School Of Architecture, Building & Design
Foundation In Natural & Built Environment
Group Members :
NAME STUDENT ID
Lillian Tan Ai Jun 0320087
Trace Gew Yee 0320269
Hirendran Sivaganam 0319894
Chin Vin Yan 0320311
Alan Chung JiaZen 0321487
Module : SocialPsychology[PSY30203]
Projecttitle : Video Clip, Presentationand Report
Lecturer : Mr. ShankarThiruchelvam
Tutorial session : Monday 2pm - 4pm
Submission Date : 8th June 2015
First ofall, we wish to express our sincere gratitude to our SocialPsychology lecturer, Mr. Shankar
Thiruchelvam for his guidance, useful advice and constant encouragement throughout the course.
We would also like to thank him for taking his time to help and guide us patiently in completing
our Video Clip, Presentation and Report assignment within the time given. Besides, this
assignment had also led us to a better understanding on social psychological concepts used in daily
life through the discussion of ideas among the group members, online research and reference
Moreover, this assignment would not be completed without the effort and co-operation from our
fellow group members, Hirendran Sivaganam, Chin Vin Yan, Alan Chung Jiazen, Lillian Tan Ai
Jun and Trace Gew Yee. A sincere appreciation to all the members for their hard work and
contribution. Last but not least, we would also like to thank our friends and classmates who have
offered support, help and encouragement throughout the assignment.
The selected theme for this project is “Dating Experience” while the social psychological concepts
applied include stereotypes, first impression, accommodation, intrinsic motivation, self-fulfilling
prophecy, counterfactual thinking and compassionate love. This project consists of three
components which includes making up a three to five minutes video clip by incorporating at least
five social psychological concepts learnt in class, written report of the clip and an oral presentation.
Students are required to construct a storyline based onrandom selected theme discussed among the
group and to film a short video clip to deliver the messages and theories applied. The applicationof
social psychological concepts should be clearly portrayed and delivered to the audience. A
well-structured oral presentation is needed for a further explanation and elaboration on the
highlights and major focus of the video. A detail report should also be prepared through proper
documentation to demonstrate clearly the process of development and progression in different
stages upon the completion of the project.
Besides, this project allows students to recognize and identify the connections among different
concepts and perspectives within not only the social psychology context but also other principles.
Moreover, students are also able to be engaged in psychological inquiry and become self-regulated
learners. Apart from that, an in-depth understanding can be developed towards the learning subject
through individual research and group study. Last but not least, students are also able to enhance
their skills in report writing, development of ideas, analysis of obtained information and as well as
in the field of oral presentation.
In this project, we need to make a three minutes video clip by incorporating the concepts of social
psychology which learned in the class throughout this module, Social Psychology. The concepts
that apply in the video should not be less than five concepts. This project allows students to
recognize and identify the connections among concepts and perspectives within psychology and
with other disciplines. This project allows students to engage in psychological inquiry and become
The story revolves around an old couple, Mr Jackson and Ms Sarah, who are of different
nationality, race and culture. In this short video, the couple explain how they met for the first time
and how their relationship prospered during their younger days. Sarah, who is of asian descent
studying in the United Kingdom, first caught the attention of Jackson, in the library of her
university. Sarah then follows to stereotype Jackson, who is of english descent, as a common
British boy. Jackson tries his best to woo Sarah but does not prevail. Sarah tries avoiding Jackson
at first, but after a week later, he brings her a flower as a symbol of friendship. Their relationship
progresses as “just friends” but deep down they both have feelings towards one another. The story
takes a turn when Jackson decides to ask Sarah out on an actual date, Sarah is unsure at first but
then she decides to follows her instinct and eventually says yes. During the date, was clearly very
nervous as she did not want to ruin her relationship with Jackson. She had a feeling of regret after
her date and straight away writes her feelings down in a diary. Little does she know that Jackson
actually likes the awkwardness about her. They then eventually end up as a couple, and 20 years
later, they tell their story in the form of this video.
Scene 1 Library
Scene 2 Lakeside
Scene 3 Open air seating area beside the library
EQUIPMENTS / PROPS USED :
List of Objects Uses
DSLR camera & tripod Video filming
Audio recorder Audio recording
Laptop Video editing
Books and stationeries Prop
TIME SCHEDULES :
Date Time Activity
3rd June 2015 (Wednesday) 1pm-4pm Video filming
4th June 2015 (Thursday) 3pm-4pm Audio recording
OPERATIONS / PROCEDURES :
Meetings have been called out to have a pre-discussion of ideas and also to develop a theme as the
main subject to be focused on in this assignment. After finalization, the theme, Dating Experience,
had been selected. After several brainstorming session, we have looked deeper into fabricating a
main storyline which incorporated five different social psychological concepts from different
chapters that have been taught during the lecture.
