultural sector, which has good potential, is slowed by an inadequate support by institutions to the production and marketing of products. Soil erosion and the exploitation of forest resources by the poorest part of the population, place the territory at risk. </li></ul><ul><li>HOW THE PROJECT WORKS ! </li></ul><ul><li>The project is developed in collaboration with ACRA, an Italian NGO specialised in rural development and which has been working for some time now in the country, in association with the Njombe diocese, the national energy body TANESCO, and the local communities. </li></ul>
  38. 42. <ul><li>Description of the project </li></ul><ul><li>The project proposes completing the development of a hydro-electrical plant that will supply public (schools, local offices, health centres, missions, etc.) and private infrastructures with energy. </li></ul><ul><li>The area forests will be replanted to protect the Kisongo basin and new economic activities will be started up (mills, carpenter’s workshops, internet points), along with income-generating initiatives linked to bee-keeping, farming and crop growing, in respect of local traditions and the environment. </li></ul><ul><li>Activities supporting 8 schools will begin to improve the infrastructures, teaching equipment, educational skills of the teachers and hygiene and nutritional conditions of 3,052 children aged between 7 and 13 years old. </li></ul>
  39. 43. Homework <ul><li>Next week we start to look at Antarctica </li></ul><ul><li>What it is like </li></ul><ul><li>What is happening there </li></ul><ul><li>How it may change </li></ul><ul><li>So I want you to spend a little time discovering something about it. </li></ul><ul><li>It would be nice to start the first lesson with a selection of collages – images of the landscape, the wildlife, the worries about its future – that’s up to you. </li></ul>