Smart School


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About Smart School initiatives, teaching and learning components in Smart School, use of technology as enablers, Smart Schools progress and challenges faced.

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Smart School

  2. 2. LIST OF CONTENTS:Cover iList Of Content iiAcknowledgement iiiAbstract iv1.0 Introduction 12. 0 What is Smart School? 13.0 Smart School Initiatives 34.0 Teaching And Learning Component In Smart Schools 4 4.1 Curriculum 4 4.2 Pedagogy 5 4.3 Assessment 7 4.4 Teaching –Learning Materials 85.0 Technology Enablers 96.0 Overview Of The Smart School Progress 10 6.1 Wave 1 – The Pilot (1999 - 2002) 11 6.2 Wave 2 – The Post-Pilot (2002 – 2005) 12 6.3 Wave 3 – Making All Schools Smart, MSSS (2005 – 2010) 13 6.4 Wave 4 – Consolidate And Stabilise (2011 – 2020) 137.0 Challenges Faced Since The Inception Of Smart Schools In Malaysia 148.0 Conclusion 15 2
  3. 3. Reference v 3
  4. 4. ABSTRACTThis report was written about the Smart School Program that has been launched by ourgovernment to prepare the future generation to become the competitive workforce andall-round development individuals. This report actually is based on the presentation thatwe had prepared as required by our lecturer, Encik Azmi. The presentation is about theintroduction of Smart School Program to a group of science teachers from Indonesia bysenior officers from the Ministry Of Education. In this report, there are some brief introduction about the transformation bring bytechnology to the globe and Smart School. In the next section of this report, Smart Schoolinitiatives is listed out and some elaboration on the initiatives. Later, the teaching andlearning component in Smart Schools that include 4 parts which are curriculum,pedagogy, assessment, and teaching and learning materials. After that, the use of technology as enablers contained in Smart School concept isalso listed out. The overview of the Smart Schools progress also included in this report.There are 4 waves in the progress of Smart School program which are The Pilot, ThePost-Pilot, Making All Schools Smart (MASS) and Consolidate And Stabilise. Lat but not least, the challenges that faced by the Smart School since its inceptionalso listed out in this report, follows up by the conclusion part. 4
  5. 5. ACKNOWLEDGMENTWe would like to thanks our lecturer, En. Azmi Ibrahim for his valuable advices that hegave during the process of preparing the report that titled “Report On Smart School” andthe presentation on Smart Schools. The advices truly help us a lot in the preparationprocess of this report and the presentation. Besides that, we would also like to show our appreciation to our classmates thatgave suggestions during the process of preparing this report and presentation. Next, wewould also like to thanks our friends that share their ideas, thoughts and give suggestionsto us. In conclusion, we would like to thanks to everyone that involve directly orindirectly in the process of preparing this report and presentation. 5
  6. 6. 1.0 INTRODUCTIONThe world we live in today is currently undergoing a massive transformation as a resultof the digital revolution. The transformation also has been greatly affecting the world ofeducation. Education is a very important part of a country as it has the duty to educateyoung people who are responsible for the country‟s future development and progress.Therefore, in our country, with the presence of information technologies today, ourMalaysian government is also putting huge efforts into education sector to obtain thegood advantages from it. Smart schools were introduced, students were encouraged to useinformation and communication technology (ICT), and almost all schools are equippedwith computers and internet access even in the rural area. The integration of ICT in smart school does not just only give the benefit of ICTduring teaching and learning process. This new technologies have created learningopportunities that challenges traditional schools and colleges. Furthermore, they enablepeople of all ages to pursue learning on their own terms. Smart schools in Malaysia haveshown a good progress since its establishment. Although there are several challenges andissues faced, the smart schools in Malaysia were constantly being monitored andupgraded to match the current conditions and the education needs.2.0 WHAT IS SMART SCHOOL?In Malaysia, smart schools are learning institutions that are reconstructed to fit theglobally evolving world of information and technology. These learning institutions aredesigned in terms of teaching and learning practice and school management in order toprepare children for the life in this Information Age. In this age, the development of ICTwitnessed to be occurring fast. Therefore, to adapt with this ever changing condition,smart school will evolve over time, continuously developing and advancing it‟sprofessional staffs, it‟s educational resources and it‟s administrative capabilities. Based on the purpose of smart school to prepare children for the Information Age,smart school is provided with all the technology needed extending from the school level 6
