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  1. 1. Black history By Wallace Lim (27) S2P3
  2. 2. Black Discrimination <ul><li>It started thousands of years ago. One tribe would battle with another, the tribe that lost the battle would be captured. Males would be forced to work while females would be forced to become secondary wives to tribesmen. When the Dutch traders visited Africa seeking something of value to trade, many of the tribes offered captured enemies as a commodity in exchange for the trinkets and other goods offered by the Dutch traders. For many of the slaves, the conditions were better than they would have encountered had they remained the &quot;property&quot; of their enemies in Africa since many of them would have been murdered for their &quot;crime&quot; of being a member of the enemy tribe. This relates to the book ‘to kill a mockingbird’ as the blacks are also seen as inferior to the whites. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Civil War <ul><li>The civil war took place from 1861-1865 in the United States of America. It was between 11 southern slave states where slavery had been abolished and 20 slavery free states with the support of 5 slave states. It was caused by the fact that in the elections, the anti-slavery party won. Therefore, 7, and later another 4, slave states called for secession from the USA. Therefore, Abraham Lincoln called for war against the south. In the end, the 11 states surrendered to the USA. From then on, slavery was abolished. This relates to the novel as in the end, black discrimination/slavery was also abolished. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jim Crow Laws <ul><li>The Jim Crow Laws are such that blacks seen to be separated from the whites. Jim Crow is not a person, but a stereotype applied to all blacks. An example of the Jim Crows laws would be that blacks had a different water coolers from the whites in a restaurant. The blacks felt unhappy as they felt it wasn’t their fault but their ancestors. And despite their inability to change history, they are being discriminated. We can see Jim Crows laws in the novel when the blacks are always unable to associate with the whites. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Civil Rights Movement <ul><li>The Civil Rights Movement took place on 1 Dec 1955. It was about a national resistance to racial segregation. A city wide boycott of the Montgomery bus system was executed. Also, mass marches took place from Selma all the way to Montgomery. The American president Ronald Reagen was in support of this movement. In the end, racial discrimination was abolished. This relates to the novel as the blacks in the novel choose not to be discriminated and therefore went against the whites. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Montgomery Bus Boycott and Scottsboro trials <ul><li>For the Montgomery Bus Boycott, the people decided to boycott the Montgomery bus system. In the end, the federal court district ruled that the segregation rule was to be voided. As for the Scottsboro trials, it is about 9 negroes that were accused of rape. After numerous trials ( more than 6 years in jail), their innocence was proved. The Scottsboro trials relate to the novel as the blacks were always accused of whenever theft took place or when something went wrong. The trials are similiar in the sense that the blacks were always discriminated and there is always prejudice. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Traits of a true Southern Belle and Southern Gentleman <ul><li>There are many rules that southern belles and gentlemen have to abide to. For belles, rules are such as a true southern belle should finish school, never chase a man, etc. As for gentlemen, rules are such as only date a person you are attracted to, stay positive, tell someone directly you are not interested in staying with them, etc. Southern ladies cook most of their free time. Personally I feel that Calpurnia and Atticus fit the mould of a southern belle/ gentlemen most. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Harper Lee <ul><li>Nelle Harper Lee is born on the 28 th of april, 1926. The book ‘to kill a mockingbird’ has won her Pultizer Prize which he is best known for. She was born in Monroeville, Albama and is the youngest of 4 children. She has also won a Presidential Medal Freedom award. She has written 5 novels in total, excluding ‘to kill a mockingbird’, such as ‘love- in other words’, ‘when children discover America’, and ‘Christmas to me’. </li></ul>