Trait and Technology            2013 Use Manual
TA B LE                O F           CO NTE NT STr a i t a n d Te c h n o l o g y Fo r ewo r d 	                          ...
TR A IT               &      TEC H N O LO GY                        FO R E Wo R D    PROVIDING SUSTAINABLE CROP           ...
TR A IT                   TEC H N O LO GY                     FO R E WA R D    THE bayer GROWER TECHNOLOGY                ...
I NTEG R ATE D                                    PE S T      M A N AG E M E NT    INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT             ...
I NTEG R ATE D                           PE S T      M A N AG E M E NT    Counties with confirmed glyphosate-resistant wee...
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LibertyLink Liberty Integrated Pest Management_2013 Seed Trait Technology Manual Part 1


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LibertyLink® Trait and Liberty® Herbicide are providing an integrated pest management system by adding crop protection products, seed and trait technologies, and seed treatments to cotton, soybean, corn and canola crops.

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LibertyLink Liberty Integrated Pest Management_2013 Seed Trait Technology Manual Part 1

  1. 1. Trait and Technology 2013 Use Manual
  2. 2. TA B LE O F CO NTE NT STr a i t a n d Te c h n o l o g y Fo r ewo r d 1I n te g r a te d Pe s t M a n a g e m e n t 5L ib e r t y H e r b i c i d e 9L ib e r t y L i n k S oy b e a n s 17L ib e r t y L i n k C o r n 21G l yTo l • L ib e r t y L i n k • Tw i n L i n k Tr a i t s i n C ot to n 27I nV i g o r L ib e r t y L i n k Ca n o l a 33
  3. 3. TR A IT & TEC H N O LO GY FO R E Wo R D PROVIDING SUSTAINABLE CROP PLANT BIOTECHNOLOGY HELPS systems. In addition, as members of “Excellence • omplying with any additional stewardship C SOLUTIONS FROM SEED TO HARVEST BOOST PRODUCTIVITY Through Stewardship ® (ETS),” we have adopted requirements such as grain or feed use stewardship programs for product launch agreements or geographical planting At Bayer CropScience, we help growers meet The application of biotechnology in agriculture consistent with the ETS Guide to Product restrictions that Bayer CropScience deems the ever-increasing demand for affordable and has resulted in benefits for both producers and Launch Stewardship. appropriate or necessary to implement for high-quality food, feed, fiber and energy crops by consumers. For example, genetically engineered Stewardship also applies to you, the grower. proper stewardship or regulatory compliance. helping you exceed your yield expectations and insect-resistant cotton has allowed for a significant grow your business. reduction in the use of persistent insecticides in Growers planting varieties and hybrids with • elling crops or material containing S this crop. Similarly, herbicide-tolerant soybeans, biotechnology traits agree to implement biotechnology traits only to entities that We have a passion for discovering new, integrated cotton, canola and corn have enabled improved stewardship requirements, including but not confirm authorization for use at export solutions and pioneering high-performing products weed control and use of herbicides with greater limited to: destinations. to boost agricultural productivity and profitability, while at the same time, providing outstanding margins of safety. Herbicide-tolerant crops help • eading, signing and complying with the R • ot moving material containing biotechnology N properties to safeguard harvests. preserve topsoil from erosion by permitting use of Bayer Grower Technology Agreement (BGTA) traits across boundaries into nations where no-till or reduced tillage agriculture systems.1 and reading all license term updates before import is not permitted. Bayer CropScience is accelerating the growth Bayer CropScience is among the industry leaders purchase or use of any seed containing a • ot selling, promoting and/or distributing N of its seed and trait business, including, for in research, investing more than 25 percent Bayer CropScience trait. within a state where the product is not example, the recent acquisition of HBK® Seeds for soybean production and the introduction of of sales toward the development of new seed • eading and following the directions for use R yet registered. GlyTol® LibertyLink® TwinLink™ for caterpillar and trait products. Additionally, our research is on all product labels. You benefit as a grower when you practice good control in cotton. We continue our strategy of augmented by numerous cooperative agreements • ollowing applicable stewardship guidelines F stewardship. Signing the BGTA provides you increasing our fast-growing business in plant traits. with other research laboratories. as outlined in this Trait and Technology access to Bayer CropScience hybrids and We are evolving from a traditional supplier of crop Use Manual. varieties and the biotechnology associated with protection products into a supplier of integrated STEWARDSHIP • eading and following the Insect Resistance R the seeds. Following resistance management solutions for growers that comprise not only At Bayer CropScience, stewardship comprises guidelines for weeds and insects detailed herein Management (IRM) Guide prior to planting products, but technologies and services as well. responsible and ethical management of our