  7. 7. up to national level. Smart school is equipped with technology that can facilitate teachingand learning process such as multimedia, and assists the school management; databaseapplication for instance. These are among the technology that provided in smart school:School level technology:Facility DescriptionClassrooms Equipped with multimedia courseware and presentation facilities, and e-mail or groupware for collaborative work.Library/Media Centre With database centre for multimedia courseware, and network resources like access to the internet.Computer laboratory For teaching, such as Computer Studies as a subject, and readily accessible multimedia and audiovisual equipment.Multimedia With tools for creating multimedia materials and catering toDevelopment Centre varying levels of sophistication.Studio/Theatre With a control room for centralized audiovisual equipment, video conferencing studio, preview room for audio, video, or laser disc materials.Teachers‟ Room With on-line access to courseware catalogues and databases, information and resource management systems, professional networking tools, such as e-mail and groupware.Administration Offices Capable of managing databases of student and facilities, tracking student and teacher performance or resources, and distributing notices and other information electronically.Server Room Equipped to handle applications, management databases, and web servers; provide security; and telecommunications interface and access to network resources. Table: Technological facility in smart school (Source: Smart school conceptual blueprint) Smart school is not about the technology around the school only. It is also aboutthe technology that interconnecting the smart schools and educational technology in 7
  8. 8. district and national level. The network is maintained secured for the communicationbetween schools and the national authorities. Districts will also need to maintainextensive databases for information like assessment records of student and teacherperformance; human resource records; matters of governance, financing, and security;and educational resources.3.0 SMART SCHOOL INITIATIVESSmart school was initiated in Malaysia more than 15 years ago as the technological erawave also hit the country. In order to keep up with the changing world of technology,there is a need to start educating the young one with technology and with more holisticeducation. There are several main initiatives of smart school. Firstly, smart school was introduced in the initiative to produce a thinkingtechnology-literate work force. Most of the jobs nowadays demand for skilled workersespecially in dealing with the technology. Therefore, smart school will have theresponsibility to educate and prepare students for their real life after school. In smartschool, students will be taught of thinking across the curriculum. Outside the classroomand out of the school syllabus, students still can search for information for their ownknowledge. Other than that, technology is also applied in teaching and learning process insmart school. Thus, students will get used to the technology-environment to learn or workwith. Moreover, the technology in smart school will increase the participation ofstakeholders. Technology enables easy and speedy communication of stakeholders withthe school. This condition will create the awareness of what had happens in schools.Therefore, indirectly technology can provide the opportunities for stakeholders, forexample parents community to participate in the school programs. Smart school also democratizes education by providing equal access to learningopportunities. In smart school, everyone can have the access to the technology or internet.We all know that technology has transformed our larger society. It has become central topeople‟s reading, writing, calculating, and thinking. With technology, learning can be 8
