2010-02-28 FNF PAK - German Development Initiatives In Pakistan

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Introduction and overview on German-Pakistan Development Cooperation incl. German Foundations like Friedrich Naumann Foundation, Qaid-e Azam Alumnis, Islamabad Club

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2010-02-28 FNF PAK - German Development Initiatives In Pakistan

  1. 1. German Development Initiatives QAU Alumni Association Olaf Kellerhoff Resident Representative Pakistan
  2. 2. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Resident Representative Pakistan Olaf Kellerhoff Islamic History + International Relations (MA) at Hamburg Univ. Missions & Experiences abroad Somalia Marocco Turkey Kosovo (3x) Afghanistan (3x) Lebanon Apprenticeship as photographer
  3. 3. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Overview 1. German Development Cooperation 2. Cooperation with Pakistan 3. German Foundations
  4. 4. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 1. German Development Cooperation
  5. 5. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 German Development Cooperation Millennium Development Goals, 2000 Monterrey Consensus, 2002 Johannesburg Action Plan, 2002 Official Development Assistance (ODA) Aid Effectiveness Agenda: Rome, Paris, Accra
  6. 6. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) 1. Eradicate Extreme Poverty and Hunger 2. Achieve universal primary education 3. Promote gender equality and empwer women 4. Reduce Child mortality 5. Improve maternal health 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases 7. Ensure environmental sustainability 8. Develop a global partnership for development
  7. 7. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Monterrey Consensus In Monterrey 2002: IC discusses first time how to finance MDG More income generating in development countries FDI should strengthen economies of development countries International trade as engine of development Increase of development aid Debt cancellation Development countries taken into account for global trade and finance system Better coordination of international aid
  8. 8. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Johannesburg 10 years after Conference of Rio renewed declaration of sustainability Drinking water and canalisation Renewable energy strengthen Signing Kyoto protocol Fishing grounds Stop extinction of species Stopping of loss of natural resources Minimize damaging use of chemicals
  9. 9. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Aid Effectiveness Declaration of Rome, 2003: adopt strategies, institutions and structures better to partner countries Declaration of Paris, 2005: - Strengthening ownership - Alignment of partner countries - Harmonisation between donor countires - Managing results: towards objectives
  10. 10. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Aid Effectiveness Accra Agenda for Action, 2008: - mutual transparency - Better coordination and division of tasks of donor countries - Strengthening self- responsibility of developing countries - Reliability of aid improved
  11. 11. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Coalition goals Structural reforms to more coherence and subsidiarity Increase to 0.7 % of GDP Comparison: 1.3% of GDP for defence 2008 (to 1999 – 11%) Pakistan 3% of GDP (plus external help) Minister Dirk Niebel, 2009.
  12. 12. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 2. Cooperation with Pakistan
  13. 13. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 German Cooperation with Pakistan since 1961 Development cooperation downsized after 1999 due to - Kashmir conflict Bonn - Nuclear tests - military take-over After 9/11 increased again: German Approach Dialogue with the Islamic World Berlin
  14. 14. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Focus in Pakistan Public Health Energy Sector Civil Society
  15. 15. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Specific Instruments – Suitable Solutions D AA D ns W Kf oop.: io .: HW at op nd C o mic C al T u CIM ci Fo TZ y elp: an op.: G istr Fin Co nical Acade Tech lH n Mi nica n N GO s eig h For Tec D g DE ainin l Tr sona P er
  16. 16. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Foreign Ministry / Embassy Embassy’s Micro Project Scheme 25.000 € for well-defined project underpriviliged of the society German Ambassador Dr. Michael Koch at FNF Reception
  17. 17. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Kreditanstalt für Wiederaufbau Founded 1948 for reconstruction of German Economy Interpersonal Cooperation: 15.000 development workers For Example: 19,8 Mio € for health
  18. 18. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit fused 1974 Area of work: Experts, Studies, Direct material help, investments 87 countries – since 1972 in Pakistan and since 1990 with own office in Islamabad In Pakistan: - Basic health, family planing & HIV/AIDS - Renewable energies - Good governance 13.000 employees (9.000 local staff)
  19. 19. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Centrum für internationale Migration und Entwicklung Since 1980 800 Managers in 75 countries German experts sent abroad Foreign experts returning to home In Pakistan: in close cooperation with GTZ - Health - Energy - Education Mainly managers in private sector and university lecturers
  20. 20. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst Founded 1963 Interpersonal Cooperation: 16.000 development workers Currently: 1.200 in 46 countries Countries with DED presence Main area: agriculture, skill training, health, social work not in Pakistan