guards against rapid development of resistance, and complying with the applicable IRM We are providing an integrated pest management products, from invention to commercialization enhances long-term durability of products requirements for specific biotechnology traits system by adding a portfolio of biologics and beyond, throughout the period of product and ensures compliance with EPA registration as mandated by the Environmental Protection products to complement our traditional crop sales and on to discontinuation. Bayer CropScience requirements. Finally, complying with the Agency (EPA) to help minimize the risk of protection products, seed and trait technologies, sets a high standard in customer care and requirement to plant biotechnology seed resistance development. and seed treatments. stewardship and takes a responsible approach products for only a single commercial crop helps to product launches including those derived • bserving planting restrictions mandated O preserve the effectiveness of the technology and through plant biotechnology. In advance of by the EPA. supports investment in future innovation. commercializing a plant biotechnology product, • ollowing weed resistance management F Bayer CropScience is committed to fulfilling guidelines to help minimize the risk of applicable regulatory requirements in all countries resistance development. where the product will be cultivated, and in key • sing seed containing Bayer CropScience U importing countries with functioning regulatory biotechnology solely for planting a single commercial crop. 1 See page 36 for source information.1 2
  4. 4. TR A IT TEC H N O LO GY FO R E WA R D THE bayer GROWER TECHNOLOGY Your BGTA includes a limited use license for 2013 BAYER CROPSCIENCE TRAIT Integrated Pest Management (IPM) and the proper AGREEMENT AND YOU commercialized, authorized FiberMax® or AND TECHNOLOGY USE MANUAL use of Liberty® herbicide. Stoneville® cotton seed with LibertyLink, GlyTol, We appreciate your business and look forward Bayer CropScience is committed to investing This manual provides technical information and or TwinLink traits; LibertyLink soybean seed; to continuing to serve your seed, technology and in the discovery and development of new seed recommended best management practices for and InVigor ® canola seed. By purchasing and crop production needs. Learn more at and chemical technologies for crop protection. LibertyLink soybeans; HBK LibertyLink soybean using Bayer technologies and traits under this or join us on Twitter We thank you for your purchase of Bayer cotton, seed; LibertyLink corn; FiberMax and Stoneville license agreement, you reaffirm your commitment at @Bayer4CropsUS to help cultivate ideas and soybean and/or canola products and for signing cotton seed with the LibertyLink, GlyTol or to the agreement you signed. The seed you answers—propelling farming’s future together. a BGTA. TwinLink traits; and InVigor LibertyLink canola purchase is for your use and cannot be given, Bayer CropScience is now collaborating with seed. The guide also provides information on sold or otherwise transferred to others who have AgCelerate™ to provide seed companies, seed not signed a BGTA and for which you have not retailers and growers an easy and automated informed Bayer CropScience of such transfer. In process to manage BGTA. AgCelerate is a addition, you cannot transfer Bayer CropScience one-stop seed technology licensing source for technologies and traits to anyone outside of the the U.S. seed industry. Currently, Bayer, Dow United States. AgroSciences, Westbred, and Pioneer Hi- If Bayer CropScience reasonably believes that Bred International, Inc. are enrolled, with more a grower has saved and planted seed containing technology providers to join soon, which will save InVigor, GlyTol, LibertyLink or TwinLink technologies, time and hassle, reduce duplicate accounts, and Bayer CropScience may request that the grower give growers peace of mind knowing that their produce documentation to confirm purchase of personal information is secure. the seed. If appropriate documentation is not Through a simple online registration and electronic provided within 30 days, the grower grants Bayer signature process, growers will be able to complete CropScience the right to inspect fields and take the BGTA of their choosing and receive the latest samples to determine if saved seeds have been stewardship information for the products they planted. Bayer CropScience will provide the buy. For supplier partners, AgCelerate will grower advance notice of any inspections, provide a single, easy-to-access web tool with a and such inspections will be performed during customized dashboard enabling authorized seed regular working hours so the grower may be companies and seed retailers the ability to look present if desired. up the BGTA status for multiple trait providers, If you received a BGTA Card but have not as well as invite grower customers to sign a signed a BGTA, the card is invalid. For questions technology agreement. AgCelerate is offered as regarding your BGTA, please call the Bayer a free service for seed companies and seed Customer Interaction Center at 1-866-99-BAYER retailers. For more information, visit (1-866-992-2937). To anonymously report noncompliance matters regarding seed piracy, insect resistance management or program claims, please call 1-877-365-4287.3 4