  9. 9. done at anytime, and in every way desired. Therefore, smart school and technology alsoprovided for differing abilities, styles and paces of learning. Just like any other school, smart school also developed to provide all-rounddevelopment of the individual. This covers the development of intellectual, physical,emotional, and spiritual. Smart school provides a broad curriculum for all, teach valuesand language across the curriculum, and emphasize thinking skills.4.0 TEACHING AND LEARNING COMPONENT IN SMART SCHOOLSThe teaching and learning component comprises four areas: 1. Curriculum: designed to help students achieve overall and balanced development. 2. Pedagogy: allows for appropriate mix of learning strategies to ensure mastery of basic competencies and promotion of holistic development. 3. Assessment: designed to give accurate feedback of students‟ readiness, progress, achievement and aptitude. 4. Teaching and learning materials: cognitively challenging and motivating by combining the best of network based, teacher-based, and courseware materials.4.1 CURRICULUMThe smart school curriculum shall be meaningful, social responsible, multicultural,reflective, holistic, global, open-ended, goal-based and technological. It shall promoteholistic learning, allowing children to progress at their own pace, and catering forstudents varying capabilities, interest and needs. It will seek to ensure that children areeducated with critical and creative thinking skills, inculcated with appropriate values, andencouraged to improve their own language proficiency. New elements that found inSmart School curriculum are purposed on all-round development of students appropriatefor this era. Thus, the curriculum will be designed to: 9
  10. 10. 1. Help students achieve overall balanced development integrate knowledge, skills, values, and correct use of language. Domain All round development Effective oral and written communication in Malay. Communication English as a second language. Emphasis multiple languages, interpersonal skills and networking. Focus on acquiring knowledge. Focus on searching, Cognitive generating, and using knowledge with an emphasis on problem-solving and creativity. Instill moral and religious values. Emphasis adaptability, Affective team player characteristics, emotional balance and emotional intelligence. Physical Instill social responsibility and consciousness of health and environmental issues. Emphasis a global orientation and inculcate work place skills and attitudes. (Source: Smart school conceptual blueprint)2. State explicitly intended learning outcomes for different ability levels.3. Foster the knowledge, skills, and attitudes appropriate for success in the Information Age.4. Offer multidisciplinary, thematic, and continuous learning.4.2 PEDAGOGYThe smart school pedagogy will seek to make learning more interesting, motivating,stimulating and meaningful. This component involves the children minds, spirit, andbodies in the learning process. It also builds basics skill to prepare children for greaterchallenges over time and cater for a range of needs and capabilities among the students.The pedagogy shall: 10
  11. 11. 1. Use an appropriate mix of learning strategies to ensure mastery of basic competencies and promote holistic development. Involves specific learning goals Process Active learning process, where learner constructs meaning - Continuous - Personalized Alone, in pairs, or in small teams with an expert (teacher or community member), a facilitator (teacher assistant, volunteer or Modes student), non-human resources (hands-on materials, computer- based resources, multimedia resources, or print materials) At a site in the community, a computer-based multimedia simulation, a hands-on learning lab, a meeting room or library. Authentic, often in real life environments, with real world challenges interdisciplinary: - Specific knowledge Tasks - General skills such as transfer of information across settings, negotiation and interpersonal skills, decision making skills Mastery of a task before progressing to next task Periodic performance mastery assessment More responsibility to learner for directing and managing own learning. (Source: Smart school conceptual blueprint)2. Accommodate individual different learning styles, so as to boost performance. Differentiating Teacher- Teacher as Teacher as Student- Factors centred mentor and coach or centred model Facilitator Establishment Established Established Established Established 11
  12. 12. of learning by Teacher by Teacher through by student objectives discussion with teacher‟s between suggestion student and and input teacher Determination Determined Suggested by Determined Determined of instructional by Teacher teacher, open by student by student tasks to discussion with teacher‟s with teacher‟s suggestion suggestion and input and input Selection of Selected by Suggested by Selected by Selected by Resources for Teacher teacher, open student with student with tasks to discussion teacher‟s teacher‟s suggestion suggestion (Source: Smart school conceptual blueprint)3. Faster a classroom atmosphere that is compatible with different teaching-learning strategies.  Creating an atmosphere of respect and rapport  Establishing a culture for learning  Managing classroom procedures  Managing student behavior  Organizing physical space4.3 ASSESSMENTThe smart school assessment system will be distinctly different from current system tohelp realize the National Philosophy of Education. It shall be element-based andcriterion-referenced to provide more holistic and accurate picture of students‟performance. Teachers, students, and parents will be able to access on-line assessmentitems. Smart school assessment will be flexible and learner-friendly, while assuring the 12