  21. 21. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Technisches Hilfswerk German Federal Agency for Technical Relief Founded 1950 Under Ministry of Interior Task: Protection of Population - Esp. emergencies & natural disasters Special status: non combatant Earthquake in Kashmir, 2005. 82.000 voluntary, youth wing 15.000
  22. 22. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst German Academic Exchange Service Founded 1925,re-established 1950 Areas: - Scholarships for foreigners - Scholarships for Germans abroad - Internationalization of German universities and institutes - Promotion of German language - Educational Cooperation Since 2009 own office in Islamabad HQ in Bonn
  23. 23. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Bundeswehr Founded 5.5.1955 Missions abroad since 1960 Historically unique experience: 1990 integrating 20.000 “enemy soldiers” 250.000 soldiers 75.000 civil servants, 20%
  24. 24. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 German NGOs in Pakistan
  25. 25. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Senior Expert Service Founded 1983 as initiative of - German Employers' Associations (BDA) - Federal Association of German Industry (BDI) - Association of German Chambers of Industry and Commerce (DIHK) - German Confederation of Skilled Crafts (ZDH). Helping SMEs to help themselves by Senior Experts (=retired professionals) Since 1992 in Pakistan: 42 Assignments in 2009
  26. 26. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Private Initiatives Ruth Pfau Rainer Erös Dr. Sinta Siller … Ruth Pfau in 2004 Photo: DAHW.
  27. 27. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 3. German Foundations
  28. 28. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Political Foundations Instrument to implement constitution: The political parties contribute to the formation of the political will of the people. [German Basic Law, Art. 21] Weimar Republic (1918– 1933): Democracy without democrats =>civic education Pluralism: democracy taught with different views learning respect for each other 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  29. 29. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Same view – different duties party: develops political objectives and raises political will to achieve those goals Courtesy of © Harald Kirschner faction: turns party will into parliamentary work foundation: research and formulation of policies capacitates political actors raises political interest Delegation of the foundation at the party’s parliamentary group hall 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  30. 30. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Founding a foundation: President Heuss First president of the Federal Republic of Germany, Theodor Heuss (1884–1963), founded the endowment 1958 Heuss named the foundation after his mentor Friedrich Naumann Theodor Heuss – lifelong liberal: founding member of the Free Democratic Party (FDP) and its first chairperson 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  31. 31. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Changing this world Naumann = protestant priest confronted with social question in Hamburg at an orphanage Getting active – liberalism as solution: - published a magazine - founded a party - became MP parliamentarian, politician, philosopher – mastermind Friedrich Naumann (1860–1919), seen by Max Liebermann 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  32. 32. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung für die Freiheit Founded 1958: civic education for Germans regional offices in the provinces Liberal Institute (LI) think tank Scholarship department International Academy for Leadership (IAF) since 1963 abroad Headquarters in Potsdam (Germany), Jan. 2009 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  33. 33. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Worldwide: in over 60 countries Regional approach 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  34. 34. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Sharing the FNF in Pakistan fate with Pakistan… working for Freedom in Pakistan since 1986 objectives: - liberal democracy - civic education - human rights - free market economy - peaceful conflict resolution … and consequently working for betterment 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  35. 35. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Small team – big outcome Syed Hussain Shah Muhammad Nisar handyman handyman outside the office inside the office Muhammad Anwar Chief-Administrator Munazza Batool Program Coordinator 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  36. 36. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Sustainable work through partners Crucial Element is the self-responsible programme work of our partners. FNF trains, consults, interlinks and funds. 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  37. 37. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 LFP-Elections in Larkana Meeting in Mithi Seminars, workshops, meetings Lahore (FGP), Karachi, Management Conflict Jul. 09 Children’s parliament (SPARC), Isl. 09 1. Foundation for Freedom 2. Movement for Freedom
  38. 38. Olaf Kellerhoff German Development Initiatives in Pakistan Mar 29 2010 Keep in touch! www.mynameise.com/LiberalFriendsofPAK www.southasia.fnst.org

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