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A Savior Is Born


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A Savior Is Born

  1. 1. Our Savior is Born We read something in the Old Testament that makes us think we are reading in the Gospels.
  2. 2. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Isaiah 9:6 NET </li></ul><ul><li>For a child has been born to us, a son has been given to us. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>He shoulders responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>and is called: </li></ul><ul><li>Extraordinary Strategist, </li></ul><ul><li>Mighty God, </li></ul><ul><li>Everlasting Father, </li></ul><ul><li>Prince of Peace. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>7 His dominion will be vast and he will bring immeasurable prosperity. He will rule on David's throne </li></ul>
  5. 5. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>and over David's kingdom, establishing it and strengthening it </li></ul><ul><li>by promoting justice and fairness, from this time forward and forevermore. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>The LORD's intense devotion to his people will accomplish this. </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah is sometimes called the </li></ul><ul><li>Old Testament Gospel. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Let’s read from some commentaries written about these verses. </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 9:6 </li></ul><ul><li>He shoulders responsibility </li></ul>
  8. 8. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>That is, the ensign of government; the scepter, the sword, the key, or the like, which was borne upon or hung from the shoulder. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>He is called: </li></ul><ul><li>אל גבור El gibbor, the prevailing or conquering God. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>The everlasting Father “The Father of the everlasting age” - Or אבי עד Abi ad, the Father of eternity. The Septuagint have μεγαλης βουλης Αγγελος , “the Messenger of the Great Counsel.” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>But instead of אבי אד Abi ad, a MS. of De Rossi has אבעזר Abezer, the helping Father; evidently the corruption of some Jew, who did not like such an evidence in favor of the Christian Messiah. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Prince of Peace </li></ul><ul><li>שר שלום sar shalom, </li></ul><ul><li>the Prince of prosperity, </li></ul><ul><li>the Giver of all blessings. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>A MS. of the thirteenth century in Kennicott’s collection has a remarkable addition here. “He shall be a stumbling-block, המכשלה ; the government is on his shoulder.” This reading is nowhere else acknowledged, as far as I know. (Clarke) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Isaiah 9:7 - forevermore - His peaceable and happy government shall be extended to all the ends of the earth. The throne - Which was promised to David, and to his seed for ever. For ever - From the beginning of it to all eternity. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>The intense devotion - This great work shall be brought to pass by almighty God, out of that fervent affection which he hath to his own glory, to the honour of his son, and to his people. (Wesley) </li></ul>
  16. 16. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Isaiah 9:7 - dominion will be vast... - The word rendered “dominion” here, משׂרה mis'râh , means properly his government as a prince - his principality, and is a continuation of the idea in the previous verse, ‘the Prince of Peace.’ </li></ul>
  17. 17. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>It means that his reign as a prince of peace - in extending and promoting peace, shall be unlimited. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>immeasurable prosperity - This does not signify in the original, as our translation would seem to do, that there should be no end to the increase of his peace, but that there should be no limit to peace, </li></ul>
  19. 19. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>that is, that his reign should </li></ul><ul><li>be one of unlimited peace. </li></ul><ul><li>The whole is a description of a prosperous, wide-extended, </li></ul><ul><li>ever-growing and unlimited </li></ul><ul><li>empire of peace. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>On David’s throne - This was in accordance with the promise made to David; 1 Kings 8:25 NET Now, O LORD, God of Israel, keep the promise you made to your servant, my father David, </li></ul><ul><li>when you said, </li></ul>
  21. 21. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>'You will never fail to have a successor ruling before me on the throne of Israel, provided that your descendants watch their step and serve me as you have done.' </li></ul>
  22. 22. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>This promise was understood as referring to the Messiah. The primary idea is, that he should be descended in the line of David, and accordingly the New Testament writers are often at pains to show that the Lord Jesus was of </li></ul><ul><li>that family; </li></ul>
  23. 23. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>When it is said that he would sit upon the throne of David, </li></ul><ul><li>it is not to be taken literally. </li></ul><ul><li>The uniqueness of the reign of David was, that he reigned over the people of God. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>He was chosen for this purpose from humble life; was declared in his administration to be a man after God’s own heart; and his long and prosperous reign was a reign over the people of God. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>To sit upon the throne of David, therefore, means to reign over the people of God; and in this sense the Messiah sat on his throne. There is also a similarity in the two administrations, </li></ul>
  26. 26. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>in the fact that the Messiah was taken from humble life. and that his reign will be far-extended and prosperous. But the main idea of resemblance is, that the reign of each extended over the people of God. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>over David's kingdom – </li></ul><ul><li>That is, over the </li></ul><ul><li>kingdom of the people of God. </li></ul><ul><li>It does not mean particularly the Jews, but all those over whom the divine administration </li></ul><ul><li>should be set up. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>establishing it - To place it on a firm foundation; to make it firm. </li></ul><ul><li>strengthening it - To raise up, or confirm it. The word, also, is sometimes used to denote to found a kingdom. Here it means to confirm it, to cause it to stand. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>by promoting justice and fairness - That is, under an administration that shall be just and right. Most kingdoms have been those of blood, and have been established by iniquity, and by the unjust overthrow of others. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>But the administration of the Messiah shall be established in righteousness, and shall be destined to extend and perpetuate justice and righteousness forever. “From henceforth.” </li></ul>
