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1.what is climate change


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1.what is climate change

  1. 1. Module 1: What is Climate Change?
  2. 2. Global temperatures are rising because of an increase of greenhouse gases(like carbon dioxide) EARTH in the atmosphere
  3. 3. We are more than human activity is90% certain a major cause of climate change Actually its more certain than that
  4. 4. Carbon is always moving between plants, the atmosphere and the oceans. Passive carbon is locked awayPassive Carbon underground. (fossil fuels)
  5. 5. Burning fossil fuel releases passive carbon into the atmosphere. If we didn’t burn it, this carbon wouldn’t return toPassive Carbon the atmosphere (fossil fuels) for millennia. (through the weathering of rocks)
  6. 6. 71% of all human-caused greenhousegas emissions Residential & Commercialcome from Waste &burning Wastewaterfossil fuels Forestry71% includes Energy (25.9%), Transport (13.1%), Agriculture (13.5%) and Industry 19.4%).
  7. 7. What does Firesclimate changelook like?. Steppe Fire in Russia. A steppe fire at night in the Volgogradsky region, 2010.Forest fires are set to increase as climate change intensifies. © Greenpeace
  8. 8. What does Floodsclimate changelook like?. Villagers wade through rising flood waters from the Chao Phraya in 2006. Earlier in the year, scientists warned that Thailand would experience more frequent extreme weather events due to the impacts of climate change. © Greenpeace
  9. 9. What does Droughtclimate change slook like?. Drought is severely affecting farmers and graziers in Australia. The situation is dire for those relying on the giant Murray-Darling River system, which in some places has reduced to just a trickle. © Greenpeace
  10. 10. The only solution is toCUT FOSSIL FUELEMISSIONS
  11. 11. These regions will be hardest hit(judging the physical impacts of climate change, taking intoaccount countries ability to cope)
  12. 12. These regions did the most harm(based on historical carbon emissions per person)
  13. 13. The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change(UNFCCC), in 1992: the largest share of historical and current global emissions of greenhouse gases has originated in developed countries... … the developed country Parties should take the lead in combating climate change and the adverse effects thereof
  14. 14. Countries meetunder the UNFCCCto tackle climatechangeIn 1997 theygenerated theKyoto Protocol
  15. 15. Kyoto Protocol commits developed countries to cut collective emissions to 95% of 1990 levels by 2012.1990 2000 2010 2020
  16. 16. Almost all scientists agree the cuts need to be much deeper to be effective: 80-95% by 20501990 2000 2010 2020
  17. 17. REMEMBER Active Carbon Forestry Human-induced (incl. deforestation) Greenhouse Gas 56% 17.4% Emissions fossil fuels
  18. 18. Proposals are on the table to develop schemes toReduceEmissions fromDeforestation and forestDegradation. See module 2: What is REDD ?
  19. 19. REMEMBER Unlike forest emissions, burning fossil fuels releases carbon not normally part of the active carbon cycle. Planting more trees or protecting forests will not fix this.
  20. 20. The only solution is toCUT FOSSIL FUELEMISSIONS
  21. 21. Module 1: What is Climate Change?Module 2: What is REDD?Module 3: What is carbon trading?Module 4: Forests and carbon tradingModule 5: REDD and communitiesModule 6: Lessons from FLEGT for REDD