  5. 5. I NTEG R ATE D PE S T M A N AG E M E NT INTEGRATED PEST MANAGEMENT IPM recommendations of appropriate local Scouting crops for key pests is essential. Growers In addition, the following IWM techniques are Extension experts and the Integrated Weed must be aware of the growth stages of weeds, effective in reducing problems with herbicide- As defined by the EPA, Integrated Pest Management (IWM) recommendation require- disease pressure and insect populations to make tolerant and/or herbicide-resistant weed biotypes. It Management (IPM) is an effective and ments detailed in this manual. good decisions. Fields should be monitored on is best to use multiple practices to manage or delay environmentally sensitive approach to pest All IPM programs have several characteristics a consistent basis—at least once per week and resistance, as no single strategy is likely to be management that relies on a combination of in common. They include some type of pest more frequently when the pest threat is higher, totally effective. common-sense practices. Successful IPM monitoring, reliable identification of pests such as when the bollworm egg deposition in programs rely on current, comprehensive (disease, weed or insect), good record keeping, cotton is at its peak. information on the life cycles of pests and their interaction with the environment. This intervention to reduce pest numbers and information, in combination with available pest program performance evaluation. Managing control methods, is used to manage pest pests ideally starts at the end of every growing Take every opportunity to stop surviving weeds from producing seed. damage by the most economical means while season. That is a good time to evaluate crop This will reduce the soil seed bank and reduce selection pressure for minimizing hazards to people, property and the performance. Where appropriate, good stalk development of resistant weeds. environment. IPM applies to all pests—diseases, destruction will minimize the opportunities for weeds and insects—and should be an important pests to overwinter. The end of the season is component of every grower’s operation. also a good time to assess fields for potential INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT 1. Know Your Weeds, Know Your Fields problems, such as surviving weeds or severe Respect the Rotation™ Today’s herbicides control a broad spectrum of Respect the Rotation™ is an initiative to elevate the weed species, which minimizes the importance of “What Bayer is doing with Respect the Rotation really ties into importance and grower adoption of herbicide weed identification. However, proper identification diversity. Herbicide mode-of-action (MOA) rotation is of weed species will help pinpoint which herbicide the university message because it talks about utilizing differ- essential to improve weed resistance management. program will work best on every acre. ent herbicide modes of action and also rotating traits in a way • otate crops. Crop rotation diversifies weed R that keep a sustainable focus on our crop production and weed It is equally important to understand the weed management tools. pressure and history within each field. Closely management. Utilizing one herbicide, one mode of action or • Rotate herbicide-tolerant traits. Alternate monitor problematic areas with difficult-to-control one technology only leads us down the path where we lose that herbicide-tolerant (HT) traits and/or use HT trait weeds or dense weed populations. Scout for weed product or that technology for future use.” stacks for more efficient herbicide rotation. escapes and look for the following indicators to – Wes Everman, North Carolina State University • Rotate modes of action. Reduce the selection identify resistant weeds. pressure of a single MOA by using multiple IPM IN PRACTICE MOAs during both the growing season and insect or disease pressure. Rotations of crops from year to year. Good IPM programs are designed such that and rotations of pesticide modes of actions are all methods of pest suppression are utilized. powerful tools for managing such problems Overreliance on any one pest suppression and delaying the onset of resistance. Indications of Potential Weed Resistance tool, such as a biotechnology trait, will lead to problems such as weed or insect resistance. By the start of the growing season, growers ✔ patch of weeds occurs in the same area year after year and is spreading. A should have most of their IPM program in place. ✔ ead weeds appear next to surviving weeds after the same herbicide application. D Growers are advised to follow agronomic Biotechnology traits perform best when the crop best management practices, coupled with ✔ any weed species are managed, but one particular weed species is no longer controlled. M is growing well and environmental stress is low. For example, following a glyphosate application, actively growing marestail can still be seen in the Good hybrid or variety selection, recommended absence of other weeds. seeding rates, planting dates and planting depths can all promote plant health and thus optimal ✔ he field has been sprayed repeatedly with the same herbicide mode of action, particularly if there T trait performance. was no mode-of-action diversity in the weed management system.5 6