2. Video Script Preparation
Notes and ideas have beenjotted down during the brainstorming session. After the selectionof five
social psychological concepts along with another two additional ones, all the members began to
work out on the connection and flow of the story. After several discussion among the members,
everything has been finalized and one of the member has been assigned to the task of video script
3. Role delegation
The assignments have several components which needed input and co-operation from everysingle
member on the team. Hence, different roles and tasks have been delegated to each of the members
while waiting for the video script to be done. Each members has been assigned to an equal amount
of workload according to their skillset for each section so as to ensure an efficient and constant
progression of work. Kindly refer to the tables attached in the Timeline section for the delegation
of duties among the members.
4. Video filming and audio recording
Different roles have been assigned to each member to ensure a smooth flow of filming. The video
is recorded withdifferent settings in different angles and finished within three to four hours of time.
Each of us has acted out for several times to capture the best scene. Besides, audio has also been
recorded to obtain voice clarity and to be blended in with the video to create a more attractive
audio effect. Both activities have been carried out in two separate sessions due to the lack of
alternatives as we plan to record the audio in the library’s discussion room, which in a quiet
environment to provide the best audio quality with the clarity of voice.
5. Video editing
The task has been assigned to our video editor, Hiren, who is in charged of trimming, cutting and
connecting different scenes that have been filmed. Different video editing softwares have also
been used to create an excellent and steady optical flow for the video clip.
6 Report writing
Each members is given the task to complete different section in the report. Proper analysis,
research and format were used in the preparation of report in order to deliver a clear,
well-understood and concise work. Lastly, one of the member is in charged of an overall checking
on the completed work to make necessary corrections and improvement.
Two members were in charged of the preparationof presentation slides whereby one is responsible
for the content and the other carries the task in editing and designing of the slides. After the task
has been completed, each members was then given a specific part to present. Arrangements have
also been made among the members to ensure a smooth presentation flow.
APPLICATION OF CONCEPTS
Explanation : Stereotype is a general belief about a particular group or class of people. It is also a
schema that helps to organize our knowledge and beliefs about various social groups. It structures
our expectations and influence how we perceive incoming messages. However, it differs from
prejudice such that it can be positive, negative, or neutral. Stereotypes based on gender, ethnicity,
or occupation are common in many societies.
Application : Sarah tends to generalized all the White guys as people who are obnoxious and
contemptible due to her negative racial stereotype. She thought of them as a bunch of douchebags
in which they carried the trait of a party animal, drinker and a smoker.
2. First Impression
Explanation : First impression is the situation when one person first encounters another person
and forms a mental image of that person. They are not deliberate but can be instantaneous. People
often draw trait inferences from the facial appearance of other people. Besides, what is beautiful is
often perceived as a good effect. Research has found that impressions are formed with only an
exposure time of 10 seconds.
Application : Sarah’s first impression of Jackson is that he is a flirty player. She got pretty
annoyed and thought of him as a “jerk” while Jackson was only trying to have a friendly chat with
her. As Sarah already has a stereotype which gives her a sense of dislike towards the Whites, the
first conversation that Jackson had with her had only led her to her confirmation bias and at the
same time left a bad impression whereby Sarah thinks that she is just another girl that Jackson is
trying to flirt with.
Explanation : According to Jean Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development, accommodation is
the process in which we modify an existing schema to accommodate a new stimulus or to include a
new piece of information. However, if modification does not work, a new schema will be formed.
Application : Sarah initially thought that she can never get along well with the White guys as she
has a deep-seated aversion towards them due to her negative stereotypes. However, when she
began to know more about Jackson and got introduced to his friends, she realized that she should
not just stereotypically judge all of them because there are some of them who are actually kind and
friendly too. By relating this to the social psychological concept, her mind has gone through a
process of accommodation, a modification of existing schemas has taken place. The beliefs that
she used to have towards the Whites have changed.
4. Intrinsic motivation
Explanation : Intrinsic motivation refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. In other
words, the motivation to engage in a behavior arises from within the individual because it is
Application : Sarah has decided to go on a date with Jackson the moment when she found out that
she likes him. Driven by the motivation to be with someone that she likes, she chose to give
Jackson a “yes” when he asked her out. In other words, she went on the date because it is
intrinsically rewarding such that she felt happy and looking forward to it.
5. Self-fulfilling prophecy
Explanation : Self-fulling prophecy is the beliefs that lead to their own fulfillment. It is a situation
when a person unknowingly causes a prediction to come true, due to the simple fact that he or she
expects it to come true. In other words, an expectation about a subject, such as a person or event,
can affect our behavior towards that subject, which causes the expectation to be realized.
