Thoughts for Online Learning
 Definition and Components
 Theories of Learning
 Integrative Model for Critical
Thinking
 Web site
 Questions andApp...
 What is it?
 How is it derived?
 What ‘s the
Purpose?
 What ‘s the Basis?
 What ‘s the Process?
Main menu
“the intellectually disciplined
process of actively and
skillfully conceptualizing,
applying, analyzing,
synthesizing, and...
“gathered from, or
generated by,
observation,
experience, reflection,
reasoning, or
communication”
(Scriven and Paul ,1997...
“guide to belief and
action”
(Scriven and Paul ,1997, para. 1)
Main menu
•Clarity
•Accuracy
•Precision
•Consistency
•Relevance
•Sound evidence
•Good reasons
•Depth
•Breadth
•Fairness
(Scriven and...
•Purpose
•Problem, or question-at-issue
•Assumptions
•Concepts
•Empirical grounding
•Reasoning leading to conclusions
•Imp...
 Bloom’sTaxonomy
 Taxonomy of
Affective Domain
 Multiple
Intelligences
 Emotional
Intelligence
Main menu
Categories ActionVerbs
Knowledge
(Remembering)
Cite, Define, Outline, Record, Review
Comprehensive
(Understanding)
Articul...
Categories Explanation
Receiving Phenomena Awareness, willingness to hear, attention
Responding to
Phenomena
Learner is en...
Categories Explanation
Linguistic intelligence Traditional , words, even sign language part
Logical-mathematical
intellige...
 Based on knowing yourself and
knowing others
 Recognizing emotions and reactions
within yourself and with others
 Abil...
Necessity of
Integration
Christian
Worldview
Model
Explanation
Main menu
 Involves more than
cognition
 All people have varying
types and abilities for
thinking; needs to involve
those concepts...
Principles from Christian
Worldview:
•God has provided laws for us to learn and
to know
•Christians need to use our abilit...
(Huit, 1998)
Main menu
Huit (1998)incorporates the
affective (or emotional)
behavioral, and the purposeful
(or conative) factors into the
cogniti...
The CriticalThinking
Community
located at
http://www.criticalthinking.org/art
icles/index.cfm
At this site are many articl...
 Questions that can be used
in an Online Situation to spur
critical thinking
 Activities that can be used in
an Online S...
 What is the credibility of these sources of
information?
 Are there any contradictions in this premise?
 What are the ...
 Debates
 Campaigning forVarious
Issues
 Voting
 Scenarios
 Problem-Solving Issues
 Creation of various
products
Mai...
Arend, B. (2009). Encouraging critical thinking in online threaded discussions. The Journal
of Educators Online 6(1): 1-23...
Bloom B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook I:The cognitive domain.
NewYork: David McKay Co Inc.
Gard...
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Critical thinking