  13. 13. quality of the assessment information by using multiple approaches and instruments. Itwill lead to living certification, which not only attest to a student‟s cumulativeaccomplishments but will also be open to continued improvement on a lifetime basis. Thescope of assessment in the Smart School is holistic and gives various informationregarding the students learning styles and abilities such as: Learners have different experiences and their levels of entry in certain Readiness learning areas need to be assessed. The student’s progress in achieving certain learning objectives needs to be Progress monitored. His/her strengths and weaknesses also need to be diagnosed. Assessing the achievement of each intended learning outcome in a learning Achievement area is necessary to indicate whether the learner is ready to move on to the next area. Learners’ different styles of learning and multiple intelligences have to be Aptitude recognized.4.4 TEACHING-LEARNING MATERIALSSmart school will need teaching-learning materials designed for the new strategies. Thesematerials will accommodate students differing needs and abilities, resulting in furtherrealization of their capabilities and potential, and allow students to take greaterresponsibility for managing and directing their own learning. The materials should becognitively challenging, attractive, motivates students to learn and encourages activeparticipation. In addition, the materials will be acquired from a wide range of sources. 13
  14. 14. Conceptual selection and evaluation guidelines for teaching-learning materials will cover5 main criteria: Cosmetic Adequacy Instruction Adequate Curriculum Adequate • Graphic quality • Promotes vertical and • In-line with curriculum • Video quality horizontal integration specifications • Animation quality • Consider different • Promotes • Voice and sound quality capabilities of students values, skills, knowledge, and teachers and language across the • Layout quality • Suitable for a variety of curriculum • Color and fonts quality learning environment • Consistent with teaching- • Well designed interface learning objectives • Professionally done • Content is accurate and • Adaptable to different up-to-date teaching and learning • Content is relevant to styles student‟s environment • Assessment is built-in Technical Adequate Cost effectiveness • User-friendly • Value for money • Clear and comprehensive manual guides5.0 TECHNOLOGY ENABLERSTechnology alone will not make a school smart. Only improved teaching-learningstrategies, management and administrative processes, and capable, well trained peoplewith enthusiasm for their work can do that. However, information technology can enablethe process of transforming traditional school into Smart School. Consequently, a nation-wide system of Smart Schools will depend on advanced information technology at theschool, district, state and national levels. The technology has implications on teaching-learning process, smart school management system and linkages to externalconstituencies due to smart school practices. 14
  15. 15. School-level technology:Technology has many roles to play in Smart School, from facilitating teaching andlearning activities to assisting with school to assisting with school might include thefollowing: 1. Classrooms with multimedia courseware, and presentation facilities, and e-mail or groupware for collaborative work. 2. Library/media centre with database centre for multimedia courseware, and network resources like access to the internet. 3. Computer laboratory for teaching, such as Computer Studies as a subject, and readily accessible multimedia and audiovisual equipment. 4. Multimedia Development Centre with tools for creating multimedia materials and catering to varying levels of sophistication. 5. Studio/Theatrette with a control room for centralized audiovisual equipment, video conferencing studio, professional networking tools, such as e-mail and groupware. 6. Administration Offices capable of managing database of students and facilities, tracking students and teachers performance or resources, and distributing notices and other information electronically. 7. Server Room equipped to handle applications, management databases, and web servers to provide security and telecommunications interface and access to network resources.6.0 OVERVIEW OF THE SMART SCHOOL PROGRESSThe Smart School Flagship is one of the seven flagships of the Multimedia SuperCorridor (MSC) that has been carried out in the year 2000. The Smart Schools concepthas began with the launched of The Pilot Project to seek for the proof-of-concept beforethe next steps or phases are implemented by the government. If the concept solutionfulfills the scope of the service required, then the entire project will be launched. Phasesin the Smart School Flagship are carried out in 4 waves as below: 15
