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Lina Gutierrez


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Creating my blog

Published in: Education
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Lina Gutierrez

  1. 1. PREPOSITIONS AND PHRASAL VERBS Prepositions and phrasal verbs are the combination of a preposition with a verb and when combined changes the meaning of the word, for example. VERB: » TURN: Giro PREPOSITION » ON: En, sobre. COMBINED » Turn on: Encender in serious prayer: Turn on light
  2. 2. with the particle DOWN CUT: Cortar (verb) DOWN: Abajo (particle) Cut down: Reducir In serious prayer: cut down speed
  3. 3. Prepositions often do not alter the meaning of the verb CLOSE DOWN » CLOSE: Cerca » DOWN: Abajo » Close down: Cerrar in serious prayer: close down the door with another particle » close up: acercarse » come up: subir » UP: Arriba Sentence: » close up the window » come up the stairs
  4. 4. Ing forms as object of a preposition are nouns that follow a preposition and when used after a preposition must be in the form of gerund Close the door after leaving! After: Después de (particle) Leaving: Dejamiento (gerund) After leaving: Después de salir
  5. 5. I want to visit uncle Frank before going back to Canada. Quiero visitar al tío Frank antes de volver a Canadá. » Before: Antes de (particle) » Going: Yendo (Gerund) » Before going: Antes de volver
  6. 6. For the only negative form is placed not before the gerund I’m worried about not passing that quiz. ABOUT: Acerca de (particle) NOT PASSING: No pasa (not before the gerund) About not passing: sobre no aprobar
  7. 7. to form the progressive past, you should seek the past of the verb to be and continues to place the form Ing. so: I was talking on the phone WAS: (to be passed) talking (gerund) On: (Particle)
  8. 8. Another example: We were eating in the cafetería. » Were: (past to be) » eating (gerund) » In: (Particle)