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Critical thinking

  1. 1. Thoughts for Online Learning
  2. 2.  Definition and Components  Theories of Learning  Integrative Model for Critical Thinking  Web site  Questions andApplications to Online Learning  Additional Reading  References in Presentation
  3. 3.  What is it?  How is it derived?  What ‘s the Purpose?  What ‘s the Basis?  What ‘s the Process? Main menu
  4. 4. “the intellectually disciplined process of actively and skillfully conceptualizing, applying, analyzing, synthesizing, and/or evaluating information” (Scriven and Paul ,1997, para. 1) Main menu
  5. 5. “gathered from, or generated by, observation, experience, reflection, reasoning, or communication” (Scriven and Paul ,1997, para. 1) Main menu
  6. 6. “guide to belief and action” (Scriven and Paul ,1997, para. 1) Main menu
  7. 7. •Clarity •Accuracy •Precision •Consistency •Relevance •Sound evidence •Good reasons •Depth •Breadth •Fairness (Scriven and Paul ,1997, para. 1) “universal intellectual values that transcend subject matter divisions” Main menu
  8. 8. •Purpose •Problem, or question-at-issue •Assumptions •Concepts •Empirical grounding •Reasoning leading to conclusions •Implications and consequences •Objections from alternative viewpoints •Frame of reference (Scriven and Paul ,1997, para. 1) “examination of those structures or elements of thought implicit in all reasoning:” Main menu
  9. 9.  Bloom’sTaxonomy  Taxonomy of Affective Domain  Multiple Intelligences  Emotional Intelligence Main menu
  10. 10. Categories ActionVerbs Knowledge (Remembering) Cite, Define, Outline, Record, Review Comprehensive (Understanding) Articulate, Associate,Observe, Detail, Generate, Application (Applying) Apply, Construct, Demonstrate, Operate, Predict Analysis (Analyzing) Classify,Compare, Correlate, Discriminate, Distinguish, Infer, Prioritize Synthesis (Creating) (Also switched order) Budget, Combine, Assess, Design, Program Evaluation (Evaluating) Assess, Critique, Justify Predict,Validate
  11. 11. Categories Explanation Receiving Phenomena Awareness, willingness to hear, attention Responding to Phenomena Learner is engaged in process, attends, willing to respond Valuing Acceptance to Commitment Organizing Prioritizes and arranges values, synthesizing them uniquely InternalizingValues Embodies values making them characteristic of the individual (Krathwohl, Bloom, & Masia, 1973).
  12. 12. Categories Explanation Linguistic intelligence Traditional , words, even sign language part Logical-mathematical intelligence Traditional IQ tests, Spatial intelligence Geography, environmental movement Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence Movement, action Musical intelligence Predominately right-brain, related computation, rhythm Interpersonal intelligence Determines people’s motivations, moods, intentions Intrapersonal intelligence Ability to understand the work within oneself Naturalist intelligence Involves nature, culture, Spiritual Not yet gained recognition, but highly acclaimed
  13. 13.  Based on knowing yourself and knowing others  Recognizing emotions and reactions within yourself and with others  Ability to handle relationships based on understanding applying these concepts (Goleman, 1995)
  14. 14. Necessity of Integration Christian Worldview Model Explanation Main menu
  15. 15.  Involves more than cognition  All people have varying types and abilities for thinking; needs to involve those concepts  Critical thinking involves the entire person within their environment Main menu
  16. 16. Principles from Christian Worldview: •God has provided laws for us to learn and to know •Christians need to use our abilities to solve problems righteously •Christians need to strive to be the best we can be Applying a Christian worldview to critical thinking not only can work, but is really the only way to work correctly Main menu
  17. 17. (Huit, 1998) Main menu
  18. 18. Huit (1998)incorporates the affective (or emotional) behavioral, and the purposeful (or conative) factors into the cognitive aspects of critical thinking. It allows for multiple intelligences and emotions and considers the environment within which one lives. It can incorporate a Christian Worldview Main menu
  19. 19. The CriticalThinking Community located at http://www.criticalthinking.org/art icles/index.cfm At this site are many articles, research, strategies, and applications for critical thinking Main menu
  20. 20.  Questions that can be used in an Online Situation to spur critical thinking  Activities that can be used in an Online Situation to spur critical thinking Main menu
  21. 21.  What is the credibility of these sources of information?  Are there any contradictions in this premise?  What are the implications and consequences of xyz?  Is the evidence to support this based on tried and true premises?  This scenario had much information presented. What factors are relevant and irrelevant to obtaining a solution?  What are the most significant similarities and differences?  How does the ideal align with actual practice?  What are some of the solutions to this problem and how would you assess each solution?  What would be the criteria for assessing the viability of the possible outcomes?  How would you refine these generalizations while simultaneously avoiding oversimplification? Main menu
  22. 22.  Debates  Campaigning forVarious Issues  Voting  Scenarios  Problem-Solving Issues  Creation of various products Main menu
  23. 23. Arend, B. (2009). Encouraging critical thinking in online threaded discussions. The Journal of Educators Online 6(1): 1-23. Boris, G. andT. Hall (2005). Critical thinking and online learning: A practical inquiry perspective in higher education [electronic version]. 20th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and Learning. Retrieved June 22, 2009 from http://www.uwex.edu/disted/conference/Resource_library/proceedings/04_1288 .pdf. Collison, G., B. Elbaum, et al. (2000). Chapter 7: Critical thinking strategies. Facilitating online learning: Effective strategies for moderators. Madison, WI, Atwood Publishing. Retrieved from NationalTeaching and Learning Forum June 22, 2009, http://www.ntlf.com/html/lib/suppmat/103chap7.pdf. MacKnight, C. B. (2000).Teaching critical thinking through online discussions [electronic version]. Educause Quarterly 4: 38-41. Mandernach, B. J. (2006).Thinking critically about critical thinking: Integrating online tools to promote critical thinking [electronic version]. CriticalThinking 1: 41-50. Retrieved June 22, 2009 from 20Thinking- %20Integrating%20Online%20Tools%20to%20Promote%20Critical%20Thinkin g.pdf. Mummery, J. (2002). Facilitating critical thinking in an online environment [electronic version]. Higher Education and Research Development Society Australasia.
  24. 24. Bloom B. S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives, handbook I:The cognitive domain. NewYork: David McKay Co Inc. Gardner, H. (2006). Multiple intelligences: New horizons in theory and practice. NewYork: Basic Books. Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional intelligence. NewYork, Bantam. Huitt,W. (1998). Critical thinking:An overview. Educational Psychology Interactive. Valdosta, GA:Valdosta State University. Retrieved June 22, 2009, fromhttp://chiron.valdosta.edu/whuitt/col/cogsys/critthnk.html Krathwohl, D. R., Bloom, B. S., & Masia, B. B. (1973). Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, the Classification of Educational Goals. Handbook II: Affective Domain. New York: David McKay Co., Inc. Scriven, M., & Paul, R. (1997). CriticalThinking Community. Retrieved June 22, 2009, from http://lonestar.texas.net/~mseifert/crit2.html

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