  31. 31. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>That is, from the time which was the period of the prophet’s vision, when he saw in vision the Messiah rising in the dark parts of Galilee; </li></ul><ul><li>from this time forward and forevermore - The word used here - קץ qêts - </li></ul>
  32. 32. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>may refer either to space or time. The connection, however, seems to confine it to time, and to mean simply that over his wide-extended and peaceful principality he should reign forever. </li></ul>
  33. 33. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>The LORD's intense devotion The word used here denotes “ardor,” intense desire in accomplishing an object; and means that the establishment of this kingdom was an object of intense and ardent desire on the part of Yahweh. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>It is also implied that nothing else than the zeal of Yahweh could do it. </li></ul><ul><li>We may remark here: </li></ul><ul><li>That if Yahweh feels so intense a desire for this, then the subjects of the Messiah’s reign </li></ul><ul><li>should also feel this. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>(2) If Yahweh feels this zeal, and if he will certainly accomplish this, then Christians should be encouraged in their efforts to spread the gospel. His purpose to do this is their only encouragement - and a sufficient encouragement - to excite their zeal in this great and glorious work. (Barnes) </li></ul>
  36. 36. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Matthew 1:18 NET Now the birth of Jesus Christ happened this way. While his mother Mary was engaged to Joseph, but before they came together, </li></ul>
  37. 37. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>she was found to be pregnant through the Holy Spirit. 19 Because Joseph, her husband to be, was a righteous man, and because he did not want to disgrace her, </li></ul>
  38. 38. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>he intended to divorce her privately. 20 When he had contemplated this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, &quot;Joseph, son of David, </li></ul>
  39. 39. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife, because the child conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. 21 She will give birth to a son and you will name him Jesus, </li></ul>
  40. 40. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>because he will save his people from their sins.&quot; 22 This all happened so that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet would be fulfilled: </li></ul>
  41. 41. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>23 &quot;Look! The virgin will conceive and bear a son, and they will call him Emmanuel,&quot; which means &quot;God with us.&quot; </li></ul>
  42. 42. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>24 When Joseph awoke from sleep he did what the angel of the Lord told him. He took his wife, 25 but did not have marital relations with her until she gave birth to a son, whom he named Jesus. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Mat 1:21 - Jesus - The same as Joshua, יהושע Yehoshua, from ישע yasha, he saved, delivered, put in a state of safety. </li></ul><ul><li>He will save his people from their sins - This shall be his great business in the world: </li></ul>
  44. 44. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>the great errand on which he is come, viz. to make an atonement for, and to destroy, sin: deliverance from all the power, guilt, and pollution of sin, is the privilege of every believer in Christ Jesus. </li></ul>
  45. 45. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Less than this is not spoken of in the Gospel; and less than this would be unbecoming the Gospel. The perfection of the Gospel system is not that it makes allowances for sin, but that it makes an atonement for it: not that it tolerates sin, but that it destroys it. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Matthew 1:1 NET This is the record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham., Here he is called Jesus Christ, on which Dr. Lightfoot properly remarks, </li></ul>
  47. 47. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>“ That the name of Jesus, so often added to the name of Christ in the New Testament, is not only that Christ might be thereby pointed out as the Savior, </li></ul>
  48. 48. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>but also that Jesus might be pointed out as the true Christ or Messiah, against the unbelief of the Jews.” This observation will be of great use in numberless places of the New Testament. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>The Shepherds' Visit </li></ul><ul><li>Luke 2:8 NET </li></ul><ul><li>Now there were shepherds nearby living out in the field, keeping guard over their flock at night. </li></ul>
  50. 50. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>9 An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were absolutely terrified. </li></ul>
  51. 51. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>10 But the angel said to them, &quot;Do not be afraid! Listen carefully, for I proclaim to you good news that brings great joy to all the people: </li></ul>
  52. 52. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>11 Today your Savior is born in the city of David. He is Christ the Lord. </li></ul><ul><li>your Saviour </li></ul><ul><li>not One who shall be a Savior, </li></ul><ul><li>but “ born a Savior. ” </li></ul>
  53. 53. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Christ the Lord </li></ul><ul><li>“ magnificent appellation!” [Bengel]. </li></ul><ul><li>“ This is the only place where these words come together; and I see no way of understanding this “Lord” but as corresponding to the </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrew JEHOVAH” [Alford]. (JFB) </li></ul>
  54. 54. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Saviour ( sōtēr ). This great word is common in Luke and Paul and seldom elsewhere in the N.T. (Bruce). The people under Rome’s rule came to call the emperor “Saviour” and Christians took the word and used it of Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>See inscriptions </li></ul><ul><li>(Deissmann, Light from the Ancient East , p. 344). </li></ul>
  55. 55. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>Christ the Lord ( Christos Kurios ). This combination occurs nowhere else in the N.T. and it is not clear what it really means. Luke is very fond of Kurios ( Lord ) where the other Gospels have Jesus. </li></ul>
