BIOMIMETIC BREADTH
   THE FUTURE OF NATURAL DESIGN




                                  Lindsey M. Barnaba
WHAT IS BIOMIMICRY?
Biomimicry is human’s imitation of natural forms and processes into the design of something completely...
WHY BIOMIMICRY?
- Animals have already perfected some of the designs that humans still struggle with

- Humans must learn ...
EXAMPLES OF BIOMIMICRY




 George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, designed velcro after noticing how the     Lotusan, a pai...
PROJECT PROPOSAL
Extensive research conducted for the uses of biomimicry yielded that its applications have been limited w...
CHOOSING THE SITE



The project required that students utilize an existing building.




Research suggests that my buildi...
SITE ANALYSIS




RESIDENTIAL AREAS      STREETS


HOTELS                 WATER
                                          ...
BUILDING ANALYSIS




                                                                      BUILDING      WATER
          ...
SOLAR STUDIES




N
        6:00 am                   9:00 am   12:00 pm             3:00 pm   6:00 pm




          HOT S...
SOLAR STUDY CONCLUSION



                         Because of the area’s frequent rainfall
                         and it...
PROGRAM


          RO O M N A M E                    S Q . F TG .   NUM B E R   TO TA L S Q . F TG .   F LO O R

        ...
FLOOR PLANS




    FIRST FLOOR FURNITURE PLAN       SECOND FLOOR FURNITURE PLAN
N   SCALE: N/A                   N   SCAL...
BUILDING EXTERIOR
DECISION MODEL



      PRINCIPLES      ANIMAL TRAITS        APPLICATION



      ENGAGE IN        SPECIALIZED       PROMO...
PRINCIPLE 1




        PROMOTE TEAMWORK AND
            UTILIZE ADVANCED
      TELE-COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS



            ...
APPLICATION
PRINCIPLE 2




             FEATURE MOBILE AND
             EVOLVING STRUCTURES
             AND BUILDING SYSTEMS



    ...
APPLICATION
PRINCIPLE 3




   RECYCLE ENERGY AND GIVE
    BACK TO SURROUNDING
        ENVIRONMENT




                               ...
APPLICATION
PRINCIPLE 4




    USE ECO-FRIENDLY MATERIALS
        AND PROCESSES THAT
         SUPPORT THE AREA




   All furnishings...
APPLICATION
THANK YOU
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Senior Thesis Project

