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Linda J. Novy & Associates Soil Management Practices

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Best management practices for landscape and home vegetable gardens.

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Linda J. Novy & Associates Soil Management Practices

  1. 1. Best Management Practices for Landscape and Home Vegetable Gardens Linda & Norma Novy ©2012 Linda & Norma Novy
  2. 2. Soil is valuable natural capital
  3. 3. How much of the earth’s soil can support plant life?
  4. 4. The Dust Bowl was wake-up call
  5. 5. Best management practices: Resources USDA — National Resource Conservation Service Bay-Friendly Gardening The Sustainable Sites Initiative Soil Foodweb Inc. Occidental Arts & Ecology Center — Permaculture practices marinwater.org — weekly watering schedule marincarbonproject.org
  6. 6. Recommended best management practices 1. Protect and feed the soil foodweb 2. Minimize or eliminate tillage 3. Protect pore spaces in your soil: minimize compaction 4. Know your soil’s personality: amend soil appropriately 5. Water effectively 6. Protect soil from erosion and effects of sun, rain, wind
  7. 7. 1. Feed the soil food web
  8. 8. Bacterial greens and fungal browns
  9. 9. 2.Eliminate or minimize tillage
  10. 10. 3. Minimize compaction -Minerals 45% -Pore space air and water 50% -Organic matter 5%
  11. 11. 4. Know your soil’s personality Chemical soil analysis Soil texture test Soil food web assay Soil color, smell and feel History of site
  12. 12. Chemical soil analysis
  13. 13. Amend soil per analysis
  14. 14. 5. Water effectively — replace transpired water Affects of weather slow on dull, overcast, windless, cool days rapid on windy, hot, dry days Soil conditions water retention capabilities MMWD website: Weekly Watering Schedule
  15. 15. 6. Minimize erosion and protect soils
  16. 16. Applying these 6 best management practices (bmps) in the veggie garden
  17. 17. 1. Protect and feed the soil food web: make compost
  18. 18. Grow cover crops to feed bacteria
  19. 19. 2. Minimize tillage: Be gentle with your soil
  20. 20. Turn in cover crops gently
  21. 21. 3. Minimize compaction: stand on a board or path
  22. 22. 4. Know your soil’s personality: Amend per soil analysis
  23. 23. Cabbages show results of correct amendments
  24. 24. 5. Water effectively: No run-off, reach sub-soil
  25. 25. 6. Protect soils: mulch!
  26. 26. Protect soil: cover crops!
  27. 27. Applying bmps in the landscape Case Study 1 Home Owner’s Association Site: 27-acre site, Daly City Need: Master Plan for landscape renovation
  28. 28. Soil test
  29. 29. Soil food web
  30. 30. Sheet mulch vs chemical weed control
  31. 31. Organic amendments per soil analysis
  32. 32. Study 2 Private residence Restore and revitalize landscape, 1.5 acres
  33. 33. Chemical soil analysis
  34. 34. Adding tree chips
  35. 35. Year 1: Inoculate all plants and soil with AACT and vermicompost Prescription fertilization Plant cover crops in veggie garden Remove shredded redwood mulch Replace with wood chips Start leaf mold and compost piles Inoculate new plantings with mycorrhizae and vermicomost
  36. 36. Year 2: Repeat!
  37. 37. Spraying AACT over soil and plants
  38. 38. Case Study 3 Restoring soil: A 32-year project •Clay fill with thistle seeds •Apply ecological succession principles
  39. 39. Building soil over 30 years
  40. 40. Plant succession
  41. 41. Bacterial and fungal relationships in plant succession
  42. 42. Moving toward a climax forest: Madrone seedling
  43. 43. Carbon farming: •Land management to increase soil carbon •Protect and enrich soil •Boost biodiversity and landscape health marincarbonproject.org
  44. 44. Thank you! Gardeners for life!

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