  16. 16. 6.1 WAVE 1 – THE PILOT (1999 – 2002)In this wave, Ministry Of Education (MoE), Multimedia Development Corporation(MDC) and Telekom Smart School Sdn. Bhd. (TSS) has build a partnership in order toensure the involvement from both the central and state levels. The MoE and TSS havesigned the agreement on 28 July 1999. Different parties play different significant rolessuch as the MoE provided the educational expertise while the industry partner, TSS onthe other hand was setting up the infrastructure and developing applications and teaching-learning solutions to fulfill the requirements and objectives of the Smart School. Besidesthat, MDC was strategic the position and role in the Information and Communication InTechnology (ICT) growth and development process of the Multimedia Super Corridor(MSC) for build up the partnerships with the industry sector. The Conceptual Blueprint of Smart School has clearly stated that two type ofphases will be launched, which are a Pilot Project phase and a broad roll-out phase duringthe implementation of the Smart School. Eighty-eight (88) Pilot schools that recognizedto be the center for the roll-out of Smart School concepts, materials, skills andtechnologies were participated in this Pilot Project phase. All these selected schools needto tested 3 models of technology which are a computer laboratory (Level B) (80 schoolsparticipated), a limited classroom model (Level B+) (2 schools participated) and a fullclassroom model (Level A) (6 schools participated). 16
  17. 17. The Pilot Project tested the Smart School Integrated Solution (SSIS) throughvarious components. At this stage, measures such as teachers and principals trained in useof Smart School application, ICT infrastructure and systems as an enabler for qualityteaching and learning, Data Centre, Help Desk and Call Centre are taken. Theimplementation phase from year 1999 to 2002 was closely monitored by the three parties.Issues that occurred at this phase were resolved at the meetings that attended by the threeparties.6.2 WAVE 2 – THE POST-PILOT (2002 – 2005)When the Pilot Project was successfully concluded in 2002, a consortium of evaluatorsmade up of experts from the local universities was commissioned by the MoE or MDCpartners to conduct an evaluation of the project. Others also included a benchmarking study by Frost and Sullivan, an independentconsultant, to compare the Malaysia Smart School‟s Integrated Solution (SSIS) with eightother countries, a study by local academics, and technology evaluation by the SmartSchool team and TSS. The benchmarking study compared the merits of the SSIS and itscomponents with similar implementations in Australia, Britain, Canada, Ireland, Japan,New Zealand, Singapore and the USA to benchmark their best practices in ICT-mediatededucation with that of Malaysia. The benchmark shown that Malaysia‟s achievement isgood as the teaching-learning courseware was tailor-made for Malaysian curriculumwhile the other countries used courseware developed for the generic market. The evaluation work began in April 2003 and a report of the findings waspublished in year 2004. At this stage, it is more to enhancement of 88 Smart Schools. At Post Pilot phase, massive computerization phase is launched to all 10,000schools. Infrastructure and measures such as computer lab, SchoolNet, coursewares, e-material and the Teaching-Learning Science And Mathematics In English (PPSMI), aneducation policy is conducted to the whole Malaysia‟s schools. 17
  18. 18. 6.3 WAVE 3 – MAKING ALL SCHOOLS SMART, MASS (2005 – 2010)Making All Schools Smart is a continuous process to acculturate the use of technology ineducation to ensure quality teaching and learning, effectiveness of school administrationand management and teachers‟ ICT competency. At this wave, the steps of leveraging allICT initiatives are taken. For examples, EduWebTV and School Access Centre are set upand made full use of them.Smart School Qualification Standards (SSQS), a monitoring tool is used to measure theutilization of ICT in schools. This SSQS focusing on 4 domains, which are 40% onhuman capital, 40% on utilization, 10% on application and another 10% on infrastructure.SSQS Star Ratings for the schools divided into 5 categories which the best is AdvancedPlus (5*), follow up by Advanced (4*), Median (3*), Basic Plus (2*) and lastly Basic(1*). In 2010, MoE has awarded „Smart School‟ rating to 8147 schools. This