Application : When Sarah was asked to go on a date with Jackson, overwhelmed with the feeling
of excitement, Sarah was feeling extra nervous and preoccupied with the thoughts that she might
screw up the date as she was afraid that she’d be acting weird and put herself into an awkward
position. It turns out that her own expectations were becoming true. When she went on the date,
she acted weird and unpleasant in a way that she was making an easy conversation difficult.
Jacksontoo, felt that Sarah was prettyawkward even though in fact, Sarah was just feeling nervous
and trying her best to cope with the situation.
6. Counterfactual thinking
Explanation : Counterfactual thinking is literally thinking counter to the facts. It is a situation
whereby an individual creates possible alternatives to life events that have already occurred. It is
often epitomized by the phrase “what might have been”. Besides, it has a big impact on our
emotional response to an experience. Upward counterfactuals are mental simulations of better
possible outcomes. Downward counterfactuals have the focus on how things might have been
much worse. Both forms have emotional and behavioral consequences.
Application : Sarah imagined what might have been if she had not been that nervous and acted all
weird during her date with Jackson. She was also feeling frustrated as she thought how things
would have turned out entirely different if she was able to stay calm and act natural without
thinking too much.
7. Compassionate love
Explanation : Compassionate love is the affection that a person has for the someone whom their
lives are deeply intertwined. It is characterized by mutual respect, attachment, affection, and deep
sense of trust for one another. It usually develops out of feelings of mutual understanding, shared
values and life experiences. It is also more calm and stable as compared to passionate love. Besides,
it is sometimes considered to have two components, intimacy and commitment. Intimacy is the
warm, close, sharing aspect of a relationship where as commitment is the intent to continue the
relationship even in the face of difficulties.
Application : Sarah and Jackson have developed a calm and stable relationship through mutual
respect, trust and understanding for each other. They have a deep, mature and affectionate
attachment for one another and have come a long way to their long-lasting relationship. Their
commitment and love for each other remains strong even after 20 years together.
Date 25th May 2015 (Tuesday)
Time 2.00 PM
Venue Classroom C8.02, Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus
No. Activity Details
1. Introduction Discussed and made clear about project brief and
2. Discussion of social
Discussed and decided on the social psychological
concepts to be incorporated in the video
3. Discussion of video shooting Discussed and composed a story line to be filmed
4. Delegation of duties Made clear about duties delegated to each member
(refer to Table 1.1)
5. End Meeting adjourned
Table 1.1 Delegation of duties
Name of Group Members Tutorial Group Role
Chin Vin Yan Monday, 2pm-4pm N/A
Trace Gew Yee Monday, 2pm-4pm N/A
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Monday, 2pm-4pm N/A
Hirendran Sivaganam Monday, 2pm-4pm N/A
Alan Chung Jiazen Monday, 2pm-4pm N/A
Chin Vin Yan Slides editor / Video recording / Report writing
Trace Gew Yee Video recording / Report writing
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Slides editor / Video recording / Report writing
Hirendran Sivaganam Script writer / Director / Video recording / Video editor / Report writing
Alan Chung Jiazen Video recording / Report writing
Date 3rd June 2015 (Wednesday)
Time 1.00 PM
Venue Library, Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus
Name of Group Members Tutorial Group Roles in the Video
Chin Vin Yan Monday, 2pm-4pm Old Jackson
Alan Chung Jiazen Monday, 2pm-4pm Young Jackson
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Monday, 2pm-4pm Old Sarah
Trace Gew Yee Monday, 2pm-4pm Young Sarah
Hirendran Sivaganam Monday, 2pm-4pm Waiter
No. Activity Details
1. Introduction Brief of script written for video filming
2. Discussion of role play Discussed and decided on roles to be played by each
3. Delegation of duties in report
Distribution of task to each member in report writing
(refer to Table 2.1)
4. End Meeting adjourned
Table 2.1 Delegation of duties in report writing
Chin Vin Yan Acknowledgement & References
Trace Gew Yee Introduction & Appendix
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Summary
Hirendran Sivaganam Methodology & Timeline
Alan Chung Jiazen Application of Concepts & Corrections
Date 4th June 2015 (Thursday)
Time 3.00 PM
Venue Library, Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus
No. Activity Details
1. Introduction Brief of dialogue written in the video script
2. Discussion of audio recording Discussed about dialogue to be recorded
3. Delegation of duties Discussed and assigned roles to each member in
4. End Meeting adjourned
Table 3.1 Delegation of duties in audio recording
Name Roles inAudio Recording
Hirendran Sivaganam Waiter
Chin Vin Yan Old Jackson
Name of Group Members Tutorial Group Roles
Hirendran Sivaganam Monday, 2pm-4pm Audio director
Chin Vin Yan Monday, 2pm-4pm Audio recording
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Monday, 2pm-4pm Audio recording
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Old Sarah
1. VIDEO SCRIPT
J - Jackson
S - Sarah
W - Waiter
S : I think it was uhm 1980
S/J : 2!
