Content Analysis PBL

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Issues and challenges in integrating ICT in teaching and learning in Malaysian Schools

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Content Analysis PBL

  1. 1. Information And Communication Technology In Science (SSI 3013) Title : Content Analysis PBL Prepared for: Encik Azmi Bin Ibrahim Prepared by:1. Viviana Velenthia Micheal D201010XXXXX2. Dayang Sufinah Binti Datu Teng D201010XXXXX3. Darvina Lim Choo Kheng D201010XXXXX Semester 1 Session 2012/2013
  2. 2. Group BPROBLEM SCENARIO:ICT application has become an important part of teaching and learning. The Ministry ofEducation has invested a huge effort in terms of funding and training to equip teachers andstudents with ICT skills. In your opinion what are the issues and challenges in integratingICT in teaching and learning in our Malaysian Schools.Give your idea to this issue in not more than 500 words.I NTRODUCTION:ICT has become very significant in nowadays. Hence, our government had spent millionsringgit and invested huge effort in preparing our children in this Information Age byintegrating ICT in teaching and learning process. However, integrating ICT is not the easyjobs as there are challenges and issues need to settle.FACTS1. ICT application has become an important part of teaching and learning.2. Ministry of Education has invested a huge effort in terms of funding and training to equip teachers and students with ICT skills.3. There are issues and challenges in integrating ICT in teaching and learning in our Malaysia school.IDEAS:Issues:1. Effectiveness of ICT.2. Computer cannot interact in a personal level interaction or give fuller and specific explanations
  3. 3. 3. Visual experiments make students to be incompetent in manual process skills.Challenges:1. Not all school especially remote area’s schools can apply ICT effectively.2. Designs in computer presentation distract the students’ attention.3. Same teaching aids make students bored.4. Replacement of new equipment takes long time and process.5. Lack of skill and motivation in senior teachers.6. Lack of technical expert in repairing and maintaining the ICT equipment.DISCUSSIONS:Issues:One of the issues is the effectiveness of ICT. Without constant monitoring by the teachingstaff, students tend to use ICT devices incorrectly instead of use it effectively for their study.For example, while using computers in classroom, students will tend to browse the internetfor unrelated things such as games, social networks, music, or even porn. Another issue of ICT usage in school is computers cannot interact in a personal levelinteraction or give fuller and specific explanations. When teachers depend too much on ICT,they will communicate less with the students. ICT software and hardware such as CDs, andpresentation slides will be used widely without approaching the students personally to knowtheir understanding level. Issue also arises from ICT usage when many experiments were done virtually usingthe software and computers. This makes students to be incompetent in manual process skills.Using software, students cannot experience the real process.Challenges:
  4. 4. One challenge that may arise is that not all schools in Malaysia that can apply ICTeffectively. Remote areas such as in Sabah and Sarawak do not have a regular source ofelectricity and this cause implementation of ICT is impossible without electricity. Another challenge is computer presentations (e.g. Power Point) can be made quite"glitzy" without adding any benefit beyond what one could have had with a simple overhead.These "glitzy" features most often serve to distract the audience, rather than focus theirattention on the subject at hand. Besides when the same teaching aids (e.g. Power Point) usedagain and again, probably the students become not interested and attracted to the lesson. In the event of damage to material goods or changing of better tools, waiting for newequipments process takes a long time because it has to go through various procedures. Thiswould interfere with the process of teaching and learning that should happen in schools. In addition, lack of skill and motivation in the senior teachers. Although governmenthas provided basic training, not all senior teachers attend the course. Plus, some of seniorteachers lack of motivation and a bit phobic about teaching using ICT. Burden of teachersalso increase after integrating ICT in schools and this may creates an anti-ICT environmentamong the teachers. These make them unmotivated to use ICT in their teaching process. Furthermore, lack of technical expert in repairing and maintaining the ICTequipments. No all the schools has technician and the government also cannot providesufficient technicians at one time.CONCLUSION As a conclusion, integrating ICT in teaching and learning process is not an easyprocess. There are many challenges and issues that may arise. However, by time it is hopedthat everyone will have the awareness and motivated to use and gain the benefit of ICT.
  5. 5. PROBLEM SCENARIOICT application has become an important part of teaching and learning. The Ministry ofEducation has invested a huge effort in terms of funding and training to equip teachers andstudents with ICT skills. In your opinion what are the issues and challenges in integrating ICT inteaching and learning in our Malaysian Schools.Give your idea to this issue in not more than 500 words. FILA Facts Ideas Learning Issues Action Plan4. ICT application Issues: 1. What are the 1. Do group has become an 4. Effectiveness of ICT. issues that related discussions to get important part of 5. Computer cannot to the integrating the facts and brief teaching and interact in a personal of ICT in teaching ideas on issues and learning. level interaction or give and learning challenges.5. Ministry of fuller and specific process? 2. Do research on the Education has explanations 2. What are the brief ideas that invested a huge 6. Visual experiments challenges need to come out from effort in terms make students to be face when discussion. of funding and incompetent in manual integrating ICT in 3. Find information training to equip process skills. teaching and from various teachers and learning process? sources such as students with Challenges: searching through ICT skills. 7. Not all school internet, library and6. There are issues especially remote area’s ask opinions. and challenges schools can apply ICT in integrating effectively. ICT in teaching 8. Designs in computer and learning in presentation distract the our Malaysia students’ attention. school. 9. Same teaching aids make students bored. 10. Replacement of new equipment takes long time and process. 11. Lack of skill and motivation in senior teachers. 12. Lack of technical expert in repairing and maintaining the ICT equipment.
  6. 6. REFERENCESAnjali Khirwadkar (2007). Integration of ICT in Education: Pedagogical Issues. Retrieved on September 25, 2012 from http://www.journal.au.edu/edu_journa l/jan2007/article06_vol1no1.pdf.ICT and Education – Key Issues (2011). Retrieved on September 25, 2012 from http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/TOPICS/EXTEDUCATION /0,,contentMDK:20533883~menuPK:617610~pagePK:148956~piPK:216618~ theSitePK:282386~isCURL:Y,00.html.Issues and Challenges In Integrating ICT In Teaching And Learning In Our Malaysian Schools (2009). Retrieved on September 27, 2012 from http://zaimahizzati.blogspot.com/2009/10/issues-and-challenges-in- integrating.html.Khalid Abdullah Bingimlas (2009). Barriers to the Successful Integration of ICT in Teaching and Learning Environments: A Review of the Literature. Eurasia Journal of Mathemathics, Science & Technology Education, 5 (3), 235-245. http://www.ejmste.com/v5n3/EURASIA_v5n3_Bingimlas.pdf.

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