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Anaemia in Adolescent

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Anaemia in Adolescent

  1. 1. Dr. Sharda Jain Director :- Chairman PCH OBST/ Gynae Dpt. Anaemia in Adolescent
  2. 2. WHY WE ARE HERE ?
  3. 3. Challenges of AdolescenceChallenges of Adolescence • Nutrition and Health Nutritional problems Malnutrition (Obesity/ underweight) Anorexia nervosa Anaemia Use of steroids for body building/ Consumption of Slimming drugs
  4. 4. Anaemia is causing Red alert in India!!
  5. 5. DLHS-RCH Survey (2002- 2003) Anaemia among adolescent girls (Age between 10 - 19 years), India MILD MODERATE SEVERE NO ANAEMIA 43 Percent 28 Percent24 Percent 5 Percent America = Almost Nil
  6. 6. 7-9 out of 10 Adolescent girls in Delhi are Anaemia Delhi Gynae Forum 2002-03 90 % girls who come for blood donation in Delhi University Colleges are rejected – 12.5 gm%
  7. 7. Work performance Child development School performace Child mortality Maternal mortality Perinatal mortality Other factors A new conceptual model of iron deficiency anemia and its effects. Tissue Iron Deficiency Moderate Severe Anemia
  8. 8. EFFECT A ADOLESCENT GIRL (10-20 yrs) -↓SECOND GROWTH SPURT - ↓ SCHOOL PERFORMANCE -↓ Capacity to do work - Inadequate preparation for motherhood
  9. 9. • Increased risks during pregnancy and delivery • Poor infant feeding practices •Malnourished infant Impact of Anaemia on Pregnancy
  10. 10. THE ECONOMIC LOSS DUE TO ANAEMIA • Billions of dollars lost !! (Lost productivity) • India - ↑ 2Billion Source : Horton. S. Food Policy 2003 (Feb issue) If learning and motor impairment in children + Lost productivity in adolescents and adult = ↑↑ 4-5 % GDP
  11. 11. Junk Foods Lead to Obesity/ DiabetesJunk Foods Lead to Obesity/ Diabetes
  12. 12. Adolescents do not need just knowledge only!
  13. 13. Adolescents are resources to beAdolescents are resources to be developeddeveloped……..…….. ………………not the problems to be fixed !not the problems to be fixed !
  14. 14. Why adolescence is specialWhy adolescence is special • Friendship/Relationship • Experimentation : Drugs / Driving/ Sex • Self identity : Questioning of parental authority Rebellion behaviour • Generation Gap Communication gap with parents • Peer pressure
  15. 15. Peers are more importantPeers are more important than parents for teenagers!than parents for teenagers!
  16. 16. Adolescent health indicatorsAdolescent health indicators • Young marriages: 26-54% in females (15-18 yr) 70% by 20 yrs • Pregnancy / motherhood : 36-64% of married teenagers ( 13-19 yrs) • MMR: is 3-5 times more in teenage pregnancies • IMR: is 2-4 times more in teenage pregnancies • Malnutrition : 45% in girls • STDs and RTIs are increasing due to unsafe sexual behaviour in teenagers (30-50%) • 50% of all new cases of HIV / AIDS in 10-15 yrs
  17. 17. • Misconception about AIDS- 70-80 % • Awareness about how AIDS spreads- 45- 60% • Awareness about STDs/ RTIs - 32% • Source of knowledge comes 78% from peer • Cause of STDs : Sex (3-18%) Poor hygiene(20%) • Condom use in sex : 17% (casual) 59% CSWs) • Married teenagers( 15-18 yrs) • Use of contraception : 4- 8% Awareness in Reproductive HealthAwareness in Reproductive Health
  18. 18. Challenges of AdolescenceChallenges of Adolescence in Girlsin Girls • Relationships Attraction towards opposite sex Crush, infatuation, love Peer pressure Maladjustment and Rebellion • Sex and Sexuality Curiosity : Pornography/ Blue movies Experimentation : Unsafe sex Unwanted pregnancies HIV/ AIDS
  19. 19. Dear diary, One more day has passed ; and I still don’t have a boy friend !!
  20. 20. Sexual attraction is normal in teenage:Sexual attraction is normal in teenage: Operation Majnoo will not help !!Operation Majnoo will not help !!
  21. 21. UNWANTED TEENAGE PEGNANCY
  22. 22. Sexual Abuse/ Violence in Teenage is on ↑↑ • 1 in 5 Teenagers is sexually abused.( WHO) Road Romeos Home Romeos Sugar Daddies
  23. 23. HIV IN INDIA
  24. 24. Awareness of RTI/STI in India YOUTH 65% 35% YES NO ADOLESCENT 32% 68% YES NO OTHERS 37% 63% YES NO Source: RHS-2003
  25. 25. What are my limits ??
  26. 26. Wheel of Life
  27. 27. We Request You to Become WOW India Volunteer Dr. Sharda Jain Dr. Lakshmi Devi Dr. Rashmi Jain
  28. 28. It is better to light a candle than to curse the Darkness! (A Chinese proverb)
  29. 29. GOAL SETTING TIME MANAGEMENT EXECELLENT RELATIONSHIP COMMUNICATION SKILLS ASSERTIVE BEHAVIOUR POSITIVE ATTITUDE ABUNDANT ENTHUSIASM NET WORKING MIND MANAGEMENT- 3 HOUR ‘10 SECRETS’
  30. 30. Thank You

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