  6. 6. I NTEG R ATE D PE S T M A N AG E M E NT Counties with confirmed glyphosate-resistant weed species2: 4. Apply Herbicides Correctly seed production. Consider spot herbicide Product efficacy is influenced by a multitude of applications, row wicking, cultivation, hand factors. Ensuring proper application maximizes removal of weeds or other techniques to stop Glyphosate-resistant weed seed production to improve weed management weed control and minimizes potential for weed species confirmed in the U.S. for the subsequent growing seasons. escapes. - Common ragweed - Giant ragweed • pply to Actively Growing Weeds A 6. Zero Tolerance—Reduce The Seed Bank - Goosegrass Herbicides provide peak performance when - Horseweed (marestail) Do not allow surviving weeds to set seed in order to applied to small, actively growing weeds. - Johnsongrass decrease weed population shifts year to year and These weeds absorb more of the active - Kochia prevent major weed shifts. Ensure that weeds are - Palmer amaranth ingredient, particularly with adequate soil controlled up to the edge of the field and discourage - Perennial ryegrass moisture, sunlight and optimal soil nutrients. - Waterhemp weed seed production on field borders. One Palmer • Timing Apply postemergence herbicides soon amaranth plant can produce up to 1 million seeds after crop emergence when weeds are no per plant in optimal conditions.3 Therefore, the weed more than 3 to 4 inches tall. This is typically 10 seed bank grows by allowing partially controlled to 14 days after crop emergence. The use of weeds to reproduce and set seed. Creating a larger 2. Start Clean Under intense weed pressure, use overlapping re- pre-emergence residual herbicides provides pool of weed seed in the soil seed bank increases sidual herbicides to minimize weed competition critical control of early season weeds that the probability weed resistance will arise. Yields can be reduced significantly by early for soil moisture, light and nutrients. Maintain soil result in the greatest crop yield reduction. season weed competition. Effective tillage or the residual herbicide activity with overlapping soil Plus, residual herbicides help ensure optimal 7. Clean Equipment use of a burndown herbicide program can control residual herbicide applications from burndown weed management, particularly if environmental emerged weeds prior to planting. Regardless of Avoid moving equipment that has not been through canopy closure. This reduces weed conditions delay timely post applications. the tillage system (conventional, minimal or no-till), thoroughly cleaned to prevent the spread of a pre-emergence or early postemergence selection pressure and helps avoid weed escapes. • pplication Technique Herbicides differ in A herbicide-resistant weeds and their seeds and soil-applied residual herbicide should be a part application guidelines. Read and follow all to reduce the potential to introduce new invasive of every weed control program. label instructions to ensure proper application. weeds onto uninfested acres. Examples of Residual Herbicides Factors affecting weed control include: spray 3. Stay Clean—Use Overlapping Soybean: Authority® Assist (2*, 14), Authority coverage, carrier volume, application speed, INTEGRATED WEED MANAGEMENT Residual Herbicides First (2, 14), metolachlor (15), adjuvants and tankmix partners. SUMMARY metribuzin (5), Prefix® (14, 15), • roduct Rate The rate listed on the product P In any weed management program the goal should Overreliance on a single weed control method Sonic® (2), Valor® (14), Valor XLT (2, label has been researched and tested by be to control at least 80 percent of the weed causes resistant weeds to develop. You also add 14), Warrant™ (15) manufacturers and university researchers to population with residual herbicides. Residual the risk of the consequential loss of a particular herbicides applied at burndown, planting or Corn: Balance® Flexx (27), Capreno® (2, 27), provide optimal control of weeds at the height herbicide-tolerant system, and may eventually tankmixed in the first post application with Liberty Corvus® (2, 27), Laudis® (27) listed on the label. When you apply a herbicide jeopardize the ability to grow a specific crop in herbicide help ensure optimal weed management, at a rate less than listed on the label, the result a specific field. Growers face additional costs to Cotton: Caparol® (5), Cotoran® (7), diuron (7), particularly if environmental conditions delay can be insufficient control and will have a sig- control these weeds through unplanned herbicide metolachlor (15), pendimethalin (3), timely post applications. Residual herbicides also nificant impact on the immediate weed control applications, intense manual labor, and in extreme Staple® (2) can reduce early season weed competition and and resistance risk. cases, total crop loss. Work preemptively through Canola: Sonalan® (3), Treflan® (3) are a key element of good weed resistance Integrated Weed Management practices for successful management practices. * umbers in parentheses denote herbicide MOA as designated by the N 5. Do Not Allow Weed Escapes management of a resistant weed population. Weed Science Society of America. Treat every weed escape as if it is a resistant weed. Problematic weeds that escape herbicide applications should be controlled to reduce weed7 2 See page 36 for source information. 3 See page 36 for source information. 8