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Census intro4f11slsh


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Introduces searching in the census databases of

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Census intro4f11slsh

  1. 1. Census Research <ul><li>Why start with the census? </li></ul><ul><li>Everybody had to participate </li></ul><ul><li>Gives a SNAPSHOT of the family every ten years </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where they lived </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who was in the family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Basic profile for each family member </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research Process </li></ul><ul><li>Move from the KNOWN to the UNKNOWN </li></ul><ul><li>Start with the recent, move to the past </li></ul>
  2. 2. Census Basics <ul><li>Most recent available: 1930 </li></ul><ul><li>72-year privacy rule: 1940 census available April 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>1890 census damaged in 1921 and later destroyed; only remnants exist </li></ul><ul><li>Some other censuses have missing data for some counties </li></ul><ul><li>1790 to 1840: only head of household named; rest just tick marks </li></ul><ul><li>1850 and after, every person in household listed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Censuses 1790-1840: minimal information 1840
  4. 4. <ul><li>Second page of 1840 contains additional information </li></ul>Text No. of household members engaged in various occupations Slaves in household Text Military Pensioners 1830 census also has a second page
  5. 5. After 1850, every household member named 1850
  6. 6. Learn about Ancestry collections
  7. 7. Ancestry Searching: Overview <ul><li>Searches the INDEX, not the document image. </li></ul><ul><li>Errors created at any point may hinder the search: informant errors, enumerator errors, transcription errors </li></ul><ul><li>Error may occur in spelling, age, relationship, marital status, birth place, even sex! </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Ancestry supplies likely locations; click on to import suggestion to the fill-in box. Best results </li></ul><ul><li>If an exact search fails: </li></ul><ul><li>DON’T constrain your search too much by age/ other data. </li></ul><ul><li>Try many name spelling variations </li></ul><ul><li>DO Use WILDCARDS [for names] . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Approaching a Search <ul><li>Approaching a database search in, or other online database, </li></ul><ul><li>be aware of </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>what info about your target family you are “pretty sure “ of </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>what in your info is “possibly incorrect” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>what in your info is a “best guess” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>If you are aware of the “weak points” in the info you have about a family, you will know where to vary your search elements if you can’t find them right away </li></ul>
  9. 9. Example <ul><li>You know the ancestor’s name, date of birth (approx), place of birth, and where he lived in 1930. You know he was married, had at least one daughter, and was a tailor. </li></ul><ul><li>What info would you enter in a search for him in 1930? </li></ul><ul><li>Start with: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Only his name, birth year, place of birth and residence. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Any more information could filter out your actual ancestor from the results. It is even possible that the above info is too much. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Entering Information <ul><li>NAMES: can be incorrect in the index </li></ul><ul><li>BIRTH year: focuses but does not constrain results </li></ul><ul><li>BUT If +/- is used, it will constrain results </li></ul><ul><li>BIRTHPLACE: can focus results, doesn’t constrain </li></ul><ul><li>LOCATION: state and city/town: county not nec. </li></ul><ul><li>Ancestry compensates for small deviances in your input of location; within a state, it will find a location even if a misspelled, unofficial, or informal designation for the place is entered </li></ul>
  11. 11. Your Target Name may not show on top of the list. Set the results list to 50 results and look through the whole thing !
  12. 12. Search results: <ul><ul><ul><li>Hover over “View Record” on the left </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Get a “Preview” of what is on the census page </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate whether it’s worth looking at the actual image </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>IF you think this may be your target family, click to go to the record/image </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A “record page” -- a transcription of some of the info on the actual image-- appears even when you want to go to the image </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DON’T STOP THERE--look at the census image </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Found Ancestor? SAVE! <ul><li>Keep a copy of the image (and the record page if you like) on your computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Many ways to create an image on a Mac </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Drag image to desktop (creates a moderate size jpg) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create a print image (click Ancestry “print”) and drag to desktop. (creates a large size jpg) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Create print image (click Ancestry “print”) , then click computer “print” (FILE menu). In dialog box, click on “Preview.” Click on “save” in FILE menu; name the file and save to desktop. (creates a pdf.) </li></ul></ul></ul>Once saved, you can print the page at home or create a clip of the target family’s entry.
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  15. 15. Census Image is an Original Source <ul><li>An ORIGINAL source is one generated at or close to the event (in this case, the taking of the census). </li></ul><ul><li>A DERIVATIVE source is one derived from the original = an extraction of information a transcription </li></ul><ul><li>or even a word for word copy </li></ul><ul><li>An ORIGINAL source is always preferable to a derivative one: more authoritative. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Census Image is a Mixture of Primary & Secondary Information <ul><li>Primary information comes from someone with first-hand knowledge of the event </li></ul><ul><li>Secondary information comes from someone whose knowledge of the event is secondhand or more distant. </li></ul>