  56. 56. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>It may mean </li></ul><ul><li>“ Christ the Lord,” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Anointed Lord,” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Messiah, Lord,” </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Messiah, the Lord,” </li></ul><ul><li>“ An Anointed One, a Lord,” </li></ul><ul><li>or “Lord Messiah.” </li></ul>
  57. 57. Our Savior is Born <ul><li>It occurs once in the lxx (Septuagint) ( Lamentations 4:20 ) and is in Psalm of Solomon 17:36 . Ragg suggests that our phrase “the Lord Jesus Christ” is really involved in “A Saviour (Jesus) which is Christ the Lord.” (RWP) </li></ul>
  58. 58. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>Acts 2:22 NET &quot;Men of Israel, listen to these words: Jesus the Nazarene, a man clearly attested to you by God with powerful deeds, wonders, and miraculous signs </li></ul>
  59. 59. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>that God performed among you through him, just as you yourselves know 23 this man, who was handed over by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, </li></ul>
  60. 60. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>you executed by nailing him to a cross at the hands of Gentiles. 24 But God raised him up, having released him from the pains of death, </li></ul>
  61. 61. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>because it was not possible for him to be held in its power 25 For David says about him, 'I saw the Lord always in front of me, for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>26 Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue rejoiced; my body also will live in hope, 27 because you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor permit your Holy One to experience decay. </li></ul>
  63. 63. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>28 You have made known to me the paths of life; </li></ul><ul><li>you will make me full of joy with your presence.' 29 &quot;Brothers, I can speak confidently to you about our forefather David, </li></ul>
  64. 64. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. 30 So then, because he was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath </li></ul>
  65. 65. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>to seat one of his descendants on his throne, 31 David by foreseeing this spoke about the resurrection of the Christ, </li></ul>
  66. 66. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>that he was neither abandoned to Hades, nor did his body experience decay. 32 This Jesus God raised up, and we are all witnesses of it. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>33 So then, exalted to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out what you both see and hear. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says, 'The Lord said to my lord,: &quot;Sit at my right hand 35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.&quot; ' </li></ul>
  69. 69. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt that God has made this Jesus whom you crucified both Lord and Christ.&quot; </li></ul>
  70. 70. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>37 Now when they heard this, they were acutely distressed and said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, &quot;What should we do, brothers?&quot; </li></ul>
  71. 71. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>38 Peter said to them, &quot;Repent, and each one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. </li></ul>
  72. 72. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>39 For the promise is for you and your children, and for all who are far away, as many as the Lord our God will call to himself.&quot; </li></ul>
  73. 73. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>40 With many other words he testified and exhorted them saying, &quot;Save yourselves from this perverse generation!&quot; </li></ul>
  74. 74. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>41 So those who accepted his message were baptized, and that day about three thousand people were added. </li></ul>
  75. 75. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>What have we learned or been reminded of today? It was proclaimed centuries before the fact that God would be born as a human. </li></ul>
  76. 76. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>He would be a just and fair ruler sitting on King David’s throne. With His rule over God’s People, prosperity would abound for eternity. This would be done because of God’s intense devotion to us. </li></ul>
  77. 77. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>Months before the fact, God’s angel announces to Joseph God’s baby will save His people from their sins. This is going to happen to fulfill the prophecies of old. </li></ul>
  78. 78. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>The night of the birth God’s messenger announces to shepherds in the fields a Savior has been born, and this child is The Christ. </li></ul>
  79. 79. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>When the price for sin had been paid, 50 days after the Passover Feast, at the Feast of Pentecost, the Lord’s apostle Peter stands up and speaks to the crowd. </li></ul>
  80. 80. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>It is as if he is shaking the people saying, “Why can’t you see what Great Event has taken place?” He reminds them God’s predetermined plan had been carried out. </li></ul>
  81. 81. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>You executed God’s Chosen by handing him over to the Gentiles to be nailed to a tree. Death was not strong enough to keep him so God raised him from the grave. </li></ul>
  82. 82. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>Peter remind them of the Prophet, King David, who spoke about the one they had murdered. David prophesied the grave would not keep God’s Holy One. </li></ul>
  83. 83. Our Savior Paid the Price <ul><li>Peter pressed home the fact Jesus who they murdered God had made both Lord and Christ. </li></ul><ul><li>The realization set in of what they had done to the Messiah. </li></ul>
  84. 84. Our Savior is Waiting <ul><li>What could save them now? They cry out to Peter, “What are we going to do now?” Peter tells them to turn away from their sins in repentance. </li></ul>
  85. 85. Our Savior is Waiting <ul><li>He tells them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ and their sins will be forgiven. Then they will receive help from God’s Spirit as a gift. </li></ul>
  86. 86. Our Savior is Waiting <ul><li>From this one sermon about 3000 people did </li></ul><ul><li>what Peter told them and were added to the number of believers. </li></ul>
  87. 87. Our Savior is Devoted <ul><li>May we all take serious note of our response to God’s intense devotion. May it lead us to intense devotion to His Son who loved us, even unto death. </li></ul>