S : As usual I was by myself at the library, reading. And that’s when I saw your father for the
first time. Now it wasn’t much of a big deal seeing a white guy, considering I was studying in the
UK. Most of the white guys there, were such douchebags. They partied a lot, drank a lot and
smoked a lot.
J : I was the total opposite.
S : That was pretty much all they did. So I kinda just ignored him.
J : I tried talking to her, I told her she looked good.
S : He tried talking to me, he told me I was hot. I thought to myself “damn, what a jerk” I
picked up my books and left.
J : I felt bad I mean I just wanted a friendly chat and she just left. I didn’t see her again for a
week. But I do remember passing a garden and thinking I’m going to get these flowers and pass
them to the girl I met a week ago.
S : He came up to me while I was busy reading. He said something like.. uhm what did you
J : I think it was something like “Hi do you like flowers?” then I just passed her the flowers.
S : I was kinda taken aback at first, but then I thought it was kinda sweet and that’s when I
had this instant thing for him.
S : We became pretty close over the summer,
J : We weren’t dating we just hung out as friends.
S : Yeah, that was when my whole views on white guys changed. Your dad was very
hardworking and far from a douchebag. Also I started hanging out with his friends and they made
it pretty obvious that he had a thing for me too.
J : I did. So I found the courage to ask her out on a real date.
S : I was super nervous about it when he asked me, but I really enjoyed his company and I
was starting to like him so I managed to squeeze out a yes.
S : I remember just hours before he picked me up for our first date I was so nervous that I
might screw it up and be awkward.
J : She was very awkward.
W : What would you like to drink miss?
S : Uhmmm.. I’ll have uhm a water yeah
W : That’s all?
J : Yeah I think she’s good.
S : I was trying my best to be as calm as possible okay! It felt pretty weird and
S : I remember coming home and immediately writing down how horrendous that first date
was in my diary. I knew it was my fault. If only I was less awkward around him.
J : But I liked that about you. *Laugh*
S : A month had passed, and weird enough we actually became a couple.
J : And 20 years later, here we are, still going strong.
2. CAST LIST
Alan Chung Jiazen Young Jackson
Trace Gew Yee Young Sarah
William Chin Vin Yan Old Jackson
Lillian Tan Ai Jun Old Sarah
Hirendran Sivaganam Waiter
3. VIDEO NAME & LINK
Video Name : Social Psychology - Final project [AUG Intake]
Video Link : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLgu7X5eBDI
1. Cherry, K. What Is Intrinsic Motivation?. About.com Education. Retrieved 5 June 2015,
2. Gorham, B. (2010). Considerations of Media Effects: The Social Psychology of Stereotypes:
Implications for Media Audiences (1st ed., pp. 93 - 101). Kendall Hunt. Retrieved from
3. Long-Crowell, E. Counterfactual Thinking, Thought Suppression & the Rebound Effect -
Video & Lesson Transcript | Study.com. Study.com. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from
4. Long-Crowell, E. Self-Fulfilling Prophecies in Psychology: Definition & Examples - Video
& Lesson Transcript | Study.com. Study.com. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from
5. McLeod, S. (2008). Stereotypes | Simply Psychology. Simplypsychology.org. Retrieved 5
June 2015, from http://www.simplypsychology.org/katz-braly.html
6. Pychyl, T. (2008). Avoiding What Might Have Been. Psychology Today. Retrieved 5 June
7. Sparknotes.com,. SparkNotes: Social Psychology: Stereotypes and Prejudice (page 2).
Retrieved 5 June 2015, from
8. Willis, J., & Todorov, A. (2006). First Impressions Making Up Your Mind After a 100-Ms
Exposure to a Face. Psychological Science. Retrieved 5 June 2015, from
9. Duff, K. (2012). Think social psychology. Boston, MA: Allyn & Bacon/Pearson.
10. Gilbert, D., Fiske, S., & Lindzey, G. (1998). The handbook of social psychology. Boston:
11. Myers, D. (2012). Exploring Social Psychology (6th ed., pp. 1 - 521). New York:
12. Myers, D. (2014). Social Psychology (11th ed., pp. 1 - 436). New York: McGraw-Hill.