means theyhave achieved at least three stars. About 88.9% of schools have achieved smart schoolstatus in the end of this wave.6.4 WAVE 4 – CONSOLIDATE AND STABILISE (2011 – 2020)At this wave, continuous effort is continued. Meticulous planning and monitoring,rigorous training and upgrading of teachers and school administrators, enhancement ofinformation literary among school leavers and formulation of smart partnerships aretaken to consolidate and sustain the Smart Schools progress. The Educational Technology Division, as the lead agency in the MoE Malaysiahas prepared the Smart School Strategic Plan, 2011-2015 (Pelan Strategik Pembestarian2011-2015) to achieved the objectives of MASS. National Key Results Areas (NKRA)for education that emphasis the need for improving students‟ outcomes and providingaccess to quality education for all is launched. All the 10,000 schools should achieve the smart schools standards in this wave.One of MoE‟s strategies to ensure schools achieve the Smart School status is by means ofthe Catalyst Schools programme. This strategy is expected to generate the “Mutiplier 18
  19. 19. Effect” to speed up the process of achieving the 5 star ranking by other schools. The 5star SSQS catalyst schools are required to mentor, guide and hand-hold schools withintheir group and walk them through the MASS process. Catalyst School System To make sure the Catalyst School Program succeed, several programmes wereimplemented like mindset & culture change, sharing of best practices, CommunityProgrammes/Smart Partnerships, ICT Buddy Support, Bestari Club (Bestari Brigade) andOn-Site Monitoring.7.0 CHALLENGES FACED SINCE THE INCEPTION OF SMART SCHOOLS IN MALAYSIASince the inception of Smart Schools in Malaysia, numerous of challenges have to befaced in the process of ensuring the successful of this project. First of all, continuousmonitoring and coaching of innovative use of technology in schools need a lot of effort 19
  20. 20. and determinant from the responsible parties. Without the continuous monitoring andcoaching, the Smart Schools implementation would not be success as now. Secondly, continuous upgrading of infrastructure such as the broadband andhardware need to be concern and take action. Since the technology and information of theworld is upgrading and increase from time to time, MoE, MDC and TSS must cooperatemore to fulfill the need of the Smart Schools from the aspect of latest infrastructure. Inaddition, instilling the ownership of Smart School initiatives among the stakeholders andchanging the mindset of teachers and stakeholders also are the challenges need to befaced. By overcome this challenge, the Vision 2020 can be better achieved through SmartSchools Project as the stakeholder feel that they have the responsibility andaccountability to make it a reality. Thirdly, alignment of objectives at all levels required, within the Ministry andbetween Ministries or agencies. Without the alignment of objectives, the inception andcontinuous effort for Smart Schools will totally be a mess and waste of time and energy.With the alignment, the human resources, money, plans and other will be effectively usedto achieve the best and maximum success.8.0 CONCLUSIONIn conclusion, the inception of Smart School in Malaysia is a big leap in our localeducation to achieve our nation Vision 2020. The continuous effort towards making it‟s abig success requires fully involvement of all the stakeholders. There still have challengesand obstacles need to face and overcome by all the stakeholders. However, cooperationand ownership of Smart School from the stakeholder can overcome the challengeseffectively. 20
  21. 21. REFERENCESAge of Information and Technology (2008). Retrieved on October 14, 2012 from Collins, Richards Haverson(2012). Rethinking Education in the Age of Technology: The Digital Revolution and the Schools. Retrieved on October 14, 2012 form .pdf.Azian T.S Abdullah (2006, December). The Malaysian Smart School Initiative. Digital Learning. Volume ll Issue 12. 6-9. Retrieved Oktober 11, 2012 from Technology Division (2011). Hearts And Minds Towards Making All Schools Smart. Retrieved Oktober 10, 2011 from adzliaton/hearts-and-minds-towards-making-all-schools-smart.Malaysian Smart School (2008). Retrieved October 8, 2012 from http://www.mscm.m y/topic/About+Smart+School.Siti Zaleha Binti Abdullah Sani (2011). Making Schools Smart: The Malaysian Experience. Retrieved October 11, 2012 from TS/15MsiaEdu/10.%20Dr%20Dorothy.pdf. 21
  22. 22. The Malaysian Smart School – An MSC Flagship Application-A Conceptual Blueprint (1997). Retrieved October 11, 2012 from http://www.mscmalaysia .my/sites/default /files/pdf/publications_references/Smart_School_Blueprint. pdf.The Smart School Roadmap 2005-2020: An Educational Odyssey (2005). Retrieved October 10, 2012 from roadmap. 22