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Senior Thesis Project

  1. 1. BIOMIMETIC BREADTH THE FUTURE OF NATURAL DESIGN Lindsey M. Barnaba
  2. 2. WHAT IS BIOMIMICRY? Biomimicry is human’s imitation of natural forms and processes into the design of something completely intelligent and sustainable
  3. 3. WHY BIOMIMICRY? - Animals have already perfected some of the designs that humans still struggle with - Humans must learn to live sustainably without causing further harm to the environment, and nature can show them how - Organisms create natural designs that function highly effectively without the use of harmful chemicals, pollutants, or non-renewable energies For example... Termites are experts in heating and air-conditioning. They normally reside in sub-saharan deserts with tempera- tures that fluctuate between 35 and 105 degrees fahrenheit. However, their carefully constructed mounds remain at a steady temperature year round and their design requires no energy use. Engineers and architects are taking cues from their devices in hopes of creating a man-made building that can self-regulate its internal climate.
  4. 4. EXAMPLES OF BIOMIMICRY George de Mestral, a Swiss engineer, designed velcro after noticing how the Lotusan, a paint manufacturing company, developed an exterior paint that seeds from the burdock plant stuck to his wool socks. mimicks the lotus leaf. Similar to the effect of water whicking off the leaves of the lotus flower, their paint repels dirt and water as well. The fibonacci spiral is a highly complex geometric sequence that is Gecko tape is an adhesive material that is covered with nanoscopic hairs found in thousands of natural forms. This design has been applied to that mimic those found on geckos and lizards. The product is currently used fans, propellers, and impellers to help increase the flow of air and fluid. in underwater and space station applications,and has not yet reached the commercial mainstream production line.
  5. 5. PROJECT PROPOSAL Extensive research conducted for the uses of biomimicry yielded that its applications have been limited within the fields of engineering, robotics, bio-medicine, and industrial and architectural design. As an interior designer, I wanted to explore the principles of biomimicry and determine which ones, if any, were applicable to interiors. However, the final design would have to represent a deeper understanding of biomimetics, other than simply alligator skin applique and nature motifs. Therefore... My proposal was to incorporate principles of biomimicry into interior design; with hopes of achieving a completely multi-functional and sustainable design that promotes growth and cooperation within the building’s context in its natural environment. SAND GRASS STONE SNOW STICKS MUD
  6. 6. CHOOSING THE SITE The project required that students utilize an existing building. Research suggests that my building should: - Be in a location that is suitable for harvesting vast amounts of solar, hydro, and wind power - Contain between 14,000 and 22,000 square feet - Have a large lot size that can be used for tours outside of the nature center - Be capable of utilizing natural light in order to save on energy consumption - Be located within the boundaries of a large city Chosen Building information: Address: 190 NE 199th Street Location: North Miami Beach, Florida Year Built: 1989 Square Footage: approx. 17,000 s.f. Stories: 2 Current Use: Multi-Office Building
  7. 7. SITE ANALYSIS RESIDENTIAL AREAS STREETS HOTELS WATER SITE ANALYSIS COMMERCIAL AREAS SURROUNDING BUILDINGS Star indicates actual building location on plan ROADS WATER SITE ANALYSIS ROAD TO ENVIRONMENT ANALYSIS GREEN AREAS
  8. 8. BUILDING ANALYSIS BUILDING WATER SITE ANALYSIS PARKING LOT SURROUNDING BUILDINGS EXISTING TREES AND SHRUBS ROADS ROADS RESIDENCES SITE ANALYSIS WATER EXISTING PATHS EXISTING ENVIRONMENT GREEN AREAS EXISTING TREES AND SHRUBS
  9. 9. SOLAR STUDIES N 6:00 am 9:00 am 12:00 pm 3:00 pm 6:00 pm HOT SPOT MEDIUM SPOT COOL SPOT MORNING MID-DAY AFTERNOON
  10. 10. SOLAR STUDY CONCLUSION Because of the area’s frequent rainfall and its high exposure to sunlight, a rooftop garden will be added to the building. The water collected by the plants will be harvested for plumbing, then recycled back into the environment. The use of solar panels is extremely beneficial because the area receives year-round sunlight. The solar energy collected from the panels will help to power the equipment and fixtures within the building. A vertical greening unit will be used on the south west side of the building. That particular area receives the most sunlight, yet features no shade from overhangs or HOT SPOT awnings. The living wall will help deter the heat and reduce the drastic hot spot that MEDIUM SPOT would affect the interior. COOL SPOT
  11. 11. PROGRAM RO O M N A M E S Q . F TG . NUM B E R TO TA L S Q . F TG . F LO O R Lobby 1270 1 1270 1 W aiting A rea 320 1 320 1 G ift S hop 400 1 400 1 G allery 1580 1 1580 1 Library /B ird V iew 240 1 240 1 V etrinary Care 1440 1 1440 1 V et S taff Lounge 240 1 240 1 G ues t Res troom 110 2 220 1 E m ploy ee R es troom 120 2 240 1 S torage Room 150 1 150 1 Hous ek eeping 140 1 140 1 M ec hanic al 170 1 170 1 E lec tric al 180 1 180 1 Data A 140 1 140 1 Rec y c le A 180 1 180 1 Direc tor's O ffic e 140 1 140 2 O pen W ork O ffic es 60 8 480 2 E m ploy ee C onferenc e 310 1 310 2 P rinter/S upply A rea 310 1 310 2 Res ourc e Li brary 690 1 690 2 E m ploy ee D ining and Loung e 510 1 510 2 E m ploy ee S hower 120 1 120 2 E m ploy ee K itc hen 340 1 340 2 E m ploy ee Loung e 240 1 240 2 E m ploy ee R es troom 70 1 70 2 Crafts R oom 610 1 610 2 Learning R oom 620 1 620 2 K itc hen/P rep f or Learning 450 1 450 2 G ues t Loung e 240 1 240 2 G ues t Res troom 110 2 220 2 Hous ek eeping 120 1 120 2 Rec y c le B 170 1 170 2 Data B 130 1 130 2
  12. 12. FLOOR PLANS FIRST FLOOR FURNITURE PLAN SECOND FLOOR FURNITURE PLAN N SCALE: N/A N SCALE: N/A
  13. 13. BUILDING EXTERIOR
  14. 14. DECISION MODEL PRINCIPLES ANIMAL TRAITS APPLICATION ENGAGE IN SPECIALIZED PROMOTE TEAMWORK AND 1 RELATIONSHIPS COMMUNICATION UTILIZE ADVANCED TELE-COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS FIT FORM TO CONSTANT GROWTH FEATURE MOBILE AND 2 FUNCTION AND ADAPTATION EVOLVING STRUCTURES AND BUILDING SYSTEMS USE CYCLICAL RECYCLE AND RECYCLE ENERGY AND GIVE 3 PROCESSES REUSE HABITATS BACK TO SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT USE LOCAL USE ECO-FRIENDLY MATERIALS 4 BE SUSTAINABLE AMENITIES AND PROCESSES THAT SUPPORT THE AREA
  15. 15. PRINCIPLE 1 PROMOTE TEAMWORK AND UTILIZE ADVANCED TELE-COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS SECOND FLOOR PLAN N SCALE: N/A The open plan of the employee offices and work spaces promotes collaboration and teamwork. The conference and adjoining resource room also feature the newest technologies in idea transfer and project management.
  16. 16. APPLICATION
  17. 17. PRINCIPLE 2 FEATURE MOBILE AND EVOLVING STRUCTURES AND BUILDING SYSTEMS SECOND FLOOR PLAN N SCALE: N/A Everything within the learning rooms can be easily moved or disassembled. All furniture and equipment is on casters, which allows for various configurations. As well, the large space is divided by moveable walls from “dirtt” and from a demountable track wall system.
  18. 18. APPLICATION
  19. 19. PRINCIPLE 3 RECYCLE ENERGY AND GIVE BACK TO SURROUNDING ENVIRONMENT FIRST FLOOR PLAN The veterinary care facility uses renewable N SCALE: N/A resources. All electricity comes from solar and hydro power. The plumbing is processed through a gray water system and released back into the environment for subsurface landscape irrigation.
  20. 20. APPLICATION
  21. 21. PRINCIPLE 4 USE ECO-FRIENDLY MATERIALS AND PROCESSES THAT SUPPORT THE AREA All furnishings and fixtures within the gallery FIRST FLOOR PLAN come from local distributors and are 100% post- N SCALE: N/A consumer products or are wholly recycleable. Also, artwork and sculptures are created by local artists. This relationship with the surrounding area supports growth of southern Florida and its economy, as well as eliminates high prices and pollutants caused by transportation.
  22. 22. APPLICATION
  23. 23. THANK YOU

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